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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: December 11, 2018  |  Next Release Date: January 15, 2019  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures


  • U.S. coal exports for the first nine months of 2018 totaled 87 million short tons (MMst), compared with 69 MMst exported during the same period in 2017. In July and September 2018, exports of steam coal (used for generating electricity) exceeded exports of metallurgical coal (used for producing steel). Before July 2018, the last month that this occurred was in February 2015. EIA expects coal exports to total 113 MMst in 2018 and 102 MMst in 2019. EIA expects U.S. coal production will total 762 MMst in 2018 (down 2% from 2017) and 742 MMst in 2019 (down 3% from 2018).

U.S. coal production

U.S. electric power sector coal stocks

U.S. coal consumption

U.S. Coal Summary
Prices (dollars per million Btu)
Electric Power Sector
Supply (million short tons)
U.S. Coal Production 728.4774.6761.7741.9
Exports 60.397.0112.7102.2
Consumption (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 678.6665.0644.4599.7
Other Sectors 52.551.952.252.6
Total Consumption 731.1716.9696.8652.3
End of Period Inventories (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 162.0137.7107.8109.2
Total Inventories 193.0167.0136.9139.7

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