Tunisia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Tunisia  

Country Analysis Note

  • Tunisia is a relatively small hydrocarbon producer. Production of petroleum and other liquids has been steadily declining from its peak of 120,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in the mid-1980s to 60,000 bbl/d in 2013. Tunisia produced 66 billion cubic feet of dry natural gas in 2012.
  • Plans to increase oil and gas production have been hampered by employment-related protests. Some foreign investors have also experienced delays in getting oil and gas development plans approved by Tunisia’s parliament, which has pushed back the anticipated start dates for new production. The main foreign companies operating in Tunisia are the United Kingdom’s BG Group, Italy’s ENI, and Austria’s OMV.
  • According to a recent report sponsored by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, Tunisia has two significant shale formations located in the southern part of the country in the Ghadames (or Berkine) basin. Tunisia’s formations are estimated to hold 23 trillion cubic feet of technically recoverable shale gas resources and 1.5 billion barrels of technically recoverable shale oil resources.
  • Tunisia has one oil refinery with a crude oil distillation capacity of 34,000 bbl/d, but it is not enough to meet domestic demand, which averaged 90,000 bbl/d in 2013. As a result, Tunisia imports a majority of the petroleum products it consumes. Tunisia has proposed building a second refinery at Skhira with an initial capacity of 120,000 bbl/d, eventually building up to 250,000 bbl/d. The potential investors include the Tunisian government, Qatar Petroleum, and the Libyan government. However, given the unrest and political uncertainty in Libya, it is unlikely that the Libyan government will take part in the project anytime soon.
  • The Trans-Mediterranean Pipeline (also known as Enrico Mattei), which transports natural gas from Algeria to Italy, passes through Tunisia. In lieu of transit fees, Tunisia receives natural gas as a royalty.
  • In 2013, 98% of Tunisia’s electricity generation came from fossil-fueled power stations, with hydroelectric and wind sources supplying only 2% of total generation. However, the Tunisian government aims to produce 11% of electricity from renewable sources by 2016, and 25% by 2030. Tunisia has also committed to be part of the DESERTEC “super-grid” that will connect African and European countries.

