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Table CT6. Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2015, United States

Table CT6. Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2015, United States






Year



Coal
Net
Imports
of Coal
Coke


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass




Geo-
thermal f



Solar f,i

Retail
Electricity
Sales





Net
Energy f,j



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses k






Total f,j
Distillate
Fuel Oil

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other d

Total



Wood and
Waste f,g


Losses
and Co-
products h

Million Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Million Barrels
Billion
kWh
Billion
kWh
1960 177 (s) 5,771 174 122 73 252 370 991 4 – – – – – – NA 324 – – – – – –
1961 170 (s) 5,961 175 126 69 242 381 993 3 – – – – – – NA 337 – – – – – –
1962 172 (s) 6,233 183 137 70 244 402 1,037 3 – – – – – – NA 360 – – – – – –
1963 180 (s) 6,545 181 149 67 244 440 1,081 3 – – – – – – NA 377 – – – – – –
1964 192 (s) 6,893 184 164 65 248 482 1,143 3 – – – – – – NA 405 – – – – – –
1965 201 -1 7,112 197 172 65 252 499 1,185 3 – – – – – – NA 429 – – – – – –
1966 205 -1 7,546 210 179 61 259 533 1,242 3 – – – – – – NA 464 – – – – – –
1967 195 -1 7,794 212 186 58 253 544 1,253 3 – – – – – – NA 485 – – – – – –
1968 192 -1 8,367 210 214 58 250 577 1,309 3 – – – – – – NA 521 – – – – – –
1969 187 -1 8,956 214 251 56 254 598 1,374 3 – – – – – – NA 559 – – – – – –
1970 187 -2 9,249 211 255 55 258 611 1,390 3 – – – – – – NA 571 – – – – – –
1971 159 -1 9,594 217 261 52 257 615 1,403 3 – – – – – – NA 589 – – – – – –
1972 161 -1 9,624 237 310 48 280 659 1,534 3 – – – – – – NA 641 – – – – – –
1973 162 (s) 10,185 252 329 49 295 709 1,635 3 – – – – – – NA 686 – – – – – –
1974 155 2 9,769 231 329 45 275 690 1,570 3 – – – – – – NA 685 – – – – – –
1975 147 1 8,365 230 308 43 240 653 1,474 3 – – – – – – NA 688 – – – – – –
1976 146 (s) 8,598 263 328 40 290 707 1,628 3 – – – – – – NA 754 – – – – – –
1977 139 1 8,474 295 335 37 308 784 1,760 3 – – – – – – NA 786 – – – – – –
1978 134 5 8,405 300 336 34 273 833 1,777 3 – – – – – – NA 809 – – – – – –
1979 145 3 8,398 303 462 31 263 891 1,950 3 – – – – – – NA 842 – – – – – –
1980 127 -1 8,198 227 429 30 215 871 1,772 3 – – – – – – NA 815 – – – – – –
1981 128 -1 8,055 238 426 30 172 693 1,560 3 – – – – – – NA 826 – – – – – –
1982 105 -1 6,941 225 442 26 166 621 1,481 3 – – – – – – NA 745 – – – – – –
1983 103 -1 6,621 196 425 21 126 638 1,407 3 – – – – – – NA 776 – – – – – –
1984 118 (s) 7,231 207 470 30 141 686 1,534 3 – – – – – – NA 838 – – – – – –
1985 116 -1 6,867 192 469 41 119 662 1,484 3 – – – – – – NA 837 – – – – – –
1986 111 -1 6,502 199 440 39 117 696 1,492 3 – – – – – – NA 831 – – – – – –
1987 112 (s) 7,103 196 467 39 93 742 1,537 3 – – – – – – NA 858 – – – – – –
1988 118 2 7,479 194 485 37 87 788 1,591 3 – – – – – – NA 896 – – – – – –
1989 117 1 7,886 196 475 38 65 778 1,552 3 – – – – – – R (s) 926 – – – – – –
1990 115 (s) 8,255 198 444 35 65 829 1,571 3 – – – – – – R (s) 946 – – – – – –
