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Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2019, Virginia

Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2019, Virginia






Year



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass





Geothermal f



Solar f,h

Electricity
Retail
Sales





Net
Energy f,i



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses j






Total f,i
Distillate
Fuel Oil

HGL b

Kerosene
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total d


Wood
and
Waste f,g
Thousand
Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Thousand Barrels
Million
Kilowatthours
Million
Kilowatthours
1960 533 11 1,388 256 93 223 175 2,135 NA – – – – NA 3,676 – – – – – –
1961 455 13 1,474 276 103 242 146 2,241 NA – – – – NA 4,032 – – – – – –
1962 459 13 1,526 299 105 257 139 2,326 NA – – – – NA 4,470 – – – – – –
1963 414 13 1,623 389 106 264 166 2,548 NA – – – – NA 4,991 – – – – – –
1964 402 13 1,500 427 93 267 181 2,468 NA – – – – NA 5,536 – – – – – –
1965 342 15 1,591 395 97 275 211 2,567 NA – – – – NA 6,192 – – – – – –
1966 359 18 1,802 371 101 296 162 2,733 NA – – – – NA 6,943 – – – – – –
1967 305 23 1,891 408 112 311 118 2,841 NA – – – – NA 7,596 – – – – – –
1968 285 25 1,955 419 116 312 134 2,936 NA – – – – NA 8,671 – – – – – –
1969 249 27 1,819 479 104 192 105 2,700 NA – – – – NA 9,791 – – – – – –
1970 207 30 2,072 498 91 210 118 2,989 NA – – – – NA 10,804 – – – – – –
1971 221 35 2,025 502 91 218 211 3,047 NA – – – – NA 11,644 – – – – – –
1972 229 34 2,052 557 82 283 267 3,240 NA – – – – NA 12,617 – – – – – –
1973 304 38 2,168 522 59 359 313 3,422 NA – – – – NA 14,055 – – – – – –
1974 465 35 1,945 492 45 299 298 3,079 NA – – – – NA 13,827 – – – – – –
1975 226 32 1,935 543 41 310 245 3,075 NA – – – – NA 14,014 – – – – – –
1976 312 35 2,012 580 46 320 266 3,223 NA – – – – NA 15,003 – – – – – –
1977 310 35 2,180 579 38 347 296 3,440 NA – – – – NA 15,479 – – – – – –
1978 166 43 1,935 519 32 349 220 3,055 NA – – – – NA 16,211 – – – – – –
1979 154 34 2,780 474 46 368 206 3,873 NA – – – – NA 16,341 – – – – – –
1980 152 38 1,634 524 46 371 443 3,018 NA – – – – NA 16,969 – – – – – –
1981 107 35 1,396 484 37 517 380 2,814 NA – – – – NA 18,201 – – – – – –
1982 203 38 1,483 456 34 346 518 2,837 NA – – – – NA 18,492 – – – – – –
1983 213 38 2,741 542 58 653 484 4,477 NA – – – – NA 19,179 – – – – – –
1984 233 35 3,223 606 101 410 661 5,001 NA – – – – NA 20,631 – – – – – –
1985 211 34 2,747 629 214 456 443 4,489 NA – – – – NA 21,491 – – – – – –
1986 189 35 3,154 533 144 397 975 5,204 NA – – – – NA 23,504 – – – – – –
1987 250 39 2,970 651 197 509 991 5,319 NA – – – – NA 24,983 – – – – – –
1988 227 42 2,976 622 270 502 404 4,773 NA – – – – NA 26,143 – – – – – –
1989 153 44 2,614 725 280 504 209 4,332 0 – – – – (s) 27,754 – – – – – –
