Table CT6.  Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2015, California






Year



Coal 


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass




Geo-
thermal f



Solar f,i

Retail
Electricity
Sales 





Net
Energy f,j



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses k






Total f,j
Distillate
Fuel Oil 

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil 

Other d

Total 



Wood and
Waste f,g


Losses
and Co-
products h
Thousand
Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Thousand Barrels
Million
kWh
Million
kWh
1960
1,313 451   10,127   4,231 2,851   10,750 38,766   66,725   (s)         NA   20,190          
1961
2,192 456   10,642   4,333 2,738   8,960 38,926   65,600   (s)         NA   19,657          
1962
1,471 481   10,399   4,830 2,664   9,660 39,502   67,055   1         NA   18,721          
1963
1,713 533   11,123   5,197 2,565   11,287 37,956   68,129   (s)         NA   20,387          
1964
1,992 553   13,207   4,917 2,481   12,678 41,103   74,386   (s)         NA   25,524          
1965
2,361 529   13,002   4,826 2,245   11,846 41,823   73,742   (s)         NA   28,904          
1966
1,907 555   14,264   5,164 2,292   13,324 42,949   77,993   0         NA   32,165          
1967
1,998 606   13,880   5,668 1,913   11,707 39,788   72,957   0         NA   34,521          
1968
2,115 637   10,817   6,623 1,748   12,590 43,849   75,628   0         NA   37,138          
1969
2,153 673   8,595   8,761 1,521   10,640 46,861   76,377   0         NA   39,766          
1970
2,215 711   8,510   9,147 1,942   12,121 47,012   78,732   (s)         NA   42,169          
1971
1,900 697   10,053   9,423 1,542   10,134 46,630   77,782   0         NA   43,995          
1972
1,767 692   11,958   11,646 1,426   9,162 49,329   83,522   0         NA   46,441          
1973
2,498 722   14,201   13,477 1,472   9,217 52,844   91,211   0         NA   47,015          
1974
2,266 713   10,684   15,198 1,302   9,588 52,127   88,899   0         NA   42,805          
1975
2,151 666   10,519   15,688 1,338   8,308 51,705   87,558   0         NA   46,053          
1976
2,611 626   11,136   15,696 1,496   9,046 56,319   93,693   0         NA   49,272          
1977
2,984 629   13,356   14,106 1,134   7,431 62,270   98,296   0         NA   51,185          
1978
2,728 487   15,197   14,481 1,078   7,575 65,276   103,606   0         NA   51,812          
1979
2,730 499   20,854   16,482 1,118   7,025 75,094   120,573   0         NA   54,108          
1980
2,665 486   15,576   12,887 1,698   12,554 66,101   108,816   0         NA   51,888          
1981
3,229 463   17,735   10,874 1,402   10,825 40,781   81,617   0         NA   49,551          
1982
2,862 363   20,695   10,067 1,260   8,236 41,509   81,769   0         NA   47,300          
1983
1,454 345   17,101   8,933 1,080   8,760 66,619   102,492   0         NA   48,153          
1984
1,635 421   20,048   13,758 1,873   22,086 70,742   128,507   0         NA   51,294          
1985
1,889 433   17,779   12,977 3,065   18,732 67,209   119,763   0         NA   52,972          
1986
1,865 428   15,235   14,347 3,176   15,045 64,704   112,507   0         NA   52,884          
1987
1,933 556   15,491   15,310 3,256   14,576 66,691   115,325   0         NA   54,387          
1988
2,203 487   15,945   15,073 2,978   8,772 71,887   114,655   0         NA   54,988          
1989
2,540 528   16,459   16,435 3,232   2,688 69,050   107,865   0         3 [R ] 55,596          
1990
2,874 588   17,076   12,304 3,163   1,838 67,262   101,642   0         3 [R ] 55,892          
1991
2,771 707   14,262   9,658 3,271   1,751 58,589   87,531   0         3 [R ] 56,191          
