Last Updated: December 13, 2021   |  
Full report   |   Notes   |   Background reference

March 14, 2022, update: In response to Russia’s further invasion of Ukraine, we provide updated Russia crude oil, natural gas, and coal exports data that include full year 2021 data in a Today in Energy article.

Overview

Map of Russia

Map of Russia

Source: CIA, World Factbook

Petroleum and other liquids

Sector organization

Exploration and production

Figure 1. Russia's petroleum and other liquids production and consumption, 2011-2020
figure data
Table 1. Selected crude oil greenfield projects in Russia
Project name Field Operator Start up year Peak production year, estimate Peak production (barrels per day), estimate
Vostsibneftegaz Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoye Rosneft 2017 2023 116,000
Vostok Oil project Tagulskoye Rosneft 2017 2025 86,000
Tyumenneftegaz Russkoye Phase 1 Rosneft 2018 2022 80,000
Gazpromneft-Yamal Novoportovskoye phase 1 Gazpromneft 2016 2023 125,000
Gazpromneft-Yamal Novoportovskoye phase 2 Gazpromneft 2018 2021 41,000
Messoyakha Messoyakhskoye Vostochnoye Gazpromneft 2016 2020 112,000
Gazpromneft-Khantos Alexander Zhagrin Gazpromneft 2019 2023 81,000

Source: Table by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Rystad Energy, Rosneft, and Gazprom company websites
Note: Peak production estimates are for crude oil and condensate production only and does not include production volumes from associated natural gas.

Transport and storage

Pipelines


Port terminals


Table 2. Russia’s seaborne crude oil exports by port terminal, 2020
thousand barrels per day
Port terminal Crude oil exports
Primorsk 616
Nakhodka 611
Novorossiysk 459
Ust-Luga 437
Murmansk 271
Sokol Sakhalin 265
Varandey 221
Others 127

Source: Table by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from Clipperdata

Refining and refined oil products

Petroleum and other liquids exports

Figure 2. Russia's crude oil and condensate exports by destination, 2020
figure data

Hydrocarbon gas liquids

Natural Gas

Overview

Exploration and production

Figure 3. Estimated proved natural gas reserves, as of January 1, 2021
figure data
Figure 4. Russia's dry natural gas production and consumption
figure data
Figure 5. Largest source countries of flared natural gas, 2020
figure data
Table 3. Selected Russian natural gas projects in under development
Project name Field Operator Location Approval year for final investment decision Estimated start up year Estimated peak production level (million cubic feet per year)
Eastern Gas Program Chayandinskoye (phase 1) Gazprom East Siberia
(near Irkutsk)
2012 2020 630
Yamal LNG T4 Tambeyskoye Yuzhnoye T4 Novatek Ob Bay, Kara Sea 2013 2021 40
Urengoyskoye (Achimov) Block 4 Urengoyskoye (Achimov) Block 4A Gazprom Ob Bay, Kara Sea 2016 2021 318
Urengoyskoye (Achimov) Block 5 Urengoyskoye (Achimov) Block 5A Gazprom Ob Bay, Kara Sea 2016 2021 319
Yamal megaproject Kharasaveyskoye (Cenomian-Apt) Gazprom Yamal Peninsula 2019 2024 1,026
Arctic LNG T1-3 Salmanovskoye (Utrenneye) T1 Novatek Ob Bay, Kara Sea 2019 2023 306
Arctic LNG T1-3 Salmanovskoye (Utrenneye) T2 Novatek Ob Bay, Kara Sea 2019 2024 309
Semakovskoye Semakovskoye
(phase 1)
Gazprom Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area 2020 2023 241
Kamennomysskoye-More Kamennomysskoye-More Gazprom Ob Bay, Kara Sea 2020 2027 482,754
Eastern Gas Program Chayandinskoye (phase 2) Gazprom East Siberia
(near Irkutsk)
2024 2026 212

Source:Table by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from Rystad Energy

Transport and storage

Pipelines



LNG


Natural gas exports

Figure 6. Russia's natural gas exports by destination, 2020
figure data

Energy consumption

Figure 7. Russia's total primary energy consumption, 2020
figure data

Electricity

Overview

Figure 8. Russia's total power generation by source, 2019
figure data

Coal

Figure 9. Russia's coal exports by destination, 2020
figure data

Nuclear power

Figure 10. Operating nuclear capacity in Russia, by age, as of August 1, 2021
figure data

Notes

Endnotes

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  2. Jon Gambrell. "OPEC, allies raise limits for 5 countries to end oil dispute," Associated Press News, July 18, 2021. Stanley Reed. "Oil Nations Again Fail to Reach Deal as U.A.E. Demands Higher Quota," The New York Times, July 5, 2021. "19th OPEC and non-OPEC Ministerial Meeting Concludes," press release, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, July 18, 2021. Vitaly Yermakov and James Henderson. "The New Deal for Oil Markets: Implications for Russia’s short&-term tactics and long-term strategy," The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Energy Insights, no. 67, April 2020.
  3. Based on 2020 crude oil and condensate production data provided by Rystad Energy, accessed September 15, 2021.
  4. "The future of Russian oil sands production is bleak without tax revival," Rystad Energy, April 14, 2021. "Lukoil’s oil-sands fields to languish under current tax regime," Rystad Energy, June 21, 2021.
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  14. 2020 Worldwide Refining Survey, Oil & Gas Journal, January 1, 2021, pg. 12-13.
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  19. "Sibur reports 9M 2019 IFRS results," Sibur company website, October 29, 2019.
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  24. Sergey Sukhankin. "Russia’s Energy Strategy 2035: A Breakthrough or Another Impasse?" Eurasia Daily Monitor Vol. 17, Issue 78, The Jamestown Foundation, June 2, 2020. Tatiana Mitrova and Vitaly Yerkmakov. "Russia’s Energy Strategy-2035: Struggling to Remain Relevant," French Institute of International Relations, November 2019. James Henderson, Vitaly Yermakov. "Russian LNG: Becoming a Global Force," Oxford Institute of Energy Studies Paper NG 154, November 2019. Sergey Sukhankin. "Russia’s LNG Strategy: Foreign Competition and the Role of the Arctic Region," Eurasia Daily Monitor Vol. 18, Issue 116, The Jamestown Foundation, July 21, 2021.
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