U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Bahrain  

Country Analysis Note

  • The Kingdom of Bahrain is, along with Oman, one of only two countries bordering the Persian Gulf that is not a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Bahrain produced 48,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of total petroleum liquids in 2012, the least of any country in the Persian Gulf. It has set a goal of increasing total petroleum production to 100,000 bbl/d by the end of the decade.
  • Refinery capacity far exceeds domestic crude oil production capacity. Bahrain has a 254,000 bbl/d export refinery at Sitra. Most of the feedstock is imported from Saudi Arabia, so that net exports for Bahrain are only about 5,000 bbl/d. Plans are underway to expand the refinery's capacity by 100,000 bbl/d by 2017.
  • Saudi Arabia and Bahrain share production of the 300,000 bbl/d Abu Safah offshore field in Saudi Arabia, which is connected to Bahrain's Sitra refinery via pipeline. Bahrain intends to replace the aging pipeline system from Saudi Arabia with the planned New Arabia pipeline, a 71-mile, 350,000 bbl/d pipeline running between the Abqaiq complex in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain's refinery at Sitra.
  • As with oil, the country is a small producer of natural gas, and produced 446 billion cubic feet of dry natural gas in 2011. In order to meet future natural gas needs, Bahrain plans to import gas from a number of sources, either via pipeline from Qatar or via imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) following the awarding of a contract to construct a new LNG terminal.
  • Bahrain has over 3 gigawatts of electricity generating capacity, almost all of which is conventional thermal fired. The Kingdom has recently begun to develop solar and other renewable power. It is also taking part in the Gulf Cooperation Council's (GCC) plan to integrate the electric power grids of all GCC countries.

