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Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2019, California

Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2019, California






Year



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass





Geothermal f



Solar f,h

Electricity
Retail
Sales





Net
Energy f,i



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses j






Total f,i
Distillate
Fuel Oil

HGL b

Kerosene
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total d


Wood
and
Waste f,g
Thousand
Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Thousand Barrels
Million
Kilowatthours
Million
Kilowatthours
1960 3 109 637 1,142 46 1,406 7,284 10,515 NA – – – – NA 22,039 – – – – – –
1961 2 113 584 1,156 154 1,360 7,306 10,561 NA – – – – NA 26,415 – – – – – –
1962 2 124 524 1,321 109 1,383 6,538 9,876 NA – – – – NA 28,283 – – – – – –
1963 2 125 499 1,432 73 1,427 6,284 9,715 NA – – – – NA 29,584 – – – – – –
1964 3 142 601 1,497 77 1,498 6,279 9,951 NA – – – – NA 29,663 – – – – – –
1965 5 164 560 1,541 95 1,309 6,200 9,705 NA – – – – NA 29,917 – – – – – –
1966 6 171 594 1,186 89 1,611 7,020 10,500 NA – – – – NA 32,695 – – – – – –
1967 6 185 609 1,402 183 1,544 6,018 9,758 NA – – – – NA 33,702 – – – – – –
1968 4 190 582 1,408 334 1,404 6,774 10,501 NA – – – – NA 36,822 – – – – – –
1969 44 207 611 1,539 445 1,389 6,202 10,187 NA – – – – NA 37,871 – – – – – –
1970 48 210 657 1,562 510 1,482 8,631 12,842 NA – – – – NA 40,634 – – – – – –
1971 2 240 775 1,633 542 1,477 9,407 13,834 NA – – – – NA 42,707 – – – – – –
1972 2 232 845 1,397 623 1,496 6,239 10,600 NA – – – – NA 47,471 – – – – – –
1973 0 233 1,004 1,304 408 1,565 6,998 11,279 NA – – – – NA 49,344 – – – – – –
1974 1 229 714 1,212 673 1,604 7,361 11,565 NA – – – – NA 45,950 – – – – – –
1975 0 240 647 819 650 1,622 4,377 8,115 NA – – – – NA 57,846 – – – – – –
1976 0 220 826 763 623 2,042 3,730 7,984 NA – – – – NA 60,701 – – – – – –
1977 0 228 969 698 947 2,554 4,090 9,258 NA – – – – NA 60,824 – – – – – –
1978 3 221 1,033 1,165 1,047 3,073 3,857 10,175 NA – – – – NA 61,291 – – – – – –
1979 3 258 1,415 1,511 243 2,500 4,031 9,700 NA – – – – NA 62,835 – – – – – –
1980 3 258 3,225 1,487 222 1,795 6,811 13,540 NA – – – – NA 63,465 – – – – – –
1981 2 237 3,733 1,328 552 1,560 11,415 18,588 NA – – – – NA 67,831 – – – – – –
1982 2 236 4,397 1,342 324 1,449 5,491 13,003 NA – – – – NA 66,415 – – – – – –
1983 2 216 6,850 1,585 114 1,733 537 10,818 NA – – – – NA 62,924 – – – – – –
1984 28 192 8,030 1,334 229 1,511 1,354 12,458 NA – – – – NA 71,379 – – – – – –
1985 41 205 3,416 1,618 353 1,759 35 7,181 NA – – – – NA 73,592 – – – – – –
1986 0 183 5,736 1,244 112 1,755 962 9,810 NA – – – – NA 74,727 – – – – – –
1987 (s) 213 5,831 1,588 168 2,522 948 11,057 NA – – – – NA 77,783 – – – – – –
1988 5 248 5,877 1,753 88 1,773 823 10,314 NA – – – – NA 80,737 – – – – – –
1989 9 259 4,669 1,895 41 1,783 745 9,134 0 – – – – 12 83,921 – – – – – –