Analysis Last Updated: October 2014


Overview data for Tunisia

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
    
Tunisia
Total Oil Production 110.0000 , 118.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 114.0000 , 110.5806 , 108.5358 , 107.6672 , 109.5998 , 97.7073 , 109.0339 , 114.4327 , 102.1320 , 95.9699 , 90.0544 , 87.9777 , 84.9872 , 81.2498 , 83.6961 , 80.4989 , 72.5810 , 78.5501 , 77.3691 , 81.6670 , 76.7478 , 78.2409 , 85.8871 , 85.4894 , 80.9550 , 79.2673 , 67.6659 , 66.6310 , 64.4846
(1980-2013)
66.63 9,971 89,755 56   64.48
Crude Oil Production 110.0000 , 118.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 114.0000 , 111.0000 , 106.0000 , 103.0000 , 105.0000 , 93.0000 , 104.0000 , 109.0600 , 97.8860 , 91.6849 , 89.1507 , 86.9945 , 84.0000 , 80.2521 , 83.0000 , 78.6721 , 69.5770 , 75.8082 , 75.0000 , 79.7623 , 75.0000 , 76.4384 , 83.3027 , 82.9392 , 78.3708 , 74.9307 , 64.3293 , 63.2943 , 60.1479
(1980-2013)
63.29 9,058 75,956 51   60.15
Consumption 52.0000 , 57.0000 , 51.5000 , 58.9000 , 57.0000 , 55.0000 , 61.3229 , 52.2504 , 60.4952 , 63.6257 , 63.1948 , 68.1709 , 71.2220 , 73.6763 , 74.7737 , 70.0171 , 73.2867 , 78.1800 , 80.6606 , 79.2875 , 84.5477 , 87.2212 , 87.8630 , 87.6592 , 89.3999 , 89.9341 , 88.3243 , 88.4361 , 91.6904 , 87.1270 , 87.6519 , 93.0000 , 89.2780 , 90.0800
(1980-2013)
89.28 3,497 89,128 80   90.08
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 58.0000 , 61.0000 , 68.5000 , 61.1000 , 63.0000 , 59.0000 , 49.2577 , 56.2855 , 47.1720 , 45.9742 , 34.5125 , 40.8630 , 43.2107 , 28.4557 , 21.1962 , 20.0373 , 14.6910 , 6.8072 , 0.5892 , 4.4086 , -4.0487 , -14.6402 , -9.3128 , -10.2900 , -7.7329 , -13.1863 , -10.0834 , -2.5490 , -6.2009 , -6.1720 , -8.3845 , -25.3341 , -22.6470 , -25.5954
(1980-2013)
-22.65 6,474 -- 133   -25.60
Refinery Capacity 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000
(1980-2012)
34 3,220 88,097 91   34
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 2.2500 , 1.6520 , 1.6900 , 1.8600 , 1.8200 , 1.5140 , 1.8000 , 1.8000 , 1.8000 , 1.7900 , 1.7500 , 1.7000 , 1.7000 , 1.7000 , 1.7000 , 0.4160 , 0.4160 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.4000 , 0.4000 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250
(1980-2014)
0.43 128 1,646 47   0.43
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Production 12.7100 , 13.9500 , 18.0000 , 15.5000 , 20.0000 , 14.0000 , 15.0000 , 13.4000 , 12.3600 , 12.7200 , 12.0000 , 8.0000 , 14.1260 , 13.0700 , 12.3600 , 11.6500 , 27.8989 , 58.6229 , 67.0985 , 67.0985 , 66.3922 , 79.4588 , 75.9273 , 80.8714 , 84.7560 , 88.2875 , 88.2875 , 55.7977 , 48.3816 , 63.9202 , 71.6895 , 68.1580 , 65.7987
(1980-2012)
68.16 7,124 116,255 55   65.80
Consumption 12.7100 , 13.9500 , 18.0000 , 20.0000 , 35.0000 , 42.0000 , 39.0000 , 45.1840 , 39.2000 , 55.4500 , 54.0000 , 41.1176 , 30.8275 , 52.9760 , 68.8600 , 57.5600 , 66.7454 , 90.7596 , 103.8261 , 105.9450 , 108.7702 , 135.2565 , 135.6096 , 130.3124 , 130.6655 , 151.8545 , 134.1970 , 99.9415 , 97.8226 , 108.0639 , 115.8332 , 116.8927 , 130.0545
(1980-2012)
116.89 3,909 116,395 68   130.05
Net Export/Imports(-) -42.0000 , -33.1176 , -16.7015 , -39.9060 , -56.5000 , -45.9100 , -38.8465 , -32.1367 , -36.7276 , -38.8465 , -42.3780 , -55.7977 , -59.6824 , -49.4410 , -45.9095 , -63.5670 , -45.9095 , -44.1438 , -49.4410 , -44.1438 , -44.1438 , -48.7347 , -64.2557
(1990-2012)
-48.73 3,215 -- 46   -64.26
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
6.0000 , 5.6000 , 5.4000 , 4.3000 , 4.1500 , 2.2240 , 4.2000 , 3.2000 , 2.9600 , 3.1000 , 3.1000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.2000 , 1.0690 , 2.6000 , 2.4010 , 2.5000 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000
