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State Profiles and Energy Estimates

Table E2. Total End-Use Energy Price Estimates, 2018
(Dollars per Million Btu)

Table E2. Total End-Use Energy Price Estimates, 2018 (Dollars per Million Btu)





State
Primary Energy


Electricity
Retail
Sales



Total
Energy h,i



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total h,i
Distillate
Fuel Oil b

HGL c

Jet Fuel d
Motor
Gasoline e
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other f

Total
Wood and
Waste g
Alabama 3.92 6.22 20.70 22.12 15.39 20.40 9.08 26.54 20.47 2.83 13.19 28.27 16.71
Alaska 7.80 10.49 23.50 22.62 16.23 30.73 11.74 28.88 21.34 10.24 19.29 56.80 22.12
Arizona 2.88 10.39 21.93 25.05 15.93 24.72 22.88 23.53 11.45 21.49 31.80 24.44
Arkansas 3.10 7.92 20.78 19.22 15.50 20.64 22.44 20.61 3.07 14.65 22.83 16.46
California 3.53 8.79 26.79 25.39 15.67 28.09 14.93 28.81 24.72 4.54 19.96 48.69 24.29
Colorado 2.69 6.35 21.18 21.39 15.81 22.33 25.84 21.38 11.63 15.86 29.41 18.46
Connecticut 10.27 21.37 30.11 16.27 23.42 13.36 22.65 22.74 6.44 18.83 53.97 24.93
Delaware 10.39 21.44 24.94 15.86 22.91 10.21 22.80 22.68 5.76 18.16 31.12 21.02
Dist. of Col. 4.47 10.60 20.90 22.80 24.09 15.19 22.26 0.67 14.89 35.27 23.57
Florida 4.55 9.14 21.77 25.61 15.47 20.92 12.71 27.90 20.45 2.40 18.38 30.23 21.74
Georgia 4.07 8.57 20.78 23.01 15.50 20.20 13.41 22.74 20.35 2.82 15.38 28.19 18.56
Hawaii 34.29 28.40 21.82 15.79 30.74 11.54 25.83 21.97 0.71 21.73 85.59 31.29
Idaho 2.34 5.31 23.05 22.52 16.10 24.20 9.92 23.80 23.38 5.29 16.60 23.95 18.17
Illinois 3.06 7.05 23.03 12.74 15.88 21.72 10.63 27.13 20.91 5.77 14.31 28.33 16.81
Indiana 4.44 6.57 22.18 19.73 15.47 20.98 9.32 21.49 20.83 4.67 12.94 28.68 15.85
Iowa 2.17 5.89 20.88 11.94 15.64 21.34 11.12 23.70 19.59 4.25 12.36 26.13 14.62
Kansas 2.36 6.71 21.14 17.56 15.64 21.20 11.17 29.47 21.05 3.88 14.92 31.68 18.32
Kentucky 3.43 6.46 21.72 13.93 15.44 21.70 11.12 14.79 19.83 3.87 15.74 25.06 17.92
Louisiana 5.40 3.90 20.59 11.12 15.19 20.51 6.08 18.04 15.98 2.64 10.50 23.40 11.75
Maine 5.52 10.68 21.06 24.96 16.27 23.28 12.69 24.77 22.24 3.85 17.03 39.38 20.10
Maryland 2.47 10.10 22.18 28.24 15.86 23.02 10.98 24.64 22.83 4.16 18.66 33.90 22.28
Massachusetts 5.73 13.19 21.23 31.38 16.27 23.06 9.54 25.60 22.17 5.45 18.95 54.23 24.90
Michigan 4.66 6.96 21.96 20.60 15.64 21.21 8.00 21.37 21.04 4.05 14.15 33.46 17.50
Minnesota 2.64 6.52 21.83 16.67 15.50 21.92 11.21 23.18 21.31 3.93 14.51 30.55 17.39
Mississippi 6.28 20.76 22.31 15.18 20.47 9.60 24.23 19.61 2.83 15.18 27.28 17.68
Missouri 2.22 8.47 20.89 17.16 15.64 20.71 10.93 23.35 20.58 7.66 16.73 29.10 19.61
Montana 2.27 6.71 22.99 20.22 16.10 24.09 16.68 22.49 10.35 16.87 26.65 18.57
Nebraska 1.54 5.56 21.61 15.08 15.64 21.93 11.07 25.76 21.40 5.23 14.22 26.45 16.53
Nevada 3.24 7.13 21.71 23.86 15.90 25.74 23.96 23.33 11.46 18.67 25.42 20.38
