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Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2015, California

Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2015, California






Year



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass





Geothermal f



Solar f,h

Retail
Electricity
Sales





Net
Energy f,i



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses j






Total f,i
Distillate
Fuel Oil

Kerosene

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total d


Wood
and
Waste f,g
Thousand
Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Thousand Barrels
Million
Kilowatthours
Million
Kilowatthours
1960 3 109 637 46 1,142 1,406 7,284 10,515 NA – – – – NA 22,039 – – – – – –
1961 2 113 584 154 1,156 1,360 7,306 10,561 NA – – – – NA 26,415 – – – – – –
1962 2 124 524 109 1,321 1,383 6,538 9,876 NA – – – – NA 28,283 – – – – – –
1963 2 125 499 73 1,432 1,427 6,284 9,715 NA – – – – NA 29,584 – – – – – –
1964 3 142 601 77 1,497 1,498 6,279 9,951 NA – – – – NA 29,663 – – – – – –
1965 5 164 560 95 1,541 1,309 6,200 9,705 NA – – – – NA 29,917 – – – – – –
1966 6 171 594 89 1,186 1,611 7,020 10,500 NA – – – – NA 32,695 – – – – – –
1967 6 185 609 183 1,402 1,544 6,018 9,758 NA – – – – NA 33,702 – – – – – –
1968 4 190 582 334 1,408 1,404 6,774 10,501 NA – – – – NA 36,822 – – – – – –
1969 44 207 611 445 1,539 1,389 6,202 10,187 NA – – – – NA 37,871 – – – – – –
1970 48 210 657 510 1,562 1,482 8,631 12,842 NA – – – – NA 40,634 – – – – – –
1971 2 240 775 542 1,633 1,477 9,407 13,834 NA – – – – NA 42,707 – – – – – –
1972 2 232 845 623 1,397 1,496 6,239 10,600 NA – – – – NA 47,471 – – – – – –
1973 0 233 1,004 408 1,304 1,565 6,998 11,279 NA – – – – NA 49,344 – – – – – –
1974 1 229 714 673 1,212 1,604 7,361 11,565 NA – – – – NA 45,950 – – – – – –
1975 0 240 647 650 819 1,622 4,377 8,115 NA – – – – NA 57,846 – – – – – –
1976 0 220 826 623 763 2,042 3,730 7,984 NA – – – – NA 60,701 – – – – – –
1977 0 228 969 947 698 2,554 4,090 9,258 NA – – – – NA 60,824 – – – – – –
1978 3 221 1,033 1,047 1,165 3,073 3,857 10,175 NA – – – – NA 61,291 – – – – – –
1979 3 258 1,415 243 1,511 2,500 4,031 9,700 NA – – – – NA 62,835 – – – – – –
1980 3 258 3,225 222 1,487 1,795 6,811 13,540 NA – – – – NA 63,465 – – – – – –
1981 2 237 3,733 552 1,328 1,560 11,415 18,588 NA – – – – NA 67,831 – – – – – –
1982 2 236 4,397 324 1,342 1,449 5,491 13,003 NA – – – – NA 66,415 – – – – – –
1983 2 216 6,850 114 1,585 1,733 537 10,818 NA – – – – NA 62,924 – – – – – –
1984 28 192 8,030 229 1,334 1,511 1,354 12,458 NA – – – – NA 71,379 – – – – – –
1985 41 205 3,416 353 1,618 1,759 35 7,181 NA – – – – NA 73,592 – – – – – –
1986 0 183 5,736 112 1,244 1,755 962 9,810 NA – – – – NA 74,727 – – – – – –
1987 (s) 213 5,831 168 1,588 2,522 948 11,057 NA – – – – NA 77,783 – – – – – –
1988 5 248 5,877 88 1,753 1,773 823 10,314 NA – – – – NA 80,737 – – – – – –
