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Table ET4. Commercial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2015, United States

Table ET4. Commercial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2015, United States







Year
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy f,g,h



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total f,g,h
Distillate
Fuel Oil

Kerosene

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total d
Wood and
Waste e,f
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.44 0.75 1.10 0.77 1.24 2.86 0.45 0.90 0.66 0.80 6.09 1.97
1971 0.48 0.80 1.16 0.81 1.29 2.91 0.61 1.02 0.69 0.87 6.44 2.15
1972 0.51 0.86 1.16 0.80 1.30 2.90 0.65 1.05 0.69 0.91 6.71 2.32
1973 0.52 0.91 1.37 0.96 1.40 3.11 0.78 1.20 0.80 1.00 7.06 2.55
1974 1.00 1.05 2.29 2.16 2.45 4.34 1.89 2.25 1.24 1.46 8.91 3.40
1975 1.31 1.32 2.42 2.32 2.54 4.66 1.91 2.39 1.31 1.68 10.11 4.06
1976 1.23 1.61 2.61 2.67 2.78 4.85 1.87 2.49 1.39 1.90 10.82 4.38
1977 1.30 2.00 2.98 2.96 3.17 5.15 2.20 2.84 1.57 2.28 11.99 5.12
1978 1.39 2.20 3.11 3.15 3.37 5.30 2.06 2.92 1.64 2.42 12.78 5.49
1979 1.46 2.69 4.56 4.54 3.94 7.15 3.01 4.14 2.35 3.10 13.72 6.27
1980 1.53 3.32 6.45 6.46 4.97 9.77 4.12 5.62 3.10 4.01 16.06 7.83
1981 1.79 3.91 7.96 7.48 5.69 10.96 5.12 6.95 3.79 4.72 18.44 9.47
1982 1.87 4.70 7.68 7.31 6.03 10.44 4.67 6.62 3.82 5.10 20.11 10.34
1983 1.74 5.43 6.61 7.10 6.48 9.12 4.51 6.49 3.57 5.60 20.57 10.91
1984 1.77 [R ] 5.40 6.60 8.03 6.44 8.93 4.94 6.48 3.85 5.58 20.89 11.12
1985 1.73 [R ] 5.34 6.33 8.18 8.86 9.01 4.50 6.46 3.71 5.53 21.30 11.63
1986 1.65 [R ] 4.94 4.19 5.21 8.45 6.77 2.71 4.44 2.97 4.66 21.10 11.20
1987 1.52 [R ] 4.64 4.46 5.11 7.95 7.22 3.10 4.75 2.87 4.57 20.44 10.96
1988 1.52 [R ] 4.51 4.18 6.11 8.14 7.33 2.53 4.50 2.90 4.41 20.34 10.81
1989 1.50 [R ] 4.61 4.89 6.01 7.67 8.04 2.92 5.09 2.66 4.63 20.77 11.25
1990 1.61 [R ] 4.70 5.97 7.31 8.78 9.15 3.41 6.04 3.02 4.93 21.20 11.87
1991 1.57 [R ] 4.69 5.46 6.67 9.26 8.98 2.61 5.59 2.98 4.80 21.73 12.05
1992 1.58 [R ] 4.75 5.09 5.96 8.62 9.08 2.68 5.37 2.68 4.77 [R ] 22.15 12.15
1993 1.59 [R ] 5.08 4.93 5.64 8.72 9.17 2.75 5.14 2.63 4.97 22.40 12.55
1994 1.55 [R ] 5.35 4.74 5.94 8.80 9.20 2.90 5.05 2.50 5.14 [R ] 22.35 12.72
1995 1.54 [R ] 4.94 4.70 5.55 8.90 9.39 3.14 5.14 2.25 4.85 22.29 12.62
1996 1.49 [R ] 5.26 5.63 6.40 10.12 10.27 3.75 6.18 2.47 5.29 22.17 12.76
1997 1.50 [R ] 5.67 5.28 6.18 10.34 10.01 3.27 6.10 2.43 5.58 22.03 13.03
1998 1.49 [R ] 5.38 4.15 4.88 9.37 8.72 2.38 5.10 2.09 5.19 21.48 13.05
1999 1.49 [R ] 5.22 4.65 5.33 9.15 9.45 2.69 5.56 1.89 5.14 21.01 12.84
2000 1.43 [R ] 6.54 7.49 8.87 11.94 11.93 4.49 8.27 2.99 6.73 21.52 13.90
2001 1.55 [R ] 8.32 6.70 8.38 12.92 11.49 4.06 7.89 3.22 8.03 22.99 15.54
