About EIA

Budget and Performance

EIA receives funding for its activities with an annual appropriation from Congress. EIA's budget request falls under the purview of the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Energy and Water Development.

The fiscal year (FY) 2014 budget provides $117 million for EIA, an increase of $17.5 million, or 17.6%, from the FY 2013 level. The FY 2014 funding level maintains EIA's core energy statistics, analyses, and forecasting programs, and allows the agency to deliver this information to its customers in the most efficient and effective means. In addition, the FY 2014 funding increase will enable EIA to focus on the following areas:

  • Oil and Gas Production: EIA is working to provide better and faster information about U.S. oil and gas production broadly, including production from tight resources; use of hydrocarbon gas liquids; crude distribution logistics; and supply from offshore resources. EIA is expanding its collaboration with member states of the Ground Water Protection Council to make EIA a gateway for well-level data from states, potentially including data on chemicals used in hydrofracturing of wells in different watersheds.
  • Petroleum Markets/Refining: EIA is developing analytic tools and performing analyses to address issues surrounding the continued development of tight oil and the impacts of refinery outages on product supplied. EIA is improving its capability to track and report on rapidly changing domestic market dynamics by developing more granular breakouts of petroleum product data to enable better state and regional analyses, including enhanced tracking of crude oil and product movements by pipeline, rail, and barge. EIA will also develop additional analyses to assess the effects of a possible relaxation of current limitations on U.S. oil exports on key outcomes and indicators, such as growth in U.S. oil production and consumption trends, impacts on oil logistics and refining, crude oil and petroleum product prices, and crude oil and petroleum product trade patterns.
  • Energy End-Use Data and Analysis: EIA is working to add the capability to manage smaller, more targeted collections designed to explore specific geographies and technologies, and to collect and organize data from smart meter investments by other parts of the Department of Energy (DOE). EIA is also undertaking multiple analyses of energy consumption in all of the end-use sectors, including studies of distributed generation and consumer behavior. EIA is preparing for the next Residential Energy Consumption Survey, which collects information from a nationally representative sample of housing units, including data on energy characteristics of homes, usage patterns, and household demographics.
  • International: With the continued integration of world energy markets, EIA recognizes the need to improve its data and analytic capabilities to better explain how changing energy markets affect both the economy and carbon dioxide emissions. EIA is initiating several projects to better assess world oil markets both in the near and longer term, including a specific assessment of end-use transportation in non-OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) developing Asia. EIA is also moving to significantly improve the presentation and accessibility of its international energy data that are widely used both at home and abroad as a source of reliable energy information that provides a common factual basis for energy and climate discussions.
  • Electricity: EIA is improving its ability to report on the performance of the U.S. electricity grid on a more current, relevant, and analytically insightful basis by collecting new data streams, including data obtained from Regional Transmission Organization sites and through a new near-real-time survey of hourly electricity generation and movements at the balancing authority level. EIA will also refine its methodologies for assessing renewable resources, including resource availability and the role of intermittency, and intends to assess energy effects of Environmental Protection Agency measures to regulate carbon dioxide emissions at existing power plants once they are proposed.
  • States/Mapping: Building on its past work with state energy officials, support of DOE responses to energy emergencies, and new work with the states in the Ground Water Protection Council, EIA is tailoring its communications to better meet the needs of key state energy stakeholders and, where appropriate, capitalize on state energy officials' knowledge to strengthen its analysis and data collection. EIA will also improve its popular interactive maps so that they are accessible to all users and devices (e.g., iPhones and iPads).
  • Strengthening the Core: EIA is continuing efforts to modernize its data collection and statistical analysis capabilities using modern cloud technologies and through the introduction of international statistical best practices. In addition, a number of investments are planned that will vastly improve EIA's ability to collect, process, and store statistical data; protect against evolving cyber security threats; and facilitate agency-wide collaborations that foster innovation and excellence.

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Read more on EIA's FY 2014 and FY 2015 Budget Justification to Congress.

Performance Measures

As a statistical survey organization, EIA has used a variety of measures to assess its performance for many years, including measures to monitor operations of specific surveys and processes. In addition, EIA currently has two principal measures that it reports on annually to assess overall agency performance.

  • Information Quality: A consistently high customer satisfaction rating reflects EIA's ability to provide stakeholders with information that supports a productive national dialogue on a wide range of energy issues. To this end, EIA has conducted at least one comprehensive web customer satisfaction survey each year since the mid-1990s to collect a range of information from users, including customer type, frequency of website use, purpose of visit to the site, user perceptions of EIA, and an overall assessment of customer satisfaction with the quality of EIA's information. EIA's most recent survey, which was fielded on its website in August 2013, collected nearly 14,000 responses in seven days and provided a wealth of customer information. 92% of the customers who responded to the survey said they were satisfied or very satisfied with the quality of EIA information. This rating exceeds EIA's annual customer satisfaction target of 90%. Additionally, 85% of survey respondents, representing a broad range of customer types and information needs, indicated that they were able to find the specific information they were looking for, up from 80% in 2012. EIA plans to conduct another comprehensive web customer survey in the summer of 2014 and also will consider the use of other targeted outreach efforts to help the agency tailor its product line to better meet evolving customer needs.
  • Meeting Scheduled Release Dates: Timely delivery of EIA's statistics and analyses ensures that EIA's customers have reliable access to information used in a wide range of energy-related decisions. EIA therefore tracks scheduled and actual release dates for an extensive list of web-based products that span the energy sector and represent a range of periodicity, including weekly, monthly, quarterly, annual, and multi-year release cycles. EIA has a consistent record of meeting or exceeding its 95% target for on-schedule release of these products, including a 96% rating for 2013.

For questions on the EIA Budget please contact William Hishon, (202) 586-0156; for questions on the Performance Measures please contact Preston Cooper, (202) 586-9839.

Last updated: April 2014