Florida State Energy Profile



Florida Quick Facts

  • Florida is one of only four states with utility-scale electricity generation from solar thermal technologies. 
  • Florida was second only to Texas in 2016 in net electricity generation, and third in the nation in electricity consumption, behind Texas and California.
  • Renewable energy accounted for almost 2.2% of Florida’s utility-scale net electricity generation in 2016. Nearly nine-tenths of that renewable power came from biomass.
  • In 2016, almost 87% of the natural gas delivered to consumers in Florida was used to generate electricity, and natural gas fueled two-thirds of Florida's net electricity generation.
  • Florida's Martin generating station, the only concentrating solar thermal plant east of the Rocky Mountains, produced about 22% of the state's utility-scale net solar generation in 2016.

Last Updated: September 21, 2017



Data

Last Update: November 16, 2017 | Next Update: December 21, 2017

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Florida Share of U.S. Period
Population 20.6 million 6.4% 2016  
Civilian Labor Force 10.1 million 6.3% Aug-17  
Economy Florida U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 926.8 billion 4 2016  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 47,081 million 18 2016  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 45,819 28 2016  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 206,982 million miles 3 2015  
Land in Farms 9.5 million acres 30 2012  
Climate Florida U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 72.5 degrees Fahrenheit 1 2016  
Precipitation 53.8 inches 3 2016  
Prices  
Petroleum Florida U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 43.44 /barrel Jul-17  
Natural Gas Florida U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate NA $ 4.63 /thousand cu ft Jul-17 find more
Residential $ 25.25 /thousand cu ft $ 17.75 /thousand cu ft Jul-17 find more
Coal Florida U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 31.83 /short ton 2015  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.86 /million Btu $ 2.08 /million Btu Jul-17  
Electricity Florida U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.93 cents/kWh 13.12 cents/kWh Jul-17 find more
Commercial 9.49 cents/kWh 11.00 cents/kWh Jul-17 find more
Industrial 8.05 cents/kWh 7.33 cents/kWh Jul-17 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 16 million barrels * 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 0 billion cu ft 0.0% 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 0 million barrels 0.0% 2015 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2015 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 0 rigs 0.0% 2016  
Natural Gas Producing Wells 43 wells * 2016 find more
Capacity Florida Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 0 barrels/calendar day 0.0% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 59,825 MW 5.5% Jul-17  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 542 trillion Btu 0.6% 2015 find more
Crude Oil 172 thousand barrels 0.1% Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 716 million cu ft * 2016 find more
Coal -- -- 2015 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 23,929 thousand MWh 6.0% Jul-17  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Florida U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.2 % Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 68.9 % 35.6 % Jul-17 find more
Coal-Fired 16.2 % 32.1 % Jul-17 find more
Nuclear 11.3 % 17.8 % Jul-17 find more
Renewables 2.0 % 13.6 % Jul-17  
Stocks Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 673 thousand barrels 4.2% Jul-17  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 2,465 thousand barrels 2.0% Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Jul-17 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 5,621 thousand barrels 19.8% Jul-17 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 4,398 thousand tons 3.0% Jul-17 find more
Fueling Stations Florida Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 6,112 stations 5.5% 2014  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 144 stations 4.4% 2017  
Electricity 862 stations 5.5% 2017  
Ethanol 66 stations 2.3% 2017  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 31 stations 2.4% 2017  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Florida U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 4,242 trillion Btu 4 2015 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 210 million Btu 46 2015 find more
Total Expenditures $ 56,606 million 3 2015 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 2,796 51 2015 find more
by End-Use Sector Florida Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,219 trillion Btu 6.0% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial 1,018 trillion Btu 5.6% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial 487 trillion Btu 1.6% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation 1,517 trillion Btu 5.6% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 14,729 million 6.0% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial $ 10,647 million 5.7% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,078 million 2.2% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation $ 27,152 million 5.4% 2015 find more
by Source Florida Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 319.0 million barrels 4.5% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas 1,334.3 billion cu ft 4.9% 2015 find more
    »  Coal 19.7 million short tons 2.5% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 29,971 million 4.8% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 6,701 million 4.8% 2015 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,450 million 4.0% 2015 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 51 thousand barrels 2.8% Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas 122,898 million cu ft 11.3% Jul-17 find more
Coal 1,757 thousand short tons 2.5% Jul-17 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Florida U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 4.5 % 48.6 % 2015  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 5.6 % 2015  
Electricity 92.3 % 37.2 % 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1.1 % 4.8 % 2015  
Other/None 1.9 % 3.8 % 2015  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,734 MW 0.8% Jul-17  
Ethanol Plant Operating Production 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2017  
Renewable Energy Production Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 23 thousand MWh 0.1% Jul-17  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 70 thousand MWh 0.3% Jul-17  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 384 thousand MWh 7.0% Jul-17  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation 28 thousand MWh 1.1% Jul-17  
Ethanol Production 0 Thousand Barrels 0.0% 2015  
Renewable Energy Consumption Florida U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 7.1 % 30 2015  
Ethanol Consumption 19,179 thousand barrels 3 2015  
Total Emissions Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 228.0 million metric tons 4.2% 2014  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Florida Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 111,863 thousand metric tons 5.5% 2015  
Sulfur Dioxide 77 thousand metric tons 3.0% 2015  
Nitrogen Oxide 76 thousand metric tons 4.2% 2015  