2002 1.60 [R ] 6.49 6.22 8.14 10.55 10.80 4.08 7.15 2.81 6.46 22.81 14.66
2003 1.55 [R ] 8.07 7.63 9.80 12.52 12.27 5.30 8.61 3.48 7.99 23.54 15.61 [R ]
2004 1.78 [R ] 9.19 9.59 11.41 14.50 14.47 5.26 10.17 3.54 9.12 23.95 16.55
2005 2.16 [R ] 10.98 13.64 14.96 16.94 17.93 7.48 13.56 4.67 11.17 25.40 18.59
2006 2.32 [R ] 11.60 15.80 18.73 18.90 20.31 8.69 15.96 4.73 12.12 27.72 20.63
2007 2.36 [R ] 10.99 17.37 [R ] 21.13 20.77 22.22 9.71 17.61 5.59 [R ] 11.86 28.27 20.74
2008 3.75 11.89 24.04 25.61 24.64 25.92 13.18 23.15 6.58 13.50 30.06 22.28
2009 4.25 9.70 14.77 21.92 19.51 18.83 9.90 15.60 4.72 10.50 29.77 20.66
2010 3.73 9.20 18.47 [R ] 24.43 21.64 22.41 12.90 18.97 5.42 [R ] 10.65 29.87 20.92
2011 3.99 8.79 24.68 [R ] 28.40 24.14 28.41 17.34 24.21 [R ] 5.93 [R ] 11.12 30.00 21.16
2012 4.39 8.03 25.32 [R ] 30.06 21.06 29.13 18.40 24.15 [R ] 5.47 [R ] 10.43 29.57 21.03
2013 4.18 8.06 [R ] 24.77 [R ] 30.05 21.23 28.36 17.41 23.73 [R ] 5.56 [R ] 10.14 [R ] 30.07 20.67 [R ]
2014 4.03 8.80 [R ] 23.14 [R ] 30.65 23.01 27.04 [R ] 15.79 23.38 [R ] 5.57 [R ] 10.64 [R ] 31.48 21.46 [R ]
2015 4.19 7.79 14.25 16.85 20.30 20.48 8.86 17.86 4.32 9.77 31.18 20.85
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 72 1,844 646 47 177 247 323 1,440 1 3,358 7,319 10,678
1971 85 2,060 690 45 187 244 409 1,574 1 3,721 8,301 12,021
1972 78 2,289 733 44 200 253 422 1,653 1 4,021 9,443 13,464
1973 84 2,421 880 62 205 270 519 1,936 1 4,442 10,707 15,149
1974 173 2,741 1,364 118 329 360 1,120 3,290 2 6,206 13,373 19,579
1975 191 3,385 1,423 114 329 415 939 3,219 3 6,799 16,157 22,956
1976 177 4,379 1,713 117 377 470 1,062 3,739 3 8,298 18,148 26,447
1977 192 5,094 2,014 154 429 518 1,296 4,411 4 9,702 21,023 30,725
1978 229 5,812 2,073 173 442 565 1,098 4,350 5 10,396 23,166 33,563
1979 221 7,623 2,663 356 375 747 1,518 5,659 8 13,511 25,433 38,944
1980 179 8,858 3,337 262 438 1,046 2,325 7,409 17 16,463 30,611 47,074
1981 245 10,085 3,641 519 492 1,003 2,138 7,794 20 18,145 37,484 55,629
1982 291 12,565 3,378 222 489 914 1,862 6,865 21 19,743 41,759 61,503
1983 282 13,602 4,304 790 625 934 939 7,592 20 21,499 43,529 65,028
1984 300 [R ] 14,012 4,855 288 536 957 1,311 7,948 21 22,284 [R ] 47,304 69,588 [R ]
1985 238 [R ] 13,368 3,995 268 842 866 1,025 6,996 22 20,628 [R ] 50,092 70,719 [R ]
1986 224 [R ] 11,770 2,614 260 786 720 786 5,166 20 17,184 [R ] 51,449 68,633 [R ]
1987 193 [R ] 11,601 2,707 249 807 799 814 5,377 21 17,196 [R ] 51,900 69,096 [R ]
1988 200 [R ] 12,377 2,506 160 808 809 666 4,950 24 17,555 [R ] 54,411 71,966 [R ]
1989 173 [R ] 12,908 2,803 166 839 819 666 5,293 68 18,447 [R ] 57,460 75,907 [R ]
1990 200 [R ] 12,681 3,199 87 898 1,018 785 5,986 104 18,976 [R ] 60,627 79,602 [R ]
1991 181 [R ] 13,175 2,823 81 1,002 764 554 5,224 104 18,688 [R ] 63,407 82,096 [R ]
