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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: June 6, 2017  |  Next Release Date: July 11, 2017  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures

Renewables and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

  • Wind electricity generating capacity at the end of 2016 was 81 gigawatts (GW). EIA expects wind capacity additions in the forecast will bring total wind capacity to 88 GW by the end of 2017 and 102 GW by the end of 2018.
  • Total utility-scale solar electricity generating capacity at the 2016 was 21 GW. EIA expects solar capacity additions in the forecast will bring total utility-scale solar capacity to 29 GW by the end of 2017 and 32 GW by the end of 2018.
  • After declining by 1.7% in 2016, energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are projected to decrease by 0.7% in 2017 and then increase by 2.2% in 2018. Energy-related CO2 emissions are sensitive to changes in weather, economic growth, and energy prices.
U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary
  2015 2016 2017 2018
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
b Includes electricity and heat generation
c Other renewables includes biofuels production losses and co-products
d Includes electric power sector use of geothermal energy and non-biomass waste
U.S. Renewables Consumption (quadrillion Btu)
Geothermal 0.212 0.226 0.230 0.236
Hydropowera 2.321 2.477 2.881 2.594
Solar 0.426 0.587 0.790 0.957
Waste Biomass 0.518 0.522 0.532 0.533
Wind 1.812 2.155 2.323 2.461
Wood Biomass 2.071 1.959 1.952 1.952
Electricity Subtotalb 7.353 7.918 8.664 8.702
Biomass-based Diesel 0.215 0.289 0.299 0.323
Ethanol 1.148 1.186 1.190 1.191
Biofuels Subtotal 1.363 1.475 1.491 1.514
Otherc 0.776 0.796 0.818 0.815
Total 9.492 10.190 10.973 11.031
Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel (million metric tons)
Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels 2295 2320 2321 2349
Natural Gas 1473 1485 1446 1503
Coal 1480 1354 1356 1384
Total Energyd 5259 5171 5134 5248

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