U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Country Analysis Note
- While Estonia does not have significant conventional oil or natural gas resources of its own, it is a transit country for Russian oil en route to the Baltic Sea. More than 300,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of mostly refined petroleum products was exported via Muuga and other ports in 2011.
- Estonia does, however, stand out as one of the few producers of oil shale in the world and has mined it since 1916. Estonia produced 11,000 bbl/d of petroleum liquids from oil shale in 2011. There are three oil shale producers in Estonia: VKG Oil, Eesti Energia (Enefit), and Kiviõli Keemiatööstus. Enefit, the Estonian energy company, plans to increase its production of petroleum liquids from oil shale from 3,000 bbl/d to 22,000 bbl/d by 2016.
- Enefit owns the largest oil shale-fueled power plants in the world, the Narva Power Plants. More than 90 percent of Estonia's power is generated using petroleum derived from oil shale.
Analysis Last Updated: March 2013
Overview data for Estonia+ EXPAND ALL
-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; F = Forecast value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.
Data last updated: February 12, 2013
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