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Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2017, United States

Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2017, United States






Year



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass





Geothermal f



Solar f,h

Electricity
Retail
Sales





Net
Energy f,i



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses j






Total f,i
Distillate
Fuel Oil

HGL b

Kerosene
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total d


Wood
and
Waste f,g
Million Short
Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Million Barrels

Billion kWh

Billion kWh
1960 17 1,020 85 21 8 13 89 216 NA – – – – NA 159 – – – – – –
1961 15 1,077 87 22 8 13 90 220 NA – – – – NA 168 – – – – – –
1962 15 1,207 90 24 8 14 90 226 NA – – – – NA 182 – – – – – –
1963 13 1,268 90 25 8 14 87 224 NA – – – – NA 202 – – – – – –
1964 11 1,375 87 27 8 14 86 223 NA – – – – NA 216 – – – – – –
1965 11 1,444 92 27 9 15 103 245 NA – – – – NA 231 – – – – – –
1966 11 1,623 91 28 11 15 109 253 NA – – – – NA 252 – – – – – –
1967 10 1,959 95 30 8 16 114 263 NA – – – – NA 271 – – – – – –
1968 9 2,076 98 33 11 16 112 269 NA – – – – NA 297 – – – – – –
1969 8 2,253 98 37 11 16 111 274 NA – – – – NA 325 – – – – – –
1970 7 2,399 101 37 11 16 114 279 NA – – – – NA 352 – – – – – –
1971 8 2,509 102 38 10 16 107 272 NA – – – – NA 377 – – – – – –
1972 7 2,608 108 40 10 17 103 277 NA – – – – NA 413 – – – – – –
1973 7 2,597 110 38 11 17 106 283 NA – – – – NA 445 – – – – – –
1974 8 2,556 102 35 10 16 94 257 NA – – – – NA 440 – – – – – –
1975 7 2,508 101 34 9 17 78 238 NA – – – – NA 468 – – – – – –
1976 6 2,668 113 35 8 18 90 264 NA – – – – NA 492 – – – – – –
1977 6 2,501 116 35 9 19 94 273 NA – – – – NA 514 – – – – – –
1978 7 2,601 114 34 10 20 85 263 NA – – – – NA 531 – – – – – –
1979 7 2,786 100 25 14 20 80 239 NA – – – – NA 543 – – – – – –
1980 5 2,611 89 23 7 20 90 229 NA – – – – NA 559 – – – – – –
1981 6 2,520 78 23 12 17 66 197 NA – – – – NA 596 – – – – – –
1982 7 2,606 75 21 5 17 63 182 NA – – – – NA 609 – – – – – –
1983 7 2,433 112 25 20 19 33 209 NA – – – – NA 620 – – – – – –
1984 7 2,524 126 22 6 20 42 217 NA – – – – NA 664 – – – – – –
1985 6 2,432 108 25 6 18 36 193 NA – – – – NA 689 – – – – – –
1986 6 2,318 107 24 9 20 46 206 NA – – – – NA 715 – – – – – –
1987 5 2,430 104 26 9 21 42 202 NA – – – – NA 744 – – – – – –
1988 6 2,670 103 26 5 21 42 196 NA – – – – NA 784 – – – – – –
1989 5 2,718 98 29 5 19 36 188 (s) – – – – (s) 811 – – – – – –
1990 5 2,623 92 27 2 21 37 178 (s) – – – – (s) 838 – – – – – –
1991 5 2,729 89 28 2 16 34 169 (s) – – – – (s) 855 – – – – – –
1992 5 2,803 87 28 2 15 30 162 (s) – – – – (s) 850 – – – – – –
1993 5 2,862 85 28 2 6 27 149 (s) – – – – (s) 885 – – – – – –
1994 5 2,895 86 28 3 5 27 150 (s) – – – – (s) 913 – – – – – –
1995 5 3,031 82 28 4 3 23 140 (s) – – – – (s) 953 – – – – – –
1996 5 3,158 83 32 4 5 22 145 (s) – – – – (s) 980 – – – – – –
1997 6 3,215 76 31 4 8 18 138 (s) – – – – (s) 1,027 – – – – – –
1998 4 2,999 74 31 5 7 14 131 (s) – – – – (s) 1,078 – – – – – –
1999 4 3,045 75 37 5 5 12 134 (s) – – – – (s) 1,104 – – – – – –
2000 4 3,182 84 39 5 9 15 152 (s) – – – – (s) 1,159 – – – – – –
2001 4 3,023 87 37 6 7 11 148 (s) – – – – (s) 1,191 – – – – – –
2002 4 3,144 76 37 3 9 13 137 (s) – – – – (s) 1,205 – – – – – –
2003 4 3,179 85 41 3 12 18 159 (s) – – – – (s) 1,199 – – – – – –
2004 5 3,129 81 40 4 9 19 152 (s) – – – – (s) 1,230 – – – – – –