New Hampshire 12.07 19.78 26.55 16.27 22.60 12.57 25.10 22.10 5.94 19.77 49.87 24.54
New Jersey 8.62 21.69 28.84 15.76 22.19 11.92 24.27 20.65 3.32 16.49 38.86 19.98
New Mexico 2.73 6.27 21.76 22.22 15.50 21.30 29.33 21.70 11.85 18.10 27.57 19.95
New York 4.48 9.77 21.88 30.04 16.00 22.23 10.03 21.24 21.23 4.86 16.32 43.46 21.15
North Carolina 3.84 8.21 21.49 24.20 15.50 21.76 10.10 23.18 21.74 3.17 17.64 27.12 20.30
North Dakota 1.25 4.41 20.94 15.08 15.64 22.66 24.85 21.10 4.39 12.48 26.16 14.77
Ohio 4.22 7.00 21.87 24.89 15.82 21.50 11.03 23.75 21.54 4.12 14.57 29.24 17.57
Oklahoma 3.49 4.71 20.70 17.75 15.64 20.76 10.96 34.32 20.72 2.81 14.25 23.91 16.22
Oregon 3.35 7.23 23.09 21.03 16.13 26.40 11.25 25.46 24.37 5.38 18.53 25.93 20.32
Pennsylvania 4.06 9.51 22.14 26.27 15.86 23.52 10.56 24.14 22.55 4.40 16.31 29.70 18.95
Rhode Island 13.35 21.11 31.89 16.27 23.22 11.82 18.95 22.20 6.50 19.17 53.05 24.73
South Carolina 3.75 7.22 20.65 25.56 15.50 20.48 10.21 20.18 20.17 2.84 15.99 28.31 19.24
South Dakota 2.20 5.33 21.61 15.67 15.64 22.08 10.96 26.89 21.57 8.34 14.89 29.21 17.44
Tennessee 3.17 6.65 21.38 20.55 15.64 21.06 11.22 23.76 20.75 3.12 15.74 28.15 18.74
Texas 4.30 4.56 20.60 11.81 15.61 20.44 8.10 20.31 16.69 2.25 13.71 25.16 15.31
Utah 2.33 7.38 23.00 20.76 16.08 24.08 9.91 26.13 22.66 10.70 17.17 24.16 18.49
Vermont 8.17 21.10 28.45 16.27 23.39 13.32 20.16 22.95 6.96 19.24 44.35 23.09
Virginia 3.90 7.77 21.18 25.60 15.53 21.13 6.69 25.56 21.00 3.20 16.35 27.79 19.25
Washington 5.89 8.09 23.98 22.29 15.74 26.54 14.93 19.31 22.76 4.23 18.47 23.63 19.63
West Virginia 4.68 6.17 21.61 27.88 15.50 22.81 10.19 25.98 22.74 8.03 16.58 25.55 18.79
Wisconsin 3.93 6.21 21.88 16.21 16.14 22.42 10.95 21.99 21.69 4.44 14.42 31.02 17.52
Wyoming 2.36 4.78 21.23 21.35 16.10 22.56 25.58 21.70 11.69 13.68 23.87 15.43

United States
3.56 7.12 21.88 14.14 15.69 22.52 11.74 21.99 20.60 3.63 15.70 31.02 18.62
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. hThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy.
bIncludes biodiesel blended into distillate fuel oil. iThe U.S. average includes coal coke net imports, which are not allocated to the states.
cHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. — = No consumption, including cases where adjustments were made. See explanation of adjustments
in Section 7 of the Technical Notes.
dKerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum." Note: Total end-use energy price estimates are the weighted average of the energy prices for the
residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors.
eIncludes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
fIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the
“other petroleum products” category. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical
Notes.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste.