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Texas   Texas Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Texas is the top crude oil- and natural gas-producing state in the nation. In 2023, Texas accounted for 43% of the nation's crude oil production and 27% of its natural gas gross withdrawals.
  • Texas has the most crude oil refineries and the most refining capacity in the nation. The state's 34 refineries can process nearly 6.3 million barrels of crude oil per calendar day—about one-third of the nation's total refining capacity.
  • In 2023, Texas led the nation in wind-powered electricity generation, accounting for 28% of all U.S. wind-sourced electricity.
  • In 2023, Texas produced more electricity than any other state and generated more than twice as much as second-place Florida. Texas accounted for 13% of the nation's total electricity net generation that year.
  • Texas is the largest energy-consuming state and is the largest net supplier of energy to other states. The industrial sector, including the state's refineries and petrochemical plants, accounts for more than half of the state's energy consumption and for 24% of the nation's total industrial sector energy use.

Last Updated: July 18, 2024

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