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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: October 19, 2017 | Next Update: November 16, 2017                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.9 million 1.5% 2016  
Civilian Labor Force 2.2 million 1.3% Aug-17  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 204.9 billion 27 2016  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 35,716 million 23 2016  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 39,231 47 2016  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 67,257 million miles 16 2015  
Land in Farms 8.9 million acres 31 2012  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 65.4 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2016  
Precipitation 46.0 inches 11 2016  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 43.86 /barrel $ 43.44 /barrel Jul-17  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.02 /thousand cu ft $ 4.63 /thousand cu ft Jul-17 find more
Residential $ 22.48 /thousand cu ft $ 17.75 /thousand cu ft Jul-17 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 84.05 /short ton $ 31.83 /short ton 2015  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.24 /million Btu $ 2.08 /million Btu Jul-17  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.53 cents/kWh 13.12 cents/kWh Jul-17 find more
Commercial 11.54 cents/kWh 11.00 cents/kWh Jul-17 find more
Industrial 6.60 cents/kWh 7.33 cents/kWh Jul-17 find more
Reserves & Supply  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 64 million barrels 0.2% 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 2,182 billion cu ft 0.7% 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 58 million barrels 0.5% 2015 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 228 million short tons 1.2% 2015 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 1 rigs 0.2% 2016  
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,981 wells 1.1% 2016 find more
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,256 trillion Btu 1.4% 2015 find more
Crude Oil 550 thousand barrels 0.2% Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 164,804 million cu ft 0.6% 2016 find more
Coal 13,191 thousand short tons 1.5% 2015 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 131,675 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 29,378 MW 2.7% Jul-17  
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 14,274 thousand MWh 3.6% Jul-17  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.2 % Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 39.7 % 35.6 % Jul-17 find more
Coal-Fired 25.6 % 32.1 % Jul-17 find more
Nuclear 26.2 % 17.8 % Jul-17 find more
Renewables 8.4 % 13.6 % Jul-17  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 156 thousand barrels 1.0% Jul-17  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,171 thousand barrels 0.9% Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 30,450 million cu ft 0.4% Jul-17 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 332 thousand barrels 1.2% Jul-17 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,996 thousand tons 2.0% Jul-17 find more
Production Facilities Alabama
Major Coal Mines No 7 Mine / Jim Walter Resources Inc find more
Petroleum Refineries Goodway Refining (Atmore), Hunt Refining (Tuscaloosa), Shell Chemical (Saraland) find more
Major Non-Nuclear Electricity Generating Plants Barry (Alabama Power Co) ; James H Miller Jr (Alabama Power Co) ; H Allen Franklin Combined Cycle (Southern Power Co) ; E B Harris Electric Generating Plant (Southern Power Co) ; E C Gaston (Alabama Power Co)  
Nuclear Power Plants Browns Ferry (Tennessee Valley Authority), Joseph M Farley (Alabama Power Co) find more
Distribution & Marketing  
Distribution Centers Alabama
Petroleum Ports Mobile find more
Natural Gas Market Hubs None  
Major Pipelines Alabama find more
Crude Oil Plains Pipeline, Hunt Crude Oil Supply  
Petroleum Product Colonial Pipeline, Kinder Morgan  
Natural Gas Liquids Enterprise Products  
Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines Alabama Gas Corporation, American Midstream AlaTenn LLC, Bay Gas Storage, Chandeleur Pipeline Company, Childersburg Water Works, Sewer, and Gas Board, DCP Midstream LP, Florida Gas Transmission Company, Gulf South Pipeline Company LP, Gulfstream Natural Gas System LLC, Midcontinent Express Pipeline, Southeast Supply Header, Southern Natural Gas Company, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, Texas Eastern Transmission LP, Transcontinental Gas Pipeline, USG Pipeline Company  
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,035 stations 2.7% 2014  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 91 stations 2.8% 2017  
Electricity 63 stations 0.4% 2017  
Ethanol 23 stations 0.8% 2017  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 15 stations 1.2% 2017  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,910 trillion Btu 17 2015 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 393 million Btu 12 2015 find more
Total Expenditures $ 20,095 million 20 2015 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,140 14 2015 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 353 trillion Btu 1.7% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial 264 trillion Btu 1.5% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial 808 trillion Btu 2.6% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation 485 trillion Btu 1.8% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,330 million 1.7% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,005 million 1.6% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,279 million 2.3% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation $ 8,481 million 1.7% 2015 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 102.9 million barrels 1.4% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas 676.1 billion cu ft 2.5% 2015 find more
    »  Coal 23.6 million short tons 3.0% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 9,654 million 1.6% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,685 million 1.9% 2015 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,310 million 3.6% 2015 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Jul-17 find more
Natural Gas 43,230 million cu ft 4.0% Jul-17 find more
Coal 1,860 thousand short tons 2.7% Jul-17 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 28.5 % 48.6 % 2015  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 5.6 % 2015  
Electricity 62.9 % 37.2 % 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 6.8 % 4.8 % 2015  
Other/None 1.6 % 3.8 % 2015  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,090 MW 2.0% Jul-17  
Ethanol Plant Operating Production 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2017  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 902 thousand MWh 3.4% Jul-17  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 22 thousand MWh 0.1% Jul-17  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 282 thousand MWh 5.2% Jul-17  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation 0 thousand MWh 0.0% Jul-17  
Ethanol Production 0 Thousand Barrels 0.0% 2015  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 14.2 % 13 2015  
Ethanol Consumption 6,649 thousand barrels 21 2015  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 123.0 million metric tons 2.3% 2014  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 64,442 thousand metric tons 3.2% 2015  
Sulfur Dioxide 117 thousand metric tons 4.6% 2015  
Nitrogen Oxide 51 thousand metric tons 2.8% 2015  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure but greater than 0 (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values between 0 and 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of “Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)” may not add to 100% because “Total utility-scale net electricity generation” includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.