U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Bahrain  

Country Analysis Note

  • The Kingdom of Bahrain is, along with Oman, one of only two countries bordering the Persian Gulf that is not a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.
  • Bahrain produced 48,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of crude oil and lease condensate in 2013, the least amount of any country in the Persian Gulf. Total petroleum production capacity at the Bahrain Field is expected to rise to 100,000 bbl/d by 2018
  • Saudi Arabia and Bahrain share production of the 300,000 bbl/d Abu Safah offshore field in Saudi Arabia, which is connected to Bahrain's Sitra refinery via pipeline. Bahrain intends to replace the aging pipeline system from Saudi Arabia with a new 71-mile pipeline by 2016. The planned pipeline will transport 350,000 bbl/d of crude oil from Saudi Arabia’s Abqaiq plant to Bahrain's Sitra refinery.
  • Refinery capacity far exceeds domestic crude oil production capacity. Bahrain has a 267,000 bbl/d-export refinery at Sitra. Plans are underway to expand the refinery's capacity to 360,000 bbl/d by 2017.
  • As with oil, the country is a small producer of natural gas. According to BP Statistical Review 2014, Bahrain produced 558 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas in 2013, up from about 480 Bcf in 2012. In order to meet growing natural gas needs, Bahrain plans to increase imports of natural gas. The government plans to complete construction of a 400-million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d) LNG import facility in the beginning of 2017. Potential pipeline projects from Iran and Qatar have been put on hold.
  • The Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) and Bahrain National Gas Company (BANAGAS) dominate Bahrain’s hydrocarbon industry.
  • Bahrain had about 4 gigawatts of electricity generating capacity in 2012, almost all of which was fossil fuel fired. A 5-megawatt solar project came online at the start of 2014 and a 25-megawatt waste to energy plant will come online by 2015. Bahrain is also taking part in the Gulf Cooperation Council's (GCC) plan to integrate the electric power grids of all GCC countries.