1992
2,821 687   12,660   14,788 3,297   1,868 61,286   93,899   0         4 [R ] 57,090          
1993
2,311 700   13,022   10,073 2,664   1,519 55,586   82,865   0         4 [R ] 56,189          
1994
2,332 676   13,969   11,266 2,758   1,332 58,863   88,188   0         4 [R ] 59,864          
1995
2,485 698   11,664   8,489 2,849   1,467 56,088   80,556   0         5 [R ] 57,367          
1996
2,414 702   11,865   5,634 2,741   304 62,317   82,862   0         6 [R ] 57,683          
1997
2,697 794   14,035   4,169 2,910   102 59,730   80,946   0         7 [R ] 62,017          
1998
1,885 819   12,849   3,100 3,263   31 57,964   77,206   0         7 [R ] 61,641          
1999
2,034 792   14,766   5,068 1,922   570 63,730   86,055   0         9 [R ] 63,217          
2000
1,992 841   18,686   5,948 1,971   108 58,589   85,302   0         10 [R ] 64,311          
2001
1,937 719   21,700   6,367 4,533   333 65,566   98,500   0         12 [R ] 63,041          
2002
1,973 785   14,644   9,188 4,821   194 65,196   94,043   0         14 [R ] 48,448          
2003
1,976 821   10,749   6,665 5,009   53 60,653   83,129   0         16 [R ] 49,909          
2004
1,914 876   14,218   4,799 5,720   14 60,641   85,393   0         20 [R ] 48,812          
2005
1,956 822   13,230   1,752 5,375   11 61,985   82,354   0         30 [R ] 50,242          
2006
1,870 792   13,861   3,000 5,503   102 61,277   83,743   0         54 [R ] 50,991          
2007
1,818 798   11,461   1,913 4,448   11 62,633   80,464   0         74 [R ] 50,538          
2008
1,688 788   12,718   4,048 3,930   396 53,724   74,816   0         119 [R ] 51,031          
2009
1,330 772   10,312   5,733 3,742   6 45,387   65,180   0         156 [R ] 47,835          
2010
1,419 771   12,203   5,569 5,773   10 43,892   67,446   0         220 [R ] 49,301          
2011
1,536 753   13,377   6,060 5,677   7 49,315   74,436   0         320 [R ] 49,936          
2012
1,323 789   12,976   5,633 6,020   5 45,677   70,312   0         522 [R ] 46,952          
2013
1,383 829   12,919   5,175 6,256   6 49,963 [R ] 74,319 [R ] 0         656 [R ] 54,397          
2014
1,399 834 [R ] 13,895   5,550 4,539 [R ] 5 47,786 [R ] 71,775 [R ] 0         841 [R ] 52,898          
2015
1,334 822   13,978   5,032 5,969   46 46,952   71,976   0         1,046   52,562          
Trillion Btu
1960
35.2 466.3   59.0   17.6 15.0   67.6 238.9   398.1   (s) 56.3 NA   NA NA   68.9 1,024.8   170.4 1,195.2  
1961
58.7 472.1   62.0   18.0 14.4   56.3 240.4   391.2   (s) 58.6 NA   NA NA   67.1 1,047.7   163.0 1,210.7  
1962
39.4 497.7   60.6   20.1 14.0   60.7 244.1   399.5   (s) 62.7 NA   NA NA   63.9 1,063.2   153.4 1,216.6  
1963
45.9 569.8   64.8   21.6 13.5   71.0 235.1   405.9   (s) 69.7 NA   NA NA   69.6 1,160.8   166.3 1,327.1  
1964
53.4 592.1   76.9   20.4 13.0   79.7 251.9   442.0   (s) 75.0 NA   NA NA   87.1 1,249.5   206.9 1,456.4  
1965
63.2 567.4   75.7   20.0 11.8   74.5 255.7   437.7   (s) 74.8 NA   NA NA   98.6 1,241.7   235.4 1,477.2  
1966
51.1 595.4   83.1   21.4 12.0   83.8 262.5   462.8   0.0 78.1 NA   NA NA   109.7 1,297.1   263.0 1,560.1  
1967
53.5 649.6   80.9   21.8 10.0   73.6 243.4   429.6   0.0 78.4 NA   NA NA   117.8 1,329.0   281.3 1,610.3  
1968
56.7 681.3   63.0   25.2 9.2   79.2 268.2   444.7   0.0 86.6 NA   NA NA   126.7 1,396.0   302.3 1,698.3  
1969
57.7 719.2   50.1   33.1 8.0   66.9 286.8   444.8   0.0 91.8 NA   NA NA   135.7 1,449.2   323.7 1,772.9  
1970
59.3 749.1   49.6   34.2 10.2   76.2 286.9   457.0   (s) 91.7 NA   NA NA   143.9 1,501.1   348.1 1,849.1  
1971
