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Table CT3. Total End-Use Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2017, United States

Table CT3. Total End-Use Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2017, United States





Year



Coal
Net
Imports
of Coal
Coke


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power f,g
Biomass


Geo-
thermal g




Solar g,j

Electricity
Retail Sales



Net
Energy g,k

Electrical
System
Energy
Losses l




Total g,k
Distillate
Fuel Oil

HGL b
Jet
Fuel c
Motor
Gasoline d
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other e

Total
Wood
and
Waste g,h
Losses
and Co-
products i
Billion
Kilowatthours

Million Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet
Million Barrels Billion
Kilowatthours
1960 221 (s) 10,242 681 227 136 1,453 475 525 3,498 4 – – – – – – – – 688 – – – – – –
1961 208 (s) 10,664 691 234 152 1,476 463 537 3,552 3 – – – – – – – – 722 – – – – – –
1962 209 (s) 11,301 728 255 179 1,533 460 551 3,707 3 – – – – – – – – 778 – – – – – –
1963 212 (s) 11,826 743 276 190 1,582 450 587 3,828 3 – – – – – – – – 833 – – – – – –
1964 220 (s) 12,491 746 295 204 1,611 458 619 3,933 3 – – – – – – – – 896 – – – – – –
1965 227 -1 12,959 771 307 220 1,676 477 636 4,087 3 – – – – – – – – 954 – – – – – –
1966 231 -1 13,842 791 324 244 1,755 492 664 4,270 3 – – – – – – – – 1,035 – – – – – –
1967 217 -1 14,642 811 344 301 1,810 498 659 4,423 3 – – – – – – – – 1,099 – – – – – –
1968 212 -1 15,484 865 386 349 1,925 489 699 4,713 3 – – – – – – – – 1,203 – – – – – –
1969 206 -1 16,569 885 446 362 2,017 486 713 4,909 3 – – – – – – – – 1,314 – – – – – –
1970 203 -2 17,208 903 447 353 2,111 493 719 5,026 3 – – – – – – – – 1,392 – – – – – –
1971 174 -1 17,817 937 457 369 2,195 476 719 5,153 3 – – – – – – – – 1,470 – – – – – –
1972 172 -1 18,125 1,021 520 374 2,334 485 759 5,493 3 – – – – – – – – 1,595 – – – – – –
1973 173 (s) 18,389 1,088 531 380 2,436 517 802 5,755 3 – – – – – – – – 1,713 – – – – – –
1974 167 2 17,780 1,028 519 357 2,386 480 768 5,539 3 – – – – – – – – 1,706 – – – – – –
1975 157 1 16,380 1,005 493 362 2,436 431 723 5,451 3 – – – – – – – – 1,747 – – – – – –
1976 155 (s) 16,866 1,109 515 357 2,554 511 788 5,834 3 – – – – – – – – 1,855 – – – – – –
1977 148 1 16,329 1,181 519 373 2,620 546 865 6,103 3 – – – – – – – – 1,948 – – – – – –
1978 144 5 16,439 1,210 516 381 2,705 515 915 6,241 3 – – – – – – – – 2,018 – – – – – –
1979 153 3 16,750 1,181 607 390 2,568 539 948 6,232 3 – – – – – – – – 2,071 – – – – – –
1980 133 -1 16,196 1,022 582 389 2,408 527 894 5,821 3 – – – – – – – – 2,094 – – – – – –
1981 136 -1 15,764 1,012 578 367 2,404 432 716 5,509 3 – – – – – – – – 2,147 – – – – – –
1982 113 -1 14,776 960 584 369 2,387 392 641 5,332 3 – – – – – – – – 2,086 – – – – – –
1983 111 -1 13,924 965 561 382 2,417 290 698 5,313 3 – – – – – – – – 2,151 – – – – – –
1984 127 (s) 14,839 1,026 623 430 2,449 312 709 5,550 3 – – – – – – – – 2,286 – – – – – –
1985 124 -1 14,237 1,032 628 445 2,493 280 687 5,566 3 – – – – – – – – 2,324 – – – – – –