1989 9 259 4,669 41 1,895 1,783 745 9,134 0 – – – – 12 [R ] 83,921 – – – – – –
1990 20 285 4,094 19 1,739 1,928 882 8,661 7 – – – – 13 [R ] 88,311 – – – – – –
1991 36 288 4,428 23 2,102 1,647 759 8,959 7 – – – – 15 [R ] 86,098 – – – – – –
1992 (s) 285 2,274 20 1,452 1,485 42 5,274 7 – – – – 16 [R ] 87,849 – – – – – –
1993 116 250 2,360 19 1,522 262 18 4,181 12 – – – – 18 [R ] 86,544 – – – – – –
1994 141 262 2,328 12 1,498 226 8 4,072 4 – – – – 20 [R ] 84,529 – – – – – –
1995 116 279 3,164 27 1,477 236 4 4,907 4 – – – – 23 [R ] 86,032 – – – – – –
1996 156 235 2,559 69 1,233 231 12 4,105 11 – – – – 26 [R ] 88,605 – – – – – –
1997 97 254 2,487 41 1,114 233 2 3,878 5 – – – – 30 [R ] 92,299 – – – – – –
1998 103 282 2,657 63 1,842 250 59 4,871 12 – – – – 33 [R ] 99,067 – – – – – –
1999 24 245 2,745 29 1,727 236 0 4,737 11 – – – – 39 [R ] 95,771 – – – – – –
2000 21 246 3,104 52 1,611 237 1 5,005 8 – – – – 44 [R ] 99,900 – – – – – –
2001 (s) 246 2,838 63 1,106 246 27 4,280 0 – – – – 53 [R ] 107,390 – – – – – –
2002 (s) 238 2,190 27 1,287 253 0 3,758 0 – – – – 63 [R ] 108,972 – – – – – –
2003 (s) 233 1,796 47 2,179 262 0 4,284 1 – – – – 74 [R ] 109,578 – – – – – –
2004 8 232 1,663 72 3,076 271 0 5,082 (s) – – – – 91 [R ] 118,953 – – – – – –
2005 18 233 1,968 59 2,416 274 0 4,717 5 – – – – 137 [R ] 117,551 – – – – – –
2006 1 244 1,481 54 1,792 285 0 3,613 7 – – – – 183 [R ] 121,255 – – – – – –
2007 0 251 1,834 31 2,014 280 0 4,158 13 – – – – 242 [R ] 123,690 – – – – – –
2008 0 251 2,847 14 2,600 277 0 5,738 0 – – – – 372 [R ] 125,026 – – – – – –
2009 0 248 3,511 20 2,077 268 0 5,876 (s) – – – – 437 [R ] 121,105 – – – – – –
2010 0 248 4,724 33 2,252 263 0 7,272 7 – – – – 527 [R ] 121,152 – – – – – –
2011 0 246 4,191 25 2,167 260 0 6,643 5 – – – – 668 [R ] 122,781 – – – – – –
2012 0 253 3,768 9 2,269 256 0 6,301 3 – – – – 969 [R ] 121,792 – – – – – –
2013 0 255 3,492 8 2,154 268 0 5,922 5 – – – – 1,150 [R ] 116,858 – – – – – –
2014 0 238 3,346 9 2,393 257 [R ] 1 6,005 [R ] 4 – – – – 1,436 [R ] 119,494 – – – – – –
2015 0 236 3,641 8 1,973 10,031 1 15,653 3 – – – – 1,543 118,384 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 0.1 112.7 3.7 0.3 4.4 7.4 45.8 61.5 NA 0.5 NA NA 75.2 249.9 186.0 435.9
1961 0.1 116.7 3.4 0.9 4.4 7.1 45.9 61.8 NA 0.5 NA NA 90.1 269.2 219.0 488.2
1962 0.1 128.7 3.1 0.6 5.1 7.3 41.1 57.1 NA 0.4 NA NA 96.5 282.8 231.8 514.6
1963 (s) 134.1 2.9 0.4 5.5 7.5 39.5 55.8 NA 0.4 NA NA 100.9 291.4 241.3 532.7
1964 0.1 152.0 3.5 0.4 5.7 7.9 39.5 57.0 NA 0.4 NA NA 101.2 310.8 240.5 551.3
1965 0.1 175.5 3.3 0.5 5.9 6.9 39.0 55.6 NA 0.4 NA NA 102.1 333.6 243.7 577.3
1966 0.1 183.3 3.5 0.5 4.6 8.5 44.1 61.1 NA 0.4 NA NA 111.6 356.5 267.4 623.8
1967 0.1 197.9 3.5 1.0 5.4 8.1 37.8 55.9 NA 0.4 NA NA 115.0 369.4 274.7 644.1
1968 0.1 203.0 3.4 1.9 5.4 7.4 42.6 60.6 NA 0.4 NA NA 125.6 389.8 299.7 689.6