1990 20 285 4,094 1,739 19 1,928 882 8,661 7 – – – – 14 88,311 – – – – – –
1991 36 288 4,428 2,102 23 1,647 759 8,959 7 – – – – 16 86,098 – – – – – –
1992 (s) 285 2,274 1,452 20 1,485 42 5,274 7 – – – – 17 87,849 – – – – – –
1993 116 250 2,360 1,522 19 262 18 4,181 12 – – – – 19 86,544 – – – – – –
1994 141 262 2,328 1,498 12 226 8 4,072 4 – – – – 21 84,529 – – – – – –
1995 116 279 3,164 1,477 27 236 4 4,907 4 – – – – 24 86,032 – – – – – –
1996 156 235 2,559 1,233 69 231 12 4,105 11 – – – – 28 88,605 – – – – – –
1997 97 254 2,487 1,114 41 233 2 3,878 5 – – – – 31 92,299 – – – – – –
1998 103 282 2,657 1,842 63 250 59 4,871 12 – – – – 35 99,067 – – – – – –
1999 24 245 2,745 1,727 29 236 0 4,737 11 – – – – 41 95,771 – – – – – –
2000 21 246 3,104 1,611 52 237 1 5,005 8 – – – – 47 99,900 – – – – – –
2001 (s) 246 2,838 1,106 63 246 27 4,280 0 – – – – 56 107,390 – – – – – –
2002 (s) 238 2,190 1,287 27 253 0 3,758 0 – – – – 67 108,972 – – – – – –
2003 (s) 233 1,796 2,179 47 262 0 4,284 1 – – – – 78 109,578 – – – – – –
2004 8 232 1,663 3,076 72 271 0 5,082 (s) – – – – 97 118,953 – – – – – –
2005 18 233 1,968 2,416 59 274 0 4,717 5 – – – – 145 117,551 – – – – – –
2006 1 244 1,481 1,792 54 285 0 3,613 7 – – – – 193 121,255 – – – – – –
2007 0 251 1,834 2,014 31 280 0 4,158 13 – – – – 256 123,690 – – – – – –
2008 0 251 2,847 2,600 14 277 0 5,738 0 – – – – 393 125,026 – – – – – –
2009 0 248 3,511 2,077 20 268 0 5,876 (s) – – – – 461 121,105 – – – – – –
2010 0 248 4,724 2,246 33 263 0 7,266 7 – – – – 557 121,152 – – – – – –
2011 0 246 4,191 2,194 25 260 0 6,670 5 – – – – 704 122,781 – – – – – –
2012 0 253 3,768 2,228 9 256 0 6,260 3 – – – – 1,021 121,792 – – – – – –
2013 0 255 3,492 2,118 8 268 0 5,885 5 – – – – 1,148 116,858 – – – – – –
2014 0 238 3,346 2,531 9 257 1 6,143 4 – – – – 1,436 119,494 – – – – – –
2015 0 236 3,641 2,083 8 10,019 1 15,753 3 – – – – 1,543 118,384 – – – – – –
2016 0 237 3,674 2,856 14 10,049 1 16,594 12 – – – – 1,825 116,775 – – – – – –
2017 0 237 3,736 2,863 10 10,190 0 16,800 19 – – – – 2,455 117,682 – – – – – –
2018 0 248 3,608 3,262 8 10,377 0 17,254 11 – – – – 3,336 115,786 – – – – – –
2019 0 256 3,477 3,458 8 10,457 0 17,400 14 – – – – 3,778 114,279 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 0.1 112.7 3.7 4.4 0.3 7.4 45.8 61.5 NA 0.5 NA NA 75.2 250.0 186.0 435.9
1961 0.1 116.7 3.4 4.4 0.9 7.1 45.9 61.8 NA 0.5 NA NA 90.1 269.2 219.0 488.2
1962 0.1 128.7 3.1 5.1 0.6 7.3 41.1 57.1 NA 0.4 NA NA 96.5 282.8 231.8 514.6
1963 (s) 134.1 2.9 5.5 0.4 7.5 39.5 55.8 NA 0.4 NA NA 100.9 291.4 241.3 532.7
1964 0.1 152.0 3.5 5.7 0.4 7.9 39.5 57.0 NA 0.4 NA NA 101.2 310.8 240.5 551.3
1965 0.1 175.5 3.3 5.9 0.5 6.9 39.0 55.6 NA 0.4 NA NA 102.1 333.6 243.7 577.3
1966 0.1 183.3 3.5 4.6 0.5 8.5 44.1 61.1 NA 0.4 NA NA 111.6 356.5 267.4 623.8
1967 0.1 197.9 3.5 5.4 1.0 8.1 37.8 55.9 NA 0.4 NA NA 115.0 369.4 274.7 644.1