1986 119 -1 13,619 1,049 594 477 2,567 302 720 5,710 3 – – – – – – – – 2,369 – – – – – –
1987 119 (s) 14,367 1,071 638 506 2,630 277 759 5,882 3 – – – – – – – – 2,457 – – – – – –
1988 125 2 15,394 1,124 651 530 2,685 275 810 6,076 3 – – – – – – – – 2,578 – – – – – –
1989 123 1 16,014 1,126 653 544 2,675 256 797 6,051 3 – – – – – – – – 2,647 – – – – – –
1990 122 (s) 15,929 1,086 622 556 2,641 264 826 5,994 3 – – – – – – – – 2,713 – – – – – –
1991 115 (s) 16,246 1,052 680 537 2,623 250 766 5,909 3 – – – – – – – – 2,762 – – – – – –
1992 113 1 16,780 1,078 712 532 2,660 262 831 6,075 3 – – – – – – – – 2,763 – – – – – –
1993 112 1 17,317 1,095 705 536 2,729 242 804 6,111 3 – – – – – – – – 2,861 – – – – – –
1994 113 2 17,345 1,134 759 557 2,774 234 838 6,297 6 – – – – – – – – 2,935 – – – – – –
1995 112 2 17,970 1,152 766 553 2,843 221 813 6,348 5 – – – – – – – – 3,013 – – – – – –
1996 109 1 18,802 1,213 813 578 2,888 211 867 6,569 6 – – – – – – – – 3,101 – – – – – –
1997 108 2 18,673 1,235 815 583 2,926 177 910 6,647 6 – – – – – – – – 3,146 – – – – – –
1998 100 3 17,658 1,240 776 592 3,012 157 916 6,694 5 – – – – – – – – 3,264 – – – – – –
1999 98 2 17,586 1,280 880 611 3,077 151 931 6,929 5 – – – – – – – – 3,312 – – – – – –
2000 98 3 18,127 1,332 891 631 3,101 194 876 7,026 4 – – – – – – – – 3,421 – – – – – –
2001 96 1 16,896 1,375 803 604 3,143 137 904 6,966 3 – – – – – – – – 3,394 – – – – – –
2002 89 2 17,355 1,356 838 589 3,229 151 894 7,057 4 – – – – – – – – 3,465 – – – – – –
2003 90 2 17,141 1,406 805 576 3,261 144 926 7,117 4 – – – – – – – – 3,494 – – – – – –
2004 91 6 16,939 1,466 829 597 3,333 177 991 7,392 3 – – – – – – – – 3,547 – – – – – –
2005 88 2 16,145 1,483 783 613 3,343 196 974 7,393 3 – – – – – – – – 3,661 – – – – – –
2006 86 2 15,477 1,509 779 596 3,377 194 990 7,445 3 – – – – – – – – 3,670 – – – – – –
2007 83 1 16,262 1,516 800 592 3,389 201 943 7,442 2 – – – – – – – – 3,765 – – – – – –
2008 80 2 16,609 1,431 748 563 3,290 189 837 7,060 2 – – – – – – – – 3,734 – – – – – –
2009 64 -1 16,038 1,313 776 509 3,284 158 748 6,788 2 – – – – – – – – 3,597 – – – – – –
2010 73 (s) 16,700 1,373 827 523 3,282 171 763 6,939 2 – – – – – – – – 3,755 – – – – – –
2011 70 (s) 16,904 1,412 818 520 3,195 153 745 6,844 2 – – – – – – – – 3,750 – – – – – –
2012 66 (s) 16,428 1,360 841 512 3,178 123 717 6,730 2 – – – – – – – – 3,695 – – – – – –
2013 66 -1 17,964 1,387 913 524 3,228 104 724 6,880 4 – – – – – – – – 3,725 – – – – – –
2014 66 -1 18,447 1,459 891 537 3,256 79 699 6,922 1 – – – – – – – – 3,765 – – – – – –
2015 60 -1 17,630 1,446 931 565 3,350 80 711 7,083 1 – – – – – – – – 3,759 – – – – – –
2016 53 -1 17,459 [R ] 1,410 928 591 3,410 108 717 7,164 1 – – – – – – – – 3,762 – – – – – –
2017 52 -1 17,860 1,426 965 614 3,404 114 725 7,248 2 – – – – – – – – 3,723 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 5,604 -6 10,600 3,969 866 [R ] 739 7,631 2,987 3,129 19,321 [R ] 39 1,318 NA NA NA 2,348 39,224 [R ] 5,809 45,034 [R ]
1961 5,263 -8 11,037 4,023 891 [R ] 827 7,752 2,914 3,204 19,611 [R ] 36 1,293 NA NA NA 2,463 39,696 [R ] 5,988 45,684 [R ]
