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State Profiles and Energy Estimates

Table E5. Industrial Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2016
(Dollars per Million Btu)

Table E5. Industrial Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2016 (Dollars per Million Btu)





State
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy f,g
Coal

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total f,g

Coking
Coal

Steam
Coal


Total

Distillate
Fuel Oil

HGL b
Motor
Gasoline c

Residual
Fuel Oil

Other d

Total
Wood and
Waste e
Alabama 3.44 3.46 3.45 3.69 12.00 6.66 16.29 7.18 15.14 12.88 2.96 4.62 17.71 7.23
Alaska 5.22 5.22 5.05 16.34 11.68 24.05 15.07 15.93 2.28 15.64 44.60 18.96
Arizona 2.87 2.87 5.56 12.95 12.33 19.35 14.03 14.20 2.41 11.62 17.78 13.89
Arkansas 2.96 2.96 5.71 12.29 6.82 16.49 7.35 13.46 12.81 2.93 6.55 17.81 9.09
California 3.38 3.38 6.56 13.18 15.13 21.99 6.11 19.70 17.28 2.69 8.86 34.94 12.84
Colorado 3.03 3.03 4.62 11.61 10.18 17.37 17.90 14.86 2.41 8.18 21.54 11.83
Connecticut 5.91 12.81 13.17 18.67 7.60 16.12 15.76 2.63 9.93 37.55 15.66
Delaware 3.18 3.18 8.58 10.53 11.28 18.31 5.88 13.40 12.97 1.03 9.12 23.78 11.66
Dist. of Col. 11.34 19.25 9.96 10.50 10.50 25.80 12.79
Florida 3.51 3.51 5.62 12.89 10.88 17.13 7.38 14.42 14.14 2.54 7.19 22.53 9.47
Georgia 3.80 3.80 3.99 12.64 10.68 16.66 7.24 15.51 13.96 2.92 5.45 17.10 7.87
Hawaii 3.46 3.46 16.00 12.75 12.15 24.05 6.44 16.00 15.27 0.78 10.51 60.65 37.45
Idaho 2.24 2.24 4.97 11.96 10.49 18.65 6.12 15.06 13.69 2.92 7.02 19.20 10.35
Illinois 3.59 2.20 2.69 4.87 11.74 6.02 17.43 7.34 17.69 12.32 1.67 6.93 19.07 9.72
Indiana 3.62 3.24 3.49 4.82 11.56 9.81 16.84 7.39 13.04 12.53 1.86 5.48 20.44 8.43
Iowa 2.37 2.37 4.45 12.08 6.63 17.13 15.18 10.38 1.60 6.04 17.73 8.05
Kansas 2.45 2.45 3.57 12.14 9.77 17.02 7.35 15.90 13.04 0.83 6.41 21.94 9.17
Kentucky 3.47 3.47 3.66 12.08 7.91 17.42 7.32 9.72 9.98 2.92 6.03 16.61 9.01
Louisiana 5.35 5.35 3.04 12.08 6.56 16.38 5.41 11.33 8.60 2.85 5.52 14.88 5.94
Maine 5.21 5.21 7.46 12.71 13.06 18.56 7.54 13.17 13.15 2.93 5.73 26.26 8.34
Maryland 2.55 2.55 8.37 11.37 11.95 18.40 6.23 14.14 13.81 2.93 9.22 23.11 11.49
Massachusetts 5.24 5.24 7.18 12.80 13.15 18.12 7.59 17.50 16.69 2.00 10.63 39.20 17.63
Michigan 3.94 3.17 3.60 5.51 12.08 9.72 17.02 7.32 13.58 13.22 2.69 7.01 20.25 10.21
Minnesota 2.75 2.75 4.05 13.51 9.80 17.28 7.38 13.69 13.45 2.88 6.68 21.61 9.57
Mississippi 4.23 12.34 6.85 16.35 7.39 14.39 13.06 2.96 5.47 16.98 8.16
Missouri 2.62 2.62 6.15 11.88 9.56 16.63 7.20 11.28 11.77 1.92 8.36 20.87 11.27
Montana 2.27 2.27 5.49 11.29 9.89 18.57 11.17 11.82 2.17 8.29 14.82 9.81
Nebraska 1.62 1.62 3.82 12.02 9.68 17.60 15.21 12.85 1.15 5.90 22.54 9.12
Nevada 3.09 3.09 5.67 13.10 12.48 20.14 15.68 14.40 2.41 10.02 17.23 13.32
New Hampshire 8.34 12.05 12.38 18.02 7.15 17.94 15.92 1.09 10.44 36.16 17.32
New Jersey 6.31 11.47 17.09 17.73 17.43 16.06 2.34 12.20 29.78 15.52
New Mexico 2.63 2.63 4.00 12.13 6.73 17.01 20.09 15.41 1.95 12.18 17.11 14.25
New York 3.40 3.66 3.60 5.74 11.26 11.73 18.11 6.10 14.30 14.16 2.27 9.16 17.67 11.18
North Carolina 3.68 3.68 5.25 12.74 10.75 17.95 7.29 16.99 15.25 2.93 7.65 18.50 10.44
North Dakota 1.86 1.86 2.41 11.97 9.63 18.19 17.96 12.92 1.08 4.77 23.39 7.11
Ohio 3.59 3.45 3.57 4.48 12.05 9.70 17.94 7.30 15.24 14.00 2.02 6.37 20.45 9.73
Oklahoma 3.04 3.04 7.67 11.91 9.59 16.66 7.22 19.91 14.88 2.18 8.44 14.71 9.58
Oregon 5.35 12.26 11.68 20.66 6.19 17.90 15.09 2.79 7.66 17.74 10.17
Pennsylvania 3.49 3.12 3.42 7.10 11.60 16.13 18.80 8.03 15.69 14.74 2.30 7.61 20.29 10.51
Rhode Island 8.44 12.89 13.25 18.51 7.65 12.91 13.21 1.33 10.64 39.52 14.54
South Carolina 3.59 3.59 4.07 12.89 10.88 16.89 7.38 11.86 12.20 2.91 5.66 17.85 9.24
South Dakota 2.37 2.37 4.53 11.89 9.57 17.73 7.20 17.87 13.40 2.41 6.76 22.19 8.65
Tennessee 3.29 3.29 4.28 12.19 9.81 16.91 7.39 15.47 14.85 2.86 6.43 16.65 8.65
Texas 3.99 3.99 2.57 12.26 7.74 16.29 8.83 12.57 9.07 2.35 6.73 15.61 7.41
Utah 2.19 2.19 5.28 11.96 10.48 18.56 18.42 14.86 2.41 8.17 18.54 11.22
Vermont 5.08 12.77 13.12 18.65 7.57 13.59 13.48 2.23 11.49 29.97 17.36
Virginia 3.42 3.28 3.37 4.21 12.80 10.81 17.43 7.33 15.05 13.99 2.94 6.02 19.21 8.62
Washington 5.64 5.64 6.92 13.06 12.44 20.53 10.03 11.95 2.84 7.03 12.99 8.86
West Virginia 3.51 4.48 3.96 2.21 12.89 17.15 18.82 7.38 14.59 14.93 2.41 7.27 19.25 10.89
Wisconsin 3.66 3.66 4.83 11.97 9.63 18.00 7.25 15.07 13.69 2.81 6.92 21.97 10.41
Wyoming 2.14 2.14 3.69 11.74 10.29 17.39 17.29 13.23 2.41 5.87 20.29 9.15

United States
3.56 2.88 3.15 4.38 12.34 7.79 18.13 7.39 13.85 11.07 2.77 6.78 19.91 8.97
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. gThe U.S. average includes coal coke net imports, which are not allocated to the states.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. — = No consumption, including cases where adjustments were made. See explanation of adjustments in
Section 7 of the Technical Notes.
cMotor gasoline as it is consumed; includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Note: The industrial sector includes industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial
electricity-only plants.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other
petroleum products” category. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
eWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
fThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy.