Table 10.1  Renewable Energy Production and Consumption by Primary Energy Source, 1949-2011
                       (Billion Btu)




Year
Production 1 Consumption
Biomass Total
Renewable
Energy 4
Hydro-
electric
Power 5

Geo-
thermal 6


Solar/PV 7


Wind 8
Biomass Total
Renewable
Energy
Biofuels 2 Total 3 Wood 9 Waste 10 Biofuels 11 Total
1949
NA   1,549,262   2,973,984   1,424,722   NA   NA   NA   1,549,262   NA   NA   1,549,262   2,973,984  
1950
NA   1,562,307   2,977,718   1,415,411   NA   NA   NA   1,562,307   NA   NA   1,562,307   2,977,718  
1951
NA   1,534,669   2,958,464   1,423,795   NA   NA   NA   1,534,669   NA   NA   1,534,669   2,958,464  
1952
NA   1,474,369   2,940,181   1,465,812   NA   NA   NA   1,474,369   NA   NA   1,474,369   2,940,181  
1953
NA   1,418,601   2,831,460   1,412,859   NA   NA   NA   1,418,601   NA   NA   1,418,601   2,831,460  
1954
NA   1,394,327   2,754,099   1,359,772   NA   NA   NA   1,394,327   NA   NA   1,394,327   2,754,099  
1955
NA   1,424,143   2,783,987   1,359,844   NA   NA   NA   1,424,143   NA   NA   1,424,143   2,783,987  
1956
NA   1,415,871   2,850,582   1,434,711   NA   NA   NA   1,415,871   NA   NA   1,415,871   2,850,582  
1957
NA   1,333,581   2,849,194   1,515,613   NA   NA   NA   1,333,581   NA   NA   1,333,581   2,849,194  
1958
NA   1,323,123   2,915,090   1,591,967   NA   NA   NA   1,323,123   NA   NA   1,323,123   2,915,090  
1959
NA   1,352,874   2,901,339   1,548,465   NA   NA   NA   1,352,874   NA   NA   1,352,874   2,901,339  
1960
NA   1,319,870   2,928,204   1,607,975   359   NA   NA   1,319,870   NA   NA   1,319,870   2,928,204  
1961
NA   1,294,762   2,952,226   1,656,463   1,001   NA   NA   1,294,762   NA   NA   1,294,762   2,952,226  
1962
NA   1,300,242   3,117,444   1,816,141   1,061   NA   NA   1,300,242   NA   NA   1,300,242   3,117,444  
1963
NA   1,323,316   3,096,431   1,771,355   1,760   NA   NA   1,323,316   NA   NA   1,323,316   3,096,431  
1964
NA   1,336,802   3,225,248   1,886,314   2,132   NA   NA   1,336,802   NA   NA   1,336,802   3,225,248  
1965
NA   1,334,761   3,395,816   2,059,077   1,978   NA   NA   1,334,761   NA   NA   1,334,761   3,395,816  
1966
NA   1,368,985   3,432,462   2,061,519   1,958   NA   NA   1,368,985   NA   NA   1,368,985   3,432,462  
1967
NA   1,340,249   3,690,213   2,346,664   3,300   NA   NA   1,340,249   NA   NA   1,340,249   3,690,213  
1968
NA   1,419,495   3,772,656   2,348,629   4,532   NA   NA   1,419,495   NA   NA   1,419,495   3,772,656  
1969
NA   1,440,487   4,094,892   2,647,983   6,422   NA   NA   1,440,487   NA   NA   1,440,487   4,094,892  
1970
NA   1,430,962   4,070,021   2,633,547   5,511   NA   NA   1,428,649   2,313   NA   1,430,962   4,070,021  
1971
NA   1,432,323   4,262,213   2,824,151   5,739   NA   NA   1,430,229   2,094   NA   1,432,323   4,262,213  
1972
NA   1,503,065   4,382,009   2,863,865   15,079   NA   NA   1,500,992   2,073   NA   1,503,065   4,382,009  
1973
NA   1,529,068   4,410,938   2,861,448   20,422   NA   NA   1,527,012   2,056   NA   1,529,068   4,410,938  
1974
NA   1,539,657   4,741,847   3,176,580   25,610   NA   NA   1,537,755   1,902   NA   1,539,657   4,741,847  
1975
NA   1,498,734   4,687,120   3,154,607   33,780   NA   NA   1,496,928   1,806   NA   1,498,734   4,687,120  
1976
NA   1,713,373   4,727,151   2,976,265   37,513   NA   NA   1,711,484   1,889   NA   1,713,373   4,727,151  
1977