1992 185 [R ] 13,685 2,579 66 922 722 506 4,796 102 18,771 [R ] 64,233 83,004 [R ]
1993 185 [R ] 14,967 2,432 79 952 270 475 4,209 106 19,467 [R ] 67,626 87,093 [R ]
1994 181 [R ] 15,927 2,373 116 944 232 498 4,162 99 20,370 [R ] 69,637 90,007 [R ]
1995 179 [R ] 15,383 2,250 123 967 170 445 3,956 106 19,623 [R ] 72,481 92,104 [R ]
1996 179 [R ] 17,106 2,717 135 1,239 273 515 4,879 127 22,291 [R ] 74,121 96,411 [R ]
1997 193 [R ] 18,755 2,344 152 1,244 428 363 4,531 125 23,603 [R ] 77,153 100,756 [R ]
1998 150 [R ] 16,667 1,778 152 1,102 340 203 3,575 99 20,490 [R ] 78,999 99,490 [R ]
1999 152 [R ] 16,351 2,038 143 1,283 269 197 3,931 104 20,537 [R ] 79,141 99,679 [R ]
2000 123 [R ] 21,339 3,672 263 1,796 532 411 6,674 155 28,291 [R ] 85,129 113,420 [R ]
2001 136 [R ] 25,879 3,404 263 1,844 430 284 6,225 145 32,386 [R ] 93,402 125,788 [R ]
2002 141 [R ] 20,926 2,758 130 1,485 488 326 5,187 146 26,399 [R ] 93,763 120,162 [R ]
2003 129 [R ] 26,411 3,779 183 1,964 735 589 7,249 188 33,976 [R ] 96,263 130,240 [R ]
2004 183 [R ] 29,518 4,506 234 2,203 645 644 8,233 209 38,142 [R ] 100,546 138,688 [R ]
2005 207 [R ] 33,838 6,098 323 2,226 817 866 10,331 259 44,635 [R ] 110,522 155,157 [R ]
2006 149 [R ] 33,736 6,314 284 2,327 984 654 10,563 264 44,712 [R ] 122,914 167,626 [R ]
2007 166 [R ] 34,005 6,620 194 2,522 1,342 732 11,410 308 [R ] 45,889 [R ] 128,903 174,793 [R ]
2008 302 38,476 9,230 114 3,893 1,164 936 15,336 393 54,507 137,036 191,543
2009 311 31,012 5,837 93 2,709 978 705 10,323 286 41,932 132,747 174,679
2010 259 29,184 7,223 118 3,032 1,164 796 12,332 337 [R ] 42,112 [R ] 135,554 177,666 [R ]
2011 246 28,370 9,657 91 3,392 1,252 932 15,324 394 [R ] 44,334 [R ] 135,927 180,261 [R ]
2012 192 23,843 8,988 36 2,897 1,125 578 13,624 391 [R ] 38,050 [R ] 133,898 171,948 [R ]
2013 173 27,318 8,500 31 3,269 1,131 425 13,357 430 [R ] 41,278 [R ] 137,188 178,466 [R ]
2014 163 31,538 [R ] 8,242 63 3,484 1,456 [R ] 125 13,371 [R ] 453 [R ] 45,524 [R ] 145,253 190,777 [R ]
2015 130 25,905 5,125 23 2,839 7,851 35 15,874 361 42,270 144,782 187,052
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with
natural gas.
gThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy.
bLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. hFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included
in the motor gasoline column.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data.
dIncludes small amounts of petroleum coke not shown separately. Notes: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. ยท
Commercial sector includes commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial
electricity-only plants.
eWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded
coverage of the use of wood and biomass waste beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical
Notes.