In 2021, the United States imported about 8.47 million barrels per day (b/d) of petroleum from 73 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil, hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGLs), refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels. Crude oil imports of about 6.11 million b/d accounted for about 72% of U.S. total gross petroleum imports in 2021, and non-crude oil petroleum accounted for about 28% of U.S. total gross petroleum imports.
In 2021, the United States exported about 8.54 million b/d of petroleum to 176 countries and 4 U.S. territories. Crude oil exports of about 2.96 million b/d accounted for 35% of total U.S. gross petroleum exports in 2021. The resulting total net petroleum imports (imports minus exports) were about -0.06 million b/d in 2021, which means that the United States was a net petroleum exporter of 0.06 million b/d in 2021.
The top five source countries of U.S. gross petroleum imports in 2021 were Canada, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Colombia.
|Import sources||Gross imports||Exports||Net imports|
|Total, all countries||8.47||8.54||-0.06|
|OPEC countries||0.96 (11%)||0.04||0.92|
|Persian Gulf countries||0.69 (8%)||0.02||0.67|
|Top five countries1|
|Russia||0.67 (8%)||< 0.01||0.67|
|Saudi Arabia||0.43 (5%)||0.01||0.42|
|Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Annual, August 2022|
Note: Ranking in the table is based on gross imports by country of origin. Net import volumes in the table may not equal gross imports minus exports because of independent rounding of data.
The top five destination countries of U.S. total petroleum exports by export volume and percentage share of U.S. total petroleum exports in 2021 were:
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
U.S. petroleum imports by country of origin
U.S. petroleum exports by destination
U.S. net petroleum imports by country
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Last updated: September 21, 2022, with final annual data available from the Petroleum Supply Annual, August 2022