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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: October 8, 2019  |  Next Release Date: November 13, 2019  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures


  • EIA expects total U.S. coal production to decrease to 159 million short tons (MMst) in the fourth quarter of 2019, a decline of 34 MMst (17%) from the same period in 2018. The resulting estimate of U.S. production totals 679 MMst in 2019, which would be a 76 MMst (10%) decline from the 2018 level. Declining coal demand and related bankruptcies, ownership changes, and sudden mine closures have contributed to a fluctuating production environment in the Western region (largely the Powder River Basin), which produces more than half of the U.S. coal supply. EIA expects coal production to decline further by 11% in 2020 to 603 MMSt.

U.S. coal production

U.S. coal consumption

U.S. electric power sector coal stocks

U.S. Coal Summary
Prices (dollars per million Btu)
Electric Power Sector
Supply (million short tons)
U.S. Coal Production 774.6755.5679.3603.0
Exports 97.0115.691.875.5
Consumption (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 665.0636.5545.8496.0
Other Sectors 51.950.850.247.5
Total Consumption 716.9687.3595.9543.5
End of Period Inventories (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 137.7102.8109.9109.2
Total Inventories 167.0132.1139.4138.0

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