Canada - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Canada  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Canada is one of the world's five largest energy producers and is the principal source of U.S. energy imports.
  • Canada's unconventional oil sands are a significant contributor to the recent and expected growth in the world's liquid fuel supply and comprise the vast majority of the country's proven oil reserves, which rank third globally.
  • Canada is the world's third-largest producer of dry natural gas and the source of most U.S. natural gas imports.
  • Canada is a net exporter of electricity to the United States, and most of its power needs are met by hydroelectricity.

Read full Canada Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: September 17, 2012


Overview data for Canada

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Canada
North America
OECD
World
Rank
Canada
Total Oil Production 1816.2310 , 1662.7400 , 1639.4420 , 1691.6120 , 1809.7070 , 1848.3440 , 1862.6219 , 1960.2567 , 2056.7436 , 2030.7346 , 2040.1243 , 2040.9882 , 2125.8149 , 2250.2048 , 2340.7041 , 2453.1321 , 2500.9654 , 2626.6722 , 2700.4562 , 2632.9621 , 2753.1446 , 2816.3618 , 2953.6997 , 3113.6452 , 3139.3578 , 3096.3287 , 3292.5916 , 3448.5626 , 3343.5768 , 3318.8290 , 3441.7300 , 3597.3328 , 3856.4396
(1980-2012)
3,597.33 16,694 21,625 87,573 6 3,856.44
Crude Oil Production 1435.0000 , 1285.0000 , 1271.0000 , 1356.0000 , 1438.0000 , 1471.0000 , 1474.0000 , 1535.0000 , 1616.0000 , 1560.0000 , 1553.0000 , 1547.9800 , 1605.2230 , 1679.4460 , 1746.1214 , 1805.2470 , 1836.6970 , 1922.2420 , 1981.0849 , 1906.6000 , 1976.8934 , 2029.1726 , 2170.6000 , 2305.7260 , 2398.4208 , 2368.8779 , 2525.3970 , 2628.1248 , 2579.3089 , 2579.4798 , 2740.7562 , 2900.6466 , 3137.8388
(1980-2012)
2,900.65 11,153 14,913 74,199 6 3,137.84
Consumption 1873.0000 , 1768.0000 , 1578.0000 , 1448.0000 , 1507.0000 , 1514.0000 , 1518.0000 , 1592.0000 , 1666.0000 , 1739.0000 , 1722.0000 , 1662.0000 , 1709.0000 , 1734.0000 , 1755.0000 , 1799.0000 , 1853.0000 , 1940.0000 , 1931.0000 , 2016.0000 , 2013.9098 , 2043.1698 , 2065.0657 , 2190.7123 , 2281.9645 , 2314.9753 , 2228.8493 , 2283.3055 , 2224.9413 , 2162.9225 , 2264.5784 , 2266.0499 , 2280.7593
(1980-2012)
2,266.05 23,270 46,402 88,744 9 2,280.76
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -56.7690 , -105.2600 , 61.4420 , 243.6120 , 302.7070 , 334.3440 , 344.6219 , 368.2567 , 390.7436 , 291.7346 , 318.1243 , 378.9882 , 416.8149 , 516.2048 , 585.7041 , 654.1321 , 647.9654 , 686.6722 , 769.4562 , 616.9621 , 739.2348 , 773.1920 , 888.6340 , 922.9329 , 857.3933 , 781.3534 , 1063.7423 , 1165.2571 , 1118.6355 , 1155.9065 , 1177.1516 , 1331.2829 , 1575.6803
(1980-2012)
1,331.28 -6,577 -24,777 -- 170 1,575.68
Refinery Capacity 2222.0000 , 2166.0000 , 2200.0000 , 2020.0000 , 1807.0000 , 1869.0000 , 1856.0000 , 1760.0000 , 1869.0000 , 1856.0000 , 1852.0000 , 1882.0000 , 1905.0500 , 1871.5000 , 1880.1000 , 1907.8000 , 1848.4500 , 1851.8100 , 1851.3100 , 1872.7000 , 1911.6500 , 1906.2500 , 1943.9000 , 1983.4500 , 1987.8500 , 2017.3500 , 2016.9500 , 2041.2000 , 1969.4500 , 2029.4500 , 2039.2540 , 1902.0000 , 1918.4550
(1980-2012)
1,902 21,178 45,873 88,097 11 1,918
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 6.8000 , 6.4000 , 7.3000 , 7.0200 , 6.7300 , 7.0750 , 6.5000 , 6.8500 , 6.8250 , 6.7855 , 6.1335 , 5.7829 , 5.5878 , 5.2916 , 5.0956 , 5.0380 , 4.8985 , 4.8936 , 4.8392 , 4.9308 , 4.9308 , 4.7061 , 4.8580 , 180.0210 , 178.8930 , 178.8000 , 178.7924 , 179.2100 , 178.5920 , 178.0920 , 175.2140 , 175.2140 , 173.6252 , 173.1052
(1980-2013)
173.63 211 223 1,526 4 173.11
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Canada
North America
World
Rank
 