1969 1.0 221.1 3.6 2.5 5.9 7.3 39.0 58.3 NA 0.4 NA NA 129.2 410.1 308.2 718.3
1970 1.1 221.3 3.8 2.9 6.0 7.8 54.3 74.8 NA 0.5 NA NA 138.6 436.2 335.4 771.6
1971 (s) 252.6 4.5 3.1 6.3 7.8 59.1 80.8 NA 0.5 NA NA 145.7 479.6 351.4 831.0
1972 (s) 243.3 4.9 3.5 5.4 7.9 39.2 60.9 NA 0.5 NA NA 162.0 466.7 387.8 854.5
1973 0.0 244.5 5.9 2.3 5.0 8.2 44.0 65.4 NA 0.4 NA NA 168.4 478.7 399.5 878.2
1974 (s) 241.4 4.2 3.8 4.6 8.4 46.3 67.3 NA 0.4 NA NA 156.8 466.0 379.1 845.1
1975 0.0 253.7 3.8 3.7 3.1 8.5 27.5 46.6 NA 0.5 NA NA 197.4 498.2 473.4 971.6
1976 0.0 231.1 4.8 3.5 2.9 10.7 23.4 45.4 NA 0.6 NA NA 207.1 484.2 495.6 979.8
1977 0.0 239.0 5.6 5.4 2.7 13.4 25.7 52.8 NA 0.6 NA NA 207.5 499.9 496.0 996.0
1978 0.1 232.9 6.0 5.9 4.5 16.1 24.2 56.8 NA 0.7 NA NA 209.1 499.5 506.4 1,006.0
1979 0.1 270.9 8.2 1.4 5.8 13.1 25.3 53.9 NA 0.8 NA NA 214.4 540.0 511.8 1,051.8
1980 0.1 269.4 18.8 1.3 5.7 9.4 42.8 78.0 NA 1.3 NA NA 216.5 565.3 520.2 1,085.5
1981 (s) 247.4 21.7 3.1 5.1 8.2 71.8 109.9 NA 1.6 NA NA 231.4 590.4 542.0 1,132.3
1982 (s) 247.3 25.6 1.8 5.1 7.6 34.5 74.7 NA 1.3 NA NA 226.6 550.1 535.8 1,085.9
1983 (s) 224.7 39.9 0.6 6.1 9.1 3.4 59.1 NA 1.6 NA NA 214.7 500.2 504.9 1,005.2
1984 0.6 199.1 46.8 1.3 5.1 7.9 8.5 69.6 NA 2.0 NA NA 243.5 514.9 555.4 1,070.3
1985 1.0 212.9 19.9 2.0 6.2 9.2 0.2 37.6 NA 2.2 NA NA 251.1 504.8 575.1 1,079.8
1986 0.0 189.5 33.4 0.6 4.8 9.2 6.0 54.1 NA 2.4 NA NA 255.0 501.0 572.0 1,073.0
1987 (s) 218.4 34.0 1.0 6.1 13.2 6.0 60.2 NA 3.8 NA NA 265.4 547.9 587.4 1,135.3
1988 0.1 255.5 34.2 0.5 6.7 9.3 5.2 55.9 NA 4.2 NA NA 275.5 591.3 609.9 1,201.2
1989 0.2 269.4 27.2 0.2 7.3 9.4 4.7 48.8 0.0 9.7 0.3 0.1 [R ] 286.3 614.8 [R ] 661.0 1,275.8 [R ]
1990 0.5 294.2 23.8 0.1 6.7 10.1 5.5 46.3 0.1 8.4 0.3 0.1 [R ] 301.3 651.2 [R ] 661.4 1,312.7 [R ]
1991 0.8 295.2 25.8 0.1 8.1 8.7 4.8 47.4 0.1 8.7 0.3 0.2 [R ] 293.8 646.5 [R ] 658.0 1,304.5 [R ]
1992 (s) 292.6 13.2 0.1 5.6 7.8 0.3 27.0 0.1 9.2 0.3 0.2 [R ] 299.7 629.1 [R ] 661.9 1,291.0 [R ]
1993 2.7 259.8 13.7 0.1 5.8 1.4 0.1 21.2 0.1 8.8 0.3 0.2 [R ] 295.3 588.4 [R ] 652.9 1,241.3 [R ]
1994 3.3 267.0 13.6 0.1 5.7 1.2 (s) 20.6 (s) 9.2 0.3 0.2 [R ] 288.4 589.1 [R ] 623.6 1,212.7 [R ]
1995 2.7 281.8 18.4 0.2 5.7 1.2 (s) 25.5 (s) 11.4 0.4 0.2 [R ] 293.5 615.6 [R ] 642.3 1,257.9 [R ]
1996 3.6 243.1 14.9 0.4 4.7 1.2 0.1 21.3 0.1 11.2 0.5 0.3 [R ] 302.3 582.5 [R ] 669.3 1,251.7 [R ]
1997 2.2 258.3 14.5 0.2 4.3 1.2 (s) 20.2 0.1 9.8 0.5 0.3 [R ] 314.9 606.3 [R ] 699.2 1,305.6 [R ]
1998 2.4 298.1 15.5 0.4 7.1 1.3 0.4 24.6 0.1 8.6 0.7 0.3 [R ] 338.0 672.8 [R ] 765.1 1,437.9 [R ]
1999 0.6 248.3 16.0 0.2 6.6 1.2 0.0 24.0 0.1 9.0 0.5 0.4 [R ] 326.8 609.7 [R ] 755.6 1,365.3 [R ]
2000 0.5 235.7 18.1 0.3 6.2 1.2 (s) 25.8 0.1 10.8 0.6 0.4 [R ] 340.9 614.7 [R ] 751.1 1,365.7 [R ]
2001 (s) 249.6 16.5 0.4 4.2 1.3 0.2 22.6 0.0 9.1 0.6 0.6 [R ] 366.4 648.8 [R ] 810.7 1,459.6 [R ]