1990 189 41 2,815 740 139 478 218 4,390 0 – – – – (s) 28,082 – – – – – –
1991 114 44 2,468 808 148 341 114 3,879 0 – – – – (s) 29,387 – – – – – –
1992 157 51 2,273 846 127 345 222 3,812 0 – – – – (s) 29,863 – – – – – –
1993 254 53 2,583 833 159 121 180 3,876 0 – – – – (s) 31,419 – – – – – –
1994 268 53 2,741 850 101 137 155 3,983 0 – – – – (s) 31,624 – – – – – –
1995 248 57 2,657 1,001 275 132 205 4,269 0 – – – – (s) 33,051 – – – – – –
1996 348 59 3,398 1,110 277 130 253 5,169 0 – – – – (s) 33,839 – – – – – –
1997 162 62 2,974 1,197 372 137 128 4,807 0 – – – – (s) 34,165 – – – – – –
1998 153 58 3,097 914 433 123 112 4,680 0 – – – – (s) 35,793 – – – – – –
1999 109 62 2,864 1,019 317 166 182 4,548 0 – – – – (s) 36,893 – – – – – –
2000 74 66 3,322 1,219 276 122 431 5,369 0 – – – – (s) 38,459 – – – – – –
2001 115 60 2,959 1,107 228 124 282 4,700 0 – – – – (s) 39,329 – – – – – –
2002 68 63 2,457 1,065 88 127 74 3,811 0 – – – – (s) 40,642 – – – – – –
2003 92 64 3,245 1,402 195 123 405 5,371 0 – – – – (s) 41,179 – – – – – –
2004 83 65 3,027 1,313 242 124 316 5,022 0 – – – – (s) 43,025 – – – – – –
2005 111 66 2,980 1,261 203 115 83 4,642 0 – – – – (s) 44,670 – – – – – –
2006 24 62 2,692 1,093 168 100 37 4,090 0 – – – – (s) 44,654 – – – – – –
2007 75 66 2,088 1,173 162 116 18 3,557 0 – – – – (s) 46,971 – – – – – –
2008 75 67 1,549 1,445 25 104 20 3,143 0 – – – – (s) 46,878 – – – – – –
2009 90 68 1,333 1,358 28 98 22 2,839 0 – – – – (s) 46,828 – – – – – –
2010 84 69 1,475 1,513 38 80 29 3,135 0 – – – – 1 48,037 – – – – – –
2011 90 64 1,153 1,568 26 106 12 2,864 0 – – – – 2 47,051 – – – – – –
2012 49 60 1,709 1,414 11 96 6 3,235 0 – – – – 8 46,757 – – – – – –
2013 51 68 1,377 1,836 13 93 4 3,322 0 – – – – 8 47,751 – – – – – –
2014 66 72 1,598 1,981 21 100 4 3,704 0 – – – – 11 47,752 – – – – – –
2015 50 69 1,601 1,817 13 2,234 0 5,665 0 – – – – 13 48,347 – – – – – –
2016 34 68 1,494 1,898 25 2,263 (s) 5,680 0 – – – – 16 49,264 – – – – – –
2017 37 68 1,563 1,970 10 2,266 0 5,808 0 – – – – 24 50,201 – – – – – –
2018 27 74 1,821 1,948 12 2,303 1 6,084 0 – – – – 23 52,268 – – – – – –
2019 22 71 1,879 1,829 13 2,317 0 6,039 0 – – – – 38 53,981 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 13.2 11.7 8.1 1.0 0.5 1.2 1.1 11.9 NA 0.6 NA NA 12.5 49.9 31.0 80.9
1961 11.3 13.0 8.6 1.1 0.6 1.3 0.9 12.4 NA 0.5 NA NA 13.8 51.0 33.4 84.4
1962 11.4 13.5 8.9 1.1 0.6 1.3 0.9 12.9 NA 0.5 NA NA 15.3 53.5 36.6 90.1
1963 10.2 13.9 9.5 1.5 0.6 1.4 1.0 14.0 NA 0.5 NA NA 17.0 55.6 40.7 96.4
1964 9.9 13.9 8.7 1.6 0.5 1.4 1.1 13.4 NA 0.4 NA NA 18.9 56.6 44.9 101.5
1965 8.4 15.3 9.3 1.5 0.5 1.4 1.3 14.1 NA 0.4 NA NA 21.1 59.3 50.4 109.8
1966 8.8 18.7 10.5 1.4 0.6 1.6 1.0 15.1 NA 0.4 NA NA 23.7 66.7 56.8 123.5
1967 7.5 23.4 11.0 1.6 0.6 1.6 0.7 15.6 NA 0.4 NA NA 25.9 72.8 61.9 134.7
1968 7.0 25.4 11.4 1.6 0.7 1.6 0.8 16.1 NA 0.4 NA NA 29.6 78.4 70.6 149.0
