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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: April 6, 2021  |  Forecast Completed: April 1, 2021  |  Next Release Date: May 11, 2021  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures


  • EIA expects U.S. coal production to total 585 MMst in 2021, 46 MMst (9%) more than in 2020. In 2022, we expect coal production to grow by an additional 16 MMst (3%). We expect that coal used to generate electric power will increase by 13% to 495 MMst in 2021 and by 4% to 514 MMst in 2022. The increase in coal production in 2021 will be the largest on a percentage basis in the Interior region, owing to increased domestic electricity generation. In 2022, EIA expects it will be largest in the Appalachia region, partly as a result of metallurgical coal exports rising to 54 MMst next year, up 27% from 2020 levels.

U.S. coal production

U.S. coal consumption

U.S. Coal Summary
Prices (dollars per million Btu)
Electric Power Sector 2.021.921.921.92
Supply (million short tons)
U.S. Coal Production 705.3539.1585.3601.7
Exports 92.969.178.589.1
Consumption (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 538.6436.5495.3513.7
Other Sectors 47.940.843.744.5
Total Consumption 586.5477.3539.0558.2
End of Period Inventories (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 128.2132.7115.076.1
Total Inventories 165.3167.0144.8111.3

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U.S. summer cooling degree days XLSX PNG
U.S. winter heating degree days XLSX PNG
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