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Short-Term Energy and SUmmer Fuels Outlook

Release Date: April 11, 2017  |  Next Release Date: May 9, 2017  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures

Renewables and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

  • Wind energy capacity at the end of 2016 was 81 gigawatts (GW). EIA expects capacity additions in the forecast will bring total wind capacity to 95 GW by the end of 2018.
  • Total utility-scale solar generation capacity is forecast to increase by 44% from 21 GW at the end of 2016 to 31 GW at the end of 2018. With that growth, solar is forecast to account for more than 1% of total utility-scale electricity generation in 2018.
  • After declining by 1.7% in 2016, energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are projected to decrease by 0.5% in 2017 and then increase by 2.2% in 2018. Energy-related CO2 emissions are sensitive to changes in weather, economic growth, and energy prices.
U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary
  2015 2016 2017 2018
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
b Includes electricity and heat generation
c Other renewables includes biofuels production losses and co-products
d Includes electric power sector use of geothermal energy and non-biomass waste
U.S. Renewables Consumption (quadrillion Btu)
Geothermal 0.213 0.230 0.234 0.236
Hydropowera 2.321 2.477 2.824 2.545
Solar 0.426 0.587 0.780 0.933
Waste Biomass 0.522 0.526 0.530 0.534
Wind 1.812 2.152 2.268 2.445
Wood Biomass 2.043 1.953 1.933 1.946
Electricity Subtotalb 7.331 7.917 8.557 8.614
Biomass-based Diesel 0.215 0.289 0.296 0.330
Ethanol 1.148 1.186 1.186 1.188
Biofuels Subtotal 1.363 1.475 1.478 1.517
Otherc 0.776 0.796 0.812 0.813
Total 9.470 10.189 10.856 10.945
Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel (million metric tons)
Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels 2295 2320 2321 2349
Natural Gas 1473 1486 1442 1500
Coal 1480 1353 1367 1396
Total Energyd 5259 5170 5142 5257

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