|Aviation Gasoline (Finished)
||A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of
additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel
specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572.
Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline.
|Gas Plant Operator
||Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records.
A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which
natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both.
For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.
||The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional
and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and
premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification
at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes.
Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the
octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.
||A light petroleum distillate that is used in space heaters, cook stoves, and water heaters
and is suitable for use as a light source when burned in wick-fed lamps. Kerosene has a
maximum distillation temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10-percent recovery point,
a final boiling point of 572 degrees Fahrenheit, and a minimum flash point of 100 degrees
Fahrenheit. Included are No. 1-K and No. 2-K, the two grades recognized by ASTM Specification
D 3699 as well as all other grades of kerosene called range or stove oil, which have properties
similar to those of No. 1 fuel oil. See Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel.
|Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel
||A kerosene-based product having a maximum distillation temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit at
the 10-percent recovery point and a final maximum boiling point of 572 degrees Fahrenheit
and meeting ASTM Specification D 1655 and Military Specifications MIL-T-5624P and MIL-T-83133D
(Grades JP-5 and JP-8). It is used for commercial
and military turbojet and turboprop aircraft engines.
||Gasoline having an antiknock index, i.e., octane rating, greater than or equal to 88
and less than or equal to 90. Note: Octane requirements may vary by altitude.
||A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of
additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition engines. Motor gasoline,
as defined in ASTM Specification D 4814 or Federal Specification VV-G-1690C, is characterized
as having a boiling range of 122 to 158 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10 percent recovery point to
365 to 374 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90 percent recovery point. Motor Gasoline includes
conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and
reformulated gasoline, but excludes aviation gasoline. Note: Volumetric data on blending
components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until
the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
|No. 1 Distillate
||A light petroleum distillate that can be used as either a diesel fuel (see No. 1 Diesel Fuel)
or a fuel oil.
No. 1 Diesel Fuel: A light distillate fuel oil that has distillation temperatures of
550 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM
Specification D 975. It is used in high-speed diesel engines generally operated under frequent
speed and load changes, such as those in city buses and similar vehicles.
No. 1 Fuel Oil: A light distillate fuel oil that has distillation temperatures of 400 degrees Fahrenheit
at the 10-percent recovery point and 550 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent point and
meets the specifications defined in ASTM Specification D 396. It is used primarily as fuel
for portable outdoor stoves and portable outdoor heaters.
|No. 2 Distillate
||A petroleum distillate that can be used as either a diesel fuel (see No. 2 Diesel Fuel) or a fuel oil
(see No. 2 Fuel Oil).
|No. 2 Diesel Fuel
||A fuel that has distillation temperatures of 500 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10-percent
recovery point and 640 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent recovery point and meets the
specifications defined in ASTM Specification D 975. It is used in high-speed diesel engines
that are generally operated under uniform speed and load conditions,
such as those in railroad locomotives, trucks, and automobiles.
|No. 2 Fuel Oil (Heating Oil)
||A distillate fuel oil that has a distillation temperature of 640 degrees Fahrenheit
at the 90-percent recovery point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM
Specification D 396. It is used in atomizing type burners for domestic heating
or for moderate capacity commercial/industrial burner units.
|No. 4 Fuel Oil
||A distillate fuel oil made by blending distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil stocks.
It conforms with ASTM Specification D 396 or Federal Specification VV-F-815C and is used
extensively in industrial plants and in commercial burner installations that are not
equipped with preheating facilities. It also includes No. 4 diesel fuel used for low-
and medium-speed diesel engines and conforms to ASTM Specification D 975.
||Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories.
Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB)
as well as other blendstock.
||Finished motor gasoline, other than reformulated gasoline, having an oxygen content of
2.7 percent or higher by weight. Includes gasohol. Note: Oxygenated gasoline excludes
oxygenated fuels program reformulated gasoline (OPRG) and reformulated gasoline blendstock
for oxygenate blending (RBOB).
|Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD):
||PADD 1 (East Coast):
PADD 1A (New England): Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont.
PADD 1B (Central Atlantic): Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania.
PADD 1C (Lower Atlantic): Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia.
