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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: February 7, 2017  |  Next Release Date: March 7, 2017  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures

Renewables and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

  • Wind energy capacity at the end of 2016 was 81 gigawatts (GW). EIA expects capacity additions in the next two years will bring total wind capacity to 94 GW by the end of 2018.
  • After declining by 1.7% in 2016, energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are projected to increase by 0.3% in 2017 and by 1.4% in 2018. Energy-related CO2 emissions are sensitive to changes in weather, economic growth, and energy prices.
U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary
  2015 2016 2017 2018
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
b Includes electricity and heat generation
c Other renewables includes biofuels production losses and co-products
d Includes electric power sector use of geothermal energy and non-biomass waste
U.S. Renewables Consumption (quadrillion Btu)
Geothermal 0.213 0.229 0.233 0.234
Hydropowera 2.321 2.464 2.541 2.556
Solar 0.427 0.582 0.751 0.881
Waste Biomass 0.522 0.526 0.524 0.528
Wind 1.812 2.120 2.272 2.492
Wood Biomass 2.043 1.949 1.919 1.940
Electricity Subtotalb 7.332 7.889 8.220 8.607
Biomass-based Diesel 0.215 0.289 0.304 0.330
Ethanol 1.148 1.185 1.188 1.191
Biofuels Subtotal 1.363 1.475 1.488 1.520
Otherc 0.776 0.800 0.800 0.807
Total 9.471 10.160 10.508 10.934
Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel (million metric tons)
Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels 2295 2311 2317 2341
Natural Gas 1473 1485 1473 1513
Coal 1480 1363 1383 1395
Total Energyd 5259 5168 5185 5260

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