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Table CT6. Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2018, United States

Table CT6. Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2018, United States






Year



Coal
Net
Imports
of Coal
Coke


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass




Geo-
thermal f



Solar f,i

Electricity
Retail
Sales





Net
Energy f,j



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses k






Total f,j
Distillate
Fuel Oil

HGL b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other d

Total



Wood and
Waste f,g


Losses
and Co-
products h

Million Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Million Barrels
Billion
kWh
Billion
kWh
1960 177 (s) 5,771 174 122 73 252 370 991 4 – – – – – – NA 324 – – – – – –
1961 170 (s) 5,961 175 126 69 242 381 993 3 – – – – – – NA 337 – – – – – –
1962 172 (s) 6,233 183 137 70 244 402 1,037 3 – – – – – – NA 360 – – – – – –
1963 180 (s) 6,545 181 149 67 244 440 1,081 3 – – – – – – NA 377 – – – – – –
1964 192 (s) 6,893 184 164 65 248 482 1,143 3 – – – – – – NA 405 – – – – – –
1965 201 -1 7,112 197 172 65 252 499 1,185 3 – – – – – – NA 429 – – – – – –
1966 205 -1 7,546 210 179 61 259 533 1,242 3 – – – – – – NA 464 – – – – – –
1967 195 -1 7,794 212 186 58 253 544 1,253 3 – – – – – – NA 485 – – – – – –
1968 192 -1 8,367 210 214 58 250 577 1,309 3 – – – – – – NA 521 – – – – – –
1969 187 -1 8,956 214 251 56 254 598 1,374 3 – – – – – – NA 559 – – – – – –
1970 187 -2 9,249 211 255 55 258 611 1,390 3 – – – – – – NA 571 – – – – – –
1971 159 -1 9,594 217 261 52 257 615 1,403 3 – – – – – – NA 589 – – – – – –
1972 161 -1 9,624 237 310 48 280 659 1,534 3 – – – – – – NA 641 – – – – – –
1973 162 (s) 10,185 252 331 49 295 708 1,635 3 – – – – – – NA 686 – – – – – –
1974 155 2 9,769 231 335 45 275 684 1,570 3 – – – – – – NA 685 – – – – – –
1975 147 1 8,365 230 315 43 240 647 1,474 3 – – – – – – NA 688 – – – – – –
1976 146 (s) 8,598 263 329 40 290 707 1,628 3 – – – – – – NA 754 – – – – – –
1977 139 1 8,474 295 335 37 308 784 1,760 3 – – – – – – NA 786 – – – – – –
1978 134 5 8,405 300 336 34 273 833 1,777 3 – – – – – – NA 809 – – – – – –
1979 145 3 8,398 303 488 31 263 865 1,950 3 – – – – – – NA 842 – – – – – –
1980 127 -1 8,198 227 473 30 215 827 1,772 3 – – – – – – NA 815 – – – – – –
1981 128 -1 8,055 238 468 30 172 651 1,560 3 – – – – – – NA 826 – – – – – –
1982 105 -1 6,941 225 479 26 166 584 1,481 3 – – – – – – NA 745 – – – – – –
1983 103 -1 6,621 196 436 21 126 628 1,407 3 – – – – – – NA 776 – – – – – –
1984 118 (s) 7,231 207 517 30 141 638 1,534 3 – – – – – – NA 838 – – – – – –
1985 116 -1 6,867 192 514 41 119 617 1,484 3 – – – – – – NA 837 – – – – – –
1986 111 -1 6,502 199 483 39 117 653 1,492 3 – – – – – – NA 831 – – – – – –
1987 112 (s) 7,103 196 517 39 93 692 1,537 3 – – – – – – NA 858 – – – – – –
1988 118 2 7,479 194 530 37 87 743 1,591 3 – – – – – – NA 896 – – – – – –
1989 117 1 7,886 196 519 38 65 734 1,552 3 – – – – – – NA 926 – – – – – –
1990 115 (s) 8,255 198 498 35 65 775 1,571 3 – – – – – – (s) 946 – – – – – –
1991 109 (s) 8,360 185 548 37 53 717 1,540 3 – – – – – – (s) 947 – – – – – –
1992 106 1 8,698 190 583 37 62 783 1,655 3 – – – – – – (s) 973 – – – – – –