2005 4 2,999 77 34 4 9 18 142 (s) – – – – (s) 1,275 – – – – – –
2006 3 2,832 69 32 3 9 12 125 (s) – – – – (s) 1,300 – – – – – –
2007 3 3,013 66 32 2 12 12 123 (s) – – – – (s) 1,336 – – – – – –
2008 4 3,153 66 41 1 9 11 128 (s) – – – – 1 1,336 – – – – – –
2009 3 3,119 68 36 1 10 11 127 (s) – – – – 1 1,307 – – – – – –
2010 3 3,103 68 36 1 10 10 125 (s) – – – – 1 1,330 – – – – – –
2011 3 3,155 68 37 1 9 9 123 (s) – – – – 2 1,328 – – – – – –
2012 2 2,895 62 35 (s) 8 5 110 (s) – – – – 3 1,327 – – – – – –
2013 2 3,295 59 39 (s) 8 4 111 (s) – – – – 4 1,337 – – – – – –
2014 2 3,466 62 42 (s) 11 1 116 (s) – – – – 6 1,352 – – – – – –
2015 2 3,202 62 39 (s) 74 1 176 (s) – – – – 6 1,361 – – – – – –
2016 1 3,110 [R ] 56 39 (s) 74 1 171 (s) – – – – 7 1,367 – – – – – –
2017 1 3,164 56 41 (s) 71 1 169 (s) – – – – 8 1,353 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 402 1,056 494 81 48 67 559 1,248 NA 12 NA NA 543 3,261 1,344 4,605
1961 366 1,115 504 83 47 69 565 1,269 [R ] NA 11 NA NA 572 3,332 1,391 4,723
1962 358 1,249 526 90 45 72 569 1,303 [R ] NA 11 NA NA 621 3,541 [R ] 1,492 5,032
1963 314 1,302 523 97 46 73 548 1,287 [R ] NA 10 NA NA 688 3,600 1,644 5,244
1964 272 1,412 509 102 47 74 542 1,275 NA 9 NA NA 738 3,706 1,754 5,460
1965 263 1,483 534 103 54 77 645 1,413 NA 9 NA NA 789 3,956 1,884 5,840
1966 260 1,669 529 107 60 79 687 1,461 NA 9 NA NA 859 4,258 2,061 6,319 [R ]
1967 223 2,015 552 115 46 83 717 1,512 NA 8 NA NA 925 4,684 2,212 6,895
1968 205 2,134 574 125 60 83 702 1,544 NA 8 NA NA 1,014 4,906 [R ] 2,421 7,327 [R ]
1969 193 2,316 573 144 61 84 698 1,560 [R ] NA 8 NA NA 1,108 5,184 2,644 7,828
1970 163 2,455 587 143 61 86 714 1,592 NA 8 NA NA 1,201 5,418 2,908 8,326
1971 178 2,569 595 145 [R ] 55 84 672 1,551 NA 7 NA NA 1,288 5,593 [R ] 3,108 8,701
1972 153 2,674 632 154 55 87 645 1,573 NA 7 NA NA 1,408 5,815 [R ] 3,374 9,188
1973 160 2,660 644 147 65 87 665 1,607 NA 7 NA NA 1,517 5,950 3,603 9,553
1974 174 2,614 596 134 55 83 593 1,461 NA 7 NA NA 1,501 5,757 3,634 9,391
1975 146 2,556 587 130 [R ] 49 89 492 1,346 NA 8 NA NA 1,598 5,654 3,835 9,489
1976 144 2,717 656 136 44 97 567 1,500 NA 9 NA NA 1,678 6,048 4,018 10,066 [R ]
1977 148 2,547 676 135 52 101 588 1,552 NA 10 NA NA 1,754 6,011 4,195 10,206
1978 165 2,642 666 131 55 107 532 1,490 NA 12 NA NA 1,813 6,122 4,393 10,515
1979 151 2,834 584 95 78 104 505 1,367 NA 14 NA NA 1,854 6,220 [R ] 4,431 10,650
1980 117 2,666 518 88 41 107 565 1,318 NA 21 NA NA 1,906 5,994 [R ] 4,582 10,576
1981 137 2,578 457 87 69 92 417 1,122 NA 21 NA NA 2,033 5,852 4,763 10,615 [R ]
1982 155 2,671 440 81 30 88 399 1,037 NA 22 NA NA 2,077 5,928 4,912 10,840
1983 162 2,505 651 97 [R ] 111 102 208 1,170 NA 22 NA NA 2,116 5,945 4,978 10,923
1984 169 2,594 735 83 36 107 266 1,227 NA 22 NA NA 2,264 6,250 [R ] 5,167 11,417
1985 138 2,503 631 95 33 96 228 1,083 NA 24 NA NA 2,351 6,068 [R ] 5,388 11,456 [R ]
1986 136 2,383 623 93 50 106 290 1,163 [R ] NA 27 NA NA 2,439 6,118 [R ] 5,474 11,591
1987 127 2,499 607 102 49 111 263 1,131 NA 29 NA NA 2,539 6,300 5,621 11,921
1988 131 2,744 600 99 26 110 264 1,100 [R ] NA 32 NA NA 2,675 6,656 5,924 12,581
1989 115 2,800 574 110 [R ] 28 102 228 1,041 1 98 3 (s) 2,767 6,797 6,389 13,186
1990 124 2,698 536 102 12 111 230 991 1 94 3 (s) 2,860 6,741 6,578 13,319
1991 115 2,807 517 108 12 85 212 935 1 95 3 (s) 2,918 6,848 6,655 13,503
1992 117 2,883 507 107 11 80 189 894 [R ] 1 104 3 (s) 2,900 6,876 [R ] 6,569 13,445
1993 117 2,944 493 109 14 29 173 819 1 109 3 (s) 3,019 6,984 6,841 13,825 [R ]