1991 109 (s) 8,360 185 484 37 53 781 1,540 3 – – – – – – R (s) 947 – – – – – –
1992 106 1 8,698 190 513 37 62 853 1,655 3 – – – – – – R (s) 973 – – – – – –
1993 106 1 8,872 192 498 34 71 826 1,620 3 – – – – – – R (s) 977 – – – – – –
1994 107 2 8,913 191 549 37 67 860 1,704 6 – – – – – – R (s) 1,008 – – – – – –
1995 106 2 9,384 194 557 38 54 833 1,677 5 – – – – – – R (s) 1,013 – – – – – –
1996 103 1 9,685 204 578 38 53 890 1,764 6 – – – – – – R (s) 1,034 – – – – – –
1997 102 2 9,714 207 590 41 46 924 1,808 6 – – – – – – R (s) 1,038 – – – – – –
1998 96 3 9,493 208 567 38 37 919 1,768 5 – – – – – – R (s) 1,051 – – – – – –
1999 93 2 9,158 204 624 29 33 948 1,838 5 – – – – – – R (s) 1,058 – – – – – –
2000 94 3 9,293 206 630 29 38 892 1,795 4 – – – – – – R (s) 1,064 – – – – – –
2001 91 1 8,463 223 568 57 32 905 1,786 3 – – – – – – R (s) 997 – – – – – –
2002 84 2 8,640 207 609 59 30 896 1,801 4 – – – – – – R (s) 990 – – – – – –
2003 86 2 8,273 201 570 62 35 927 1,795 4 – – – – – – R (s) 1,012 – – – – – –
2004 86 6 8,354 208 602 71 40 989 1,911 3 – – – – – – R (s) 1,018 – – – – – –
2005 84 2 7,713 217 566 68 45 966 1,862 3 – – – – – – R (s) 1,019 – – – – – –
2006 82 2 7,669 217 594 72 38 975 1,895 3 – – – – – – R (s) 1,011 – – – – – –
2007 79 1 7,881 217 598 59 31 941 1,845 2 – – – – – – R (s) 1,028 – – – – – –
2008 76 2 7,890 233 519 48 31 837 1,669 2 – – – – – – R (s) 1,010 – – – – – –
2009 61 -1 7,443 186 563 47 21 744 1,559 2 – – – – – – R (s) 917 – – – – – –
2010 70 (s) 8,112 200 611 51 19 762 1,642 2 – – – – – – (s) 971 – – – – – –
2011 68 (s) 8,317 214 632 50 21 725 1,644 2 – – – – – – (s) 991 – – – – – –
2012 64 (s) 8,622 220 674 50 11 708 1,663 2 – – – – – – 1 [R ] 986 – – – – – –
2013 65 -1 8,909 219 716 52 8 717 1,712 3 – – – – – – 1 [R ] 985 – – – – – –
2014 64 -1 9,158 [R ] 237 702 42 6 689 1,676 1 – – – – – – 1 [R ] 998 – – – – – –
2015 58 -1 9,121 203 739 51 5 715 1,713 1 – – – – – – 1 987 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 4,548 -6 5,973 1,016 507 381 1,584 2,278 5,766 39 680 NA NA NA 1,107 18,107 2,738 20,845
1961 4,351 -8 6,170 1,018 523 364 1,520 2,347 5,772 36 695 NA NA NA 1,149 18,166 2,793 20,959
1962 4,393 -6 6,451 1,064 572 369 1,536 2,475 6,016 36 728 NA NA NA 1,228 18,846 2,950 21,796
1963 4,599 -7 6,764 1,055 621 354 1,532 2,687 6,248 34 775 NA NA NA 1,288 19,701 3,079 22,780
1964 4,923 -10 7,126 1,071 683 341 1,559 2,916 6,569 34 827 NA NA NA 1,382 20,850 3,285 24,135
1965 5,134 -18 7,350 1,150 712 342 1,582 3,026 6,813 33 855 NA NA NA 1,463 21,630 3,492 25,122
1966 5,224 -25 7,810 1,223 744 321 1,626 3,219 7,134 33 902 NA NA NA 1,582 22,660 3,791 26,451
1967 4,942 -15 8,064 1,234 715 303 1,590 3,277 7,119 36 895 NA NA NA 1,655 22,696 3,953 26,649
1968 4,867 -17 8,621 1,224 816 305 1,569 3,473 7,386 35 982 NA NA NA 1,778 23,652 4,242 27,894
1969 4,719 -36 9,220 1,247 951 295 1,594 3,604 7,691 34 1,014 NA NA NA 1,909 24,551 4,553 29,103
1970 4,664 -58 9,498 1,226 953 288 1,624 3,686 7,777 34 1,019 NA NA NA 1,948 24,881 4,712 29,593
