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Uganda's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Production
2016
0.03
Quadrillion Btu
129
Total Primary Energy Consumption
2016
0.095
Quadrillion Btu
134
Crude Oil Proved Reserves
2018
2.5
Billion Barrels
30
Hydroelectricity Net Generation
2016
3.2
Billion Kilowatthours
76
Total Renewable Electricity Net Generation
2016
3.2
Billion Kilowatthours
89
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Map of Uganda
Map of Uganda

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: April 2016

  • Uganda does not produce hydrocarbons currently, but after discovering oil ten years ago, the country is expected to start producing oil within the next decade. Commercial oil production is expected to start at the earliest in 2020 but most likely beyond this period. The production start date has been pushed back several times in the past. Contractual and tax disputes, differences between the Ugandan government and international investors over the portion of oil production to be exported versus refined locally, and disagreements over the export pipeline route have all contributed to a later-than-expected production start date. Sustained low global oil prices have also contributed to delays.
  • The first commercial oil discovery in Uganda was made in the Albertine Graben area in 2006. Since then, successful well appraisals have boosted Uganda's proved crude oil reserves from zero in 2010 to 2.5 billion barrels as of the end of 2015, according to the Oil & Gas Journal (OGJ). The Ugandan government estimates that the Albertine Graben area contains 6.5 billion barrels of oil in place. Proved natural gas reserves were estimated at 500 billion cubic feet as of the end of 2015, according to OGJ.
  • The UK-based Tullow, Paris-based Total, and the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) are leading oil exploration and development activities in the Albertine Graben blocks. Total operates Exploration Area 1 (EA-1) and EA-1A, Tullow operates EA-2, and CNOOC operates the Kingfisher Production License.
  • The Ugandan government has not yet approved the development plans submitted by Tullow and Total and has only granted one production license to CNOOC to develop the Kingfisher field. The Ugandan government and the international oil companies (IOCs) signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) in February 2014 for a broad plan to develop the fields in the Albertine Graben area, fuel a refinery, and construct a crude oil export pipeline via Kenya.
  • The three companies are targeting gross oil production of more than 200,000 barrels per day (b/d), according to Tullow. IOCs plan to make a final investment decision, which includes developing the resources and building an export pipeline, sometime in 2017, but it may be pushed back if an export pipeline route is not chosen.

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Data