Chile - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Chile  

Country Analysis Note

  • Chile is the only member of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in South America. It is the fifth-largest consumer of energy on the continent, but unlike most other large economies in the region, it is only a minor producer of fossil fuels. Therefore, Chile is heavily dependent on energy imports.
  • Chile imports over 300,000 barrels per day (bbl/d of oil), which is fairly evenly split between refined petroleum products and crude oil. Imported crude oil, as well as a small amount of domestically produced crude, is processed in three refineries owned by the state-owned Empresa Nacional del Petróleo (ENAP), with a total capacity of 227,000 bbl/d.
  • Most of Chile's crude oil imports originate in other South American countries, particularly Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia, and Argentina. However, the United States is Chile's leading source of refined petroleum product imports, mostly in the form of distillate fuel oil.
  • Most of Chile's natural gas imports arrive as liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Equatorial Guinea, Trinidad and Tobago, Qatar, and Yemen. Chile has two regasification terminals: Mejillones, in the north, and Quintero, near the large urban centers of Valparaíso and Santiago. Chile also imports natural gas from Argentina by various pipelines that were constructed in the late 1990s. Imports from Argentina grew dramatically in the decade that followed, but Chile expedited its efforts to develop LNG import capabilities after policy changes and production declines curtailed Argentina's natural gas exports. More recently, Menathex idled at least part of its large methanol facility in southern Chile, reportedly because of inadequate supplies of natural gas from Argentina.
  • Chile had 16 gigawatts (GW) of installed electric capacity as of 2010. Approximately one-third of Chile's electric capacity and generation are attributable to hydroelectric plants that provide much of the electricity to Chile's largest grid, the Sistema Interconectado Central (SIC). Wind capacity had grown to an estimated 160 megawatts (MW) as of 2010, and is poised to grow further with the construction of the 115-MW El Arrayan project, which will be Chile's largest wind farm when it becomes operational in 2014.
  • Most of the country's electricity supply that is not supplied by hydroelectricity, including to the Sistema Interconectado del Norte Grande (SING) grid which supplies power to many large mining operations, is provided by thermoelectric plants. The generation of thermoelectric power from coal and natural gas has increased dramatically in recent years, mostly at the expense of oil-fired generation, according to statistics from the Comisión Nacional de Energía.
  • As with oil and natural gas, Chile must import most of the coal that it uses. However, in 2011, the government approved a controversial coal mining project in Patagonia, which would be operated in a joint venture between Ultramar and Copec. Officials claim that the project could replace 30 percent of Chile's coal imports, but it has engendered considerable opposition from environmentalists.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2013