Analysis

Last Updated: September 21, 2017

Overview

Florida is one of the largest energy-consuming states, but its per capita energy consumption is among the lowest.

The Florida peninsula extends 447 miles south from the Georgia border to the Florida Keys and has abundant solar energy resources. The warm waters of the Gulf Stream wrap around the state's coastline, which is more than 1,100 miles long. The Gulf Stream moderates the state's climate but also makes Florida one of the most humid states in the nation, with frequent summer thunderstorms and occasional devastating hurricanes.1,2,3 The state's northern panhandle stretches 361 miles from the Atlantic Ocean to Alabama and contains Florida's largest crude oil and natural gas field.4,5 Although the state is able to supplement the small amounts of fossil fuels it produces with the use of abundant renewable resources, energy production in Florida is substantially lower than the state's energy consumption.6,7,8

Until the 20th century, the state was largely rural and sparsely populated, but Florida has been one of the fastest growing states in recent decades, in part because air conditioning became widely available.9,10 The fourth-largest state by population in the 2010 U.S. Census, Florida became the third-most populated state in 2014.11,12 With its large population, Florida is one of the five largest energy-consuming states.13 The transportation sector leads state end-use energy demand, followed by the residential sector, where more Florida homes—19 out of 20—have air conditioning than have heating systems.14 Many of Florida's key industries are not energy-intensive.15 Partly because industrial sector energy consumption is relatively low, Florida ranks among the five lowest states in per capita energy consumption.16,17

Petroleum

Florida has less than 0.1% of the nation's crude oil reserves and production.18,19 Geologists believe there may be substantial additional reserves in federal waters in the Gulf of Mexico, off Florida's western coast.20 However, Florida enacted a drilling ban for state waters as of 1990, and, in 2006, Congress banned leasing of federal offshore areas within 125 miles of Florida's Gulf of Mexico coast until at least 2022. Federal law also gives priority use of much of the area to the military for training.21,22 Prospectors spent more than 40 years drilling dry holes in Florida's panhandle and in the southwest around the Everglades before finally striking oil in 1943.23 Although production from the two regions peaked at almost 130,000 barrels per day in 1978 with the development of Jay Field in the Panhandle, production statewide dropped to about 5,000 barrels per day in 2016.24,25

Florida does not have any crude oil refineries and relies on petroleum products delivered by tanker and barge to Florida marine terminals, primarily at Jacksonville, Port Canaveral, Port Everglades, and Tampa. Petroleum products, including residual fuel oil, jet fuel, motor gasoline and motor gasoline blending components, low-sulfur distillate, and asphalt, arrive in Florida from around the world. Ethanol imports also arrive in the state, mainly from Brazil, and biomass-based diesel arrives from Argentina.26,27

Tourism and traffic through busy international airports drive heavy consumption of transportation fuels.