Analysis Last Updated: August 2014


Overview data for Bahrain

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
    
Bahrain
Total Oil Production 57.0000 , 55.0000 , 53.0000 , 52.0000 , 51.0000 , 49.0000 , 52.6836 , 51.8786 , 52.5326 , 51.9585 , 47.9598 , 43.8518 , 44.6177 , 54.5956 , 55.0151 , 52.8237 , 46.3584 , 53.7141 , 49.3105 , 49.5698 , 49.7750 , 49.2546 , 49.3929 , 49.5896 , 50.6061 , 47.5248 , 48.8532 , 48.4346 , 48.5978 , 48.6854 , 47.1577 , 48.1577 , 55.1577 , 61.1577
(1980-2013)
55.16 27,600 89,700 62   61.16
Crude Oil Production 48.0000 , 46.0000 , 44.0000 , 42.0000 , 41.0000 , 42.0000 , 44.0000 , 42.0000 , 43.0000 , 43.0000 , 42.0000 , 38.0000 , 36.7430 , 40.7530 , 40.8000 , 40.7800 , 35.0000 , 40.3000 , 37.6750 , 37.4390 , 38.0000 , 37.0000 , 36.8000 , 37.6320 , 37.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 41.0000 , 48.0000
(1980-2013)
41.00 24,466 75,898 59   48.00
Consumption 16.0400 , 15.8300 , 15.6300 , 15.3800 , 15.9100 , 16.0645 , 15.9585 , 18.7816 , 18.9455 , 19.4670 , 20.3485 , 21.1560 , 21.3595 , 20.4746 , 20.7593 , 21.0724 , 20.0558 , 19.6663 , 22.2058 , 22.3624 , 23.2859 , 23.9791 , 23.9177 , 25.9488 , 29.0916 , 30.5158 , 39.1480 , 43.2191 , 42.7977 , 45.9987 , 49.9239 , 45.8782 , 46.0000 , 49.0000
(1980-2013)
46.00 7,818 89,160 101   49.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 40.9600 , 39.1700 , 37.3700 , 36.6200 , 35.0900 , 32.9355 , 36.7251 , 33.0970 , 33.5871 , 32.4915 , 27.6113 , 22.6958 , 23.2582 , 34.1210 , 34.2558 , 31.7513 , 26.3025 , 34.0478 , 27.1046 , 27.2074 , 26.4891 , 25.2755 , 25.4752 , 23.6408 , 21.5145 , 17.0089 , 9.7052 , 5.2155 , 5.8001 , 2.6867 , -2.7661 , 2.2795 , 9.1577 , 12.1577
(1980-2013)
9.16 19,782 -- 35   12.16
Refinery Capacity 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 254.6000 , 248.9000 , 262.0000 , 262.0000 , 253.6500 , 253.6500 , 253.6500
(1980-2012)
254 7,245 88,097 54   254
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.2400 , 0.2250 , 0.2090 , 0.1970 , 0.1850 , 0.1700 , 0.1550 , 0.1400 , 0.1406 , 0.1260 , 0.1117 , 0.0975 , 0.0835 , 0.0696 , 0.0696 , 0.2100 , 0.2100 , 0.2100 , 0.2100 , 0.1600 , 0.1481 , 0.1481 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246
(1980-2014)
0.12 802 1,646 62   0.12
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Production 100.0000 , 120.0000 , 130.0000 , 140.0000 , 133.0000 , 164.0000 , 180.0000 , 216.5000 , 181.8700 , 186.1000 , 205.0000 , 233.0000 , 187.8758 , 233.7853 , 229.1900 , 229.1900 , 232.0196 , 281.4606 , 292.7614 , 296.9992 , 302.6496 , 314.3035 , 334.0799 , 339.7303 , 344.3213 , 378.2237 , 400.1190 , 416.0107 , 438.2592 , 440.7312 , 450.9726 , 445.6753 , 481.4316
(1980-2012)
445.68 18,332 116,255 35   481.43
Consumption 100.0000 , 120.0000 , 130.0000 , 140.0000 , 133.0000 , 164.0000 , 180.0000 , 216.5000 , 181.8700 , 186.1000 , 205.0000 , 233.0000 , 187.8758 , 233.7853 , 229.1900 , 229.1900 , 232.0196 , 281.4606 , 292.7614 , 296.9992 , 302.6496 , 314.3035 , 334.0799 , 339.7303 , 344.3213 , 378.2237 , 400.1190 , 416.0107 , 438.2592 , 440.7312 , 450.9726 , 445.6753 , 481.4316
(1980-2012)
445.68 14,089 116,395 42   481.43
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
9.0000 , 9.0000 , 8.6000 , 7.8900 , 7.4000 , 7.2600 , 7.1030 , 7.0000 , 6.9000 , 6.7000 , 6.4760 , 6.2500 , 6.0100 , 5.8100 , 5.9000 , 5.2950 , 5.2950 , 5.2000 , 5.1000 , 4.1770 , 3.8750 , 3.8750 , 3.2490 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500
(1980-2014)
3.25 2,823 6,846 53   3.25