Overview data for Chile

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Chile
Central & South America
OECD
World
Rank
Chile
Total Oil Production 46.0000 , 52.0000 , 54.0000 , 50.0000 , 50.0000 , 47.6000 , 44.2008 , 43.2176 , 37.7135 , 35.6843 , 35.3171 , 31.7170 , 29.3714 , 30.1946 , 29.0951 , 26.4570 , 25.7066 , 18.8471 , 18.4340 , 17.9383 , 16.3619 , 17.1719 , 17.1416 , 16.9333 , 15.7599 , 15.3212 , 13.0387 , 10.6705 , 12.1263 , 12.9769 , 18.4218 , 18.3615 , 17.3371
(1980-2012)
18.36 7,857 21,625 87,573 79 17.34
Crude Oil Production 33.0000 , 41.0000 , 43.0000 , 39.0000 , 38.0000 , 36.0000 , 31.0000 , 30.0000 , 24.4000 , 22.0000 , 19.6090 , 17.0000 , 15.0000 , 13.9580 , 12.4110 , 10.5781 , 9.1780 , 7.3530 , 8.0770 , 7.7000 , 6.7620 , 6.6420 , 6.0000 , 6.0000 , 5.5898 , 4.4192 , 2.9918 , 2.5503 , 3.0921 , 3.6839 , 4.1644 , 4.5863 , 6.0820
(1980-2012)
4.59 6,689 14,913 74,199 79 6.08
Consumption 107.0000 , 104.0000 , 102.0000 , 96.0000 , 101.0000 , 98.0000 , 104.0000 , 108.0000 , 120.0000 , 135.0000 , 145.0000 , 153.0000 , 165.0000 , 179.0000 , 196.0000 , 212.0000 , 232.0000 , 245.0000 , 255.0000 , 261.0000 , 239.6257 , 233.4411 , 239.6493 , 248.5014 , 263.4208 , 272.3452 , 278.6740 , 351.7055 , 369.8989 , 367.6145 , 322.8830 , 333.8841 , 356.1885
(1980-2012)
333.88 6,571 46,402 88,744 37 356.19
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -61.0000 , -52.0000 , -48.0000 , -46.0000 , -51.0000 , -50.4000 , -59.7992 , -64.7824 , -82.2865 , -99.3157 , -109.6829 , -121.2830 , -135.6286 , -148.8054 , -166.9049 , -185.5430 , -206.2934 , -226.1529 , -236.5660 , -243.0617 , -223.2638 , -216.2692 , -222.5077 , -231.5681 , -247.6609 , -257.0240 , -265.6353 , -341.0350 , -357.7726 , -354.6376 , -304.4612 , -315.5226 , -338.8514
(1980-2012)
-315.52 1,287 -24,777 -- 24 -338.85
Refinery Capacity 139.0000 , 139.0000 , 141.0000 , 141.0000 , 141.0000 , 141.0000 , 141.0000 , 150.0000 , 141.0000 , 147.0000 , 147.0000 , 146.0000 , 142.7000 , 143.7000 , 164.6150 , 164.6150 , 177.8200 , 192.2900 , 204.6400 , 204.6400 , 204.6400 , 204.8490 , 204.8490 , 204.8490 , 204.8490 , 226.8000 , 226.8000 , 226.8000 , 226.8000 , 226.8000 , 226.8000 , 226.8000 , 226.8000
(1980-2012)
227 6,582 45,873 88,097 59 227
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.4000 , 0.4000 , 0.7900 , 0.7600 , 0.7480 , 0.7360 , 0.7260 , 0.2900 , 0.2900 , 0.2870 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500
(1980-2013)
0.15 239 223 1,526 61 0.15
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Chile
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Chile
Production 85.0000 , 85.0000 , 49.0000 , 46.0000 , 48.0000 , 44.0000 , 26.0000 , 25.8000 , 35.3200 , 56.8600 , 66.0000 , 52.0000 , 55.4446 , 61.8000 , 68.5100 , 67.1000 , 63.9202 , 75.2210 , 70.2769 , 42.3780 , 40.2591 , 42.3780 , 38.8465 , 65.3328 , 38.4934 , 72.0426 , 69.2174 , 62.7901 , 61.2009 , 68.0167 , 65.4387 , 55.7271 , 42.2721
(1980-2012)
55.73 5,498 116,255 57   42.27
Consumption 85.0000 , 85.0000 , 49.0000 , 46.0000 , 48.0000 , 44.0000 , 26.0000 , 25.7797 , 35.3200 , 56.8600 , 66.0000 , 52.0000 , 54.4446 , 61.8000 , 68.5100 , 67.1000 , 63.9202 , 98.8820 , 114.0675 , 162.0959 , 183.9912 , 223.8971 , 227.4286 , 279.3417 , 292.7614 , 301.5901 , 265.5688 , 157.0458 , 97.1869 , 114.8444 , 187.0282 , 201.4014 , 178.2348
(1980-2012)
201.40 5,032 116,395 53   178.23
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -23.6611 , -43.7906 , -119.7179 , -143.7321 , -181.5191 , -188.5821 , -214.0089 , -254.2680 , -229.5475 , -196.3514 , -98.2816 , -27.5457 , -51.5952 , -126.3218 , -139.7415 , -135.2565
(1990-2012)
-139.74 471 -- 31   -135.26
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.6200 , 2.5150 , 2.4000 , 2.3600 , 2.3000 , 4.2000 , 4.2000 , 4.2000 , 4.2000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.6000 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600 , 3.4600
(1980-2013)
3.46 270 6,845 51   3.46
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Chile
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Chile
