U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Egypt  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • While serving as a major transit point for oil and LNG from the Persian Gulf to Europe, Egypt is the largest non-OPEC oil producer in Africa and the second largest dry natural gas producer on the continent.
  • One of Egypt's challenges is to satisfy increasing domestic demand for oil amid falling domestic production. In recent years, oil output has experienced moderate increases from new production at smaller fields, but oil production is expected to decline steadily.
  • Egypt has the largest refinery capacity in Africa and holds 23 percent of the continent's total refinery capacity. Egypt's nine refineries mostly run domestically produced crude oil, and refined products are largely sold to local markets.
  • Natural gas exports have declined since 2009 because of increasing Egyptian consumption and flat production. Promising natural gas discoveries may revive production in the next few years as new fields come onstream.
  • Egypt exports natural gas via pipeline and in the form of liquefied natural gas. Pipeline natural gas exports have been substantially cut because of sabotage attacks on the Arab Gas Pipeline. Egypt's LNG exports have also declined as exports compete with the growing domestic demand. Most of Egypt's LNG is exported to Asian and European markets.
  • The Suez Canal and SUMED Pipeline are strategic routes for Persian Gulf oil and gas shipments to Europe and North America. Closure of the Suez Canal and SUMED Pipeline would add an estimated 2,700 miles of transit from Saudi Arabia to the United States around the Cape of Good Hope via tanker.
  • The revolution in Egypt that started in 2011 did not have any noticeable effect on oil transit flows through the Suez Canal. In 2012, about 2.97 million bbl/d of total oil transited in both directions. This is the highest amount ever shipped through the Suez Canal and made up about 7 percent of total seaborne traded oil.
  • LNG flows through the Suez Canal in both directions were 1.5 trillion cubic feet in 2012, accounting for around 13 percent of total LNG traded worldwide.
  • As a result of Egypt's growing domestic energy demand, the government plans to increase the amount of power generated from renewable sources, particularly wind and solar, and is fostering nuclear power development.

Read full Egypt Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: July 31, 2013


Overview data for Egypt

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Egypt
Africa
World
Rank
    
Egypt
Total Oil Production 613.0000 , 616.0000 , 691.0000 , 753.0000 , 848.0000 , 915.0000 , 826.4989 , 910.5966 , 872.5930 , 899.2364 , 901.3523 , 906.9902 , 883.1633 , 898.0607 , 903.6876 , 929.4950 , 933.6734 , 869.6708 , 848.1353 , 872.8935 , 793.3373 , 748.0605 , 742.5517 , 744.0954 , 700.0921 , 682.7739 , 682.8348 , 673.6717 , 706.5223 , 728.6207 , 717.3558 , 725.6791 , 720.0248 , 709.9092
(1980-2013)
720.02 9,980 89,757 27   709.91
Crude Oil Production 595.0000 , 598.0000 , 670.0000 , 727.0000 , 822.0000 , 887.0000 , 813.0000 , 896.0000 , 848.0000 , 865.0000 , 873.0000 , 874.0000 , 881.2160 , 890.0000 , 895.7000 , 920.0000 , 921.6667 , 856.4000 , 833.6000 , 851.5890 , 768.3300 , 719.6630 , 715.4170 , 712.6730 , 673.3810 , 623.3205 , 535.0575 , 530.3521 , 565.7410 , 586.5192 , 575.1507 , 566.4740 , 555.8197 , 538.7041
(1980-2013)
555.82 9,074 75,887 26   538.70
Consumption 260.0000 , 300.0000 , 320.0000 , 376.0000 , 406.0000 , 430.0000 , 427.5690 , 441.8569 , 436.8952 , 442.5144 , 465.0407 , 456.4888 , 443.8162 , 450.0215 , 447.9751 , 458.4926 , 501.1021 , 531.4282 , 554.8769 , 563.8704 , 552.8049 , 544.6681 , 564.7008 , 561.1078 , 603.9159 , 625.2400 , 658.4421 , 693.5329 , 700.7222 , 720.7131 , 737.6230 , 745.0000 , 755.0000
(1980-2012)
745.00 3,297 88,744 24   755.00 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 353.0000 , 316.0000 , 371.0000 , 377.0000 , 442.0000 , 485.0000 , 398.9299 , 468.7396 , 435.6977 , 456.7220 , 436.3116 , 450.5015 , 439.3471 , 448.0392 , 455.7125 , 471.0024 , 432.5713 , 338.2426 , 293.2583 , 309.0232 , 240.5324 , 203.3924 , 177.8509 , 182.9876 , 96.1761 , 57.5340 , 24.3927 , -19.8612 , 5.8001 , 7.9076 , -20.2672 , -19.3209 , -34.9752
(1980-2012)
-19.32 6,030 -- 86   -34.98
Refinery Capacity 234.0000 , 292.0000 , 292.0000 , 341.0000 , 369.0000 , 369.0000 , 434.0000 , 452.0000 , 452.0000 , 489.0000 , 489.0000 , 523.0000 , 523.4530 , 532.1530 , 532.1530 , 532.1530 , 532.1530 , 546.0600 , 546.0600 , 577.7600 , 577.7600 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500 , 726.2500
(1980-2012)
726 3,220 88,097 27   726
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 3.1000 , 2.9000 , 2.9300 , 3.3250 , 3.4500 , 3.2000 , 3.8500 , 3.6000 , 4.3000 , 4.3000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 6.2000 , 6.3000 , 3.2600 , 3.8794 , 3.6962 , 3.8346 , 3.5000 , 2.9476 , 2.9476 , 2.9476 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 4.4000 , 4.4000 , 4.4000
(1980-2013)
4.40 124 1,526 26   4.40
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Egypt
Africa
World
Rank
 