1968 0.1 203.0 3.4 5.4 1.9 7.4 42.6 60.7 NA 0.4 NA NA 125.6 389.8 299.7 689.6
1969 1.0 221.1 3.6 5.9 2.5 7.3 39.0 58.3 NA 0.4 NA NA 129.2 410.1 308.2 718.3
1970 1.1 221.3 3.8 6.0 2.9 7.8 54.3 74.8 NA 0.5 NA NA 138.6 436.2 335.4 771.6
1971 (s) 252.6 4.5 6.3 3.1 7.8 59.1 80.8 NA 0.5 NA NA 145.7 479.6 351.4 831.0
1972 (s) 243.3 4.9 5.4 3.5 7.9 39.2 60.9 NA 0.5 NA NA 162.0 466.7 387.8 854.5
1973 0.0 244.5 5.9 5.0 2.3 8.2 44.0 65.4 NA 0.4 NA NA 168.4 478.7 399.5 878.2
1974 (s) 241.4 4.2 4.7 3.8 8.4 46.3 67.3 NA 0.4 NA NA 156.8 466.0 379.1 845.1
1975 0.0 253.7 3.8 3.1 3.7 8.5 27.5 46.6 NA 0.5 NA NA 197.4 498.2 473.4 971.6
1976 0.0 231.1 4.8 2.9 3.5 10.7 23.4 45.5 NA 0.6 NA NA 207.1 484.3 495.6 979.8
1977 0.0 239.0 5.6 2.7 5.4 13.4 25.7 52.8 NA 0.6 NA NA 207.5 500.0 496.0 996.0
1978 0.1 232.9 6.0 4.5 5.9 16.1 24.2 56.8 NA 0.7 NA NA 209.1 499.6 506.4 1,006.0
1979 0.1 270.9 8.2 5.8 1.4 13.1 25.3 53.9 NA 0.8 NA NA 214.4 540.0 511.8 1,051.8
1980 0.1 269.4 18.8 5.7 1.3 9.4 42.8 78.0 NA 1.3 NA NA 216.5 565.3 520.2 1,085.5
1981 (s) 247.4 21.7 5.1 3.1 8.2 71.8 109.9 NA 1.6 NA NA 231.4 590.4 542.0 1,132.3
1982 (s) 247.3 25.6 5.2 1.8 7.6 34.5 74.7 NA 1.3 NA NA 226.6 550.1 535.8 1,085.9
1983 (s) 224.7 39.9 6.1 0.6 9.1 3.4 59.1 NA 1.6 NA NA 214.7 500.3 504.9 1,005.2
1984 0.6 199.1 46.8 5.1 1.3 7.9 8.5 69.6 NA 2.0 NA NA 243.5 514.9 555.4 1,070.3
1985 1.0 212.9 19.9 6.2 2.0 9.2 0.2 37.6 NA 2.2 NA NA 251.1 504.8 575.1 1,079.9
1986 0.0 189.5 33.4 4.8 0.6 9.2 6.0 54.1 NA 2.4 NA NA 255.0 501.0 572.0 1,073.0
1987 (s) 218.4 34.0 6.1 1.0 13.2 6.0 60.2 NA 3.8 NA NA 265.4 547.9 587.4 1,135.3
1988 0.1 255.5 34.2 6.7 0.5 9.3 5.2 56.0 NA 4.2 NA NA 275.5 591.3 609.9 1,201.2
1989 0.2 269.4 27.2 7.3 0.2 9.4 4.7 48.8 0.0 9.7 0.3 0.1 286.3 614.8 661.0 1,275.8
1990 0.5 294.2 23.8 6.7 0.1 10.1 5.5 46.3 0.1 8.4 0.3 0.1 301.3 651.2 659.6 1,310.8
1991 0.8 295.2 25.8 8.1 0.1 8.7 4.8 47.4 0.1 8.7 0.3 0.2 293.8 646.5 651.4 1,298.0
1992 (s) 292.6 13.2 5.6 0.1 7.8 0.3 27.0 0.1 9.2 0.3 0.2 299.7 629.1 661.6 1,290.7
1993 2.7 259.8 13.7 5.8 0.1 1.4 0.1 21.2 0.1 8.8 0.3 0.2 295.3 588.4 649.5 1,237.9
1994 3.3 267.0 13.6 5.8 0.1 1.2 (s) 20.6 (s) 9.2 0.3 0.2 288.4 589.1 623.4 1,212.5
1995 2.7 281.8 18.4 5.7 0.2 1.2 (s) 25.5 (s) 11.4 0.4 0.3 293.5 615.6 641.6 1,257.2
1996 3.6 243.1 14.9 4.7 0.4 1.2 0.1 21.3 0.1 11.2 0.5 0.3 302.3 582.5 662.4 1,244.9
1997 2.2 258.3 14.5 4.3 0.2 1.2 (s) 20.2 0.1 9.8 0.5 0.3 314.9 606.4 695.0 1,301.3
1998 2.4 298.1 15.5 7.1 0.4 1.3 0.4 24.6 0.1 8.6 0.7 0.4 338.0 672.8 754.8 1,427.6
1999 0.6 248.3 16.0 6.6 0.2 1.2 0.0 24.0 0.1 9.0 0.5 0.4 326.8 609.7 734.9 1,344.6
2000 0.5 235.7 18.1 6.2 0.3 1.2 (s) 25.8 0.1 10.8 0.6 0.5 340.9 614.7 739.6 1,354.3
2001 (s) 249.6 16.5 4.2 0.4 1.3 0.2 22.6 0.0 9.1 0.6 0.6 366.4 648.9 794.8 1,443.7
2002 (s) 242.9 12.7 4.9 0.2 1.3 0.0 19.2 0.0 9.9 0.7 0.7 371.8 645.1 808.6 1,453.6
2003 (s) 237.6 10.5 8.4 0.3 1.4 0.0 20.4 (s) 10.9 0.7 0.8 373.9 644.3 778.2 1,422.5
