Table 5.9  Refinery Capacity and Utilization, 1949-2011




Year

Operable
Refineries 1
Operable Refineries Capacity
Gross Input
to Distillation Units 3


Utilization 4
On January 1 Annual Average 2
Number Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day Thousand Barrels Percent
1949
336 6,231 NA   2,027,928   89.2  
1950
320 6,223 NA   2,182,828   92.5  
1951
325 6,702 NA   2,467,445   97.5  
1952
327 7,161 NA   2,536,142   93.8  
1953
315 7,620 NA   2,651,068   93.1  
1954
308 7,984 NA   2,651,992   88.8  
1955
296 8,386 NA   2,854,137   92.2  
1956
317 8,583 NA   3,019,601   93.5  
1957
317 9,072 NA   3,001,111   89.2  
1958
315 9,358 NA   2,928,647   83.9  
1959
313 9,761 NA   3,049,918   85.2  
1960
309 9,843 NA   3,088,642   85.1  
1961
309 9,999 NA   3,128,370   85.7  
1962
309 10,015 NA   3,222,926   88.2  
1963
304 10,011 NA   3,337,645   90.0  
1964
298 10,306 NA   3,397,697   89.6  
1965
293 10,420 NA   3,488,219   91.8  
1966
280 10,394 NA   3,646,377   94.9  
1967
276 10,658 NA   3,792,876   94.4  
1968
282 11,353 NA   3,987,196   94.5  
1969
279 11,702 NA   4,105,775   94.8  
1970
276 12,021 NA   4,203,621   92.6  
1971
272 12,860 NA   4,336,659   90.9  
1972
274 13,292 NA   4,549,633   92.3  
1973
268 13,642 NA   4,800,283   93.9  
1974
273 14,362 NA   4,631,602   86.6  
1975
279 14,961 NA   4,709,283   85.5  
1976
276 15,237 NA   5,081,361   87.8  
1977
282 16,398 NA   5,468,348   89.6  
1978
296 17,048 NA   5,500,780   87.4  
1979
308 17,441 NA   5,458,728   84.4  
1980
319 17,988 NA   5,049,289   75.4  
1981
324 18,621 18,603   4,654,309   68.6  
1982
301 17,890 17,432   4,442,630   69.9  
1983
258 16,859 16,668   4,360,615   71.7  
1984
247 16,137 16,035   4,471,054   76.2  
1985
223 15,659 15,671   4,440,275   77.6  
1986
216 15,459 15,459   4,681,421   82.9  
1987
219 15,566 15,642   4,746,145   83.1  
1988
213 15,915 15,927   4,921,470   84.4 [R]
1989
204 15,655 15,701   4,946,074   86.3 [R]
1990
205 15,572 15,623   4,967,557   87.1  
1991
202 15,676 15,707   4,930,423   86.0  
1992
199 15,696 15,460   4,977,749   87.9  
1993
187 15,121 15,143   5,055,698   91.5  
1994
179 15,034 15,150   5,121,577   92.6  
1995
175 15,434 15,346   5,153,362   92.0  
1996
170 15,333 15,239   5,247,422   94.1  
1997
164 15,452 15,594   5,415,870   95.2  
1998
163 15,711 15,802   5,516,245   95.6  
1999
159 16,261 16,282   5,504,172   92.6  
2000
158 16,512 16,525   5,599,356   92.6  
2001
155 16,595 16,582   5,603,617   92.6  
2002
153 16,785 16,744   5,540,817   90.7  
2003
149 16,757 16,748   5,660,270   92.6  
2004
149 16,894 16,974   5,776,737   93.0  
2005
148 17,125 17,196   5,686,131   90.6  
2006
149 17,339 17,385   5,694,574   89.7  
2007
149 17,443 17,450   5,639,167   88.5  
2008
150 17,594 17,607   5,499,770   85.3  
2009
150 17,672 17,678   5,350,383   82.9  
2010
148 17,584 17,575 [R] 5,539,770 [R] 86.4 [R]
2011P
148 17,736 17,726   5,578,154   86.2  
1Through 1956, includes only those refineries in operation on January 1; beginning in 1957, includes all
"operable" refineries on January 1.  See "Operable Refineries" in Glossary.
R=Revised.  P=Preliminary.  NA=Not available.  
2Average of monthly capacity data. Web Page:  For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/.
3See Note 3, "Gross Input to Distillation Units," at end of section. Sources:  ·  1949-1977—Bureau of Mines, Information Circular, "Petroleum Refineries, Including
Cracking Plants in the United States"; Minerals Yearbook, "Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products" and
"Natural Gas Liquids" chapters; and Mineral Industry Surveys, Petroleum Refineries, Annual, annual
reports.  ·  1978-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, Petroleum
Refineries in the United States, annual reports.  ·  1981-2005—EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA),
annual reports; and Form EIA-810, "Monthly Refinery Report."  ·  2006-2010—EIA, PSA, annual reports;
and Refinery Capacity Report, annual reports.  ·  2011—EIA, Refinery Capacity Report (June 2011), Table
1; and Petroleum Supply Monthly (January-December 2011 issues), Table 30.
4Through 1980, utilization is calculated by dividing gross input to distillation units by one-half of the sum
of the current year's January 1 capacity and the following year's January 1 capacity.  Beginning in 1981,
utilization is calculated by dividing gross input to distillation units by the annual average capacity.