1962 5,282 -6 11,696 4,243 973 [R ] 977 8,051 2,895 3,299 20,438 [R ] 36 1,299 NA NA NA 2,653 41,399 [R ] 6,374 47,773 [R ]
1963 5,364 -7 12,199 4,328 1,052 [R ] 1,044 8,310 2,828 3,498 21,060 [R ] 34 1,322 NA NA NA 2,841 42,813 [R ] 6,793 49,606 [R ]
1964 5,588 -10 12,889 4,346 1,124 [R ] 1,121 8,464 2,878 3,673 21,606 [R ] 34 1,335 NA NA NA 3,057 44,499 [R ] 7,268 51,767 [R ]
1965 5,761 -18 13,371 4,490 1,170 [R ] 1,215 8,806 2,997 3,784 22,462 [R ] 33 1,332 NA NA NA 3,254 46,195 [R ] 7,771 53,966 [R ]
1966 5,844 -25 14,293 4,608 1,234 [R ] 1,354 9,219 3,092 3,945 23,451 [R ] 33 1,366 NA NA NA 3,532 48,493 [R ] 8,468 56,961 [R ]
1967 5,472 -15 15,112 4,723 1,312 [R ] 1,670 9,507 3,131 3,919 24,262 [R ] 36 1,337 NA NA NA 3,751 49,954 [R ] 8,962 58,917 [R ]
1968 5,344 -17 15,941 5,037 1,460 [R ] 1,941 10,114 3,077 4,155 25,783 [R ] 35 1,416 NA NA NA 4,104 52,606 [R ] 9,795 62,402 [R ]
1969 5,164 -36 17,049 5,157 1,678 [R ] 2,017 10,595 3,055 4,249 26,750 [R ] 34 1,437 NA NA NA 4,483 54,882 [R ] 10,697 65,579 [R ]
1970 5,041 -58 17,645 5,260 1,667 [R ] 1,973 11,091 3,099 4,293 27,383 [R ] 34 1,427 NA NA NA 4,751 56,223 [R ] 11,497 67,720 [R ]
1971 4,304 -33 18,273 5,458 1,700 [R ] 2,061 11,532 2,992 4,304 28,046 [R ] 34 1,429 NA NA NA 5,014 57,068 [R ] 12,096 69,164 [R ]
1972 4,267 -26 18,598 5,950 1,927 [R ] 2,091 12,259 3,051 4,544 29,822 [R ] 34 1,500 NA NA NA 5,443 59,637 [R ] 13,040 72,677 [R ]
1973 4,300 -7 18,858 6,338 1,959 [R ] 2,131 12,797 3,250 4,816 31,291 [R ] 35 1,526 NA NA NA 5,844 61,846 [R ] 13,877 75,724 [R ]
1974 4,112 56 18,218 5,988 1,914 [R ] 2,001 12,535 3,018 4,600 30,056 [R ] 33 1,537 NA NA NA 5,821 59,833 [R ] 14,082 73,915 [R ]
1975 3,866 14 16,745 5,853 1,811 [R ] 2,029 12,798 2,712 4,330 29,533 [R ] 32 1,497 NA NA NA 5,961 57,649 [R ] 14,304 71,953 [R ]
1976 3,845 (s) 17,228 6,460 1,877 [R ] 2,002 13,415 3,213 4,697 31,665 [R ] 33 1,711 NA NA NA 6,330 60,812 [R ] 15,154 75,967 [R ]
1977 3,648 15 16,691 6,878 1,867 [R ] 2,090 13,760 3,433 5,153 33,182 [R ] 33 1,833 NA NA NA 6,648 62,049 [R ] 15,898 77,947 [R ]
1978 3,516 125 16,774 7,046 1,848 [R ] 2,138 14,211 3,237 5,452 33,932 [R ] 32 2,034 NA NA NA 6,885 63,298 [R ] 16,680 79,978 [R ]
1979 3,771 63 17,083 6,879 2,214 [R ] 2,186 13,487 3,388 5,638 33,793 [R ] 34 2,147 NA NA NA 7,067 63,957 [R ] 16,879 80,836 [R ]
1980 3,303 -35 16,580 5,952 2,135 [R ] 2,179 12,648 3,312 5,299 31,526 [R ] 33 2,467 NA NA NA 7,146 60,870 [R ] 17,178 78,048 [R ]
1981 3,315 -16 16,170 5,894 2,098 [R ] 2,058 12,631 2,717 4,285 29,683 [R ] 33 2,583 6 NA NA 7,326 58,933 [R ] 17,161 76,094 [R ]
1982 2,731 -22 15,180 5,592 2,095 [R ] 2,069 12,538 2,465 3,853 28,612 [R ] 33 2,627 16 NA NA 7,119 56,172 [R ] 16,835 73,006 [R ]
1983 2,682 -16 14,356 5,624 1,983 [R ] 2,141 12,697 1,821 4,188 28,454 [R ] 33 2,837 29 NA NA 7,339 55,618 [R ] 17,262 72,879 [R ]
1984 3,052 -11 15,288 5,977 2,230 [R ] 2,414 12,867 1,961 4,259 29,707 [R ] 33 2,885 35 NA NA 7,799 58,720 [R ] 17,790 76,511 [R ]