2004 0.2 236.2 9.7 11.8 0.4 1.4 0.0 23.3 (s) 11.0 0.7 1.0 405.9 678.2 857.5 1,535.7
2005 0.4 238.5 11.5 9.3 0.3 1.4 0.0 22.5 0.1 9.6 0.7 1.4 401.1 674.3 810.3 1,484.6
2006 (s) 250.0 8.6 6.9 0.3 1.5 0.0 17.3 0.1 10.4 0.7 1.9 413.7 694.1 827.1 1,521.2
2007 0.0 258.4 10.6 7.7 0.2 1.4 0.0 20.0 0.1 9.4 0.6 2.5 422.0 713.1 822.9 1,536.1
2008 0.0 258.0 16.5 10.0 0.1 1.4 0.0 27.9 0.0 9.5 0.5 3.9 426.6 726.4 845.7 1,572.1
2009 0.0 254.5 20.3 8.0 0.1 1.4 0.0 29.7 (s) 10.6 0.6 4.5 413.2 713.0 801.2 1,514.2
2010 0.0 253.3 27.3 8.6 0.2 1.3 0.0 37.4 0.1 10.5 0.6 5.4 413.4 720.6 789.8 1,510.4
2011 0.0 250.9 24.2 8.4 0.1 1.3 0.0 34.1 (s) 17.4 0.7 6.8 418.9 728.8 809.5 1,538.3
2012 0.0 258.3 21.7 8.6 (s) 1.3 0.0 31.6 (s) 16.8 0.6 9.7 415.6 732.6 756.3 1,489.0
2013 0.0 261.5 20.1 8.1 (s) 1.4 0.0 29.7 0.1 17.4 0.6 11.0 398.7 719.0 711.5 1,430.4
2014 0.0 244.4 19.3 9.7 0.1 1.3 (s) 30.4 (s) 17.3 0.6 13.7 407.7 714.2 718.5 1,432.7
2015 0.0 244.5 21.0 8.0 (s) 50.7 (s) 79.7 (s) 14.8 0.6 14.4 403.9 758.0 704.7 1,462.8
2016 0.0 245.3 21.1 11.0 0.1 50.8 (s) 83.0 0.1 14.3 0.6 16.8 398.4 758.7 699.7 [R ] 1,458.4 [R ]
2017 0.0 245.8 21.5 11.0 0.1 51.5 0.0 84.1 0.2 13.1 0.6 22.6 401.5 767.9 705.2 1,473.1
2018 0.0 256.3 20.8 12.5 (s) 52.4 0.0 85.8 0.1 13.1 0.6 30.4 395.1 781.4 729.0 [R ] 1,510.4 [R ]
2019 0.0 264.7 20.0 13.3 (s) 52.8 0.0 86.2 0.1 13.0 0.6 33.6 389.9 788.2 679.8 1,468.1
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iBeginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and
the other fossil fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total. For 1981 through
1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column. Beginning in 2009, includes
a small amount of wind energy consumed by commercial utility-scale facilities.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, assumed to be propane only. jIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical system energy
losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for an explanation of
changes in methodology.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. There is a discontinuity in this time series between 2014
and 2015 because of coverage. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
– – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
dIncludes small amounts of petroleum coke not shown separately. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Physical unit value less than 0.5 or Btu value less than 0.05.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be separately
identified.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The commercial sector includes commercial
combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be
affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources
beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
hSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Excludes a small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat that is included in the
residential sector.