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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: February 6, 2018  |  Next Release Date: March 6, 2018  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures


  • EIA estimates U.S. coal production was 772 million short tons (MMst) in 2017, 44 MMst (6%) higher than in 2016. Forecast coal production declines by 2% to 760 MMst in 2018 and then increases slightly to 762 MMst in 2019. Lower expected global demand for U.S. coal exports (down 16% in 2018 and another 4% in 2019) and lower forecasts of coal use in the electric power sector (1% lower in 2018 and another 2% lower in 2019) contribute to the forecast of lower coal production.
U.S. Coal Summary
Prices (dollars per million Btu)
Electric Power Sector
Supply (million short tons)
U.S. Coal Production 728.4772.3760.4762.1
Exports 60.396.381.478.4
Consumption (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 678.6667.5661.4645.9
Other Sectors 52.352.452.352.4
Total Consumption 730.9719.9713.7698.3
End of Period Inventories (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 162.0140.0128.1127.9
Total Inventories 193.0165.9154.3158.6

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