Analysis Last Updated: February 2013


Overview data for Bahrain

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
    
Bahrain
Total Oil Production 57.0000 , 55.0000 , 53.0000 , 52.0000 , 51.0000 , 49.0000 , 52.6836 , 51.8786 , 52.5326 , 51.9585 , 47.9598 , 43.8518 , 44.6177 , 54.5956 , 55.0151 , 52.8237 , 46.3584 , 53.7141 , 49.3105 , 49.5698 , 49.7750 , 49.2546 , 49.3929 , 49.5896 , 50.6061 , 47.5248 , 48.8532 , 48.4346 , 48.5978 , 48.6854 , 47.1577 , 48.1577 , 55.1577 , 55.1577
(1980-2013)
55.16 27,671 89,757 62   55.16
Crude Oil Production 48.0000 , 46.0000 , 44.0000 , 42.0000 , 41.0000 , 42.0000 , 44.0000 , 42.0000 , 43.0000 , 43.0000 , 42.0000 , 38.0000 , 36.7430 , 40.7530 , 40.8000 , 40.7800 , 35.0000 , 40.3000 , 37.6750 , 37.4390 , 38.0000 , 37.0000 , 36.8000 , 37.6320 , 37.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 41.0000 , 42.0000
(1980-2013)
41.00 24,447 75,887 59   42.00
Consumption 16.0400 , 15.8300 , 15.6300 , 15.3800 , 15.9100 , 16.0645 , 15.9585 , 18.7816 , 18.9455 , 19.4670 , 20.3485 , 21.1560 , 21.3595 , 20.4746 , 20.7593 , 21.0724 , 20.0558 , 19.6663 , 22.2058 , 22.3624 , 23.2859 , 23.9791 , 23.9177 , 25.9488 , 29.0916 , 30.5158 , 39.1480 , 43.2191 , 42.7977 , 45.9987 , 49.9239 , 52.0000 , 50.4930
(1980-2012)
52.00 7,537 88,744 90   50.49 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 40.9600 , 39.1700 , 37.3700 , 36.6200 , 35.0900 , 32.9355 , 36.7251 , 33.0970 , 33.5871 , 32.4915 , 27.6113 , 22.6958 , 23.2582 , 34.1210 , 34.2558 , 31.7513 , 26.3025 , 34.0478 , 27.1046 , 27.2074 , 26.4891 , 25.2755 , 25.4752 , 23.6408 , 21.5145 , 17.0089 , 9.7052 , 5.2155 , 5.8001 , 2.6867 , -2.7661 , -3.8423 , 4.6647
(1980-2012)
-3.84 19,876 -- 118   4.66
Refinery Capacity 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 243.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 248.9000 , 254.6000 , 248.9000 , 262.0000 , 262.0000 , 253.6500 , 253.6500 , 253.6500
(1980-2012)
254 7,245 88,097 54   254
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.2400 , 0.2250 , 0.2090 , 0.1970 , 0.1850 , 0.1700 , 0.1550 , 0.1400 , 0.1406 , 0.1260 , 0.1117 , 0.0975 , 0.0835 , 0.0696 , 0.0696 , 0.2100 , 0.2100 , 0.2100 , 0.2100 , 0.1600 , 0.1481 , 0.1481 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246 , 0.1246
(1980-2013)
0.12 800 1,526 63   0.12
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Production 100.0000 , 120.0000 , 130.0000 , 140.0000 , 133.0000 , 164.0000 , 180.0000 , 216.5000 , 181.8700 , 186.1000 , 205.0000 , 233.0000 , 187.8758 , 233.7853 , 229.1900 , 229.1900 , 232.0196 , 281.4606 , 292.7614 , 296.9992 , 302.6496 , 314.3035 , 334.0799 , 339.7303 , 344.3213 , 378.2237 , 400.1190 , 416.0107 , 438.2592 , 440.7312 , 450.9726 , 445.6753 , 481.4316
(1980-2012)
445.68 18,332 116,255 35   481.43
Consumption 100.0000 , 120.0000 , 130.0000 , 140.0000 , 133.0000 , 164.0000 , 180.0000 , 216.5000 , 181.8700 , 186.1000 , 205.0000 , 233.0000 , 187.8758 , 233.7853 , 229.1900 , 229.1900 , 232.0196 , 281.4606 , 292.7614 , 296.9992 , 302.6496 , 314.3035 , 334.0799 , 339.7303 , 344.3213 , 378.2237 , 400.1190 , 416.0107 , 438.2592 , 440.7312 , 450.9726 , 445.6753 , 481.4316
(1980-2012)
445.68 14,089 116,395 42   481.43
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
9.0000 , 9.0000 , 8.6000 , 7.8900 , 7.4000 , 7.2600 , 7.1030 , 7.0000 , 6.9000 , 6.7000 , 6.4760 , 6.2500 , 6.0100 , 5.8100 , 5.9000 , 5.2950 , 5.2950 , 5.2000 , 5.1000 , 4.1770 , 3.8750 , 3.8750 , 3.2490 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500 , 3.2500
(1980-2013)
3.25 2,800 6,845 53   3.25
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 1 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 16 7,751 113   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 -15 -- 85   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Net Generation 1.5540 , 1.6990 , 1.8810 , 2.0830 , 2.2720 , 2.7610 , 3.0180 , 3.1170 , 3.2730 , 3.2810 , 3.2810 , 3.2850 , 3.6620 , 3.9890 , 4.2770 , 4.3350 , 4.7150 , 4.7380 , 5.4270 , 5.5990 , 5.9192 , 6.3723 , 6.8413 , 7.3019 , 7.9411 , 8.3350 , 9.1603 , 10.2535 , 11.2180 , 11.3346 , 12.4382 , 12.9985
(1980-2011)
12.44 830 20,254 86   13.00
Net Consumption 1.4452 , 1.5801 , 1.7493 , 1.9372 , 2.1780 , 2.5530 , 2.8070 , 2.8290 , 3.0650 , 3.0800 , 3.0390 , 3.1280 , 3.4660 , 3.7880 , 4.1130 , 4.2730 , 4.4990 , 4.6530 , 4.9670 , 5.2060 , 5.3622 , 5.7963 , 6.2983 , 6.9989 , 7.5441 , 7.9240 , 8.7323 , 10.1085 , 9.5640 , 10.0556 , 11.5922 , 12.1235
(1980-2011)
11.59 718 18,501 82   12.12
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.5880 , 0.5880 , 0.7380 , 1.0470 , 1.0620 , 1.0820 , 1.0820 , 1.0400 , 1.0400 , 1.0400 , 1.0400 , 1.0500 , 1.0500 , 1.0500 , 1.0500 , 1.0800 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1630 , 1.3490 , 1.3790 , 2.5060 , 2.6290 , 1.8490 , 2.3190 , 2.7670 , 2.7770 , 2.7778 , 3.1688 , 3.1688 , 3.1688
(1980-2011)
3.17 207 5,086 86   3.17
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Production 0.2202 , 0.2369 , 0.2431 , 0.2508 , 0.2416 , 0.2712 , 0.2954 , 0.3309 , 0.2971 , 0.2996 , 0.3126 , 0.3333 , 0.2867 , 0.3510 , 0.3479 , 0.3431 , 0.3339 , 0.3989 , 0.4030 , 0.4083 , 0.4149 , 0.4246 , 0.4451 , 0.4521 , 0.4574 , 0.4765 , 0.5004 , 0.5166 , 0.5396 , 0.5419 , 0.5492 , 0.5454
(1980-2011)
.549 70 509 67   0.545
Consumption 0.1375 , 0.1579 , 0.1679 , 0.1779 , 0.1716 , 0.2049 , 0.2208 , 0.2652 , 0.2290 , 0.2344 , 0.2563 , 0.2871 , 0.2408 , 0.2766 , 0.2834 , 0.2836 , 0.2844 , 0.3352 , 0.3517 , 0.3565 , 0.3647 , 0.3772 , 0.3976 , 0.4077 , 0.4188 , 0.4473 , 0.4887 , 0.5132 , 0.5347 , 0.5433 , 0.5576
(1980-2010)
0.543 27 488 74   0.558
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
28505.3493 , 31346.8564 , 31470.7434 , 30866.1002 , 28672.9698 , 35216.5597 , 37502.0417 , 40809.0021 , 32446.9594 , 33094.2185 , 34655.3833 , 34893.1114 , 27427.2017 , 27916.4092 , 28669.2271 , 27610.3140 , 26594.6334 , 30398.3780 , 30444.1447 , 29577.3732 , 28746.3070 , 28571.8475 , 28454.3424 , 27228.5508 , 26475.5579 , 26213.7585 , 26855.0380 , 26019.3645 , 25502.1682 , 25136.0678 , 24687.2554
(1980-2010)
25,136 10,867 7,461 5   24,687
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Bahrain
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Bahrain
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
7.7592 , 8.8360 , 9.3640 , 10.7279 , 9.5739 , 11.3632 , 12.2476 , 14.7374 , 12.6462 , 13.0573 , 14.2894 , 15.9295 , 13.5743 , 16.0269 , 15.8369 , 15.8843 , 15.8638 , 18.4705 , 19.4267 , 20.2549 , 20.2649 , 20.7952 , 21.8490 , 22.4467 , 23.1413 , 24.7207 , 27.2431 , 28.5927 , 29.9066 , 30.2096 , 30.5941 , 29.6971
(1980-2011)
30.59 1,798 31,502 75   29.70

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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