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South Africa's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
2016
6.074
Quadrillion Btu
17
Total Primary Energy Production
2016
6.259
Quadrillion Btu
20
Primary Coal Exports
2016
85,235
Thousand Short Tons
5
Coal Recoverable Reserves
2017
34,723
Million Short Tons
8
Total Electricity Exports
2016
17
Billion Kilowatthours
14
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Map of South Africa
Map of South Africa

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: October 26, 2017

  • South Africa has a large energy-intensive coal mining industry. The country has limited proved reserves of oil and natural gas and uses its large coal deposits to meet most of its energy needs, particularly in the electricity sector. South Africa also has a sophisticated synthetic fuels industry, producing gasoline and diesel fuels from the Secunda coal-to-liquids and Mossel Bay gas-to-liquids plants.
  • PetroSA, a South African state-owned company, operates upstream oil and natural gas producing assets in South Africa, along with the GTL plant in Mossel Bay. Sasol, a privately owned company based in South Africa, operates the Secunda CTL plant, has a majority interest in the Natref oil refinery, partially owns the pipeline transporting natural gas from Mozambique to South Africa, and is involved in coal mining.
  • South Africa has the world's tenth-largest amount of recoverable coal reserves and holds 75% of Africa's total coal reserves. Coal consumption in South Africa is expected to continue to increase as new coal-fired power stations are scheduled to come online to meet rising demand for electricity.
  • South Africa exports about 30% of its coal production and is the fifth-largest global coal exporter. Most of South Africa’s coal exports are sent to Asia, with India being the largest recipient.
  • South Africa imports natural gas from Mozambique via pipeline to supply Sasol's Secunda synfuel plant and to fuel natural gas-fired power plants. South Africa produces a small volume of natural gas offshore, which is mainly used to supply the Mossel Bay GTL plant.

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Data