50.9 734.7   58.6   35.1 8.1   63.7 284.5   449.9   0.0 93.6 NA   NA NA   150.1 1,479.3   362.0 1,841.2  
1972
47.3 727.5   69.7   43.2 7.5   57.6 300.5   478.4   0.0 102.6 NA   NA NA   158.5 1,514.3   379.4 1,893.7  
1973
66.9 758.3   82.7   49.7 7.7   57.9 322.1   520.3   0.0 106.7 NA   NA NA   160.4 1,612.6   380.7 1,993.2  
1974
60.6 752.1   62.2   55.8 6.8   60.3 316.8   501.9   0.0 110.7 NA   NA NA   146.1 1,571.3   353.2 1,924.5  
1975
56.4 703.6   61.3   57.2 7.0   52.2 315.4   493.1   0.0 99.3 NA   NA NA   157.1 1,509.5   376.9 1,886.5  
1976
66.6 658.4   64.9   57.1 7.9   56.9 343.1   529.9   0.0 114.8 NA   NA NA   168.1 1,537.8   402.3 1,940.1  
1977
75.1 660.4   77.8   50.6 6.0   46.7 379.3   560.4   0.0 118.2 NA   NA NA   174.6 1,588.7   417.4 2,006.2  
1978
67.8 512.6   88.5   51.8 5.7   47.6 396.8   590.5   0.0 123.5 NA   NA NA   176.8 1,471.2   428.1 1,899.3  
1979
68.5 522.6   121.5   60.0 5.9   44.2 459.2   690.7   0.0 125.2 NA   NA NA   184.6 1,591.6   440.7 2,032.3  
1980
66.1 507.4   90.7   46.8 8.9   78.9 403.8   629.2   0.0 61.1 NA   NA NA   177.0 1,440.8   425.3 1,866.1  
1981
78.4 482.9   103.3   39.1 7.4   68.1 253.9   471.7   0.0 64.5 0.0   NA NA   169.1 1,266.5   395.9 1,662.4  
1982
69.4 379.7   120.5   35.9 6.6   51.8 258.4   473.2   0.0 62.4 0.0   NA NA   161.4 1,146.1   381.6 1,527.7  
1983
32.0 359.3   99.6   31.7 5.7   55.1 403.5   595.6   0.0 70.5 0.0   NA NA   164.3 1,221.7   386.4 1,608.1  
1984
36.5 437.3   116.8   48.8 9.8   138.9 428.7   743.0   0.0 71.9 0.0   NA NA   175.0 1,463.7   399.1 1,862.8  
1985
44.0 449.5   103.6   46.0 16.1   117.8 410.8   694.3   0.0 71.6 0.3   NA NA   180.7 1,440.4   414.0 1,854.4  
1986
42.5 443.3   88.7   51.5 16.7   94.6 400.3   651.9   0.0 41.3 0.3   NA NA   180.4 1,359.7   404.8 1,764.5  
1987
44.9 570.7   90.2   55.3 17.1   91.6 410.3   664.6   0.0 40.7 0.3   NA NA   185.6 1,506.8   410.7 1,917.6  
1988
50.7 500.8   92.9   54.3 15.6   55.1 439.1   657.2   0.0 42.1 0.3   NA NA   187.6 1,438.7   415.4 1,854.1  
1989
57.7 548.4   95.9   59.8 17.0   16.9 420.8   610.4   0.0 63.3 0.3   0.5 (s)   189.7 1,470.3 [R ] 437.9 1,908.2  
1990
64.7 606.7   99.5   43.9 16.6   11.6 410.2   581.7   0.0 65.3 0.2   0.6 (s)   190.7 1,510.1   418.6 1,928.8 [R ]
1991
63.0 725.5   83.1   34.3 17.2   11.0 360.0   505.5   0.0 58.5 0.3   0.7 (s)   191.7 1,545.4 [R ] 429.4 1,974.8  
1992
64.8 705.0   73.7   52.8 17.3   11.7 373.6   529.2   0.0 57.1 0.3   0.8 (s)   194.8 1,552.1   430.1 1,982.2  
1993
53.6 726.2   75.9   35.7 13.9   9.5 340.4   475.5   0.0 46.7 0.3   0.9 (s)   191.7 1,495.0 [R ] 423.9 1,918.9 [R ]
1994
54.2 688.9   81.3   40.4 14.4   8.4 359.9   504.4   0.0 44.8 0.3   1.2 (s)   204.3 1,498.1   441.6 1,939.7  
1995
57.9 705.4   67.9   30.3 14.9   9.2 343.7   466.0   0.0 42.3 0.3   1.4 0.1 [R ] 195.7 1,469.0   428.3 1,897.4 [R ]
1996
56.2 726.4   69.1   20.0 14.3   1.9 380.6   485.9   0.0 35.6 0.1   1.4 0.1 [R ] 196.8 1,502.4   435.7 1,938.1  
1997
62.2 807.3   81.7   14.8 15.2   0.6 364.8   477.1   0.0 42.1 0.2   1.6 0.1 [R ] 211.6 1,602.1   469.8 2,072.0 [R ]
1998
43.3 864.8   74.8   11.0 17.0   0.2 357.4   460.4   0.0 34.7 0.3   1.6 0.1 [R ] 210.3 1,615.4 [R ] 476.1 2,091.5 [R ]
1999
46.8 803.6   85.9   18.0 10.0   3.6 394.4   512.0   0.0 37.6 0.2   1.2 0.1 [R ] 215.7 1,617.2 [R ] 498.8 2,116.0 [R ]
2000
47.4 803.8   108.7   21.1 10.3   0.7 364.7   505.4   0.0 41.1 0.3   1.3 0.1 [R ] 219.4 1,618.9 [R ] 483.5 2,102.4 [R ]
2001
46.7 730.3   126.3   22.6 23.6   2.1 404.3   578.9   0.0 50.9 0.3   1.4 0.1 [R ] 215.1 1,623.7 [R ] 475.9 2,099.6 [R ]
2002
47.1 800.0   85.2   32.6 25.1   1.2 401.3   545.5   0.0 34.9 0.4   1.4 0.1 [R ] 165.3 1,594.7 [R ] 368.7 1,963.5 [R ]
2003
