Morocco - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Morocco  

Country Analysis Note

  • Morocco is a net hydrocarbon importer. The country produces marginal amounts of crude oil, natural gas, and refined petroleum products, which is mainly consumed domestically. Morocco has two oil refinery with a total crude oil distillation capacity of nearly 155,000 barrels per day (bbl/d).
  • Morocco produced 5,100 bbl/d of petroleum and other liquids in 2012, up only slightly over the past decade from 3,700 bbl/d in 2003. Dry natural gas production in Morocco has been relatively steady over the past decade, with 2 billion cubic feet (Bcf) produced in 2011.
  • Recently there has been increased interest in upstream activities, largely because Morocco is believed to hold untapped shale resources, and the country also offers favorable fiscal terms for foreign investment in the energy sector.
  • With most of its energy needs met by importing hydrocarbons, Morocco wants to reduce its dependence on foreign imports by developing renewable energies to meet domestic electricity needs. The state-owned Office National de l'Electricite (ONE) plans to harness solar and wind energy to generate about 42 percent of the country's electricity need by 2020, according to the Arab Oil and Gas Journal.
  • A portion of the Maghreb-Europe Pipeline (also known as the Pedro Duran Farell pipeline), which transits natural gas between Algeria and Spain, passes through Morocco. In lieu of transit fees, Morocco receives around 21 Bcf of natural gas from the Europe Maghreb Pipeline Limited every year.
  • According to a recent EIA study, Morocco has 20 trillion cubic feet (or 0.2 billion barrels) of technically recoverable shale oil and gas resources, mostly in the Tindouf basin, with smaller amounts in the Tadla basin.

Analysis Last Updated: May 2014


Overview data for Morocco

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Morocco
Africa
World
Rank
    
Morocco
Total Oil Production 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , -1.2340 , -0.0609 , 0.1573 , -0.0126 , -0.7342 , -0.8313 , -0.8479 , -1.3748 , -1.4637 , -1.1779 , 3.9306 , 4.7867 , 4.4766 , 3.8137 , 4.0236 , 4.0349 , 4.4844 , 3.7231 , 3.4465 , 4.3097 , 4.0527 , 3.9379 , 4.7224 , 4.7598 , 5.0569 , 5.0569 , 5.0569 , 5.0569
(1980-2013)
5.06 9,971 89,692 97   5.06
Crude Oil Production 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 0.4790 , 0.4000 , 0.4150 , 0.3000 , 0.3120 , 0.3000 , 0.2280 , 0.2087 , 0.2000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.0800 , 0.1000 , 0.2200 , 0.3000 , 0.4000 , 0.2600 , 0.2000 , 0.2000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000
(1980-2013)
0.50 9,058 75,889 87   0.50
Consumption 89.0000 , 85.0000 , 88.0000 , 89.0000 , 85.0000 , 90.0000 , 93.8413 , 92.0361 , 99.0308 , 111.3324 , 116.5654 , 117.3864 , 130.1337 , 134.7586 , 147.5381 , 141.6282 , 137.4493 , 146.1234 , 144.2046 , 157.9638 , 158.4797 , 161.2238 , 164.2810 , 167.0691 , 170.2929 , 174.1384 , 180.7864 , 183.1837 , 215.6867 , 235.2564 , 243.9155 , 240.0000 , 206.1625 , 209.3700
(1980-2013)
206.16 3,497 89,160 55   209.37
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -87.0000 , -83.0000 , -86.0000 , -87.0000 , -83.0000 , -88.0000 , -95.0753 , -92.0969 , -98.8735 , -111.3450 , -117.2996 , -118.2177 , -130.9816 , -136.1334 , -149.0018 , -142.8061 , -133.5187 , -141.3367 , -139.7280 , -154.1501 , -154.4561 , -157.1889 , -159.7966 , -163.3461 , -166.8465 , -169.8287 , -176.7338 , -179.2458 , -210.9644 , -230.4965 , -238.8586 , -234.9431 , -201.1056 , -204.3131
(1980-2013)
-201.11 6,474 -- 184   -204.31
Refinery Capacity 72.0000 , 72.0000 , 72.0000 , 74.0000 , 74.0000 , 80.0000 , 81.0000 , 81.0000 , 155.0000 , 155.0000 , 155.0000 , 155.0000 , 154.6000 , 154.6000 , 154.6000 , 154.6000 , 155.3880 , 155.6000 , 151.8300 , 156.8300 , 156.6300 , 156.6300 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010 , 154.9010
(1980-2012)
155 3,220 88,097 71   155
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0001 , 0.0001 , 0.0003 , 0.0003 , 0.0002 , 0.0003 , 0.0003 , 0.0003 , 0.0027 , 0.0026 , 0.0025 , 0.0020 , 0.0021 , 0.0016 , 0.0011 , 0.0017 , 0.0012 , 0.0012 , 0.0020 , 0.0020 , 0.0019 , 0.0018 , 0.0018 , 0.0016 , 0.0016 , 0.0016 , 0.0011 , 0.0010 , 0.0008 , 0.0008 , 0.0008 , 0.0007 , 0.0007 , 0.0007 , 0.0007
(1980-2014)
0.00 128 1,646 89   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Morocco
Africa
World
Rank
 