About nine-tenths of Florida's petroleum consumption occurs in the transportation sector, and most of the rest is used in the industrial and commercial sectors.28 In part because of Florida's tourist industry and the heavy passenger and cargo traffic through its international airports, state demand for motor gasoline and jet fuel is among the highest in the United States.29,30,31 Florida does not require that motor gasoline be blended with ethanol, and federal requirements for lower vapor pressure summer gasolines in Florida's urban areas were lifted beginning in 2014.32,33 In the middle of the past decade, petroleum and petroleum coke provided one-sixth of Florida's net electricity generation, producing more power from those fuels in Florida than in any other state.34 However, electric utilities have replaced older petroleum-fired units with natural gas-fired units, and, by 2016, petroleum and petroleum coke fueled only about 1% of Florida's net electricity generation.35,36

Natural gas

Florida has no significant natural gas reserves and only a small amount of natural gas production, all from the same fields that produce crude oil. Almost all of the state's natural gas production comes from the Jay Field in the Florida Panhandle.37,38,39 Geologists believe economically recoverable natural gas deposits may lie offshore in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, but remaining onshore proved reserves are quite small.40,41 Florida's natural gas production peaked in the late 1970s. By 2009, production had fallen to its lowest level, at less than 1% of peak production.42 Increased natural gas withdrawals since then have primarily been used to repressure oil reservoirs to maintain or improve oil production.43 Less than one-tenth of Florida's limited natural gas production is marketed.44

Florida receives nearly all of its natural gas supplies from the Gulf Coast region via five major interstate pipelines.45,46,47 Two pipelines run along the Gulf Coast entering Florida through Alabama, two enter the state through Georgia, and one runs underwater, forming a direct link from Mississippi and Alabama to central Florida.48,49,50,51,52 Some of the natural gas that enters Florida from Georgia comes from the Elba Island liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal.53 Plans for an offshore LNG import terminal, approved in 2009, for a location near Port Manatee, south of Tampa, have been abandoned as U.S. natural gas imports have dwindled.54

Most of Florida's natural gas is consumed in electric power generation. The industrial sector is the second-largest natural gas-consuming sector in the state but uses no more than one-tenth as much natural gas as the electric power sector. Only slightly more than 1% of the natural gas delivered to consumers in Florida goes to the residential sector, where fewer than 1 in 20 households use natural gas as a primary home heating fuel.55,56

Coal

Florida does not have any coal reserves or production.57 Coal arrives in the state from several states and from overseas. Tampa, Florida, is the nation's leading coal import port, receiving coal primarily from Columbia in South America.58 Almost all coal consumed in the state is used for electricity generation.59 Domestic supplies for Florida's coal-fired electricity generating plants are delivered by railroad and barge, mostly from Illinois, Kentucky, and Indiana.60 Coal-fired electricity generation in Florida is decreasing, and coal consumption in the electric power sector has fallen from more than 27 million tons in 2006 to less than 18 million tons in 2016.61,62

Electricity

Florida is one of the largest producers of electricity in the United States, second only to Texas. 63 Natural gas fuels two-thirds of Florida's net electricity generation, and 6 of the state's 10 largest power plants are natural gas-fired.64,65 Petroleum, which supplied more than one-fifth of generation in 2001, has been almost entirely displaced by natural gas.66,67 However, petroleum remains an important backup fuel source in the event of disruptions in the natural gas supply. Some natural gas plants retain capability to switch to petroleum fuels.68 Coal was the primary fuel used for electricity generation in Florida until 2003, when its contribution was surpassed by that of natural gas. In 2016, about one-sixth of Florida's net electricity generation was coal-fired, down from more than three-tenths of the state total in 2003.69,70

Two nuclear power stations on Florida's Atlantic Coast produce most of the remaining net electricity generation, providing about one-eighth of the state's supply.71 A third station, on the Gulf coast, is being decommissioned.72 Construction of two nuclear reactors had been planned at an existing nuclear power station south of Miami on Florida's Atlantic Coast. However, construction plans recently have been put on hold for at least four years as the utility reconsiders the path forward.73,74

Although Florida is one of the largest producers of electricity in the nation, the state brings in electricity from adjoining states to meet demand, and electricity demand in Florida is expected to increase.75,76,77 Most of the state's planned capacity additions are natural gas-fueled, with additional generation coming from renewable resources, primarily solar.78,79 Electric utility planners expect the state's electricity-generating fuel mix to remain fairly stable in the next few years, with natural gas providing nearly two-thirds of net electricity generation and three-fourths of capacity. Coal-fired generation is expected to remain steady at about one-sixth.80

The residential sector consumes more than half of Florida's electricity.81 More than 9 in 10 Florida households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating, and even more households use electricity for air conditioning.82,83 Florida's per capita residential retail sales of electricity are among the highest one-fourth of states, but total retail sales of electricity per capita in the state are below the national average because industrial use is small.84,85

Renewable energy

Florida obtains only a small portion of its energy from renewable resources.86 Most of the state's renewable electricity generation comes from biomass, with the remainder coming from several solar energy facilities scattered around Florida and from two hydroelectricity generators in the state's northern Panhandle.87

Biomass, including agricultural and municipal wastes, provides the largest share of Florida's renewable-sourced power.

Biomass provides the largest share of Florida's renewably-sourced electricity generation.88,89,90 The state's biomass resources include municipal waste, sugarcane waste (bagasse), citrus pulp, and other plant and animal agricultural residues, as well as yard waste and woody biomass. Researchers are seeking additional ways to convert the wastes to energy, including liquid fuels.91,92 Florida has three operational biodiesel plants and a fourth is under construction.93 Three South Florida ethanol plants, designed to use sweet sorghum as a feedstock, are planned.94 A cellulosic ethanol plant, with a production capacity of 8 million gallons of ethanol per year from yard, vegetative, and wood wastes, had been idled but is being purchased. The purchaser's plan is to modify the plant and restart it in 2018.95 Florida also has several dozen small combined-heat-and-power facilities at industrial sites, including food processing and chemical facilities that can use biomass-based fuels.96 Many sugarcane mills get their energy from burning bagasse and can burn other biomass wastes as well.97 Almost one-fifth of Florida's renewable capacity additions through 2024 are expected to use biomass.

Solar energy is projected to have the most new capacity additions within the next decade. More than four-fifths of the planned additional utility-scale renewable energy capacity is expected to be solar photovoltaic (PV). In 2016, solar technologies made up about one-fifth of the state's utility-scale renewable electricity generating capacity, and, in the same year, utility-scale and distributed (customer-sited, small-scale) solar facilities together contributed slightly less than one-tenth of the state's renewable net generation.98 Despite ranking 3rd in the nation in solar potential, Florida is only 12th in the nation in installed solar PV capacity, with slightly more than 725 megawatts. However, distributed solar PV capacity is rapidly increasing, and almost 405 megawatts were installed in the state in 2016.99 Several additional large solar PV facilities are scheduled to come online in early 2018.100

Florida is one of only four states with utility-scale electricity generation from solar thermal technologies. However, the state's amount of electricity generation from solar thermal facilities is only a small fraction of the nation's total.101 The Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center in Martin County, Florida, a 75-megawatt concentrating solar power facility combined with a 1,100-megawatt combined-cycle natural gas generating plant, is the only concentrating solar thermal generating facility east of the Rocky Mountains. It is also the world's first retrofit hybrid combined-cycle solar-natural gas-fired plant.102,103

Florida has few other renewable assets. The state has limited wind resources and no installed utility-scale wind capacity, although some wind power components are manufactured in Florida.104,105 Potential for a small amount of additional hydroelectric generation exists in the northern part of the state.106

