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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: August 6, 2019  |  Next Release Date: September 10, 2019  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures


  • EIA expects electric power sector demand for coal to fall by 2% in 2020, compared with an expected decline of 15% in 2019. However, planned coal plant retirements will continue to put downward pressure on overall electricity demand for the fuel. Almost 13 gigawatts of coal-fired electricity generation capacity has retired this year or is scheduled to retire by the end of 2020, accounting for 5% of the capacity existing at the end of 2018.

U.S. coal production

U.S. coal consumption

U.S. electric power sector coal stocks

U.S. Coal Summary
Prices (dollars per million Btu)
Electric Power Sector
Supply (million short tons)
U.S. Coal Production 774.6755.5687.9651.0
Exports 97.0115.6100.090.4
Consumption (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 665.0636.5538.1525.9
Other Sectors 51.950.851.049.8
Total Consumption 716.9687.3589.0575.7
End of Period Inventories (million short tons)
Electric Power Sector 137.7102.8109.0108.3
Total Inventories 167.0132.1137.7137.1

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