Georgia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Georgia  

Country Analysis Note

  • Although it is not a significant energy producer, Georgia is an important transit country owing to its strategic position between Western Europe and Central Asia.
  • The biggest export route to bring oil directly from fields in the Caspian Sea region to European markets passes through Georgia. The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline, commissioned in 2006, runs from the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea and carries an average of 1 million barrels per day of crude oil.
  • The South Caucasus Pipeline (SCP) runs parallel to BTC and supplies natural gas to Georgia and Turkey from Caspian fields such as Azerbaijan's Shah Deniz. The pipeline began operating in 2007 and has the capacity to transport about 280 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas, according to IHS Global Insight. In 2010, SCP's daily throughput averaged 180 Bcf of natural gas, according to BP. Georgia generates revenue from transit fees for using the SCP and BTC pipelines.
  • Georgia imports natural gas and petroleum products as its main energy sources. It also generates domestic hydropower for some electricity generation and uses traditional biomass for residential heating. Because it relies on imports for virtually all oil and natural gas, Georgia's economy is very vulnerable to global energy price movements.
  • Georgia's power grid was previously part of an integrated South Caucasus network. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Georgia experienced a severe energy crisis. Georgia's Ministry of Energy has announced plans to rehabilitate older hydropower generators and build new ones in an effort to increase electricity generation. These projects are funded in part by foreign investors, such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