Florida does not have a renewable energy portfolio standard, but it does have state and local incentives for certain renewable energy technologies.107,108 The state allows net metering for qualifying customer-sited renewable energy facilities. State requirements vary between investor-owned electric utilities and municipal and cooperative electric utilities.109

Endnotes

1 Zimmerman, Kim Ann, "What is the Gulf Stream?" Live Science (January 15, 2013).
2 State of Florida, Florida Quick Facts, Florida Geography, accessed August 3, 2017.
3 Griffin, Melissa, "Florida ... The ‘Liquid' Sunshine State," Community Collaborative Rain, Hail & Snow Network, ‘State Climates' Series, accessed August 9, 2017.
4 State of Florida, Florida Quick Facts, Florida Geography, accessed August 3, 2017.
5 Jacobs, Nicole, "Florida: Sunshine, Oranges, Palm Trees…And Oil," Energy in Depth Florida (October 19, 2015).
6 U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Florida, Profile Data, Reserves and Supply, accessed August 3, 2017.
7 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production, Gross Withdrawals, Annual, Million Cubic Feet, 2011-15.
8 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Production, Table P3, Energy Production and Consumption Estimates in Trillion Btu, 2015.
9 Hobbes, Frank, and Nicole Stoops, Demographic Trends in the 20th Century, U.S. Census Bureau, CENSR-4 (November 2002), p. 7, 22, 26.
10 Briney, Amanda, "The Sunbelt, The Sunbelt of the Southern and Western United States," ThoughtCo., updated March 29, 2017.
11 U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010, p. 2.
12 U.S. Census Bureau, "Florida Passes New York to Become the Nation's Third Most Populous State," Press Release CB14-232 (December 23, 2014).
13 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C10, Total Consumption Estimates by End Use Sector, 2015.
14 U.S. EIA, Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), 2009 RECS Survey Data, Air Conditioning, Table HC7.10, and Space Heating, Table HC6.10.
15 State of Florida, Florida Quick Facts, Florida Economy, State Spending & Taxes, accessed August 9, 2017.
16 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C10, Total Consumption Estimates by End-Use Sector, 2015.
17 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C13, Energy Consumption Estimates per Capita by End-Use Sector, Ranked by State, 2015.
18 U.S. EIA, Crude Oil Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production, Proved Reserves, as of December 31, 2015.
19 U.S. EIA, Crude Oil Production, Annual, 2016.
20 U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Assessment of Undiscovered Technically Recoverable Oil and Gas Resources of the Nation's Outer Continental Shelf, 2011, BOEM Fact Sheet RED-2011-01a (November 2011), p. 3.
21 Online Sunshine, The 2017 Florida Statutes, Title XXVIII, 377.242, accessed August 10, 2017.
22 U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Areas Under Restriction, accessed August 10, 2017.
23 American Oil & Gas Historical Society, "First Florida Oil Well," accessed August 9, 2017.
24 Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Oil and Gas, Oil and Gas Field Production Graphs, Florida's Crude Oil Production since 1970, Annual Production History, 1970-2010.
25 U.S. EIA, Florida Field Production of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day), 1981-2016.
26 U.S. EIA, Number and Capacity of Petroleum Refineries, Total Number of Operable Refineries, 2012-17.
27 U.S. EIA, Petroleum and Other Liquids, Company Level Imports, June 2016 to May 2017.
28 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F15, Total Petroleum Consumption Estimates, 2015.
29 Airports Council International-North America, Airport Traffic Reports, accessed August 10, 2017.
30 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F3, Motor Gasoline Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2015.
31 U.S. EIA, U.S. States, Table F2, Jet Fuel Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2015.
32 McLaughlin, Tom, "Rick Scott Signs Ethanol Bill Repealing Required Percentage Statute," The Huffington Post (updated August 1, 2013)
33 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gasoline Standards, Relaxation of Summer Gasoline Volatility Standard for Florida and the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Area (Triangle Area) and the Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point Area (Triad Area) in North Carolina, updated August 16, 2016.