1985 2,954 -13 14,686 6,013 2,252 [R ] 2,497 13,098 1,761 4,157 29,777 [R ] 33 2,909 42 NA NA 7,929 58,242 [R ] 18,164 76,407 [R ]
1986 2,822 -17 14,030 6,113 2,158 [R ] 2,682 13,487 1,896 4,363 30,699 [R ] 33 2,813 48 NA NA 8,082 58,457 [R ] 18,135 76,592 [R ]
1987 2,835 9 14,816 6,239 2,339 [R ] 2,843 13,816 1,745 4,580 31,562 [R ] 33 2,739 55 NA NA 8,384 60,402 [R ] 18,558 78,960 [R ]
1988 3,000 40 15,855 6,546 2,373 [R ] 2,982 14,105 1,729 4,876 32,610 [R ] 33 2,875 55 NA NA 8,796 63,233 [R ] 19,478 82,711 [R ]
1989 2,920 30 16,525 6,559 2,403 [R ] 3,059 14,050 1,609 4,781 32,462 [R ] 29 2,802 56 9 52 9,031 63,881 [R ] 20,850 84,732 [R ]
1990 2,909 5 16,419 6,326 2,259 [R ] 3,129 13,872 1,657 4,969 32,211 [R ] 32 2,310 49 10 55 9,255 63,200 [R ] 21,255 84,455 [R ]
1991 2,741 10 16,749 6,126 2,466 [R ] 3,025 13,781 1,572 4,622 31,592 [R ] 31 2,299 56 11 57 9,424 62,935 [R ] 21,444 84,379 [R ]
1992 2,654 35 17,309 6,277 2,595 [R ] 3,001 13,973 1,646 4,986 32,478 [R ] 32 2,384 64 12 59 9,429 64,423 [R ] 21,309 85,732 [R ]
1993 2,642 27 17,817 6,380 2,557 [R ] 3,028 14,236 [R ] 1,520 4,842 32,563 [R ] 31 2,322 74 13 60 9,763 65,198 [R ] 22,097 87,295 [R ]
1994 2,644 58 17,870 6,598 2,777 [R ] 3,154 14,466 [R ] 1,473 5,037 33,505 [R ] 63 2,405 82 13 62 10,013 66,611 [R ] 22,400 89,011 [R ]
1995 2,634 61 18,506 6,704 2,791 [R ] 3,132 14,794 [R ] 1,389 4,896 33,705 [R ] 56 2,480 86 14 63 10,281 67,781 [R ] 23,214 90,995 [R ]
1996 2,575 23 19,381 7,059 2,951 [R ] 3,274 15,049 [R ] 1,324 5,200 34,857 [R ] 62 2,576 61 15 64 10,581 70,089 [R ] 23,916 94,005 [R ]
1997 2,541 46 19,331 7,187 2,956 [R ] 3,308 15,231 [R ] 1,114 5,451 35,246 [R ] 59 2,473 80 16 63 10,733 70,490 [R ] 24,167 94,656 [R ]
1998 2,368 67 18,318 7,216 2,809 [R ] 3,357 15,674 [R ] 989 5,488 35,533 [R ] 56 2,282 86 18 62 11,138 69,831 [R ] 25,102 94,933 [R ]
1999 2,303 58 18,102 7,447 3,193 [R ] 3,462 16,008 [R ] 946 5,589 36,645 [R ] 50 2,301 90 20 61 11,301 70,837 [R ] 25,689 96,526 [R ]
2000 2,356 65 18,590 7,753 3,216 [R ] 3,580 16,127 [R ] 1,220 5,254 37,149 [R ] 43 2,320 99 21 58 11,674 72,290 [R ] 26,405 98,695 [R ]
2001 2,293 29 17,340 8,000 2,895 [R ] 3,426 16,345 [R ] 859 5,431 36,955 [R ] 33 2,037 108 22 56 11,582 70,374 [R ] 25,663 96,038 [R ]
2002 2,120 61 17,793 7,892 3,006 [R ] 3,340 16,790 [R ] 947 5,356 37,332 [R ] 39 2,017 130 24 54 11,824 71,330 [R ] 26,210 97,540 [R ]
2003 2,139 51 17,632 8,180 2,905 [R ] 3,265 16,949 [R ] 902 5,540 37,742 [R ] 43 2,011 168 27 53 11,921 71,722 [R ] 26,111 97,833 [R ]
2004 2,161 138 17,380 8,530 2,976 [R ] 3,383 17,316 [R ] 1,111 5,925 39,241 [R ] 34 2,127 201 30 53 12,104 73,409 [R ] 26,601 100,010 [R ]
2005 2,058 44 16,596 8,630 2,812 [R ] 3,475 17,358 [R ] 1,235 5,831 39,340 [R ] 33 2,137 227 34 52 12,491 72,954 [R ] 27,144 100,098 [R ]
2006 1,984 61 15,899 8,757 2,768 [R ] 3,379 17,511 [R ] 1,220 5,924 39,559 [R ] 30 2,088 280 37 56 12,522 72,453 [R ] 26,902 99,354 [R ]
2007 1,943 25 16,707 8,770 2,835 [R ] 3,358 17,428 [R ] 1,262 5,653 39,305 [R ] 16 2,083 368 41 60 [R ] 12,845 73,334 [R ] 27,536 100,870 [R ]