1993 106 1 8,872 192 570 34 71 754 1,620 3 – – – – – – (s) 977 – – – – – –
1994 107 2 8,913 191 623 37 67 787 1,704 6 – – – – – – (s) 1,008 – – – – – –
1995 106 2 9,384 194 631 38 54 760 1,677 5 – – – – – – (s) 1,013 – – – – – –
1996 103 1 9,685 204 655 38 53 813 1,764 6 – – – – – – (s) 1,034 – – – – – –
1997 102 2 9,714 207 661 41 46 853 1,808 6 – – – – – – (s) 1,038 – – – – – –
1998 96 3 9,493 208 630 38 37 855 1,768 5 – – – – – – (s) 1,051 – – – – – –
1999 93 2 9,158 204 703 29 33 869 1,838 5 – – – – – – (s) 1,058 – – – – – –
2000 94 3 9,293 206 704 29 38 818 1,795 4 – – – – – – (s) 1,064 – – – – – –
2001 91 1 8,463 223 625 57 32 848 1,786 3 – – – – – – (s) 997 – – – – – –
2002 84 2 8,640 207 657 59 30 847 1,801 4 – – – – – – (s) 990 – – – – – –
2003 86 2 8,273 201 617 62 35 880 1,795 4 – – – – – – (s) 1,012 – – – – – –
2004 86 6 8,354 208 651 71 40 941 1,911 3 – – – – – – (s) 1,018 – – – – – –
2005 84 2 7,713 217 608 68 45 924 1,862 3 – – – – – – (s) 1,019 – – – – – –
2006 82 2 7,669 217 624 72 38 944 1,895 3 – – – – – – (s) 1,011 – – – – – –
2007 79 1 7,881 217 636 59 31 902 1,845 2 – – – – – – (s) 1,028 – – – – – –
2008 76 2 7,890 233 553 48 31 804 1,669 2 – – – – – – (s) 1,010 – – – – – –
2009 61 -1 7,443 186 590 47 21 716 1,559 2 – – – – – – (s) 917 – – – – – –
2010 70 (s) 8,112 200 650 51 19 726 1,646 2 – – – – – – (s) 971 – – – – – –
2011 68 (s) 8,317 214 651 50 21 711 1,648 2 – – – – – – (s) 991 – – – – – –
2012 64 (s) 8,622 220 701 50 11 688 1,670 2 – – – – – – 1 986 – – – – – –
2013 65 -1 8,909 219 751 52 8 694 1,724 3 – – – – – – 1 985 – – – – – –
2014 64 -1 9,158 237 720 42 6 667 1,672 1 – – – – – – 1 998 – – – – – –
2015 58 -1 9,098 203 775 51 5 678 1,712 1 – – – – – – 1 987 – – – – – –
2016 51 -1 9,274 200 775 52 8 685 1,721 1 – – – – – – 2 977 – – – – – –
2017 51 -1 9,533 [R ] 209 810 52 8 695 1,775 1 – – – – – – 2 984 – – – – – –
2018 50 -1 10,062 217 918 53 7 683 1,878 1 – – – – – – 3 1,002 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 4,548 -6 5,973 1,016 461 381 1,584 2,278 5,720 39 680 NA NA NA 1,107 18,061 2,738 20,799
1961 4,351 -8 6,170 1,018 476 364 1,520 2,347 5,725 36 695 NA NA NA 1,149 18,118 2,793 20,912
1962 4,393 -6 6,451 1,064 520 369 1,536 2,475 5,964 36 728 NA NA NA 1,228 18,794 2,950 21,744
1963 4,599 -7 6,764 1,055 565 354 1,532 2,687 6,192 34 775 NA NA NA 1,288 19,645 3,079 22,724
1964 4,923 -10 7,126 1,071 623 341 1,559 2,916 6,509 34 827 NA NA NA 1,382 20,790 3,285 24,075
1965 5,134 -18 7,350 1,150 650 342 1,582 3,026 6,750 33 855 NA NA NA 1,463 21,567 3,492 25,059
1966 5,224 -25 7,810 1,223 679 321 1,626 3,219 7,068 33 902 NA NA NA 1,582 22,594 3,791 26,385
1967 4,942 -15 8,064 1,234 705 303 1,590 3,277 7,109 36 895 NA NA NA 1,655 22,685 3,953 26,638
1968 4,867 -17 8,621 1,224 802 305 1,569 3,473 7,372 35 982 NA NA NA 1,778 23,638 4,242 27,880
1969 4,719 -36 9,220 1,247 932 295 1,594 3,604 7,672 34 1,014 NA NA NA 1,909 24,532 4,553 29,085
1970 4,664 -58 9,498 1,226 930 288 1,624 3,686 7,755 34 1,019 NA NA NA 1,948 24,859 4,712 29,571
1971 3,951 -33 9,851 1,266 948 275 1,618 3,716 7,823 34 1,040 NA NA NA 2,011 24,676 4,850 29,526
1972 3,996 -26 9,881 1,381 1,119 254 1,761 3,974 8,489 34 1,113 NA NA NA 2,187 25,674 5,237 30,911
