Table 2.5  Household 1 Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End Use, Selected Years, 1978-2005




Year

Space Heating
Air
Conditioning

Water Heating

Appliances, 2 Electronics, and Lighting 
Natural
Gas
Elec-
tricity 3
Fuel
Oil 4

LPG 5

Total

Electricity 3
Natural
Gas
Elec-
tricity 3
Fuel
Oil 4

LPG 5

Total
Natural
Gas
Elec-
tricity 3

LPG 5

Total
  Consumption (quadrillion Btu)
1978
4.26 0.40 2.05 0.23 6.94 0.31 1.04 0.29 0.14 0.06 1.53 0.28 1.46 0.03 1.77
1980
3.41 .27 1.30 .23 5.21 .36 1.15 .30 .22 .07 1.74 .36 1.54 .05 1.95
1981
3.69 .26 1.06 .21 5.22 .34 1.13 .30 .22 .06 1.71 .43 1.52 .05 2.00
1982
3.14 .25 1.04 .19 4.62 .31 1.15 .28 .15 .06 1.64 .43 1.50 .05 1.98
1984
3.51 .25 1.11 .21 5.08 .32 1.10 .32 .15 .06 1.63 .35 1.59 .04 1.98
1987
3.38 .28 1.05 .22 4.93 .44 1.10 .31 .17 .06 1.64 .34 1.72 .04 2.10
1990
3.37 .30 .93 .19 4.79 .48 1.16 .34 .11 .06 1.67 .33 1.91 .03 2.27
1993
3.67 .41 .95 .30 5.33 .46 1.31 .34 .12 .05 1.82 .29 2.08 .03 2.40
1997
3.61 .40 .91 .26 5.18 .42 1.29 .39 .16 .08 1.92 .37 2.33 .02 2.72
2001
3.32 .39 .62 .28 4.61 .62 1.15 .36 .13 .05 1.69 .37 2.52 .05 2.94
2005
2.95 .28 .75 .32 4.30 .88 1.41 .42 .14 .15 2.12 .43 2.77 .05 3.25
  Expenditures (billion nominal dollars 6)
1978
11.49 3.53 8.06 1.05 24.13 3.97 2.88 3.15 0.56 0.36 6.95 0.93 19.24 0.25 20.42
1980
13.22 3.78 10.48 1.78 29.26 5.84 4.51 4.45 1.76 .57 11.29 1.91 26.74 .44 29.09
1981
16.62 3.93 9.44 1.78 31.77 6.23 5.13 4.94 1.94 .51 12.52 2.17 29.70 .52 32.39
1982
17.74 4.21 8.80 1.69 32.44 6.23 6.51 5.00 1.28 .54 13.33 2.58 31.29 .52 34.39
1984
20.66 4.62 8.51 2.00 35.79 7.06 6.63 6.44 1.09 .58 14.74 2.31 36.36 .54 39.21
1987
18.05 5.53 6.25 1.85 31.68 9.77 6.02 6.45 .94 .50 13.91 2.02 39.83 .46 42.31
1990
18.59 6.16 7.42 2.01 34.18 11.23 6.59 7.21 .83 .65 15.28 2.03 46.95 .48 49.46
1993
21.95 8.66 6.24 2.81 39.66 11.31 8.08 7.58 .74 .58 16.98 1.98 53.52 .42 55.92
1997
24.11 8.56 6.57 2.79 42.03 10.20 8.84 8.99 1.04 .89 19.76 2.86 60.57 .36 63.79
2001
31.84 8.98 5.66 4.04 50.52 15.94 11.31 8.47 1.15 .69 21.62 3.83 66.94 .86 71.63
2005
31.97 7.42 10.99 6.35 56.73 25.26 15.57 11.13 2.00 3.28 31.98 4.80 80.92 1.37 87.09
1Includes energy consumption in occupied primary housing units only, which differs from
residential sector energy consumption.
6Prices are not adjusted for inflation.  See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary.
2Includes refrigerators. Notes:  ·  2009 data for this table were not available in time for publication.  ·  Data are estimates.
 ·  For years not shown, there are no data available.  ·  Totals may not equal sum of components
due to independent rounding.
3Retail electricity.  One kilowatthour=3,412 Btu. Web Page:  For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/consumption/residential/.
4Distillate fuel oil and kerosene. Sources:  ·  1978—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-84, "Residential
Energy Consumption Survey."  ·  1980 forward—EIA, Form EIA-457, "Residential Energy
Consumption Survey."
5Liquefied petroleum gases.