Egypt
Production 30.0000 , 50.0000 , 94.0000 , 113.4000 , 143.0000 , 175.0000 , 200.0000 , 221.8000 , 244.3700 , 273.3400 , 286.0000 , 321.0000 , 349.1241 , 398.7064 , 423.4200 , 438.9600 , 473.2210 , 476.7525 , 485.2281 , 518.0711 , 646.2645 , 866.9833 , 882.8750 , 1058.3906 , 1149.8564 , 1500.8875 , 1596.2380 , 1642.1475 , 2082.5256 , 2213.8974 , 2165.8690 , 2163.3969 , 2141.0490
(1980-2012)
2,163.40 7,124 116,255 15   2,141.05
Consumption 30.0000 , 50.0000 , 94.0000 , 113.4000 , 143.0000 , 175.0000 , 200.0000 , 221.8000 , 244.3700 , 273.3400 , 286.0000 , 321.0000 , 349.1241 , 398.7064 , 423.4200 , 438.9600 , 473.2210 , 476.7525 , 485.2281 , 518.0711 , 646.2645 , 866.9833 , 882.8750 , 1046.0303 , 1111.0099 , 1208.1262 , 999.4145 , 1081.7338 , 1484.9958 , 1566.9266 , 1630.4936 , 1792.2363 , 1881.7453
(1980-2012)
1,792.24 3,909 116,395 16   1,881.75
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 12.3603 , 38.8465 , 292.7614 , 596.8235 , 560.4137 , 597.5298 , 646.9708 , 535.3754 , 371.1607 , 259.3037
(1990-2012)
371.16 3,215 -- 76   259.30
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
3.0000 , 2.9700 , 2.9600 , 7.1800 , 7.1000 , 7.0000 , 7.0600 , 8.9000 , 10.2400 , 11.4700 , 11.7200 , 12.4000 , 12.4000 , 15.4000 , 15.4000 , 19.2900 , 22.1000 , 20.3560 , 27.6220 , 31.5000 , 35.1800 , 35.1800 , 35.1800 , 58.5000 , 58.5000 , 58.5000 , 58.5000 , 58.5000 , 58.5000 , 58.5000 , 58.5000 , 77.2000 , 77.2000 , 77.2000
(1980-2013)
77.20 546 6,845 16   77.20
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Egypt
Africa
World
Rank
 
Egypt
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0430 , 0.0639 , 0.0408 , 0.0408 , 0.0408 , 0.0364 , 0.0276 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0265
(1980-2011)
0.000 286 7,934 66   0.026
Consumption 0.8642 , 1.3680 , 1.5355 , 1.0759 , 1.0770 , 1.0968 , 1.2136 , 1.3944 , 1.2302 , 1.3724 , 1.6061 , 1.2875 , 1.2484 , 1.6327 , 1.7197 , 1.1850 , 1.6391 , 1.3735 , 1.3404 , 1.2081 , 1.5157 , 1.2952 , 1.4209 , 1.4727 , 1.5025 , 1.4683 , 1.4352 , 1.4043 , 1.3735 , 1.3503 , 1.3162 , 1.3162 , 1.3412
(1980-2012)
1.316 215 8,124 65   1.341
Net Export/Imports(-) -864.2121 , -1367.9684 , -1535.5197 , -1075.8559 , -1076.9582 , -1096.7998 , -1213.6448 , -1394.4239 , -1230.1795 , -1372.3776 , -1606.0677 , -1287.4677 , -1248.4227 , -1632.6664 , -1719.7325 , -1184.9847 , -1639.1370 , -1373.4800 , -1340.4106 , -1165.1431 , -1451.7441 , -1279.7835 , -1380.0938 , -1431.9025 , -1466.0741 , -1440.7209 , -1435.2094 , -1404.3447 , -1373.4800 , -1350.3314 , -1316.1598 , -1289.7043
(1980-2011)
-1.316 64 -- 38   -1.290
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Egypt
Africa
World
Rank
 