1973 4,044 -7 10,452 1,469 1,192 255 1,858 4,277 9,051 35 1,165 NA NA NA 2,341 27,080 5,556 32,636
1974 3,855 56 10,022 1,346 1,207 235 1,728 4,124 8,640 33 1,159 NA NA NA 2,337 26,102 5,650 31,752
1975 3,658 14 8,571 1,339 1,126 223 1,509 3,895 8,092 32 1,063 NA NA NA 2,346 23,776 5,629 29,405
1976 3,642 (s) 8,804 1,530 1,161 211 1,822 4,230 8,953 33 1,220 NA NA NA 2,573 25,225 6,158 31,383
1977 3,443 15 8,685 1,719 1,161 196 1,937 4,691 9,705 33 1,281 NA NA NA 2,682 25,844 6,412 32,255
1978 3,302 125 8,604 1,750 1,158 178 1,716 4,989 9,790 32 1,400 NA NA NA 2,761 26,014 6,686 32,700
1979 3,583 63 8,584 1,764 1,756 162 1,655 5,164 10,501 34 1,405 NA NA NA 2,873 27,042 6,858 33,900
1980 3,155 -35 8,409 1,324 1,718 158 1,349 4,915 9,464 33 1,600 NA NA NA 2,781 25,360 6,683 32,043
1981 3,148 -16 8,280 1,389 1,678 160 1,081 3,909 8,216 [R ] 33 1,689 6 NA NA 2,817 24,118 6,599 30,716 [R ]
1982 2,544 -22 7,145 1,313 1,691 138 1,047 3,531 7,719 33 1,634 16 NA NA 2,542 21,569 6,009 27,578 [R ]
1983 2,489 -16 6,831 1,142 1,502 112 791 3,786 7,334 33 1,845 29 NA NA 2,648 21,154 6,226 27,380
1984 2,843 -11 7,464 1,203 1,823 160 889 3,851 7,926 33 1,883 35 NA NA 2,859 23,000 6,518 29,518
1985 2,777 -13 7,096 1,119 1,813 218 748 3,759 7,656 33 1,875 42 NA NA 2,855 22,282 6,538 28,820
1986 2,646 -17 6,714 1,160 1,730 206 736 3,980 7,812 33 1,866 48 NA NA 2,834 21,903 6,356 28,259
1987 2,670 9 7,343 1,141 1,873 206 582 4,195 7,996 33 1,858 55 NA NA 2,928 22,859 6,480 29,339
1988 2,831 40 7,720 1,130 1,909 193 546 4,491 8,268 33 1,933 55 NA NA 3,059 23,906 6,772 30,678
1989 2,774 30 8,149 1,139 1,888 199 410 4,418 8,053 28 1,784 56 2 (s) 3,158 24,001 7,290 31,292
1990 2,754 5 8,520 1,150 1,781 185 411 4,672 8,200 31 1,634 49 2 (s) 3,226 24,379 7,387 [R ] 31,766 [R ]
1991 2,600 10 8,637 1,078 1,958 193 334 4,339 7,901 30 1,595 56 2 (s) 3,230 24,023 7,318 [R ] 31,341 [R ]
1992 2,512 35 8,996 1,107 2,098 194 387 4,709 8,495 31 1,640 64 2 (s) 3,319 25,050 7,470 [R ] 32,520 [R ]
1993 2,500 27 9,129 1,117 2,037 178 446 4,550 8,328 30 1,666 74 2 (s) 3,334 25,048 7,521 [R ] 32,569 [R ]
1994 2,507 58 9,202 1,110 2,251 192 419 4,743 8,715 62 1,779 82 3 (s) 3,439 25,807 7,681 [R ] 33,487 [R ]
1995 2,500 61 9,678 1,130 2,269 200 337 4,592 8,527 55 1,847 86 3 (s) 3,455 26,172 7,783 [R ] 33,955 [R ]
1996 2,438 23 9,999 1,186 2,344 200 335 4,890 8,954 61 1,907 61 3 (s) 3,527 26,934 7,948 [R ] 34,881 [R ]
1997 2,396 46 10,109 1,202 2,366 212 291 5,121 9,191 58 1,915 80 3 (s) 3,542 27,303 7,939 [R ] 35,242 [R ]
1998 2,254 67 9,882 1,210 2,249 199 230 5,132 9,021 55 1,784 86 3 (s) 3,587 26,699 8,052 [R ] 34,751 [R ]
1999 2,188 58 9,438 1,186 2,512 151 207 5,229 9,286 49 1,791 90 4 (s) 3,611 26,477 8,174 [R ] 34,650 [R ]
2000 2,259 65 9,550 1,199 2,498 150 241 4,914 9,001 42 1,781 99 4 (s) 3,631 26,402 8,189 [R ] 34,591 [R ]
2001 2,194 29 8,674 1,299 2,212 295 203 5,105 9,113 33 1,571 108 5 (s) 3,400 25,095 7,516 [R ] 32,611 [R ]
2002 2,020 61 8,865 1,203 2,313 308 190 5,084 9,099 39 1,543 130 5 (s) 3,379 25,115 7,484 [R ] 32,599 [R ]
2003 2,044 51 8,510 1,169 2,185 323 220 5,271 9,169 43 1,511 168 3 (s) 3,454 24,927 7,581 [R ] 32,508 [R ]
