U.S. Energy Information Administration logo

Projects published on Beta are not final and may contain programming errors. They are for public testing and comment only. We welcome your feedback. For final products, please visit www.eia.gov.

Romania's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Production
2016
1.058
Quadrillion Btu
51
Total Primary Energy Consumption
2016
1.37
Quadrillion Btu
51
Primary Coal Production
2016
25,344
Thousand Short Tons
22
Nuclear Electricity Net Generation
2016
10
Billion Kilowatthours
23
Total Electricity Exports
2016
9.2
Billion Kilowatthours
24
See more rankings ›
Map of Romania
Map of Romania

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: August 2014

  • Romania’s energy strategy is to secure supply through both fuel imports and domestic supplies and maintain a balanced energy resource portfolio by promoting clean coal technologies, nuclear energy, renewable energy expansion, and shale gas development.
  • Romania has nine crude oil refineries with a total capacity of 467,642 barrels per day (bbl/d) according to the Oil & Gas Journal (OGJ), which is among the largest refining capacities in Eastern Europe. Although Romania's refineries operate below capacity, refinery output exceeds domestic consumption allowing the country to export the surplus petroleum products. Romania consumed 215,000 bbl/d of petroleum in 2013.
  • Oil production in Romania has steadily declined over time. Total crude oil and other liquids production in Romania was 104,000 bbl/d in 2013, down from around 134,000 bbl/d in 2003. Romania has the fourth-largest crude oil reserves in Europe with 600 million barrels of proved reserves as of January 1, 2014, according to OGJ estimates.
  • Dry natural gas production has declined steadily over the past three decades, from its peak of 1.4 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 1983 to 375 billion cubic feet (Bcf) in 2012. Romania has the fifth-largest natural gas reserves in Europe with 3.7 Tcf of proved reserves as of January 1, 2014.
  • Romania is looking to develop a shale gas industry and reduce its reliance on Russian natural gas supplies. According to Eurogas, imports of natural gas from Russia accounted for 24% of the natural gas Romania consumed and for 100% of the natural gas Romania imported in 2012.

read full analysis ›

Data