Morocco
Production 2.4700 , 3.1800 , 3.0000 , 3.2000 , 2.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 2.1000 , 2.1200 , 2.1200 , 2.0000 , 1.3742 , 0.8473 , 1.0590 , 1.0600 , 0.7100 , 0.7100 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 2.1189 , 1.2713 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1907
(1980-2012)
2.12 7,124 116,255 82   2.19
Consumption 2.4700 , 3.1800 , 3.0000 , 3.2000 , 2.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 2.1000 , 2.1189 , 2.1200 , 2.0000 , 1.3742 , 0.8473 , 1.0590 , 1.0600 , 0.7100 , 0.7100 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 1.7658 , 16.0683 , 19.8823 , 22.0012 , 20.1649 , 22.7075 , 23.8376 , 29.8765 , 38.2827
(1980-2012)
29.88 3,909 116,395 92   38.28
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -14.3026 , -17.7634 , -20.7299 , -18.0460 , -20.5886 , -21.7187 , -27.7576 , -36.0919
(1990-2012)
-27.76 3,215 -- 54   -36.09
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0250 , 0.1060 , 0.1060 , 0.1410 , 0.1410 , 0.1410 , 0.1410 , 0.1300 , 0.0700 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.0530 , 0.0430 , 0.0370 , 0.0320 , 0.0530 , 0.0400 , 0.0400 , 0.0500 , 0.0500 , 0.0490 , 0.0470 , 0.0470 , 0.0430 , 0.0430 , 0.0430 , 0.0600 , 0.0580 , 0.0550 , 0.0530 , 0.0530 , 0.0510 , 0.0510 , 0.0510 , 0.0510
(1980-2014)
0.05 515 6,846 87   0.05
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Morocco
Africa
World
Rank
 
Morocco
Production 1.4991 , 1.5510 , 1.6204 , 1.6557 , 1.8475 , 1.7086 , 1.7086 , 1.3977 , 1.4032 , 1.1111 , 1.1596 , 1.2147 , 1.2699 , 1.3316 , 1.4330 , 1.4330 , 1.1155 , 0.8289 , 0.5930 , 0.2844 , 0.0683 , 0.0044 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0265 , 0.0132 , 0.0044 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 1.4595 , 1.5278 , 1.6502 , 1.8684 , 1.8177 , 1.8761 , 2.5265 , 2.5805 , 2.5441 , 2.5441 , 2.5276 , 2.8605 , 2.5651 , 2.8781 , 3.1636 , 3.6156 , 4.1767 , 3.8316 , 4.3696 , 4.0080 , 4.4633 , 5.6251 , 5.7629 , 5.3903 , 5.1324 , 5.4432 , 5.4300 , 5.5325 , 4.9185 , 4.5184 , 4.6628 , 4.9725 , 5.0453
(1980-2012)
4.973 219 8,285 50   5.045
Net Export/Imports(-) 39.6832 , -17.6370 , -68.3433 , -302.0333 , -192.9045 , -450.8453 , -873.0306 , -1124.3576 , -1194.9055 , -1462.7672 , -1378.9915 , -1568.5891 , -1367.9684 , -1462.7672 , -1672.2063 , -2128.5632 , -3151.5082 , -3120.6435 , -3694.9477 , -3584.7165 , -4367.3576 , -5660.3688 , -5612.9694 , -5390.3025 , -5132.3617 , -5429.9858 , -5402.4280 , -5532.5007 , -4918.5133 , -4518.3743 , -4700.2556 , -4556.9552 , -5045.2791
(1980-2012)
-4.557 66 -- 26   -5.045
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Morocco
Africa
World
Rank
 