Canada
Production 2758.7000 , 2669.5315 , 2722.6806 , 2561.3263 , 2786.7420 , 3041.4337 , 2861.5000 , 3103.0000 , 3574.0000 , 3726.9332 , 3848.9800 , 4057.5000 , 4520.2800 , 4909.9500 , 5265.9700 , 5602.9700 , 5710.8946 , 5762.3486 , 5976.0043 , 6265.2342 , 6469.7080 , 6596.8420 , 6631.4507 , 6453.4631 , 6482.9158 , 6560.8560 , 6547.9307 , 6415.7467 , 6045.7514 , 5633.6607 , 5389.7753 , 5218.1444 , 5069.6095
(1980-2012)
5,218.14 29,864 116,255 4   5,069.61
Consumption 1882.9000 , 1842.0657 , 1859.4054 , 1863.0781 , 2017.4400 , 2165.1980 , 2130.4833 , 2112.0000 , 2331.0000 , 2426.8821 , 2377.6200 , 2400.4800 , 2595.6900 , 2690.7150 , 2737.5900 , 2872.4800 , 2917.1956 , 2887.2485 , 2797.5130 , 3107.5434 , 2991.3571 , 3121.4222 , 3173.4059 , 3372.9357 , 3340.9756 , 3403.8363 , 3306.7907 , 3115.1715 , 3010.6038 , 3063.1172 , 2912.7812 , 3050.1566 , 3057.4668
(1980-2012)
3,050.16 29,884 116,395 7   3,057.47
Net Export/Imports(-) 1414.3600 , 1672.7300 , 1986.0400 , 2196.7350 , 2484.9400 , 2771.3800 , 2786.3182 , 2843.7404 , 3120.7159 , 3330.7695 , 3518.0450 , 3684.4140 , 3571.4060 , 3241.5639 , 3333.7360 , 3416.6203 , 3264.8364 , 3300.5399 , 3026.8840 , 2570.5435 , 2476.9941 , 2167.9879 , 2012.1428
(1990-2012)
2,167.99 -425 -- 87   2,012.14
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
85.5000 , 87.3000 , 89.9000 , 97.0000 , 90.5000 , 92.3000 , 99.7000 , 99.6000 , 98.0000 , 95.1000 , 94.3000 , 97.5890 , 96.7340 , 95.7340 , 94.8230 , 79.2310 , 67.0270 , 68.1180 , 65.0200 , 63.8740 , 63.8740 , 61.0100 , 59.7330 , 60.1180 , 59.0690 , 56.6000 , 56.5770 , 57.9460 , 58.2000 , 57.9060 , 61.9500 , 61.9500 , 61.0040 , 68.1660
(1980-2013)
61.00 412 6,845 20   68.17
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Canada
North America
World
Rank
 
Canada
Production 40.4416 , 44.1895 , 47.2969 , 49.3913 , 63.2749 , 67.0790 , 62.8847 , 67.4692 , 77.8706 , 77.7427 , 75.3231 , 78.4118 , 72.3271 , 76.0937 , 80.2747 , 82.6524 , 83.6147 , 86.7228 , 82.8255 , 79.8948 , 76.2392 , 77.5531 , 73.3125 , 68.5131 , 72.7492 , 72.0305 , 72.7570 , 76.4607 , 74.6805 , 69.3773 , 74.8425 , 73.9805 , 73.8540
(1980-2012)
73.981 1,182 8,440 13   73.854
Consumption 41.3212 , 42.8072 , 46.0943 , 49.1785 , 54.4983 , 53.6859 , 49.7771 , 55.7803 , 60.7638 , 60.3361 , 53.8490 , 55.9373 , 58.4214 , 55.0483 , 57.2518 , 58.4578 , 59.3330 , 62.9558 , 65.6801 , 65.2925 , 69.6165 , 68.3367 , 68.6189 , 68.5549 , 66.2225 , 66.4341 , 64.9052 , 63.6155 , 62.4845 , 54.4233 , 53.8413 , 47.1227 , 46.0860
(1980-2012)
47.123 1,072 8,124 20   46.086
Net Export/Imports(-) -596.3504 , 704.3770 , 8.8185 , 1617.0908 , 7008.4956 , 13757.9481 , 13236.5548 , 13194.6670 , 15111.5864 , 19551.6966 , 18400.8835 , 23487.5136 , 16491.6802 , 21712.2268 , 24541.8601 , 26206.3503 , 24176.9950 , 23962.0443 , 16785.9974 , 14789.7115 , 9391.6928 , 6095.7818 , 5137.8732 , 6291.9932 , 7170.5354 , 8293.7907 , 7308.3243 , 12979.7163 , 12946.6469 , 17160.7832 , 22187.3230 , 26807.1100
(1980-2011)
22.187 76 -- 100   26.807
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Canada
North America
World
Rank
 