Egypt
Net Generation 18.2560 , 20.4980 , 19.9390 , 22.4871 , 29.3161 , 32.3001 , 33.4841 , 36.7441 , 35.4011 , 37.6951 , 41.4081 , 42.5601 , 43.4961 , 47.7521 , 50.0701 , 52.6912 , 51.7652 , 55.5322 , 59.8092 , 65.1742 , 74.1477 , 79.0553 , 84.4936 , 90.1454 , 95.8853 , 102.8346 , 109.1662 , 118.4469 , 123.9676 , 131.3710 , 138.5232 , 147.6542
(1980-2011)
138.52 638 20,254 26   147.65
Net Consumption 15.8610 , 17.7490 , 18.2240 , 20.1341 , 25.2911 , 25.3291 , 29.8871 , 31.1541 , 29.7351 , 32.0611 , 37.2011 , 38.1351 , 38.7831 , 42.7351 , 45.1791 , 47.1512 , 47.7252 , 51.7532 , 55.4512 , 60.2692 , 63.2437 , 67.9113 , 72.4816 , 78.4994 , 82.8713 , 89.4526 , 96.2342 , 104.1339 , 109.1346 , 115.8190 , 122.1652 , 129.4422
(1980-2011)
122.17 562 18,501 26   129.44
Installed Capacity (GWe) 4.9570 , 5.1650 , 4.9470 , 5.7820 , 6.7260 , 9.0670 , 11.5400 , 9.5790 , 10.3120 , 11.4740 , 11.7280 , 11.7930 , 12.0901 , 11.9111 , 12.0471 , 12.9781 , 16.7071 , 16.7751 , 17.0941 , 17.8611 , 17.1861 , 17.0571 , 16.9611 , 17.0581 , 19.3371 , 20.4621 , 21.9191 , 22.5781 , 23.4771 , 24.6651 , 26.9121 , 27.7971
(1980-2011)
26.91 135 5,086 29   27.80
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Egypt
Africa
World
Rank
 
Egypt
Production 1.4525 , 1.4813 , 1.6911 , 1.8414 , 2.0799 , 2.2330 , 2.0927 , 2.2991 , 2.2379 , 2.3197 , 2.3613 , 2.3956 , 2.3883 , 2.4807 , 2.5216 , 2.5991 , 2.6495 , 2.5131 , 2.4766 , 2.5938 , 2.5466 , 2.6912 , 2.6674 , 2.8520 , 2.8578 , 3.1293 , 3.1900 , 3.2495 , 3.7619 , 3.9227 , 3.8543 , 3.8721
(1980-2011)
3.854 37 509 29   3.872
Consumption 0.7064 , 0.8283 , 0.9271 , 1.0515 , 1.1507 , 1.2127 , 1.2448 , 1.2974 , 1.3018 , 1.3484 , 1.4380 , 1.4326 , 1.4271 , 1.3715 , 1.5563 , 1.5878 , 1.7271 , 1.7897 , 1.8492 , 1.9228 , 2.0052 , 2.2252 , 2.2577 , 2.4330 , 2.5825 , 2.6893 , 2.5382 , 2.7098 , 3.1936 , 3.2031 , 3.3072
(1980-2010)
3.203 16 488 28   3.307
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6472.9925 , 7315.6672 , 7449.7563 , 7866.5141 , 8114.2832 , 8021.9908 , 8021.9014 , 8155.9843 , 7771.6480 , 7668.0880 , 7736.4669 , 7625.5339 , 7273.5961 , 6793.1994 , 7414.3221 , 7228.4079 , 7488.9990 , 7356.4835 , 7306.1536 , 7159.9539 , 7086.3843 , 7595.2194 , 7527.6607 , 7861.1993 , 8016.2254 , 7990.5364 , 7058.5097 , 7037.0118 , 7739.4007 , 7417.5340 , 7284.7431
(1980-2010)
7,418 5,405 7,461 57   7,285
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Egypt
Africa
World
Rank
 
Egypt
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
40.9155 , 48.9178 , 54.6607 , 63.9969 , 69.9676 , 75.6023 , 81.8376 , 83.9303 , 83.3892 , 86.0918 , 92.6333 , 94.2300 , 93.8022 , 95.3640 , 98.5098 , 99.2449 , 108.4967 , 112.0601 , 114.8994 , 117.5668 , 119.9831 , 129.2942 , 133.4160 , 143.2267 , 152.7177 , 158.9923 , 151.2131 , 157.9025 , 180.8311 , 184.8288 , 190.5871 , 201.6673
(1980-2011)
190.59 1,155 31,502 29   201.67

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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