2008 1,872 41 17,049 8,274 2,656 [R ] 3,193 16,799 [R ] 1,191 5,019 37,132 [R ] 17 2,063 518 46 66 [R ] 12,740 71,486 [R ] 27,239 98,725 [R ]
2009 1,468 -24 16,443 7,587 [R ] 2,707 [R ] 2,883 16,711 [R ] 992 4,486 35,366 [R ] 19 1,949 602 54 69 12,272 68,156 [R ] 25,809 93,965 [R ]
2010 1,695 -6 17,083 7,931 [R ] 2,885 [R ] 2,963 16,632 [R ] 1,074 4,576 36,060 [R ] 17 2,225 [R ] 726 60 80 [R ] 12,812 70,690 [R ] 26,826 97,516 [R ]
2011 1,628 11 17,281 8,148 [R ] 2,799 [R ] 2,950 16,175 [R ] 965 4,472 35,509 [R ] 18 2,238 [R ] 754 64 96 [R ] 12,794 70,336 [R ] 26,516 96,853 [R ]
2012 1,560 4 16,826 7,845 [R ] 2,893 [R ] 2,901 16,085 [R ] 772 4,308 34,804 [R ] 23 2,165 [R ] 709 64 119 [R ] 12,606 68,822 [R ] 25,545 94,368 [R ]
2013 1,588 -17 18,447 7,996 [R ] 3,166 [R ] 2,969 16,332 [R ] 654 4,332 35,448 [R ] 33 2,365 [R ] 707 64 141 12,709 71,435 [R ] 25,665 97,099 [R ]
2014 1,569 -22 19,054 8,410 [R ] 3,066 [R ] 3,042 16,473 [R ] 495 4,197 35,683 [R ] 13 2,387 [R ] 755 64 173 [R ] 12,845 72,465 [R ] 25,803 98,267 [R ]
2015 1,411 -18 18,296 8,332 [R ] 3,224 [R ] 3,204 16,941 [R ] 501 4,270 36,473 [R ] 13 2,305 [R ] 774 64 199 [R ] 12,826 72,288 [R ] 25,076 97,364 [R ]
2016 1,230 -19 18,128 [R ] 8,115 [R ] 3,178 [R ] 3,350 17,238 [R ] 680 4,315 36,875 [R ] 14 2,228 [R ] 798 64 242 [R ] 12,838 72,346 [R ] 24,884 [R ] 97,230 [R ]
2017 1,217 -29 18,533 8,208 3,280 3,481 17,201 718 4,354 37,243 15 2,271 819 64 291 12,704 73,069 24,552 97,622
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. jSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. kBeginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and the other fossil
fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total. For 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol
blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column. Beginning in 2009, includes a small amount of wind energy consumed
by the commercial and industrial sectors.
cThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is
included in "Other Petroleum."
lIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical system energy losses.
dBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. – – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
eIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other petroleum products” category. See
Technical Notes, Section 4.
Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than +0.5 and greater than -0.5.
fConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be separately identified. Notes: Total end-use consumption estimates are the sum of the consumption estimates for the residential, commercial, industrial, and
transportation sectors. · Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The continuity of these data series estimates may
be affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
gThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources beginning in
1989.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
iLosses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol.