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Table C18. Population, GDP, and Degree Days, Ranked by State, 2020

Table C18. Population, GDP, and Degree Days, Ranked by State, 2020


Rank
Resident Population Real GDP Current-Dollar GDP Heating Degree Days Cooling Degree Days
State Thousand
People
State Billion Chained
(2012) Dollars
State Billion
Current-Dollars
State HDD State CDD
1 California 39,500 California 2,663.7 California 3,007.2 Alaska 10,781 Hawaii 5,066
2 Texas 29,218 Texas 1,734.3 Texas 1,775.6 North Dakota 8,876 Florida 4,073
3 Florida 21,570 New York 1,420.1 New York 1,724.8 Minnesota 8,312 Arizona 3,520
4 New York 20,155 Florida 944.0 Florida 1,106.0 Montana 8,282 Texas 2,961
5 Pennsylvania 12,990 Illinois 737.6 Illinois 858.4 Wyoming 8,079 Louisiana 2,846
6 Illinois 12,785 Pennsylvania 683.8 Pennsylvania 771.9 South Dakota 7,396 Nevada 2,470
7 Ohio 11,791 Ohio 589.9 Ohio 677.6 Vermont 7,379 Mississippi 2,265
8 Georgia 10,726 Georgia 536.7 Georgia 622.6 Maine 7,200 Alabama 1,989
9 North Carolina 10,457 New Jersey 535.8 New Jersey 618.6 Wisconsin 7,187 South Carolina 1,956
10 Michigan 10,068 Washington 532.9 Washington 604.3 New Hampshire 6,910 Georgia 1,804
11 New Jersey 9,280 North Carolina 499.5 North Carolina 589.8 Colorado 6,817 Oklahoma 1,785
12 Virginia 8,632 Massachusetts 498.6 Massachusetts 582.5 Utah 6,738 District of Columbia 1,735
13 Washington 7,719 Virginia 473.8 Virginia 549.5 Idaho 6,695 Arkansas 1,619
14 Arizona 7,178 Michigan 445.7 Michigan 515.1 Iowa 6,586 North Carolina 1,462
15 Massachusetts 7,022 Maryland 353.1 Maryland 410.7 Michigan 6,282 Kansas 1,395
16 Tennessee 6,920 Colorado 346.0 Colorado 382.6 Nebraska 6,052 Tennessee 1,391
17 Indiana 6,786 Indiana 329.9 Indiana 375.3 Illinois 5,762 Delaware 1,254
18 Maryland 6,173 Minnesota 326.6 Minnesota 373.7 Massachusetts 5,539 New Mexico 1,248
19 Missouri 6,154 Arizona 320.6 Arizona 373.7 New York 5,499 Maryland 1,247
20 Wisconsin 5,892 Tennessee 316.3 Tennessee 369.6 Washington 5,425 Missouri 1,223
21 Colorado 5,784 Wisconsin 291.7 Wisconsin 337.7 Connecticut 5,350 Kentucky 1,208
22 Minnesota 5,707 Missouri 282.7 Missouri 329.4 Indiana 5,278 California 1,206
23 South Carolina 5,131 Connecticut 235.9 Connecticut 276.4 Ohio 5,254 Virginia 1,204
24 Alabama 5,025 Louisiana 222.3 South Carolina 244.9 Pennsylvania 5,203 Nebraska 1,092
25 Louisiana 4,651 Oregon 212.8 Oregon 243.8 Rhode Island 5,184 New Jersey 1,026
26 Kentucky 4,504 South Carolina 208.5 Louisiana 235.4 Oregon 5,041 Illinois 953
27 Oregon 4,242 Alabama 196.9 Alabama 226.9 Missouri 4,757 Indiana 919
28 Oklahoma 3,962 Oklahoma 190.9 Kentucky 212.5 West Virginia 4,664 Iowa 879
29 Connecticut 3,600 Kentucky 185.5 Utah 197.6 Kansas 4,627 Ohio 875
30 Utah 3,282 Utah 171.4 Iowa 194.3 New Jersey 4,609 West Virginia 873
31 Iowa 3,189 Iowa 169.4 Oklahoma 188.1 New Mexico 4,189 Pennsylvania 838
32 Nevada 3,114 Kansas 156.8 Kansas 175.1 Kentucky 4,076 South Dakota 790
33 Arkansas 3,012 Nevada 145.2 Nevada 170.9 Maryland 4,028 Connecticut 772
34 Mississippi 2,957 District of Columbia 122.3 District of Columbia 144.6 Delaware 4,010 New York 763
35 Kansas 2,936 Nebraska 117.7 Nebraska 133.4 Virginia 3,760 Rhode Island 756
36 New Mexico 2,118 Arkansas 114.9 Arkansas 130.8 Tennessee 3,434 Massachusetts 699
37 Nebraska 1,961 Mississippi 99.7 Mississippi 113.8 District of Columbia 3,317 Michigan 699
38 Idaho 1,848 New Mexico 92.7 New Mexico 98.5 Nevada 3,298 Utah 634
39 West Virginia 1,790 New Hampshire 75.5 New Hampshire 87.6 Oklahoma 3,262 Wisconsin 604
40 Hawaii 1,452 Idaho 73.7 Idaho 83.8 Arkansas 3,160 Minnesota 553
41 New Hampshire 1,378 Hawaii 70.6 Hawaii 82.9 North Carolina 2,906 North Dakota 535
42 Maine 1,362 West Virginia 69.7 West Virginia 75.9 California 2,564 Idaho 478
43 Rhode Island 1,096 Delaware 62.1 Delaware 75.8 Georgia 2,379 Colorado 452
44 Montana 1,086 Maine 58.8 Maine 69.3 Alabama 2,279 New Hampshire 416
45 Delaware 992 North Dakota 54.6 Rhode Island 60.6 South Carolina 2,164 Wyoming 352
46 South Dakota 887 Rhode Island 51.4 North Dakota 54.9 Mississippi 1,983 Vermont 333
47 North Dakota 779 Alaska 50.2 South Dakota 54.8 Arizona 1,865 Maine 312
48 Alaska 732 South Dakota 46.7 Montana 51.5 Texas 1,554 Oregon 254
49 District of Columbia 690 Montana 46.2 Alaska 49.8 Louisiana 1,348 Montana 205
50 Vermont 642 Wyoming 36.3 Wyoming 36.3 Florida 491 Washington 184
51 Wyoming 577 Vermont 28.6 Vermont 33.4 Hawaii 2 Alaska 5
United States 331,501 United States 18,384.7 United States 20,893.7 United States 3,916 United States 1,518
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
Sources: Table by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, GDP data from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, and degree days data from the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. See Technical Notes.