1969 6.0 28.0 10.6 1.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 14.7 NA 0.4 NA NA 33.4 82.5 79.7 162.2
1970 4.9 30.9 12.1 1.9 0.5 1.1 0.7 16.3 NA 0.3 NA NA 36.9 89.3 89.2 178.5
1971 5.2 35.6 11.8 1.9 0.5 1.1 1.3 16.7 NA 0.3 NA NA 39.7 97.5 95.8 193.3
1972 5.4 35.0 12.0 2.1 0.5 1.5 1.7 17.7 NA 0.3 NA NA 43.1 101.5 103.1 204.6
1973 7.2 38.5 12.6 2.0 0.3 1.9 2.0 18.8 NA 0.3 NA NA 48.0 112.8 113.8 226.6
1974 10.8 36.0 11.3 1.9 0.3 1.6 1.9 16.9 NA 0.3 NA NA 47.2 111.2 114.1 225.3
1975 5.3 33.0 11.3 2.1 0.2 1.6 1.5 16.8 NA 0.4 NA NA 47.8 103.2 114.7 217.9
1976 7.4 35.5 11.7 2.2 0.3 1.7 1.7 17.6 NA 0.4 NA NA 51.2 112.1 122.5 234.6
1977 7.3 35.4 12.7 2.2 0.2 1.8 1.9 18.8 NA 0.4 NA NA 52.8 114.8 126.2 241.0
1978 3.9 43.9 11.3 2.0 0.2 1.8 1.4 16.7 NA 0.5 NA NA 55.3 120.3 133.9 254.3
1979 3.7 34.6 16.2 1.8 0.3 1.9 1.3 21.5 NA 0.6 NA NA 55.8 116.2 133.1 249.2
1980 3.7 39.0 9.5 2.0 0.3 1.9 2.8 16.5 NA 0.5 NA NA 57.9 117.7 139.1 256.7
1981 2.6 36.1 8.1 1.9 0.2 2.7 2.4 15.3 NA 0.4 NA NA 62.1 116.4 145.4 261.8
1982 5.0 39.1 8.6 1.8 0.2 1.8 3.3 15.7 NA 0.6 NA NA 63.1 123.4 149.2 272.6
1983 5.3 39.6 16.0 2.1 0.3 3.4 3.0 24.8 NA 0.4 NA NA 65.4 135.5 153.9 289.4
1984 5.8 36.1 18.8 2.3 0.6 2.2 4.2 28.0 NA 0.5 NA NA 70.4 140.7 160.5 301.3
1985 5.3 35.3 16.0 2.4 1.2 2.4 2.8 24.8 NA 0.6 NA NA 73.3 139.2 167.9 307.1
1986 4.7 36.9 18.4 2.0 0.8 2.1 6.1 29.5 NA 0.7 NA NA 80.2 151.9 179.9 331.8
1987 6.3 41.0 17.3 2.5 1.1 2.7 6.2 29.8 NA 0.6 NA NA 85.2 162.9 188.7 351.6
1988 5.7 43.7 17.3 2.4 1.5 2.6 2.5 26.4 NA 0.7 NA NA 89.2 165.6 197.5 363.1
1989 3.8 46.0 15.2 2.8 1.6 2.6 1.3 23.6 0.0 6.8 (s) (s) 94.7 174.8 218.6 393.4
1990 4.7 42.8 16.4 2.8 0.8 2.5 1.4 23.9 0.0 7.3 (s) (s) 95.8 174.6 227.7 402.3
1991 2.9 46.0 14.4 3.1 0.8 1.8 0.7 20.8 0.0 4.4 (s) (s) 100.3 174.3 239.5 413.8
1992 4.0 52.8 13.2 3.2 0.7 1.8 1.4 20.4 0.0 4.7 0.1 (s) 101.9 183.7 244.0 427.8
1993 6.4 55.3 15.0 3.2 0.9 0.6 1.1 20.9 0.0 5.3 0.1 (s) 107.2 195.1 259.2 454.3
1994 6.7 55.0 16.0 3.3 0.6 0.7 1.0 21.5 0.0 5.2 0.1 (s) 107.9 196.1 256.8 453.0
1995 6.2 58.7 15.5 3.8 1.6 0.7 1.3 22.8 0.0 5.4 0.1 (s) 112.8 206.0 272.2 478.1
1996 8.7 61.6 19.8 4.3 1.6 0.7 1.6 27.9 0.0 9.1 0.1 (s) 115.5 222.8 276.3 499.1
1997 4.0 64.6 17.3 4.6 2.1 0.7 0.8 25.5 0.0 9.5 0.2 (s) 116.6 220.3 276.1 496.4
1998 4.0 60.8 18.0 3.5 2.5 0.6 0.7 25.3 0.0 9.7 0.2 (s) 122.1 222.3 287.3 509.6
1999 2.9 63.8 16.7 3.9 1.8 0.9 1.1 24.4 0.0 9.3 0.2 (s) 125.9 226.4 302.4 528.8
2000 1.9 68.4 19.3 4.7 1.6 0.6 2.7 28.9 0.0 10.1 0.2 (s) 131.2 240.6 316.4 557.0
2001 2.9 62.1 17.2 4.3 1.3 0.6 1.8 25.2 0.0 6.2 0.3 (s) 134.2 230.7 319.0 549.6
2002 1.7 64.9 14.3 4.1 0.5 0.7 0.5 20.0 0.0 5.4 0.3 (s) 138.7 230.9 332.8 563.7
2003 2.3 66.4 18.9 5.4 1.1 0.6 2.5 28.6 0.0 6.4 0.4 (s) 140.5 244.4 327.7 572.2
2004 2.1 66.5 17.6 5.0 1.4 0.6 2.0 26.7 0.0 7.2 0.4 (s) 146.8 249.7 347.2 596.9
2005 2.8 68.6 17.3 4.8 1.2 0.6 0.5 24.4 0.0 8.5 0.5 (s) 152.4 257.2 360.4 617.5
2006 0.6 64.6 15.6 4.2 1.0 0.5 0.2 21.5 0.0 8.2 0.5 (s) 152.4 247.7 358.2 605.9
2007 1.9 68.9 12.1 4.5 0.9 0.6 0.1 18.2 0.0 7.6 0.6 (s) 160.3 257.4 375.2 632.6
2008 2.0 69.5 9.0 5.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 15.3 0.0 7.5 0.6 (s) 159.9 254.9 375.1 630.0
2009 2.3 70.1 7.7 5.2 0.2 0.5 0.1 13.7 0.0 6.9 0.7 (s) 159.8 253.5 364.5 618.0
2010 2.2 70.7 8.5 5.8 0.2 0.4 0.2 15.1 0.0 7.1 0.8 (s) 163.9 259.8 372.4 632.2
2011 2.4 66.0 6.7 6.0 0.1 0.5 0.1 13.4 0.0 6.6 1.0 (s) 160.5 249.9 357.4 607.4
2012 1.3 62.3 9.9 5.4 0.1 0.5 (s) 15.9 0.0 6.9 0.9 0.1 159.5 246.9 343.9 590.8
2013 1.3 70.6 7.9 7.1 0.1 0.5 (s) 15.6 0.0 7.4 0.9 0.1 162.9 258.8 353.1 611.9
2014 1.8 75.7 9.2 7.6 0.1 0.5 (s) 17.5 0.0 7.4 0.9 0.1 162.9 266.3 350.5 616.8
2015 1.3 72.4 9.2 7.0 0.1 11.3 0.0 27.6 0.0 7.2 0.9 0.1 165.0 274.4 340.7 615.1
2016 0.9 71.0 8.6 7.3 0.1 11.4 (s) 27.5 0.0 7.4 0.9 0.1 168.1 275.8 336.7 [R ] 612.5 [R ]
2017 0.9 71.9 9.0 7.6 0.1 11.4 0.0 28.1 0.0 7.2 0.9 0.2 171.3 280.5 331.8 612.3
2018 0.7 78.6 10.5 7.5 0.1 11.6 (s) 29.7 0.0 6.8 0.9 0.2 178.3 295.2 341.3 [R ] 636.5 [R ]
2019 0.6 75.3 10.8 7.0 0.1 11.7 0.0 29.6 0.0 5.8 0.9 0.3 184.2 296.8 334.4 631.2
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iBeginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and
the other fossil fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total. For 1981 through
1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column. Beginning in 2009, includes
a small amount of wind energy consumed by commercial utility-scale facilities.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, assumed to be propane only. jIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical system energy
losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for an explanation of
changes in methodology.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. There is a discontinuity in this time series between 2014
and 2015 because of coverage. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
– – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
dIncludes small amounts of petroleum coke not shown separately. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Physical unit value less than 0.5 or Btu value less than 0.05.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be separately
identified.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The commercial sector includes commercial
combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be
affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources
beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
hSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Excludes a small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat that is included in the
residential sector.