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Net Generation 1.5540 , 1.6990 , 1.8810 , 2.0830 , 2.2720 , 2.7610 , 3.0180 , 3.1170 , 3.2730 , 3.2810 , 3.2810 , 3.2850 , 3.6620 , 3.9890 , 4.2770 , 4.3350 , 4.7150 , 4.7380 , 5.4270 , 5.5990 , 5.9192 , 6.3723 , 6.8413 , 7.3019 , 7.9411 , 8.3350 , 9.1603 , 10.2535 , 11.2180 , 11.3346 , 12.4382 , 12.9985
(1980-2011)
12.44 830 20,254 86   13.00
Net Consumption 1.4452 , 1.5801 , 1.7493 , 1.9372 , 2.1780 , 2.5530 , 2.8070 , 2.8290 , 3.0650 , 3.0800 , 3.0390 , 3.1280 , 3.4660 , 3.7880 , 4.1130 , 4.2730 , 4.4990 , 4.6530 , 4.9670 , 5.2060 , 5.3622 , 5.7963 , 6.2983 , 6.9989 , 7.5441 , 7.9240 , 8.7323 , 10.1085 , 9.5640 , 10.0556 , 11.5922 , 12.1235
(1980-2011)
11.59 718 18,501 82   12.12
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.5880 , 0.5880 , 0.7380 , 1.0470 , 1.0620 , 1.0820 , 1.0820 , 1.0400 , 1.0400 , 1.0400 , 1.0400 , 1.0500 , 1.0500 , 1.0500 , 1.0500 , 1.0800 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1630 , 1.3490 , 1.3790 , 2.5060 , 2.6290 , 1.8490 , 2.3190 , 2.7670 , 2.7770 , 2.7778 , 3.1688 , 3.1688 , 3.1688
(1980-2011)
3.17 207 5,086 86   3.17
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Production 0.2202 , 0.2369 , 0.2431 , 0.2508 , 0.2416 , 0.2712 , 0.2954 , 0.3309 , 0.2971 , 0.2996 , 0.3126 , 0.3333 , 0.2867 , 0.3510 , 0.3479 , 0.3431 , 0.3339 , 0.3989 , 0.4030 , 0.4083 , 0.4149 , 0.4246 , 0.4451 , 0.4521 , 0.4574 , 0.4765 , 0.5004 , 0.5166 , 0.5396 , 0.5419 , 0.5492 , 0.5454
(1980-2011)
.549 72 505 67   0.545
Consumption 0.1375 , 0.1579 , 0.1679 , 0.1779 , 0.1716 , 0.2049 , 0.2208 , 0.2652 , 0.2290 , 0.2344 , 0.2563 , 0.2871 , 0.2408 , 0.2766 , 0.2834 , 0.2836 , 0.2844 , 0.3352 , 0.3517 , 0.3565 , 0.3647 , 0.3772 , 0.3976 , 0.4077 , 0.4188 , 0.4473 , 0.4887 , 0.5132 , 0.5372 , 0.5433 , 0.5575 , 0.5491
(1980-2011)
0.558 29 507 75   0.549
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
28505.3493 , 31346.8564 , 31470.7434 , 30866.1002 , 28672.9698 , 35216.5597 , 37502.0417 , 40809.0021 , 32446.9594 , 33094.2185 , 34655.3833 , 34893.1114 , 27427.2017 , 27916.4092 , 28669.2271 , 27610.3140 , 26594.6334 , 30398.3780 , 30444.1447 , 29577.3732 , 28746.3070 , 28571.8475 , 28454.3424 , 27228.5508 , 26475.5579 , 26213.7585 , 26855.0380 , 26019.3645 , 25618.3888 , 25136.0678 , 24684.3852 , 23640.5561
(1980-2011)
24,684 10,989 7,401 6   23,641
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
7.7592 , 8.8360 , 9.3640 , 10.7279 , 9.5739 , 11.3632 , 12.2476 , 14.7374 , 12.6462 , 13.0573 , 14.2894 , 15.9295 , 13.5743 , 16.0269 , 15.8369 , 15.8843 , 15.8638 , 18.4705 , 19.4267 , 20.2549 , 20.2649 , 20.7952 , 21.8490 , 22.4467 , 23.1413 , 24.7207 , 27.2431 , 28.5927 , 29.9066 , 30.2096 , 30.5941 , 29.6971
(1980-2011)
30.59 1,798 31,502 75   29.70

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

Other briefs related to Bahrain

Middle East & North Africa

World Oil Transit Chokepoints Brief

Related International Information

International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

International Energy Outlook yearly energy projections through 2040

Short Term Energy Outlook monthly energy projections through 2014

Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040

Other International Information

Inter-American Development Bank

International Energy Agency statistics

Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI)

United Nations energy statistics

World Bank energy and mining data

International Monetary Fund data and statistics

Eurostat European statistics

Sign Up for Email Updates