(1980-2014)
2.30 515 6,846 58   2.30
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0992 , 0.1146 , 0.0794 , 0.1157 , 0.1190 , 0.1135 , 0.1025 , 0.1146 , 0.1389 , 0.1356 , 0.1213 , 0.1245 , 0.1279 , 0.1312 , 0.1213 , 0.1091 , 0.1190 , 0.1190 , 0.0959 , 0.1367 , 0.1290 , 0.1179 , 0.1003 , 0.0287 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 219 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -99.2080 , -114.6404 , -79.3664 , -115.7427 , -119.0496 , -113.5381 , -102.5150 , -114.6404 , -138.8912 , -135.5843 , -121.2542 , -124.5347 , -127.8681 , -131.1751 , -121.2542 , -109.1288 , -119.0496 , -119.0496 , -95.9011 , -136.6866 , -128.9704 , -117.9473 , -100.3103 , -28.6601 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 66 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Net Generation 2.6210 , 2.8300 , 2.9750 , 3.5030 , 3.8130 , 3.9620 , 3.9520 , 4.2810 , 4.6230 , 4.7930 , 5.2050 , 5.4040 , 5.8120 , 5.9370 , 6.3140 , 6.8720 , 7.4570 , 8.0040 , 8.5630 , 9.4050 , 9.9640 , 10.7140 , 11.1350 , 11.6760 , 12.2930 , 12.9760 , 13.2810 , 12.9211 , 13.5054 , 14.3464 , 15.1416 , 15.2250
(1980-2011)
15.14 638 20,254 82   15.23
Net Consumption 2.2640 , 2.4160 , 2.5940 , 3.0630 , 3.2230 , 3.4440 , 3.4300 , 3.7590 , 4.0240 , 4.1800 , 4.5970 , 4.7960 , 5.1590 , 5.2360 , 5.6130 , 6.1930 , 6.8240 , 7.2920 , 7.5810 , 8.3480 , 8.8480 , 9.4520 , 9.8180 , 10.2670 , 10.7220 , 11.2660 , 11.5190 , 11.0431 , 11.5244 , 12.5054 , 13.2866 , 12.9400
(1980-2011)
13.29 562 18,501 79   12.94
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.9290 , 0.9490 , 0.9840 , 1.1300 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.3790 , 1.3790 , 1.3790 , 1.3790 , 1.6150 , 1.7380 , 1.7210 , 2.0180 , 2.3500 , 2.4263 , 2.4363 , 2.8850 , 2.8900 , 2.9620 , 3.0840 , 3.3030 , 3.3370 , 3.1970 , 3.3360 , 3.5320 , 3.6140 , 4.0760
(1980-2011)
3.61 135 5,086 81   4.08
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Production 0.2445 , 0.2621 , 0.2713 , 0.2681 , 0.2747 , 0.2547 , 0.2491 , 0.2421 , 0.2376 , 0.2415 , 0.2158 , 0.2343 , 0.2526 , 0.2251 , 0.2112 , 0.2004 , 0.2158 , 0.2452 , 0.2474 , 0.2533 , 0.2455 , 0.2430 , 0.2519 , 0.2565 , 0.2703 , 0.2641 , 0.2665 , 0.2437 , 0.2345 , 0.2438 , 0.2475 , 0.2201
(1980-2011)
.248 37 505 84   0.220
Consumption 0.1281 , 0.1411 , 0.1343 , 0.1532 , 0.1671 , 0.1706 , 0.1806 , 0.1685 , 0.1791 , 0.2038 , 0.2020 , 0.1977 , 0.1905 , 0.1994 , 0.2375 , 0.2123 , 0.2310 , 0.2678 , 0.2871 , 0.2895 , 0.3010 , 0.3362 , 0.3385 , 0.3308 , 0.3336 , 0.3583 , 0.3335 , 0.2942 , 0.3070 , 0.3003 , 0.3091 , 0.3263
(1980-2011)
0.309 16 507 84   0.326
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5180.8385 , 5395.8186 , 5124.7493 , 5585.2437 , 5762.2510 , 5566.0705 , 5983.5584 , 5230.0982 , 5556.3451 , 6159.5825 , 5700.5365 , 5372.3152 , 4800.3081 , 4916.3181 , 5674.8316 , 4952.7674 , 5031.9802 , 5535.3057 , 5663.0806 , 5381.5980 , 5345.2839 , 5695.3704 , 5637.1859 , 5223.4192 , 4972.3968 , 5133.8845 , 4522.5492 , 3755.8148 , 3751.3570 , 3557.5924 , 3557.2187 , 3849.0193
(1980-2011)
3,557 5,302 7,401 143   3,849
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
8.4799 , 9.3327 , 8.7404 , 10.0180 , 10.6974 , 10.8277 , 11.9313 , 10.8978 , 11.8451 , 13.0622 , 13.0531 , 12.9776 , 12.7987 , 15.1147 , 16.0707 , 14.3975 , 15.3828 , 17.3274 , 18.5161 , 19.0929 , 19.6653 , 21.4264 , 21.1665 , 20.8105 , 21.1162 , 22.2889 , 21.2789 , 18.8741 , 18.2652 , 18.7923 , 19.1636 , 20.1209 , 20.2726
(1980-2012)
20.12 1,169 32,155 83   20.27

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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