PADD 2 (Midwest): Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Wisconsin.
PADD 3 (Gulf Coast): Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, Texas.
PADD 4 (Rocky Mountain): Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming.
PADD 5 (West Coast): Alaska (North Slope and Other Mainland), Arizona, California,
Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, Washington.
||Parts per million.
||A firm that produces, imports, or transports selected petroleum products across
State boundaries and local marketing areas, and sells the product to local
distributors, local retailers, or end users.
|Price (Unit Price)
||Total revenue derived from the sale of product during the reference month divided by the
total volume sold; also known as the weighted average price. Total revenue should exclude
all taxes but include transportation costs that were paid as part of the purchase price.
||Gasoline having an antiknock index, i.e., octane rating, greater than 90.
Note: Octane requirements may vary by altitude.
|Propane (Consumer Grade)
||A normally gaseous paraffinic compound (C3H8), which includes all products covered by Natural Gas
Policy Act Specifications for commercial and HD-5 propane and ASTM Specification D 1835. It is
a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of -43.67 degrees Fahrenheit. It does not
include the propane portion of any natural gas liquid mixes, i.e., butane-propane mix.
||A firm or the part of a firm that refines products or blends and substantially changes products,
or refines liquid hydrocarbons from oil and gas field gases, or recovers liquefied petroleum
gases incident to petroleum refining and sells those products to resellers, retailers,
reseller/retailers or ultimate consumers. "Refiner" includes any owner of products that
contracts to have those products refined and then sells the refined products to resellers,
retailers, or ultimate consumers. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data
are included in this category.
||Finished motor gasoline formulated for use in motor vehicles, the composition and properties
of which meet the requirements of the reformulated gasoline regulations promulgated by the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Section 211(k) of the Clean Air Act.
This category includes oxygenated fuels program reformulated gasoline (OPRG) but excludes
reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB).
||Gasoline having an antiknock index (average of the research octane rating and the motor octane
number) greater than or equal to 85 and less than 88. Note: Octane requirements may vary by altitude.
||A firm (other than a refiner) that is engaged in a trade or business that buys refined
petroleum products and then sells them to a purchaser who is not the ultimate consumer
of those refined products.
|Residual Fuel Oil
||A general classification for the heavier oils, known as No. 5 and No. 6 fuel oils, that remain
after the distillate fuel oils and lighter hydrocarbons are distilled away in refinery
operations. It conforms to ASTM Specifications D 396 and D 975 and Federal Specification
VV-F-815C. No. 5, a residual fuel oil of medium viscosity, is also known as Navy Special
and is defined in Military Specification MIL-F-859E, including Amendment 2 (NATO Symbol F-770).
It is used in steam-powered vessels in government service and inshore powerplants.
No. 6 fuel oil includes Bunker C fuel oil and is used for the production of electric power,
space heating, vessel bunkering, and various industrial purposes.
||Any company-owned outlet (e.g., service station) selling gasoline, on-highway
diesel fuel, or propane for on-highway vehicle use which is under the direct control of the
firm filing the EIA-782 by virtue of the ability to set the retail product price and
directly collect all or part of the retail margin. This category includes retail outlets:
(1) being operated by salaried employees of the company and/or its subsidiaries and
affiliates, and/or (2) involving personnel services contracted by the firm.
||A firm (other than a refiner, reseller, or reseller/retailer) that carries on the trade or
business of purchasing refined petroleum products and reselling them to ultimate consumers
without substantially changing their form.
||The transfer of title from the seller to a buyer for a price. Excludes intrafirm transfers,
products consumed directly by the reporting firm, or sales of bonded fuel. Also excludes
products delivered/loaned to exchange partners, except where the amount supplied exceeds the
amount received and the differential is invoiced as a sale during the reference month.
|Sales to End Users
||Sales made directly to the consumer of the product. Includes bulk consumers, such as
agriculture, industry, and utilities, as well as residential and commercial consumers.
||Inventories of fuel stored for future use. Stocks are reported as of the last day of the period
(e.g., week or month).
||A yellowish nonmetallic element, sometimes known as "brimstone." It is present at various
levels of concentration in many fossil fuels.