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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: March 16, 2017 | Next Update: April 20, 2017                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.9 million 1.5% 2015  
Civilian Labor Force 2.2 million 1.4% Jan-17  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 199.7 billion 27 2015  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 35,156 million 23 2015  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 38,030 48 2015  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 67,257 million miles 16 2015  
Land in Farms 8.9 million acres 31 2012  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 65.4 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2016  
Precipitation 46.0 inches 11 2016  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 47.18 /barrel $ 47.12 /barrel Dec-16  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.78 /thousand cu ft $ 3.95 /thousand cu ft Dec-16 find more
Residential $ 14.27 /thousand cu ft $ 9.06 /thousand cu ft Dec-16 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 84.05 /short ton $ 31.83 /short ton 2015  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.87 /million Btu $ 2.07 /million Btu Dec-16  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.00 cents/kWh 12.21 cents/kWh Dec-16 find more
Commercial 11.58 cents/kWh 10.08 cents/kWh Dec-16 find more
Industrial 6.42 cents/kWh 6.63 cents/kWh Dec-16 find more
Reserves & Supply  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 64 million barrels 0.2% 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 2,182 billion cu ft 0.7% 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 58 million barrels 0.5% 2015 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 228 million short tons 1.2% 2015 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 6 rigs 0.3% 2014  
Natural Gas Producing Wells 6,044 wells 1.1% 2015 find more
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,354 trillion Btu 1.6% 2014 find more
Crude Oil 700 thousand barrels 0.3% Dec-16 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 168,249 million cu ft 0.6% 2015 find more
Coal 13,191 thousand short tons 1.5% 2015 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 131,675 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2016  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 29,296 MW 2.7% Dec-16  
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 11,821 thousand MWh 3.4% Dec-16  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Dec-16 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 37.6 % 27.9 % Dec-16 find more
Coal-Fired 23.7 % 34.4 % Dec-16 find more
Nuclear 32.2 % 20.8 % Dec-16 find more
Renewables 6.5 % 15.9 % Dec-16  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 148 thousand barrels 0.8% Dec-16  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,632 thousand barrels 1.2% Dec-16 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 33,367 million cu ft 0.4% Dec-16 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 339 thousand barrels 1.1% Dec-16 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 3,514 thousand tons 2.1% Dec-16 find more
Production Facilities Alabama
Major Coal Mines No 7 Mine / Jim Walter Resources Inc find more
Petroleum Refineries Goodway Refining (Atmore), Hunt Refining (Tuscaloosa), Shell Chemical (Saraland) find more
Major Non-Nuclear Electricity Generating Plants Barry (Alabama Power Co) ; James H Miller Jr (Alabama Power Co) ; H Allen Franklin Combined Cycle (Southern Power Co) ; E B Harris Electric Generating Plant (Southern Power Co) ; E C Gaston (Alabama Power Co)  
Nuclear Power Plants Browns Ferry (Tennessee Valley Authority), Joseph M Farley (Alabama Power Co) find more
Distribution & Marketing  
Distribution Centers Alabama
Petroleum Ports Mobile find more
Natural Gas Market Hubs None  
Major Pipelines Alabama find more
Crude Oil Plains Pipeline, Hunt Crude Oil Supply  
Petroleum Product Colonial Pipeline, Kinder Morgan  
Natural Gas Liquids Enterprise Products  
Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines Alabama Gas Corporation, American Midstream AlaTenn LLC, Bay Gas Storage, Chandeleur Pipeline Company, Childersburg Water Works, Sewer, and Gas Board, DCP Midstream LP, Florida Gas Transmission Company, Gulf South Pipeline Company LP, Gulfstream Natural Gas System LLC, Midcontinent Express Pipeline, Southeast Supply Header, Southern Natural Gas Company, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, Texas Eastern Transmission LP, Transcontinental Gas Pipeline, USG Pipeline Company  
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,035 stations 2.7% 2014  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 104 stations 2.7% 2016  
Electricity 106 stations 0.7% 2016  
Ethanol 31 stations 1.0% 2016  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 38 stations 1.5% 2016  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,958 trillion Btu 17 2014 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 404 million Btu 12 2014 find more
Total Expenditures $ 24,147 million 21 2014 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,982 18 2014 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 379 trillion Btu 1.8% 2014 find more
    »  Commercial 262 trillion Btu 1.4% 2014 find more
    »  Industrial 848 trillion Btu 2.7% 2014 find more
    »  Transportation 469 trillion Btu 1.7% 2014 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,535 million 1.7% 2014 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,943 million 1.5% 2014 find more
    »  Industrial $ 5,006 million 2.0% 2014 find more
    »  Transportation $ 11,662 million 1.7% 2014 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 97.9 million barrels 1.4% 2014 find more
    »  Natural Gas 676.1 billion cu ft 2.5% 2015 find more
    »  Coal 23.6 million short tons 3.0% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 13,078 million 1.5% 2014 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,685 million 1.9% 2015 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,310 million 3.6% 2015 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 7 thousand barrels 0.4% Dec-16 find more
Natural Gas 31,376 million cu ft 4.4% Dec-16 find more
Coal 1,470 thousand short tons 2.3% Dec-16 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 28.5 % 48.6 % 2015  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 5.6 % 2015  
Electricity 62.9 % 37.2 % 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 6.8 % 4.8 % 2015  
Other/None 1.6 % 3.8 % 2015  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,015 MW 2.0% Dec-16  
Ethanol Plant Operating Capacity 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2016  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 480 thousand MWh 2.1% Dec-16  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 7 thousand MWh * Dec-16  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 278 thousand MWh 5.0% Dec-16  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation * * Dec-16  
Ethanol Production 0 Thousand Barrels 0.0% 2014  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 14.2 % 12 2014  
Ethanol Consumption 6,649 thousand barrels 21 2015  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 123.0 million metric tons 2.3% 2014  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 64,442 thousand metric tons 3.2% 2015  
Sulfur Dioxide 117 thousand metric tons 4.6% 2015  
Nitrogen Oxide 51 thousand metric tons 2.8% 2015  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure but greater than 0 (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values between 0 and 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Total net electricity generation includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.