1971 3,951 -33 9,851 1,266 971 275 1,618 3,716 7,846 34 1,040 NA NA NA 2,011 24,700 4,850 29,550
1972 3,996 -26 9,881 1,381 1,148 254 1,761 3,974 8,518 34 1,113 NA NA NA 2,187 25,703 5,237 30,940
1973 4,044 -7 10,452 1,469 1,215 255 1,858 4,287 9,083 35 1,165 NA NA NA 2,341 27,112 5,556 32,668
1974 3,855 56 10,022 1,346 1,208 235 1,728 4,157 8,674 33 1,159 NA NA NA 2,337 26,136 5,650 31,786
1975 3,658 14 8,571 1,339 1,123 223 1,509 3,932 8,127 32 1,063 NA NA NA 2,346 23,810 5,629 29,439
1976 3,642 (s) 8,804 1,530 1,192 211 1,822 4,235 8,990 33 1,220 NA NA NA 2,573 25,262 6,158 31,419
1977 3,443 15 8,685 1,719 1,203 196 1,937 4,691 9,747 33 1,281 NA NA NA 2,682 25,886 6,412 32,298
1978 3,302 125 8,604 1,750 1,203 178 1,716 4,989 9,835 32 1,400 NA NA NA 2,761 26,059 6,686 32,745
1979 3,583 63 8,584 1,764 1,681 162 1,655 5,286 10,548 34 1,405 NA NA NA 2,873 27,089 6,858 33,947
1980 3,155 -35 8,409 1,324 1,559 158 1,349 5,119 9,509 33 1,600 NA NA NA 2,781 25,405 6,683 32,089
1981 3,148 -16 8,280 1,389 1,530 160 1,081 4,105 8,265 33 1,689 6 NA NA 2,817 24,166 6,599 30,765
1982 2,544 -22 7,145 1,313 1,575 138 1,047 3,700 7,772 33 1,634 16 NA NA 2,542 21,622 6,009 27,632
1983 2,489 -16 6,831 1,142 1,510 112 791 3,834 7,390 33 1,845 29 NA NA 2,648 21,210 6,226 27,436
1984 2,843 -11 7,464 1,203 1,666 160 889 4,070 7,987 33 1,883 35 NA NA 2,859 23,061 6,518 29,579
1985 2,777 -13 7,096 1,119 1,664 218 748 3,966 7,714 33 1,875 42 NA NA 2,855 22,340 6,538 28,878
1986 2,646 -17 6,714 1,160 1,582 206 736 4,176 7,860 33 1,866 48 NA NA 2,834 21,951 6,356 28,306
1987 2,670 9 7,343 1,141 1,687 206 582 4,426 8,042 33 1,858 55 NA NA 2,928 22,905 6,480 29,385
1988 2,831 40 7,720 1,130 1,749 193 546 4,700 8,317 33 1,933 55 NA NA 3,059 23,956 6,772 30,728
1989 2,774 30 8,149 1,139 1,728 199 410 4,623 8,098 28 1,784 56 2 R (s) 3,158 24,047 7,290 31,337
1990 2,754 5 8,520 1,150 1,582 185 411 4,922 8,251 31 1,634 49 2 R (s) 3,226 24,431 7,397 31,828
1991 2,600 10 8,637 1,078 1,720 193 334 4,633 7,958 30 1,595 56 2 R (s) 3,230 24,079 7,328 31,408 [R ]
1992 2,512 35 8,996 1,107 1,833 194 387 5,031 8,552 31 1,640 64 2 R (s) 3,319 25,107 7,482 32,589
1993 2,500 27 9,129 1,117 1,763 179 446 4,882 8,387 30 1,666 74 2 R (s) 3,334 25,106 7,537 32,643
1994 2,507 58 9,202 1,110 1,969 192 419 5,082 8,772 62 1,779 82 3 R (s) 3,439 25,863 7,701 33,564
1995 2,500 61 9,678 1,130 1,990 200 337 4,930 8,587 55 1,847 86 3 R (s) 3,455 26,232 7,802 34,035
1996 2,438 23 9,999 1,186 2,054 200 335 5,245 9,020 61 1,907 61 3 R (s) 3,527 26,999 7,967 34,966
1997 2,396 46 10,109 1,202 2,100 212 291 5,450 9,255 58 1,915 80 3 R (s) 3,542 27,367 7,966 35,333
1998 2,254 67 9,882 1,210 2,016 200 230 5,427 9,082 55 1,784 86 3 R (s) 3,587 26,760 8,074 34,835 [R ]
1999 2,188 58 9,438 1,186 2,217 152 207 5,594 9,356 49 1,791 90 4 R (s) 3,611 26,547 [R ] 8,195 34,741
2000 2,259 65 9,550 1,199 2,228 150 241 5,257 9,075 42 1,781 99 4 R (s) 3,631 26,476 8,213 34,689
2001 2,194 29 8,674 1,299 2,014 295 203 5,368 9,179 33 1,571 108 5 R (s) 3,400 25,162 [R ] 7,541 32,703