Analysis Last Updated: September 2013


Overview data for Georgia

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Georgia
Eurasia
World
Rank
    
Georgia
Total Oil Production 2.8894 , 1.9983 , 1.8293 , 0.9920 , 1.1904 , 2.6729 , 2.1716 , 2.1535 , 1.9900 , 2.1078 , 1.4625 , 2.7807 , 1.9791 , 1.9774 , 0.9949 , 0.9838 , 0.9787 , 0.9932 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000
(1992-2013)
1.00 13,613 90,457 107   1.00
Crude Oil Production 2.9200 , 2.0000 , 1.8000 , 1.0000 , 1.2000 , 2.6800 , 2.1900 , 2.1800 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 1.4800 , 2.8000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000
(1992-2013)
1.00 12,719 76,160 87   1.00
Consumption 27.0260 , 15.5437 , 7.4800 , 8.0018 , 14.4900 , 15.6180 , 15.8175 , 17.4216 , 15.8417 , 12.6694 , 12.2939 , 12.4411 , 12.9657 , 15.0397 , 16.1432 , 18.0590 , 18.8632 , 19.8891 , 21.1113 , 20.0000 , 17.0207 , 16.7900
(1992-2013)
17.02 4,688 89,721 140   16.79
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -24.1367 , -13.5454 , -5.6507 , -7.0098 , -13.2996 , -12.9451 , -13.6458 , -15.2681 , -13.8516 , -10.5615 , -10.8314 , -9.6604 , -10.9866 , -13.0623 , -15.1484 , -17.0751 , -17.8845 , -18.8959 , -20.1113 , -19.0000 , -16.0207 , -15.7900
(1992-2013)
-16.02 8,925 -- 116   -15.79
Refinery Capacity 106.3400 , 106.3400 , 106.4360 , 106.4360 , 106.4360 , 106.4360 , 106.4360 , 108.8360 , 106.4360 , 106.4360 , 106.4360 , 106.4360 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1993-2012)
0 8,209 88,097 110   0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350 , 0.0350
(1997-2015)
0.04 119 1,656 75   0.04
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Georgia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Georgia
Production 0.7100 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 0.4591 , 0.7063 , 0.7063 , 0.5297 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.2207 , 0.2023
(1992-2012)
0.22 28,464 116,255 89   0.20
Consumption 177.2900 , 84.7600 , 56.5000 , 74.1600 , 63.5700 , 12.7134 , 65.6859 , 40.9654 , 42.7312 , 40.9654 , 47.7812 , 36.3745 , 43.4375 , 52.0896 , 49.7942 , 59.6824 , 61.0950 , 60.3887 , 58.2698 , 52.8401 , 62.7099
(1992-2012)
52.84 22,062 116,395 82   62.71
Net Export/Imports(-) -176.5800 , -84.7600 , -56.5000 , -74.1600 , -63.5700 , -10.5945 , -63.5670 , -38.8465 , -40.6123 , -38.8465 , -47.3221 , -35.6682 , -42.7312 , -51.5599 , -49.4410 , -59.3292 , -60.7418 , -60.0355 , -57.9166 , -52.6194 , -62.5076
(1992-2012)
-52.62 6,402 -- 45   -62.51
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000
(1997-2015)
0.30 2,178 6,973 74   0.30
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Georgia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Georgia
Production 0.1554 , 0.1653 , 0.2028 , 0.0375 , 0.0176 , 0.0060 , 0.0165 , 0.0176 , 0.0077 , 0.0011 , 0.0066 , 0.0088 , 0.0088 , 0.0055 , 0.0099 , 0.0154 , 0.0121 , 0.1676 , 0.1157 , 0.1543 , 0.2800
(1992-2012)
0.154 558 8,444 57   0.280
Consumption 0.5809 , 0.3120 , 0.4034 , 0.0485 , 0.0276 , 0.0192 , 0.0386 , 0.0309 , 0.0298 , 0.0254 , 0.0254 , 0.0540 , 0.0154 , 0.0198 , 0.0176 , 0.0529 , 0.1312 , 0.2491 , 0.1246 , 0.1620 , 0.2888
(1992-2012)
0.162 419 8,285 93   0.289
Net Export/Imports(-) -425.4922 , -146.6074 , -200.6207 , 2.2046 , -7.7162 , -11.0231 , -19.8416 , -7.7162 , -12.1254 , -19.8416 , -18.7393 , -45.1948 , -6.6139 , -14.3300 , -7.7162 , -37.4786 , -119.0496 , -81.5710 , -8.8185 , -7.7162 , -8.8185
(1992-2012)
-0.008 135 -- 82   -0.009
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Georgia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Georgia
Net Generation 11.1440 , 9.4650 , 8.6690 , 6.6460 , 7.0810 , 7.0470 , 7.9030 , 7.8860 , 7.2712 , 6.7983 , 7.1596 , 7.0570 , 6.8115 , 7.1431 , 7.1157 , 8.1732 , 8.3035 , 8.4152 , 9.9846 , 9.9770 , 9.4750
(1992-2012)
9.98 1,454 21,182 95   9.48
Net Consumption 10.1130 , 8.3790 , 7.7080 , 5.5140 , 5.2600 , 5.6780 , 6.6950 , 6.7020 , 6.2742 , 6.2263 , 6.3986 , 6.8120 , 7.0135 , 7.3551 , 6.6937 , 6.9052 , 7.0915 , 6.8492 , 7.6216 , 8.3820 , 8.4680
(1992-2012)
8.38 1,271 19,397 93   8.47
Installed Capacity (GWe) 4.5590 , 4.5590 , 4.5580 , 4.5580 , 4.5580 , 4.3820 , 4.3820 , 4.3820 , 4.3540 , 4.3540 , 4.3500 , 4.3500 , 4.3880 , 4.3880 , 4.4080 , 4.3230 , 4.3230 , 4.3500 , 4.3500 , 4.3500 , 4.3500 , 4.3080
(1991-2012)
4.35 360 5,315 77   4.31
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Georgia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Georgia
Production 0.0762 , 0.0745 , 0.0764 , 0.0559 , 0.0643 , 0.0692 , 0.0715 , 0.0724 , 0.0658 , 0.0632 , 0.0719 , 0.0723 , 0.0651 , 0.0666 , 0.0549 , 0.0695 , 0.0726 , 0.0769 , 0.0949 , 0.0809 , 0.0751
(1992-2012)
.081 73 519 102   0.075
Consumption 0.3283 , 0.1911 , 0.1548 , 0.1509 , 0.1587 , 0.1065 , 0.1653 , 0.1441 , 0.1375 , 0.1262 , 0.1440 , 0.1321 , 0.1357 , 0.1515 , 0.1398 , 0.1670 , 0.1766 , 0.1780 , 0.1924 , 0.1742 , 0.1747
(1992-2012)
0.174 45 520 106   0.175
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
24303.0013 , 20005.6251 , 18087.3086 , 17181.1066 , 16256.2257 , 9873.0044 , 14857.7483 , 12586.2295 , 11798.5790 , 10329.6666 , 11178.4820 , 9233.7239 , 8955.5480 , 9127.8684 , 7696.3504 , 8184.5465 , 8462.4073 , 8878.5777 , 9017.7456 , 7750.8546
(1992-2011)
9,018 14,796 7,415 45   7,751
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Georgia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Georgia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
15.5292 , 7.7362 , 4.9884 , 5.4163 , 5.6827 , 2.9096 , 5.9558 , 4.8243 , 4.6309 , 4.0456 , 4.3133 , 3.7733 , 4.1508 , 4.8634 , 4.9204 , 5.7180 , 5.7854 , 6.5324 , 6.4122 , 5.9035 , 6.2578
(1992-2012)
5.90 2,551 32,155 123   6.26

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013