Production 1.2313 , 1.1442 , 1.0362 , 1.0924 , 1.3206 , 1.5565 , 1.6491 , 1.7273 , 2.1231 , 2.1484 , 2.4063 , 2.4339 , 1.7924 , 1.4936 , 1.3029 , 1.1442 , 1.1067 , 1.1508 , 1.0373 , 0.5346 , 0.4031 , 0.6347 , 0.4773 , 0.6349 , 0.2568 , 0.5997 , 0.7430 , 0.2679 , 0.7352 , 0.7011 , 0.6823 , 0.7209
(1980-2011)
0.682 92 7,934 48   0.721
Consumption 1.9610 , 1.8640 , 1.2500 , 1.8111 , 2.1021 , 2.1451 , 1.9456 , 2.0260 , 2.8362 , 3.8085 , 4.1442 , 3.2968 , 2.9353 , 2.9682 , 3.5364 , 3.8907 , 5.3369 , 6.8813 , 6.0849 , 6.7808 , 5.0953 , 3.9706 , 4.0245 , 3.9827 , 5.6964 , 5.6890 , 6.6789 , 6.2545 , 9.0453 , 7.9774 , 9.4821 , 8.9535 , 11.2008
(1980-2012)
8.953 50 8,124 39   11.201
Net Export/Imports(-) -1019.6380 , -684.5354 , -264.5547 , -403.4460 , -461.8685 , -431.0037 , -550.0534 , -522.4956 , -546.7464 , -1762.5959 , -1880.5432 , -1642.8992 , -968.9317 , -1221.2067 , -2159.2736 , -2471.8561 , -4042.4954 , -5149.0617 , -5124.7998 , -5664.6238 , -4835.9943 , -3164.2619 , -3250.7162 , -3462.3600 , -5436.3020 , -5050.7906 , -5845.5571 , -7408.6346 , -8325.4931 , -7357.9504 , -7966.4042 , -8232.5793
(1980-2011)
-7.966 46 -- 19   -8.233
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Chile
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Chile
Net Generation 11.8520 , 12.0830 , 12.0010 , 12.6010 , 13.4390 , 14.0040 , 14.8740 , 15.5630 , 16.7830 , 17.5270 , 20.2850 , 20.4530 , 21.5960 , 22.5460 , 24.0280 , 28.5620 , 30.7470 , 33.2060 , 34.5460 , 36.8450 , 39.8777 , 41.1538 , 42.2807 , 45.2115 , 49.3565 , 50.7668 , 53.5438 , 56.3176 , 57.5186 , 58.5134 , 57.9434 , 61.8480
(1980-2011)
57.94 1,097 20,254 42   61.85
Net Consumption 10.4100 , 10.7500 , 10.5510 , 10.7710 , 11.6200 , 12.0760 , 12.9260 , 13.2570 , 14.2770 , 15.5010 , 18.3410 , 18.2240 , 19.2240 , 19.6660 , 21.2580 , 25.6350 , 28.0590 , 30.6870 , 31.6430 , 34.8600 , 38.1437 , 39.3738 , 41.3827 , 44.0625 , 47.2255 , 48.3788 , 50.9248 , 53.0102 , 53.5916 , 53.4574 , 53.9344 , 57.8930
(1980-2011)
53.93 928 18,501 43   57.89
Installed Capacity (GWe) 3.2090 , 3.3570 , 3.3440 , 3.3520 , 3.9670 , 3.9870 , 4.0330 , 4.0150 , 4.0790 , 4.0790 , 4.4180 , 5.1610 , 5.1730 , 5.2050 , 5.8350 , 6.3170 , 7.6140 , 7.9120 , 8.7570 , 9.0740 , 9.8940 , 10.4930 , 10.5420 , 10.9930 , 11.8700 , 12.5860 , 12.8650 , 13.1800 , 14.0190 , 15.6260 , 16.2060 , 17.9490
(1980-2011)
16.21 260 5,086 43   17.95
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Chile
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Chile
Production 0.2810 , 0.2955 , 0.2704 , 0.2666 , 0.2773 , 0.2854 , 0.2684 , 0.2751 , 0.2749 , 0.2742 , 0.3188 , 0.3115 , 0.3383 , 0.3401 , 0.3371 , 0.3583 , 0.3419 , 0.3440 , 0.2983 , 0.2293 , 0.2822 , 0.3187 , 0.3178 , 0.3439 , 0.3049 , 0.3892 , 0.4065 , 0.3371 , 0.3625 , 0.3908 , 0.3439 , 0.3355
(1980-2011)
.344 30 509 78   0.336
Consumption 0.4267 , 0.4195 , 0.3737 , 0.3794 , 0.3922 , 0.3989 , 0.3890 , 0.4104 , 0.4487 , 0.5060 , 0.5714 , 0.5706 , 0.6166 , 0.6206 , 0.7059 , 0.7804 , 0.8423 , 0.9551 , 0.9351 , 0.9880 , 1.0127 , 1.0467 , 1.0647 , 1.1192 , 1.1966 , 1.2793 , 1.3164 , 1.0911 , 1.3468 , 1.2993 , 1.3334 , 1.3578
(1980-2011)
1.333 27 511 46   1.358
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6660.1988 , 6204.7228 , 6420.7628 , 6567.0380 , 6383.6380 , 6336.5440 , 5851.3545 , 5792.7276 , 5902.7253 , 6019.1751 , 6556.3836 , 6063.5912 , 5836.4435 , 5489.8283 , 5906.5637 , 5902.8783 , 5931.3926 , 6304.2714 , 5979.4156 , 6366.8508 , 6241.5337 , 6237.2106 , 6213.5813 , 6299.4803 , 6360.4158 , 6442.1956 , 6319.8444 , 5016.5395 , 5962.0686 , 5851.7935 , 5708.6707 , 5468.4254
(1980-2011)
5,709 5,896 7,452 93   5,468
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Chile
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Chile
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
23.8529 , 23.1508 , 19.5918 , 19.8957 , 20.6508 , 20.5128 , 19.2290 , 20.3866 , 23.9129 , 29.6089 , 31.8660 , 30.5193 , 31.5484 , 33.3963 , 36.7488 , 40.1548 , 45.4554 , 53.8115 , 54.1975 , 59.4725 , 54.6224 , 54.0772 , 52.8773 , 56.7791 , 63.2842 , 67.0509 , 69.9084 , 61.0176 , 66.7253 , 73.8520 , 79.1952 , 80.0963
(1980-2011)
79.20 1,288 31,502 43   80.10

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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