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Table F31: Solar Energy Consumption Estimates, 2020

Table F31: Solar Energy Consumption Estimates, 2020




State

Commercial a

Industrial a

Electric Power

Residential b

Commercial c

Industrial c

Electric Power

Total
Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu
Alabama 10 1 369 0.1 0.1 (s) 3.2 3.4
Alaska 2 (s) 0 (s) (s) (s) 0.0 0.1
Arizona 862 14 5,825 21.3 7.6 0.1 51.1 80.1
Arkansas 41 26 253 0.4 0.4 0.2 2.2 3.2
California 4,271 2,527 30,060 113.4 37.5 22.2 263.7 436.7
Colorado 241 3 1,487 4.4 2.1 (s) 13.0 19.6
Connecticut 279 42 209 4.6 2.5 0.4 1.8 9.3
Delaware 32 11 54 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.5 1.6
Dist. of Col. 56 0 13 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.1 1.2
Florida 163 19 6,498 35.9 1.4 0.2 57.0 94.5
Georgia 51 251 3,777 0.6 0.5 2.2 33.1 36.4
Hawaii 464 4 484 8.5 4.1 (s) 4.2 16.9
Idaho 8 8 563 0.7 0.1 0.1 4.9 5.8
Illinois 243 1 77 2.9 2.1 (s) 0.7 5.7
Indiana 90 6 357 0.8 0.8 0.1 3.1 4.8
Iowa 129 8 22 0.7 1.1 0.1 0.2 2.1
Kansas 19 0 58 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.5 1.0
Kentucky 23 1 43 0.3 0.2 (s) 0.4 0.9
Louisiana 19 (s) 39 2.2 0.2 (s) 0.3 2.7
Maine 32 (s) 28 0.7 0.3 (s) 0.2 1.2
Maryland 271 30 511 6.3 2.4 0.3 4.5 13.5
Massachusetts 1,390 96 1,393 7.7 12.2 0.8 12.2 33.0
Michigan 68 3 154 1.3 0.6 (s) 1.4 3.2
Minnesota 44 17 1,634 0.9 0.4 0.1 14.3 15.8
Mississippi 8 (s) 430 0.1 0.1 (s) 3.8 3.9
Missouri 158 7 100 1.7 1.4 0.1 0.9 4.1
Montana 10 0 33 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.6
Nebraska 8 1 54 0.1 0.1 (s) 0.5 0.7
Nevada 180 42 5,467 7.4 1.6 0.4 48.0 57.3
New Hampshire 53 9 4 0.9 0.5 0.1 (s) 1.5
New Jersey 1,301 206 1,158 11.8 11.4 1.8 10.2 35.2
New Mexico 96 1 1,749 2.6 0.8 (s) 15.3 18.8
New York 1,148 24 822 11.3 10.1 0.2 7.2 28.8
North Carolina 232 14 8,173 2.2 2.0 0.1 71.7 76.0
North Dakota (s) 0 0 (s) (s) 0.0 0.0 (s)
Ohio 128 29 160 1.0 1.1 0.3 1.4 3.8
Oklahoma 6 1 63 0.2 0.1 (s) 0.6 0.8
Oregon 99 16 1,078 2.7 0.9 0.1 9.5 13.1
Pennsylvania 195 75 128 3.7 1.7 0.7 1.1 7.2
Rhode Island 220 (s) 195 0.7 1.9 (s) 1.7 4.4
South Carolina 76 44 1,718 2.3 0.7 0.4 15.1 18.4
South Dakota 1 0 2 (s) (s) 0.0 (s) (s)
Tennessee 67 6 314 0.3 0.6 (s) 2.8 3.7
Texas 323 4 8,534 11.9 2.8 (s) 74.9 89.7
Utah 101 10 2,571 3.9 0.9 0.1 22.6 27.4
Vermont 66 2 183 1.0 0.6 (s) 1.6 3.2
Virginia 65 3 1,369 1.8 0.6 (s) 12.0 14.4
Washington 36 1 46 2.0 0.3 (s) 0.4 2.7
West Virginia 5 (s) 0 0.1 (s) (s) 0.0 0.2
Wisconsin 53 21 90 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.8 2.2
Wyoming 2 (s) 165 0.1 (s) (s) 1.5 1.6

United States
13,445 3,586 88,511 286.3 118.0 31.5 776.5 1,212.2
aIncludes photovoltaic and solar thermal electricity net generation at utility-scale and small-scale facilities. Where shown, (s) = Physical unit value less than 0.5 or Btu value less than 0.05.
bIncludes small amount of solar thermal energy consumed as heat by the commercial and industrial sectors. Notes: · Residential consumption cannot be presented here in kilowatthours because it covers both distributed solar heat and small-scale
photovoltaic (PV) generation. See data files for residential small-scale PV generation in kilowatthours. · There are no direct fuel costs for
photovoltaic and solar thermal energy. · Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. See Section 5 of the Technical
Notes for explanation of estimation methodology.
cExcludes small amount of distributed solar heat included in the residential sector. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.