1994 117 2,978 501 107 19 25 172 825 1 106 4 (s) 3,116 7,121 6,965 14,086
1995 116 3,117 478 109 22 18 141 769 1 113 5 (s) 3,252 7,347 7,342 14,689
1996 120 3,251 483 123 [R ] 21 27 137 790 1 129 5 (s) 3,344 7,614 7,562 15,176
1997 129 3,306 443 120 25 43 111 743 [R ] 1 131 6 (s) 3,503 7,795 7,897 15,693 [R ]
1998 101 3,098 428 118 31 39 85 702 [R ] 1 118 7 (s) 3,678 7,683 8,301 15,984
1999 102 3,132 438 140 27 28 73 707 1 121 7 1 [R ] 3,766 7,815 8,581 16,396
2000 86 3,261 490 151 [R ] 30 44 [R ] 92 807 1 119 8 1 3,956 8,217 8,953 17,170
2001 88 3,109 508 143 31 37 70 790 [R ] 1 91 8 1 4,063 8,131 9,006 17,137
2002 88 3,223 444 141 16 45 80 726 (s) 95 9 1 4,110 8,235 9,107 17,342
2003 83 3,271 496 157 19 60 111 842 1 100 11 1 4,090 8,384 8,951 17,335
2004 103 3,211 470 152 20 45 122 810 1 105 12 1 4,198 8,427 [R ] 9,221 17,648
2005 96 3,083 447 132 [R ] 22 46 116 762 1 104 14 2 4,351 8,397 9,423 17,820
2006 64 2,908 400 123 15 48 75 662 1 101 14 3 [R ] 4,435 8,174 9,497 17,671
2007 70 3,095 381 122 [R ] 9 60 75 648 1 101 14 4 4,560 8,480 9,730 18,210 [R ]
2008 80 3,235 384 158 4 45 71 663 1 107 15 6 4,559 8,652 9,699 18,352 [R ]
2009 73 3,199 395 139 4 52 71 661 [R ] 1 109 17 8 [R ] 4,459 8,512 9,341 17,853
2010 70 3,173 391 140 5 52 62 650 1 108 19 12 [R ] 4,539 8,557 [R ] 9,460 18,016
2011 62 3,226 391 143 [R ] 3 44 54 635 (s) 112 20 20 [R ] 4,531 8,594 [R ] 9,345 17,939 [R ]
2012 44 2,968 355 136 [R ] 1 39 31 562 (s) 106 20 33 [R ] 4,528 8,250 [R ] 9,114 17,364 [R ]
2013 41 3,391 343 152 [R ] 1 40 24 560 (s) 117 20 41 4,562 8,722 9,157 17,879
2014 40 3,584 356 160 2 54 8 581 (s) 123 20 52 4,614 9,002 9,206 18,208
2015 31 3,327 359 [R ] 148 1 376 4 889 [R ] (s) 126 20 57 4,643 9,082 [R ] 9,028 18,110 [R ]
2016 24 3,235 [R ] 325 [R ] 150 2 375 4 857 2 132 20 62 4,665 8,985 [R ] 9,001 17,987 [R ]
2017 21 3,291 322 156 1 361 4 844 2 131 20 76 4,616 8,989 8,875 17,864
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iBeginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural
gas and the other fossil fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total.
For 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
Beginning in 2009, includes a small amount of wind energy consumed by commercial utility-scale facilities.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, assumed to be propane only. jIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical
system energy losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes
for an explanation of changes in methodology.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. There is a discontinuity in this time series
between 2014 and 2015 because of coverage. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
kWh = Kilowatthours. – – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
dIncludes small amounts of petroleum coke not shown separately. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.5.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be
separately identified.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The commercial sector includes
commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data series
estimates may be affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type
of energy.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy
sources beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
hSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Excludes a small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat that is
included in the residential sector.