NA   1,838,332   4,208,966   2,333,252   37,382   NA   NA   1,836,524   1,808   NA   1,838,332   4,208,966  
1978
NA   2,037,605   5,005,439   2,936,983   30,851   NA   NA   2,036,150   1,455   NA   2,037,605   5,005,439  
1979
NA   2,151,906   5,122,854   2,930,686   40,262   NA   NA   2,149,854   2,052   NA   2,151,906   5,122,854  
1980
NA   2,475,500   5,428,343   2,900,144   52,699   NA   NA   2,473,861   1,639   NA   2,475,500   5,428,343  
1981
12,720   2,596,283   5,413,689   2,757,968   59,437   NA   NA   2,495,563   88,000   12,720   2,596,283   5,413,689  
1982
34,404   2,663,452   5,979,637   3,265,558   50,627   NA   NA   2,510,048   119,000   34,404   2,663,452   5,979,637  
1983
63,143   2,904,414   6,495,612   3,527,260   63,910   NA   28   2,684,271   157,000   63,143   2,904,414   6,495,612  
1984
77,302   2,971,119   6,437,863   3,385,811   80,811   55   68   2,685,817   208,000   77,302   2,971,119   6,437,863  
1985
93,151   3,016,233   6,084,017   2,970,192   97,421   111   60   2,686,765   236,317   93,151   3,016,233   6,084,017  
1986
107,099   2,932,094   6,111,140   3,071,179   107,677   147   44   2,562,134   262,861   107,099   2,932,094   6,111,140  
1987
122,725   2,874,884   5,621,807   2,634,508   112,270   109   37   2,463,159   289,000   122,725   2,874,884   5,621,807  
1988
124,058   3,016,049   5,456,754   2,334,265   106,338   94   9   2,576,663   315,328   124,058   3,016,049   5,456,754  
1989
125,378   3,159,358   6,235,234 [R] 2,837,263   161,539   55,041 [R] 22,033   2,679,623   354,357   125,378   3,159,358   6,235,234 [R]
1990
110,867   2,735,110   6,040,675   3,046,391   170,747   59,420   29,007   2,216,165   408,078   110,867   2,735,110   6,040,675  
1991
128,000   2,781,798   6,068,516   3,015,943   177,626   62,354   30,796   2,214,083   439,715   128,000   2,781,798   6,068,516  
1992
145,005   2,931,678   5,821,352 [R] 2,617,436   178,699   63,676 [R] 29,863   2,313,472   473,201   145,005   2,931,678   5,821,352 [R]
1993
169,336   2,908,446   6,082,779   2,891,613   185,673   66,060   30,987   2,259,774   479,336   169,062   2,908,172   6,082,505  
1994
188,391   3,027,535   5,988,118   2,683,457   173,464   68,102   35,560   2,323,820   515,324   188,391   3,027,535   5,988,118  
1995
197,737   3,099,082   6,558,423   3,205,307   152,057   69,347   32,630   2,369,869   531,476   199,797   3,101,142   6,560,483  
1996
141,284   3,155,301   7,012,173 [R] 3,589,656   163,359   70,418 [R] 33,440   2,437,027   576,990   142,789   3,156,806   7,013,678 [R]
1997
186,315   3,107,908   7,018,230   3,640,458   166,698   69,586   33,581   2,370,991   550,602   183,627   3,105,220   7,015,542  
1998
202,474   2,928,929   6,494,338   3,297,054   168,450   69,053   30,853   2,184,160   542,295   201,034   2,927,489   6,492,898  
1999
210,809   2,965,132   6,517,460   3,267,575   170,921   67,937   45,894   2,214,167   540,156   208,967   2,963,291   6,515,618  
2000
233,146   3,005,661   6,103,785 [R] 2,811,116   164,364   65,587 [R] 57,057   2,261,715   510,800   235,712   3,008,228   6,106,352 [R]
2001
254,453   2,624,160   5,164,363   2,241,858   164,461   64,267   69,617   2,005,833   363,874   252,640   2,622,347   5,162,550  
2002
308,118   2,705,408   5,733,929   2,689,017   171,164   63,006   105,334   1,995,283   402,006   303,308   2,700,598   5,729,119  
2003
402,048   2,805,435   5,981,667   2,824,533   175,119   62,010   114,571   2,002,040   401,347   403,744   2,807,132   5,983,364  
