U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Country Analysis Note
- The Kingdom of Bahrain is, along with Oman, one of only two countries bordering the Persian Gulf that is not a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Bahrain produced 48,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of total petroleum liquids in 2012, the least of any country in the Persian Gulf. It has set a goal of increasing total petroleum production to 100,000 bbl/d by the end of the decade.
- Refinery capacity far exceeds domestic crude oil production capacity. Bahrain has a 254,000 bbl/d export refinery at Sitra. Most of the feedstock is imported from Saudi Arabia, so that net exports for Bahrain are only about 5,000 bbl/d. Plans are underway to expand the refinery's capacity by 100,000 bbl/d by 2017.
- Saudi Arabia and Bahrain share production of the 300,000 bbl/d Abu Safah offshore field in Saudi Arabia, which is connected to Bahrain's Sitra refinery via pipeline. Bahrain intends to replace the aging pipeline system from Saudi Arabia with the planned New Arabia pipeline, a 71-mile, 350,000 bbl/d pipeline running between the Abqaiq complex in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain's refinery at Sitra.
- As with oil, the country is a small producer of natural gas, and produced 446 billion cubic feet of dry natural gas in 2011. In order to meet future natural gas needs, Bahrain plans to import gas from a number of sources, either via pipeline from Qatar or via imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) following the awarding of a contract to construct a new LNG terminal.
- Bahrain has over 3 gigawatts of electricity generating capacity, almost all of which is conventional thermal fired. The Kingdom has recently begun to develop solar and other renewable power. It is also taking part in the Gulf Cooperation Council's (GCC) plan to integrate the electric power grids of all GCC countries.
Analysis Last Updated: February 2013
Overview data for Bahrain+ EXPAND ALL
-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; F = Forecast value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.
Data last updated: February 12, 2013
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