Table 5.7   Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011






Year



Persian
Gulf 2
Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries

Total
Net
Imports

Total Net
Imports as
Share of 
Consumption 5
Net Imports From OPEC 1


Algeria


Nigeria

Saudi
Arabia 3


Venezuela

Total
OPEC 4


Canada


Mexico

United
Kingdom
Virgin
Islands and
Puerto Rico

Total
Non-OPEC 4
Share of
Total Net
Imports 6

Share of
Consumption 7
Thousand Barrels Percent
1960
NA     [8]   [9] 30,786   333,046   450,799   31,454   -620   -4,267   12,553   139,406   590,205   16.5   76.4   12.6  
1961
NA     [8]   [9] 26,490   320,375   446,261   60,993   10,017   -3,522   15,507   189,842   636,103   17.5   70.2   12.3  
1962
NA     [8]   [9] 26,884   330,338   461,148   83,586   12,835   -2,320   14,476   237,255   698,403   18.4   66.0   12.2  
1963
NA     [8]   [9] 39,592   328,235   467,591   88,750   10,479   -2,727   15,520   231,208   698,799   17.8   66.9   11.9  
1964
NA     [8]   [9] 47,954   341,216   493,978   99,532   8,311   -3,378   16,350   258,879   752,857   18.7   65.6   12.2  
1965
NA     [8]   [9] 57,643   362,802   524,714   108,377   7,694   -4,181   16,518   307,770   832,484   19.8   63.0   12.5  
1966
NA     [8]   [9] 53,603   371,416   526,519   128,422   2,369   -2,105   21,070   340,243   866,762   19.7   60.7   11.9  
1967
NA     [8]   [9] 33,467   342,116   454,929   145,955   4,806   -18,612   32,426   359,002   813,931   17.8   55.9   9.9  
1968
NA     [8]   [9] 27,249   324,390   470,821   171,237   5,350   4,919   52,229   484,004   954,825   19.5   49.3   9.6  
1969
NA   721     [9] 23,784   319,373   469,344   205,744   3,484   2,525   67,974   601,322   1,070,666   20.8   43.8   9.1  
1970
NA   2,828     [9] 10,858   361,155   472,151   268,550   3,297   -410   98,462   681,453   1,153,604   21.5   40.9   8.8  
1971
NA   5,555   37,207   46,722   372,085   609,960   303,381   -5,181   320   133,157   741,075   1,351,035   24.3   45.1   11.0  
1972
NA   33,834   91,779   69,204   350,906   748,236   395,985   -7,351   -335   156,754   905,689   1,653,925   27.6   45.2   12.5  
1973
NA   49,623   167,424   177,168   413,855   1,091,542   472,141   -10,267   2,334   155,430   1,107,538   2,199,080   34.8   49.6   17.3  
1974
NA   69,392   260,330   168,157   357,128   1,187,590   378,757   -9,791   450   173,551   962,866   2,150,456   35.4   55.2   19.5  
1975
NA   103,073   277,985   260,629   256,112   1,313,533   300,792   10,643   2,513   176,584   820,374   2,133,907   35.8   61.6   22.1  
1976
NA   158,193   374,973   449,767   255,991   1,853,025   208,996   19,221   6,817   178,735   741,787   2,594,812   40.6   71.4   29.0  
1977
NA   203,883   417,098   503,505   251,587   2,259,268   162,671   56,598   42,733   204,383   866,790   3,126,058   46.5   72.3   33.6  
1978
NA   236,777   335,440   416,995   235,003   2,097,664   130,968   106,125   63,093   159,071   822,924   2,920,588   42.5   71.8   30.5  
1979
NA   231,980   394,234   494,380   251,108   2,056,010   159,877   152,418   71,387   128,950   858,621   2,914,631   43.1   70.5   30.4  
1980
NA   178,477   313,614   460,955   174,903   1,571,328   126,972   185,018   61,885   93,761   758,119   2,329,447   37.3   67.5   25.2  
1981
443,496   113,360   226,285   411,619   146,950   1,210,010   130,663   181,295   134,886   61,591   761,386   1,971,396   33.6   61.4   20.6  
1982
252,573   61,936   187,044   201,098   149,449   779,467   144,912   230,508   161,158   56,330   789,377   1,568,844   28.1   49.7   14.0  
1983