34 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly, DOE/EIA-0226 (2006/03) (March 2006), Tables 1.6.B, 1.8.B, 1.9.B.
35 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data, 2015 Form EIA-860 Data - Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only) and (Retired & Canceled Units Only).
36 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.3.B, 1.5.B, 1.6.B.
37 Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Oil and Gas Annual Production Reports, 2016 Annual Production Report.
38 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of December 31, Florida, Annual, 2015.
39 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production, Annual, Gross Withdrawals 2015.
40 U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Assessment of Undiscovered Technically Recoverable Oil and Gas Resources of the Nation's Outer Continental Shelf, 2011, BOEM Fact Sheet RED-2011-01a (November 2011), p. 3.
41 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of December 31, Florida, Annual, 2015.
42 U.S. EIA, Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals, 1971-2015.
43 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production, Annual, Gross Withdrawals 2015 and Repressuring 2015.
44 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production, Florida, Annual-Million Cubic Feet, 2010-15.
45 U.S. EIA, Florida Profile Data, Distribution and Marketing, accessed August 11, 2017.
46 "Sabal Trail Pipeline Begins Service," Gas Compression Magazine (July 13, 2017).
47 Torres, Kristina, "Court orders new environmental review for Sabal Trail Pipeline," The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (August 22, 2017).
48 U.S. EIA, International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State, Florida, Annual, 2010-15.
49 Gulf South Pipeline, Overview, accessed August 11, 2017.
50 "Sabal Trail Pipeline Begins Service," Gas Compression Magazine (July 13, 2017).
51 Kinder Morgan, Natural Gas Pipelines and Facilities, accessed August 11, 2017.
52 Gulfstream Natural Gas System, About Gulfstream, accessed August 11, 2017.
53 Kinder Morgan, Natural Gas Pipelines, Southern Natural Gas, accessed August 11, 2017.
54 Johnson, Matt, "U.S. Natural Gas Market Kills Port Manatee Pipeline Project," Bradenton Herald (January 4, 2016).
55 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Consumption by End Use, Florida, Annual, 2011-16.
56 U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder, Florida, Table B25040, House Heating Fuel, 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.
57 U.S. EIA, Florida Profile Data, Reserves and Supply, accessed August 11, 2017.
58 U.S. EIA, "U.S. coal exports and imports both decline in 2016 as U.S. remains net coal exporter," Today in Energy (March 14, 2017).
59 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Report 2015 (November 2016), Table 26, U.S. Coal Consumption by End Use Sector, Census Division, and State, 2015 and 2014.
60 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Distribution Report 2015 (November 2016), Florida Table DS-9, Domestic Coal Distribution, by Destination State, 2015.
61 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly DOE/EIA-0226 (2007/03) (March 2007), Table 2.5.B.
62 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Table 2.8.B.
63 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.3.B.
64 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.3.B, 1.7.B.
65 U.S. EIA, State Electricity Profiles, Florida Electricity Profile 2015, Table 2A, Ten largest plants by capacity, 2015, and Table 2B, Ten largest plants by generation, 2015.
66 U.S. EIA, State Electricity Profiles, Florida Electricity Profile 2015, Table 5, Electric power industry generation by primary energy source, 1990 through 2015.
67 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.3.B, 1.5.B.
68 Dochoda, Stacy, Florida Reliability Coordinating Council, Florida Public Service Commission, 2015 Ten-Year Site Plan Workshop, FRCC Presentation (September 15, 2015), slides 20, 21, 31, 33.
69 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.3.B, 1.4.B.
70 U.S. EIA, State Electricity Profiles, Florida Electricity Profile 2015, Table 5, Electric power industry generation by primary energy source, 1990 through 2015.
71 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.3.B, 1.9.B.
