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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: August 8, 2017  |  Next Release Date: Septemeber 12, 2017  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures

Renewables and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

  • Wind electricity generating capacity at the end of 2016 was 81 gigawatts (GW). EIA expects wind capacity additions in the forecast will bring total wind capacity to 88 GW by the end of 2017 and to 102 GW by the end of 2018.
  • Total utility-scale solar electricity generating capacity at the end of 2016 was 22 GW. EIA expects solar capacity additions in the forecast will bring total utility-scale solar capacity to 29 GW by the end of 2017 and to 32 GW by the end of 2018.
  • After declining 1.7% in 2016, energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are projected to decrease 0.3% in 2017 and then to increase 2.0% in 2018. Energy-related CO2 emissions are sensitive to changes in weather, economic growth, and energy prices.
U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary
  2015 2016 2017 2018
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
b Includes electricity and heat generation
c Other renewables includes biofuels production losses and co-products
d Includes electric power sector use of geothermal energy and non-biomass waste
U.S. Renewables Consumption (quadrillion Btu)
Geothermal 0.212 0.226 0.230 0.236
Hydropowera 2.321 2.477 2.787 2.503
Solar 0.426 0.587 0.777 0.931
Waste Biomass 0.518 0.522 0.527 0.528
Wind 1.776 2.112 2.298 2.424
Wood Biomass 2.071 1.959 1.957 1.952
Electricity Subtotalb 7.311 7.867 8.548 8.545
Biomass-based Diesel 0.215 0.289 0.316 0.328
Ethanol 1.148 1.186 1.188 1.191
Biofuels Subtotal 1.363 1.475 1.504 1.519
Otherc 0.776 0.796 0.816 0.804
Total 9.450 10.138 10.867 10.868
Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel (million metric tons)
Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels 2295 2320 2327 2352
Natural Gas 1473 1485 1431 1494
Coal 1480 1354 1385 1402
Total Energyd 5259 5170 5154 5259

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