160,231   87,542   109,009   122,811   153,167   672,576   171,882   292,850   136,545   64,951   901,314   1,573,890   28.3   42.7   12.1  
1984
183,842   118,260   78,845   118,623   199,223   745,500   200,067   261,146   141,883   67,270   980,360   1,725,860   30.0   43.2   13.0  
1985
112,621   68,239   106,765   61,076   219,752   664,599   254,064   275,615   107,853   41,481   899,841   1,564,440   27.3   42.5   11.6  
1986
331,833   98,921   160,717   249,914   287,693   1,032,118   263,346   234,465   124,746   55,625   953,091   1,985,209   33.4   52.0   17.4  
1987
392,124   107,617   195,265   274,078   292,442   1,115,022   279,316   213,424   126,150   57,560   1,043,607   2,158,629   35.5   51.7   18.3  
1988
559,727   109,841   226,071   389,340   289,255   1,285,625   335,136   247,606   112,074   42,849   1,125,049   2,410,674   38.1   53.3   20.3  
1989
678,241   98,019   297,530   446,717   314,291   1,505,142   306,275   247,414   75,195   77,373   1,123,497   2,628,639   41.6   57.3   23.8  
1990
716,092   102,315   291,948   488,750   370,827   1,564,024   307,521   242,971   65,158   77,830   1,049,700   2,613,724   42.2   59.8   25.2  
1991
669,176   92,382   256,555   655,586   372,361   1,483,652   351,422   258,236   45,625   55,959   934,770   2,418,422   39.6   61.3   24.3  
1992
648,817   71,783   248,895   629,427   424,912   1,489,915   367,817   258,438   80,075   65,843   1,049,400   2,539,315   40.7   58.7   23.9  
1993
647,484   80,117   268,621   515,844   472,924   1,552,168   404,948   295,290   124,121   63,738   1,228,312   2,780,480   44.2   55.8   24.7  
1994
628,797   88,743   232,634   511,746   482,574   1,544,877   435,704   313,824   163,615   89,693   1,394,848   2,939,725   45.5   52.6   23.9  
1995
570,595   85,475   228,403   490,357   535,829   1,452,640   459,727   344,183   134,638   61,959   1,425,636   2,878,276   44.5   50.5   22.5  
1996
583,982   93,762   225,522   498,577   610,265   1,534,740   486,814   402,895   109,561   95,767   1,575,491   3,110,231   46.4   49.3   22.9  
1997
637,655   104,025   252,945   513,555   641,670   1,657,830   527,051   429,964   78,015   108,843   1,684,882   3,342,712   49.2   49.6   24.4  
1998
778,067   105,729   252,906   544,178   620,682   1,781,173   529,530   407,324   87,193   111,176   1,782,516   3,563,689   51.6   50.0   25.8  
1999
897,660   94,373   239,253   539,387   540,325   1,801,059   518,523   388,013   129,797   103,534   1,816,998   3,618,057   50.8   49.8   25.3  
2000
908,893   82,345   327,951   574,872   559,880   1,896,387   621,000   371,604   130,292   108,537   1,916,989   3,813,376   52.9   49.7   26.3  
2001
1,006,589   101,440   322,823   606,530   561,966   2,011,142   626,582   425,600   113,443   97,813   1,967,477   3,978,619   55.5   50.5   28.0  
2002
826,720   96,230   226,349   566,220   506,232   1,674,916   680,518   471,734   170,312   81,837   2,174,545   3,849,461   53.4   43.5   23.2  
2003
911,405   139,133   316,261   647,457   497,809   1,877,434   705,022   509,081   158,340   101,654   2,224,359   4,101,793   56.1   45.8   25.7  
2004
910,974   165,345   416,812   569,789   566,510   2,081,808   724,828   532,812   133,963   117,322   2,345,660   4,427,468   58.4   47.0   27.4  
2005
850,557   174,651   425,092   560,481   552,986   2,031,955   730,248   508,883   136,868   115,598   2,548,396   4,580,351   60.3   44.4   26.8  
2006
806,064   239,695   405,349   533,708   508,049   2,000,338   800,833   529,412   89,234   115,942   2,522,183   4,522,521   59.9   44.2   26.5  
2007