2004 2,046 138 8,573 1,213 2,292 371 249 5,636 9,761 33 1,613 201 4 (s) 3,473 25,818 7,651 [R ] 33,469 [R ]
2005 1,954 44 7,930 1,262 2,138 354 281 5,539 9,575 32 1,604 227 4 (s) 3,477 24,825 7,597 [R ] 32,423 [R ]
2006 1,914 61 7,881 1,258 2,171 374 239 5,661 9,703 29 1,606 280 4 1 3,451 24,903 7,441 [R ] 32,344 [R ]
2007 1,864 25 8,098 1,256 2,207 302 193 5,415 9,373 16 1,562 369 5 1 3,507 24,793 [R ] 7,593 32,386 [R ]
2008 1,792 41 8,103 1,348 1,904 245 194 4,823 8,514 17 1,486 519 5 1 3,444 23,895 [R ] 7,440 [R ] 31,335 [R ]
2009 1,394 -24 7,629 1,073 1,992 238 130 4,300 7,733 18 1,336 603 4 2 3,130 21,797 [R ] 6,655 [R ] 28,452 [R ]
2010 1,625 -6 8,302 1,153 2,208 260 120 4,360 8,100 16 1,577 727 4 3 3,314 23,632 7,015 30,648 [R ]
2011 1,567 11 8,502 1,235 2,157 254 135 4,275 8,056 17 1,602 756 4 4 3,382 23,874 [R ] 7,096 30,970 [R ]
2012 1,516 4 8,823 1,270 2,355 252 70 4,138 8,084 22 1,621 711 4 7 3,363 24,126 [R ] 6,924 31,050 [R ]
2013 1,547 -17 9,131 1,264 2,544 263 48 4,157 8,276 33 1,676 709 4 9 3,362 24,705 [R ] 6,885 [R ] 31,590 [R ]
2014 1,529 -22 9,450 1,364 2,409 210 41 4,010 8,033 12 1,685 757 4 11 3,404 24,837 [R ] 6,932 31,769 [R ]
2015 1,380 -18 9,427 1,168 2,624 258 34 4,074 8,157 13 1,666 776 4 14 3,366 24,757 [R ] 6,668 31,426 [R ]
2016 1,206 -19 9,610 1,154 2,591 262 52 4,197 [R ] 8,256 [R ] 12 1,648 801 4 19 3,333 24,843 [R ] 6,535 31,378 [R ]
2017 1,197 -29 9,870 [R ] 1,202 2,687 264 50 4,253 [R ] 8,456 [R ] 13 1,610 [R ] 821 4 22 3,358 25,291 [R ] 6,581 31,872 [R ]
2018 1,178 -26 10,413 1,251 3,019 269 43 4,175 8,758 10 1,603 824 4 24 3,417 26,176 6,564 32,740
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Excludes a small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat that is included in
the residential sector.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. jBeginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and
the other fossil fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total. For 1981 through
1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column. Beginning in 2009,
includes a small amount of wind energy consumed by industrial utility-scale facilities.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. There is a discontinuity in this time series between 2014
and 2015 because of coverage. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
kIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical system
energy losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for an
explanation of changes in methodology.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other petroleum products” category. See
Technical Notes, Section 4.
kWh = Kilowatthours. – – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be
separately identified.
Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than +0.5 and greater than -0.5.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources
beginning in 1989.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The industrial sector includes industrial
combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be
affected by the changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hLosses and co-products from the production of biodiesel and fuel ethanol. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.