2004
487,311   2,997,605   6,070,356 [R] 2,690,078   178,236   62,688 [R] 141,749   2,121,251   389,044   499,371   3,009,666   6,082,416 [R]
2005
564,094   3,104,021 [R] 6,229,199 [R] 2,702,942   180,703   63,446   178,088   2,136,708 [R] 403,219   576,838   3,116,765 [R] 6,241,943 [R]
2006
720,308   3,216,176 [R] 6,598,590 [R] 2,869,035   181,200   68,441   263,738   2,099,318 [R] 396,550 [R] 770,889   3,266,757 [R] 6,649,171 [R]
2007
977,678   3,460,951 [R] 6,509,274 [R] 2,446,389   185,774   75,657   340,503   2,070,461 [R] 412,812 [R] 990,989   3,474,262 [R] 6,522,585 [R]
2008
1,387,251   3,863,844 [R] 7,201,700 [R] 2,511,108   192,433   88,767 [R] 545,548   2,040,340 [R] 436,252 [R] 1,371,955   3,848,548 [R] 7,186,404 [R]
2009
1,584,185 [R] 3,927,839 [R] 7,615,742 [R] 2,668,824   200,185   97,766   721,129   1,890,964 [R] 452,690 [R] 1,568,046 [R] 3,911,700 [R] 7,599,603 [R]
2010
1,883,695 [R] 4,340,615 [R] 8,136,463 [R] 2,538,541 [R] 207,979 [R] 125,901 [R] 923,427 [R] 1,987,945 [R] 468,974 [R] 1,837,147 [R] 4,294,066 [R] 8,089,914 [R]
2011P
2,047,049   4,511,456   9,235,692   3,171,422   226,421   158,145   1,168,247   1,987,167   477,241   1,946,757   4,411,164   9,135,400  
1Production equals consumption for all renewable energy sources except biofuels. 9Wood and wood-derived fuels.
2Total biomass inputs to the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. 10Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and
other biomass.  Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from
non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels).
3Wood and wood-derived fuels, biomass waste, and total biomass inputs to the production of fuel
ethanol and biodiesel.
11Fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel consumption, plus losses and co-products from the
production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel.
4Hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar thermal/photovoltaic, wind, and biomass. R=Revised.  P=Preliminary.  NA=Not available.  (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.  
5Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see
Table A6).
Notes:  ·  Most data for the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors are estimates.
See notes and sources for Tables 10.2a and 10.2b.  ·  See Tables 8.2a–8.2d and 8.3a–8.3c for electricity
net generation and useful thermal output from renewable energy sources; Tables 8.4a–8.4c, 8.5a–8.5d,
8.6a–8.6c, and 8.7a–8.7c for renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and useful thermal
output; and Tables 8.11a–8.11d for renewable energy electric net summer capacity.  ·  See Note,
"Renewable Energy Production and Consumption," at end of section.  ·  See Table E1 for estimated
renewable energy consumption for 1635–1945.  ·  Totals may not equal sum of components due to
independent rounding.
6Geothermal electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6),
and geothermal heat pump and direct use energy.
Web Pages:  ·  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable for updated monthly and
annual data.  ·  See http://www.eia.gov/renewable/ for related information.
7Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels
heat rate—see Table A6), and solar thermal direct use energy.
Sources:  Biofuels:  Tables 10.3 and 10.4.   All Other Data:  Tables 10.2a–10.2c.
8Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6).