47.7 837.5   62.5   23.7 26.1   0.3 371.4   484.0   0.0 33.8 0.5   1.0 0.2 [R ] 170.3 1,575.0 [R ] 363.5 1,938.5 [R ]
2004
46.2 893.4   82.7   17.1 29.8   0.1 374.8   504.4   0.0 34.0 0.5   1.1 0.2 [R ] 166.5 1,646.3 [R ] 360.3 2,006.6 [R ]
2005
46.3 841.1   77.0   6.2 27.9   0.1 382.0   493.2   0.0 37.0 0.9   1.3 0.3 [R ] 171.4 1,591.5 [R ] 349.2 1,940.8 [R ]
2006
45.1 809.8   80.4   10.6 28.6   0.6 377.2   497.5   0.0 30.6 2.3   1.3 0.5 [R ] 174.0 1,561.0 [R ] 356.1 1,917.1 [R ]
2007
43.1 821.4   66.3   6.7 22.9   0.1 387.2   483.2   0.0 31.5 5.0   1.4 0.7 [R ] 172.4 1,558.8 [R ] 336.2 1,895.1 [R ]
2008
39.4 809.4   73.5   14.2 20.1   2.5 332.2   442.6   0.0 28.3 5.3   1.4 1.2 [R ] 174.1 1,501.7 [R ] 345.4 1,847.1 [R ]
2009
31.3 792.7   59.6   19.9 19.1   (s) 279.8   378.4   0.0 26.7 2.7   1.2 1.5 [R ] 163.2 1,397.8 [R ] 316.4 1,714.3 [R ]
2010
33.2 787.4   70.5   19.3 29.3   0.1 268.5   387.7   0.0 27.1 3.9   1.2 2.2 [R ] 168.2 1,410.9 [R ] 321.4 1,732.3 [R ]
2011
35.6 767.4   77.2 [R ] 20.9 28.8   (s) 303.9   430.8   0.0 29.5 9.8   1.2 3.1 [R ] 170.4 1,447.8 [R ] 329.2 1,777.0 [R ]
2012
30.7 805.5   74.9   19.5 30.5   (s) 281.7   406.6 [R ] 0.0 28.6 9.5   1.2 5.0 [R ] 160.2 1,447.3 [R ] 292.0 1,739.3 [R ]
2013
31.9 850.3 [R ] 74.5 [R ] 18.1 31.7   (s) 307.4 [R ] 431.7 [R ] 0.0 27.3 8.9   1.2 6.3 [R ] 185.6 1,543.2 [R ] 328.7 1,871.9 [R ]
2014
32.6 857.8 [R ] 80.1 [R ] 19.2 23.0 [R ] (s) 294.4 [R ] 416.7 [R ] 0.0 24.2 9.8 [R ] 1.2 8.0 [R ] 180.5 1,530.9 [R ] 318.1 1,849.0 [R ]
2015
31.0 851.8   80.6   17.5 30.2   0.3 289.1   417.7   0.0 22.8 10.8   1.2 9.7   179.3 1,524.4   312.9 1,837.3  
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Excludes small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat that is
included in the residential sector.
bLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. jFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline
column.  Beginning in 2009, includes small amount of wind energy consumed by industrial utility-scale facilities.  Beginning
in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and the
other fossil fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. There is a discontinuity between 2014 and 2015
because of coverage.
kIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical
system energy losses.  Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years.  See Section 6 of Technical Notes
for an explanation of changes in methodology.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, kerosene, lubricants, and the 16 other petroleum products as described in the
Technical Notes, Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
kWh = Kilowatthours.    = Not applicable.  NA = Not available.
eConventional hydroelectric power.  For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot
be separately identified.
Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Physical unit value less than 0.5 or Btu value less than 0.05.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable
energy sources beginning in 1989.
Notes:  Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.  The industrial sector includes
industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants.  The continuity of these data series
estimates may be affected by the changing data sources and estimation methodologies.  See the Technical Notes for each
type of energy.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste.  Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page:  All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hLosses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol. Sources:  Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.