Report Contents
[Report #. SR/O&G/2000-02]


Executive Summary

1. Overview of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

Geographic Setting

2. Analysis Discussion

Resource Assessment
Method of Analysis
ANWR Coastal Plain Assessment

3. Summary











Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Updated Assessment


Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Updated Assessment is a product of the Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Reserves and Production Division. EIA, under various programs, has assessed foreign and domestic oil and gas resources, reserves, and production potential. As a policy-neutral agency, EIA’s standard analysis of the potential of the Alaska North Slope (ANS) has focused on the areas without exploration and development restrictions.

EIA received a letter (dated March 10, 2000) from Senator Frank H. Murkowski as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources requesting an EIA Service Report "with plausible scenarios for ANWR supply development consistent with the most recent U.S. Geological Survey resource assessments." This service report is prepared in response to the request of Senator Murkowski. It focuses on the ANWR coastal plain, a region currently restricted from exploration and development, and updates EIA’s 1987 ANWR assessment.

Recognizing the value of this study, readers should be aware of the limitations of the projections. There are many underlying forces of energy markets that cannot be known with certainty, such as the speed of technological development, the impact of variations in oil prices, changes in legislation, and impacts of the economy on supply and demand. The USGS resource estimates, on which the production estimates are based, have a sizeable range of uncertainty around them, of which readers should be aware. To allow timely completion of this study, simplifying assumptions were made which add to the uncertainty of the projections. For example, production schedules were postulated without specifying the effect of various levels of oil prices and technology advancements. Rapid technology growth can yield lower costs and faster development, with the reverse effect given slower technology growth. Oil price is a key factor in determining when production becomes economic.

General information about this publication may be obtained from John H. Wood, Director of the Reserves and Production Division, (214) 720-6150. Specific information regarding the contents or preparation of this report may be obtained from Floyd Wiesepape, (214) 720-6166, fax (214) 720-6155, or e-mail