72 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Crystal River Unit 3 Nuclear Generating Plant, updated March 4, 2016.
73 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Location of Projected New Nuclear Power Reactors, updated April 1, 2016.
74 Staletovich, Jenny, "Turkey Point nuclear plant on way to expansion. But will it survive a changing industry?" Miami Herald (May 20, 2017).
75 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.3.B.
76 Florida Reliability Coordinating Council, 2017 Regional Load & Resource Plan FRCC-MS-PL-130, Version: 1, p. 3-4.
77 U.S. EIA, State Electricity Profiles, Florida Electricity Profile 2015, Table 10, Supply and disposition of electricity, 1990-2015, Florida.
78 Florida Public Service Commission, Review of the 2016 Ten-Year Site Plans of Florida's Electric Utilities (November 2016), p. 4.
79 Florida Reliability Coordinating Council, 2017 Regional Load & Resource Plan FRCC-MS-PL-130, Version: 1, p. 24-30.
80 Dochoda, Stacy, Florida Reliability Coordinating Council, Florida Public Service Commission, 2016 Ten-Year Site Plan Workshop, FRCC Presentation (September 14, 2016), slides 20, 21.
81 U.S. EIA, U.S. States, Table F21, Electricity Consumption Estimates, 2015.
82 U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder, Florida, Table B25040, House Heating Fuel, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, 2011-2015.
83 U.S. EIA, Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), 2009 RECS Survey Data, Air Conditioning, Table HC7.10.
84 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Table 5.4.B.
85 U.S. Census Bureau, State Population Totals Tables: 2010-2016, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (NST-EST2016-01).
86 U.S. EIA, U.S. States, Table C1, Energy Consumption Overview: Estimates by Energy Source and End-Use Sector, 2015.
87 U.S. EIA, Florida Profile Overview, Biomass, Solar, and Hydroelectric Power Plant Map Layers, accessed August 17, 2017.
88 Florida Energy Systems Consortium, Biomass Energy, accessed August 23, 2017.
89 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.10.B, 1.11.B, 1.15.B, 1.17.B, 1.18.B.
90 U.S. EIA, Florida Profile Overview, Biomass, Solar, and Hydroelectric Power Plant Map Layers, accessed August 17, 2017.
91 Florida Energy Systems Consortium, Biomass Energy, accessed August 23, 2017.
92 University of South Florida, Patel College of Global Sustainability, Research and Initiatives, Biofuels and Bioproducts Development, accessed August 23, 2017.
93 Biodiesel Magazine, US Biodiesel Plants, Operational, updated May 11, 2017.
94 Southeast Renewable Fuels, LLC, accessed August 23, 2017.
95 Schill, Susanne Retka, and Ann Bailey, "Inside the Cellulosic Industry," Ethanol Producer Magazine (July 27, 2017).
96 U.S. Department of Energy Combined Heat and Power Installation Database, Combined Heat and Power Installations in Florida (December 31, 2016).
97 Florida Sugar Farmers: Proud Partners in the Everglades Restoration, U.S. Sugar Corporation and Florida Crystals (August 1998), p. 17-18.
98 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Tables 1.10.B, 1.11.B, 1.17.B, 1.18.B, 6.2.B.
99 Solar Energy Industries Association, Florida Solar, accessed August 23, 2017.
100 Florida Power & Light Co., Solar Energy Centers, accessed August 23, 2017.
101 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2017), Table 1.18.B.
102 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Concentrating Solar Power Projects, Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center, updated January 25, 2013.
103 Armistead, Thomas F., "Integrating Solar, Conventional Energy Resources," Combined Cycle Journal (July 15, 2011).
104 U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, WINDExchange, Wind Energy in Florida, accessed August 23, 2017.
105 American Wind Energy Association, Florida Wind Energy, accessed August 23, 2017.
106 Kao, Shih-Chieh, et al., New Stream-reach Development: A Comprehensive Assessment of Hydropower Energy Potential in the United States, U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (April 2014), p. 44-45.
107 Durkay, Jocelyn, State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Goals, National Conference of State Legislators (August 1, 2017).
108 NC Clean Energy Technology Center, DSIRE, Programs, Florida, Financial Incentives, accessed August 23, 2017.
109 NC Clean Energy Technology, DSIRE, Florida, Net Metering, updated November 9, 2015.


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