2002 (s) 242.9 12.7 0.2 4.9 1.3 0.0 19.2 0.0 9.9 0.7 0.6 [R ] 371.8 645.0 [R ] 829.4 1,474.4 [R ]
2003 (s) 237.6 10.5 0.3 8.4 1.4 0.0 20.4 (s) 10.9 0.7 0.7 [R ] 373.9 644.2 [R ] 798.0 1,442.2 [R ]
2004 0.2 236.2 9.7 0.4 11.8 1.4 0.0 23.3 (s) 11.0 0.7 0.9 [R ] 405.9 678.1 [R ] 878.1 1,556.2 [R ]
2005 0.4 238.5 11.5 0.3 9.3 1.4 0.0 22.5 0.1 9.6 0.7 1.4 [R ] 401.1 674.2 [R ] 817.1 1,491.3 [R ]
2006 (s) 250.0 8.6 0.3 6.9 1.5 0.0 17.3 0.1 10.4 0.7 1.8 [R ] 413.7 694.0 [R ] 846.9 1,540.8 [R ]
2007 0.0 258.4 10.6 0.2 7.7 1.4 0.0 19.9 0.1 9.4 0.6 2.4 [R ] 422.0 713.0 [R ] 822.9 1,535.9 [R ]
2008 0.0 258.0 16.5 0.1 10.0 1.4 0.0 27.9 0.0 9.5 0.5 3.7 [R ] 426.6 726.2 [R ] 846.2 1,572.4 [R ]
2009 0.0 254.5 20.3 0.1 8.0 1.4 0.0 29.7 (s) 10.6 0.6 4.3 [R ] 413.2 712.8 [R ] 801.1 1,514.0 [R ]
2010 0.0 253.3 27.3 0.2 8.6 1.3 0.0 37.5 0.1 10.5 0.6 5.1 [R ] 413.4 720.4 [R ] 789.8 1,510.1 [R ]
2011 0.0 250.9 24.2 0.1 8.3 1.3 0.0 34.0 (s) 17.4 0.7 6.5 [R ] 418.9 728.3 [R ] 809.5 1,537.9 [R ]
2012 0.0 258.3 21.7 [R ] (s) 8.7 1.3 0.0 31.8 (s) 16.8 0.6 9.2 [R ] 415.6 732.3 [R ] 757.5 [R ] 1,489.8 [R ]
2013 0.0 261.5 [R ] 20.1 [R ] (s) 8.3 1.4 0.0 29.8 0.1 17.4 0.6 11.0 [R ] 398.7 719.1 [R ] 706.1 1,425.2 [R ]
2014 0.0 244.4 [R ] 19.3 0.1 9.2 1.3 (s) 29.8 [R ] (s) 17.3 [R ] 0.6 13.7 [R ] 407.7 713.6 [R ] 718.5 1,432.1 [R ]
2015 0.0 244.5 21.0 (s) 7.6 50.8 (s) 79.4 (s) 17.3 0.6 14.4 403.9 760.2 704.7 1,464.9
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
Beginning in 2009, includes small amount of wind energy consumed by commercial utility-scale facilities. Beginning in 1980,
adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and the other fossil fuels from
which they are mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total.
bLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. jIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical system
energy losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for an explanation
of changes in methodology.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. There is a discontinuity between 2014 and 2015 because
of coverage.
– – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
dIncludes small amounts of petroleum coke not shown separately. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Physical unit value less than 0.5 or Btu value less than 0.05.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be
separately identified.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The commercial sector includes commercial
combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be
affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources
beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
hSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Excludes small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat that is included in the
residential sector.