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EIA Report on Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Energy 

 As of Thursday, September 18, 4:00 pm       See current   

U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Market Impacts

NYMEX Futures Prices
(for October delivery)

Pre-Gustav 8/29/2008 change Week Ago
Year Ago
  WTI Crude Oil ($/Bbl)
  Gasoline RBOB* (c/gal)
  Heating Oil (c/gal)
  Natural Gas ($/MMBtu)
*RBOB = Reformulated Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (RBOB), the base gasoline that needs to be blended with some type of oxygenate, now usually ethanol, to be turned into finished reformulated gasoline (RFG). Ethanol is not blended into the gasoline mixture until just before the gasoline is shipped to the retail stations.

As of 12:30 pm EDT (11:30 am CDT), September 18, the Minerals Management Service was reporting that 1.25 million barrels per day (or about 90 percent) of the federal portion of the Gulf of Mexico’s crude oil production was shut-in.  As of 9:00 am EDT (8:00 am CDT), September 18, the Department of Energy reported that there are 12 refineries in Texas and Louisiana that are shut down ahead of Hurricane Ike.  These 12 refineries have a total capacity of 3.0 million barrels per day (about 17 percent of U.S. operable capacity), and represent about 1.1 million barrels per day of gasoline output (about 12 percent of U.S. gasoline demand in September) and over 700,000 barrels per day of distillate fuel output (about 18 percent of U.S. demand in September), based on recent historical data.  So far, since refineries first shut down before Hurricane Gustav, over 34 million barrels of products have not been produced, including 16 million barrels of gasoline and about 11 million barrels of distillate fuel. This does not include reduced production from refineries that have reduced runs at various times during Hurricanes Gustav or Ike.  As of September 18, 8 refineries were running at a reduced rate.  As of September 18, the Colonial and Plantation product pipelines continue to operate at reduced rates.  Both of these are major product pipelines going from the Gulf Coast to the East Coast.

As of the close of trading on September 18, oil prices remained well below pre-Hurricane Gustav levels.  Compared to prices before Hurricane Gustav, crude oil for October delivery was about $18 per barrel lower, while gasoline (RBOB) and heating oil were about 37 cents and 41 cents per gallon lower, respectively.

Natural Gas
As of 12:30 pm EDT (11:30 am CDT), September 18, the Minerals Management Service was reporting that over 5.7 billion cubic feet per day (or nearly 80 percent) of the federal portion of the Gulf of Mexico’s natural gas production was shut-in. The Department of Energy (DOE) reported that as of 8:00 am EDT September 18, there have been additional reports of damage to multiple natural gas gathering and offshore systems and force majeures’ remain in effect. Pipelines, producers, and processing plant operators continue to investigate the impacts to their facilities from the storms. Restricted access to roads as a result of flooding has delayed many operators on returning the appropriate amount of crews to complete assessments and repairs to their facilities at this time. As of 4 pm EDT September 16, the Sabine Pipe Line, LLC reported that the force majeure has been lifted for some additional points along its system. Compression at the Henry Hub complex remains unavailable at this time and Sabine advises its customers that gas flow through the system must be received at sufficient pressure.

As of 8:00 pm EDT, September 17, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has confirmed that 14 plants remain shut down which includes those plants still impacted from Gustav, totaling an operating capacity of 7.15 billion cubic feet per day (approximately 40 percent of the capacity in Hurricane Ike’s path). In addition, EIA reports that 17 plants have resumed operations at reduced or normal levels totaling 6.70 billion cubic feet per day operating capacity and 7 plants are capable to restart totaling 3.61 billion cubic feet per day operating capacity once power is restored or upstream gas flow commences.

Also see:
Hurricane Situation Reports from DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability
STEO Hurricane Analysis (pdf)



Hurricane Ike’s Path
as of 0700 EDT, September 13, 2008
maps courtesy of iMapData and Pennwell

Gulf of Mexico Oil & Natural Gas Facts
Energy Information Administration
Gulf of Mexico
Total U.S.
% from
Gulf of Mexico
Oil (million barrels per day)
  Federal Offshore Crude Oil Production (4/08)
  Total Gulf Coast Region Refinery Capacity (as of 1/1/08) 
Natural Gas (billion cubic feet per day as of 2007)
  Federal Offshore Marketed Production
  State Offshore Marketed Production

State Energy Profiles

Hurricane Gustav & Ike
September 17, 2008 Report
September 16, 2008 Report
September 15, 2008 Report
September 14, 2008 Report
September 13, 2008 Report
September 12, 2008 Report
September 11, 2008 Report
September 10, 2008 Report
September 9, 2008 Report
September 8, 2008 Report
September 5, 2008 Report
September 4, 2008 Report
September 3, 2008 Report
September 2, 2008 Report
September 1, 2008 Report

Previous EIA Hurricane Reports