788,064   242,003   413,436   541,387   488,868   2,170,362   827,003   457,561   97,850   122,580   2,222,716   4,393,078   58.2   49.4   28.8  
2008
866,820   200,647   359,332   559,497   425,283   2,159,202   815,736   354,531   80,206   112,434   1,908,400   4,067,602   57.0   53.1   30.3  
2009
612,364   178,761   291,315   366,069   378,323   1,706,550   823,643   324,194   77,214   93,956   1,821,757   3,528,307   51.5   48.4   24.9  
2010
622,393 [R] 186,015 [R] 367,281 [R] 400,003 [R] 353,181 [R] 1,747,324 [R] 840,265 [R] 305,391 [R] 86,377 [R] 86,247 [R] 1,698,525 [R] 3,445,848 [R] 49.2 [R] 50.7 [R] 25.0 [R]
2011P
672,748   129,342   292,584   435,415   332,854   1,608,756   880,155   232,109   45,195   62,273   1,470,331   3,079,088   44.8   52.2   23.4  
1See "Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)" in Glossary. 8Algeria joined OPEC in 1969.  For 1960–1968, Algeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
2Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Neutral Zone
(between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia).
9Nigeria joined OPEC in 1971.  For 1960–1970, Nigeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
3Through 1970, includes half the imports from the Neutral Zone.  Beginning in 1971, includes imports
from the Neutral Zone that are reported to U.S. Customs as originating in Saudi Arabia.
R=Revised.  P=Preliminary.  NA=Not available.  
4On this table, "Total OPEC" for all years includes Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and the
Neutral Zone (between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia); beginning in 1961, also includes Qatar; beginning in
1962, also includes Libya; for 1962–2008, also includes Indonesia; beginning in 1967, also includes United
Arab Emirates; beginning in 1969, also includes Algeria; beginning in 1971, also includes Nigeria; for
1973–1992 and beginning in 2008, also includes Ecuador (although Ecuador rejoined OPEC in November
2007, on this table Ecuador is included in "Total Non-OPEC" for 2007); for 1975–1994, also includes
Gabon; and beginning in 2007, also includes Angola.  Data for all countries not included in "Total OPEC"
are included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
Notes:  ·  The country of origin for refined petroleum products may not be the country of origin for the
crude oil from which the refined products were produced.  For example, refined products imported from
refineries in the Caribbean may have been produced from Middle East crude oil.  ·  Net imports equal
imports minus exports.  Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports.  ·  Data include any imports
for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977.  ·  Totals may not equal sum of components
due to independent rounding.
5Calculated by dividing total net petroleum imports by total U.S. petroleum products supplied
(consumption).
Web Page:  For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/.
6Calculated by dividing net petroleum imports from OPEC countries by total net petroleum imports. Sources:  ·  1960-1975—Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Crude Petroleum and Petroleum
Products" chapter.  ·  1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports,
P.A.D. Districts Supply/Demand, Annual, annual reports.  ·  1981-2010—EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual,
annual reports.  ·  2011—EIA, Petroleum Supply Monthly (February 2012).
7Calculated by dividing net petroleum imports from OPEC countries by total U.S. petroleum product
supplied (consumption).