Canada
Net Generation 367.7970 , 380.2210 , 378.4300 , 397.3580 , 426.9830 , 447.9780 , 457.5040 , 484.2050 , 491.1870 , 485.3460 , 468.8930 , 494.4500 , 505.8440 , 518.4020 , 540.1190 , 544.4810 , 557.5890 , 557.9599 , 546.0540 , 563.1050 , 588.3250 , 572.2630 , 583.8410 , 572.2852 , 582.3085 , 607.5080 , 595.1303 , 619.8318 , 621.7363 , 596.7470 , 585.1060 , 622.9840 , 644.0840
(1980-2012)
622.98 5,003 21,081 6   644.08
Net Consumption 309.4796 , 319.0600 , 319.1663 , 331.6464 , 356.7082 , 372.3717 , 389.3891 , 405.2341 , 422.2407 , 434.6364 , 433.8319 , 439.8687 , 444.7218 , 455.0578 , 459.6391 , 466.6959 , 473.6506 , 482.4854 , 479.4342 , 490.0317 , 505.2235 , 505.6021 , 513.1826 , 528.2300 , 534.0631 , 541.1819 , 528.6377 , 535.9902 , 528.1142 , 492.9086 , 534.7969 , 551.6070
(1980-2011)
534.80 4,635 18,501 7   551.61
Installed Capacity (GWe) 79.1860 , 81.5970 , 84.1700 , 86.9110 , 93.2450 , 94.0460 , 96.7150 , 98.9090 , 96.0690 , 97.1830 , 104.5960 , 105.5730 , 108.9880 , 108.8030 , 113.0950 , 113.9650 , 115.4490 , 111.7720 , 109.3320 , 110.3570 , 110.6970 , 111.9260 , 114.3720 , 118.9510 , 119.7310 , 122.0700 , 123.2120 , 125.6410 , 126.8420 , 135.3010 , 136.8860 , 138.6330
(1980-2011)
136.89 1,238 5,086 7   138.63
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Canada
North America
World
Rank
 
Canada
Production 10.2757 , 10.0940 , 10.0975 , 10.3579 , 11.3399 , 12.0200 , 11.9250 , 12.5671 , 13.4119 , 13.3274 , 13.4062 , 13.9594 , 14.4636 , 15.3795 , 16.3410 , 16.8331 , 17.2262 , 17.4787 , 17.4377 , 17.6813 , 18.1283 , 18.0215 , 18.3578 , 18.3074 , 18.6642 , 18.8932 , 19.2273 , 19.5439 , 19.0196 , 18.3249 , 18.3558 , 18.8342 , 19.3535
(1980-2012)
18.834 106 NA 5   19.353
Consumption 9.7969 , 9.5895 , 9.2064 , 9.1899 , 9.7846 , 10.1523 , 10.2542 , 10.5858 , 11.0540 , 11.2011 , 10.9809 , 11.1181 , 11.4611 , 11.7044 , 12.0236 , 12.2144 , 12.5531 , 12.6488 , 12.3453 , 12.9683 , 13.3048 , 12.8724 , 13.0965 , 13.5257 , 14.1142 , 14.1724 , 13.8183 , 14.0259 , 13.5462 , 13.0971 , 13.0007 , 13.4951 , 13.6160
(1980-2012)
13.495 119 NA 6   13.616
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
16748.9633 , 15839.6125 , 15667.7578 , 15225.9045 , 15320.4421 , 15171.0166 , 14961.1154 , 14814.7780 , 14736.9022 , 14551.8333 , 14238.3728 , 14724.3133 , 15046.8500 , 15015.1182 , 14717.5511 , 14542.6674 , 14707.8869 , 14219.1351 , 13331.6377 , 13270.3391 , 12937.6614 , 12297.8044 , 12156.3421 , 12322.9183 , 12470.0916 , 12154.5413 , 11525.4744 , 11446.7552 , 10979.7205 , 10918.0790 , 10500.1648 , 10661.4306
(1980-2011)
10,500 7,514 7,452 33   10,661
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Canada
North America
World
Rank
 
Canada
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
457.4487 , 442.0862 , 423.2730 , 410.6439 , 433.6192 , 443.6706 , 427.8162 , 445.2269 , 478.0522 , 492.5666 , 470.5868 , 465.7923 , 484.9764 , 485.4576 , 495.3244 , 508.7355 , 519.9892 , 544.9088 , 549.3011 , 566.3825 , 573.2729 , 561.8792 , 567.5600 , 597.0039 , 611.5661 , 623.7502 , 598.2790 , 593.0896 , 578.2483 , 549.6838 , 546.6520 , 552.5565
(1980-2011)
546.65 6,617 31,502 9   552.56

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013