2002 2,020 61 8,865 1,203 2,160 309 190 5,308 9,170 39 1,543 130 5 R (s) 3,379 25,186 7,510 32,696
2003 2,044 51 8,510 1,169 2,028 324 220 5,491 9,233 43 1,511 168 3 R (s) 3,454 24,992 [R ] 7,601 32,592
2004 2,046 138 8,573 1,213 2,141 371 249 5,859 9,833 33 1,613 201 4 R (s) 3,473 25,890 7,669 33,559
2005 1,954 44 7,930 1,262 2,009 355 281 5,735 9,643 32 1,604 227 4 R (s) 3,477 24,893 [R ] 7,622 32,514
2006 1,914 61 7,881 1,258 2,104 374 239 5,801 9,777 29 1,606 280 4 1 [R ] 3,451 24,977 [R ] 7,480 32,456
2007 1,864 25 8,098 1,256 2,106 302 193 5,595 9,452 16 1,562 368 5 1 [R ] 3,507 24,871 7,593 32,464
2008 1,792 41 8,103 1,348 1,823 246 194 4,976 8,588 17 1,486 518 5 1 [R ] 3,444 23,967 [R ] 7,439 31,406 [R ]
2009 1,394 -24 7,629 1,073 1,950 238 130 4,428 7,819 18 1,336 602 4 2 [R ] 3,130 21,883 [R ] 6,652 28,535 [R ]
2010 1,625 -6 8,302 1,153 2,121 260 120 4,529 8,184 16 1,442 726 4 3 [R ] 3,314 23,580 [R ] 7,015 30,595 [R ]
2011 1,567 11 8,502 1,236 2,179 255 135 4,344 8,148 17 1,474 754 4 4 [R ] 3,382 23,835 [R ] 7,096 30,931 [R ]
2012 1,516 4 8,823 1,271 2,335 252 70 4,234 8,163 [R ] 22 1,498 709 4 7 [R ] 3,363 24,080 [R ] 6,924 [R ] 31,003 [R ]
2013 1,547 -17 9,131 [R ] 1,265 [R ] 2,498 263 48 4,264 8,338 [R ] 33 1,499 707 4 9 [R ] 3,362 24,588 [R ] 6,884 31,471 [R ]
2014 1,529 -22 9,450 [R ] 1,365 [R ] 2,430 210 [R ] 41 4,111 8,156 [R ] 12 1,515 755 4 11 [R ] 3,404 24,789 [R ] 6,932 31,721 [R ]
2015 1,380 -18 9,451 1,169 2,567 258 34 4,249 8,277 13 1,496 774 4 14 3,366 24,729 6,668 31,398
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Excludes small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat that is included in
the residential sector.
bLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. jFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
Beginning in 2009, includes small amount of wind energy consumed by industrial utility-scale facilities. Beginning in 1980, adjusted
for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and the other fossil fuels from which
they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. There is a discontinuity between 2014 and 2015 because
of coverage.
kIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical system
energy losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for an
explanation of changes in methodology.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, kerosene, lubricants, and the 16 other petroleum products as described in the Technical Notes,
Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
kWh = Kilowatthours. – – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be
separately identified.
Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than +0.5 and greater than -0.5.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources
beginning in 1989.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The industrial sector includes industrial
combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be
affected by the changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hLosses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.