Morocco
Net Generation 4.9210 , 5.4080 , 5.7730 , 6.2690 , 6.4710 , 6.6020 , 7.2720 , 7.7220 , 8.4730 , 8.5940 , 9.0880 , 8.7340 , 9.1840 , 9.3380 , 10.3490 , 12.0660 , 12.3640 , 13.1620 , 13.3930 , 13.1130 , 12.1311 , 14.1989 , 15.1624 , 16.4867 , 17.4956 , 18.7285 , 19.1402 , 19.2254 , 19.5083 , 19.9071 , 22.2481 , 23.6521
(1980-2011)
22.25 638 20,254 69   23.65
Net Consumption 4.4090 , 4.7740 , 5.1300 , 5.6120 , 5.7760 , 5.8840 , 6.5680 , 7.0180 , 7.6560 , 7.7440 , 8.3700 , 8.8770 , 9.8040 , 10.2180 , 10.3500 , 11.4040 , 11.6170 , 12.1140 , 12.9350 , 13.1030 , 13.0501 , 14.3509 , 14.8564 , 16.3607 , 17.4106 , 18.3145 , 19.8722 , 21.2654 , 21.7513 , 22.2431 , 23.3631 , 25.1411
(1980-2011)
23.36 562 18,501 67   25.14
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.5930 , 1.7440 , 1.8960 , 1.9430 , 2.1080 , 2.2600 , 2.2390 , 2.2390 , 2.3310 , 2.3510 , 2.4220 , 2.4550 , 2.6200 , 2.7220 , 3.7880 , 3.8270 , 3.8940 , 3.9570 , 4.0690 , 4.1230 , 4.7830 , 4.8780 , 4.8511 , 4.8511 , 5.5401 , 5.4871 , 5.6721 , 5.7120 , 5.8871 , 6.1641 , 6.4081 , 6.4131
(1980-2011)
6.41 135 5,086 68   6.41
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Morocco
Africa
World
Rank
 
Morocco
Production 0.0586 , 0.0560 , 0.0528 , 0.0529 , 0.0553 , 0.0539 , 0.0545 , 0.0475 , 0.0486 , 0.0433 , 0.0448 , 0.0461 , 0.0438 , 0.0402 , 0.0468 , 0.0443 , 0.0500 , 0.0443 , 0.0289 , 0.0180 , 0.0121 , 0.0138 , 0.0129 , 0.0191 , 0.0208 , 0.0149 , 0.0150 , 0.0141 , 0.0153 , 0.0319 , 0.0416 , 0.0298
(1980-2011)
.042 37 505 117   0.030
Consumption 0.2421 , 0.2328 , 0.2353 , 0.2416 , 0.2295 , 0.2422 , 0.2700 , 0.2677 , 0.2809 , 0.3090 , 0.3213 , 0.3323 , 0.3401 , 0.3166 , 0.4057 , 0.3890 , 0.4107 , 0.4147 , 0.4155 , 0.4371 , 0.4470 , 0.4813 , 0.4882 , 0.4912 , 0.4923 , 0.5128 , 0.5352 , 0.5502 , 0.6280 , 0.6464 , 0.6759 , 0.6887
(1980-2011)
0.676 16 507 71   0.689
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
3175.2040 , 3139.9608 , 2897.7607 , 2991.5029 , 2723.9551 , 2703.3396 , 2782.3500 , 2831.4356 , 2690.5959 , 2891.2211 , 2889.1789 , 2795.5872 , 2981.1144 , 2803.5229 , 3255.2722 , 3341.8415 , 3143.4357 , 3246.8783 , 3021.4935 , 3162.1097 , 3182.9893 , 3186.5407 , 3128.5716 , 2960.9065 , 2831.3563 , 2863.7161 , 2773.7718 , 2776.6401 , 3001.2215 , 2948.9233 , 2974.3615 , 2935.6946
(1980-2011)
2,974 5,302 7,401 157   2,936
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Morocco
Africa
World
Rank
 
Morocco
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
16.4315 , 16.0878 , 16.7621 , 17.3912 , 16.6199 , 17.4232 , 19.9184 , 19.5549 , 20.2172 , 21.7605 , 22.6345 , 23.4403 , 23.7310 , 26.4798 , 28.9794 , 27.9612 , 28.7869 , 28.4143 , 28.8010 , 31.0090 , 31.1985 , 33.7520 , 33.6920 , 34.4429 , 33.2023 , 34.5960 , 35.6710 , 36.1086 , 37.2347 , 41.8264 , 43.2926 , 43.7109
(1980-2011)
43.29 1,155 31,502 67   43.71

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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