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Mozambique's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Production
Quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Consumption
Quadrillion Btu
Proved Reserves of Natural Gas
Trillion Cubic Feet
Primary Coal Production
Thousand Short Tons
Primary Coal Exports
Thousand Short Tons
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Map of Mozambique
Map of Mozambique

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: May 2018

  • Substantial natural gas deposits discovered in Mozambique’s Rovuma basin could transform the country into a significant liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter. International companies face significant obstacles to developing resources in Rovuma, and LNG exports are not likely to begin until after 2020. Mozambique does not produce any crude oil or have any refining capacity and relies on imports to satisfy all of its oil product demand.
  • Mozambique’s Tete province is estimated to have large, untapped coal reserves. Limited infrastructure and an unfavorable price climate had presented major challenges to developing these resources, but recent infrastructure developments have made progress in minimizing logistical constraints to exporting coal.
  • According to the Oil & Gas Journal, Mozambique holds 100 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proved natural gas reserves and is the third-largest holder of proved natural gas reserves in Africa after Nigeria and Algeria.
  • In 2016, Mozambique produced approximately 200 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas. Most of Mozambique’s production was exported (about 140 Bcf) to South Africa via the 535-mile Sasol Petroleum International Gas Pipeline, and the remainder was used for domestic consumption.
  • The U.S.-based Anadarko and Italy-based Eni are the operators leading exploration activities in Mozambique’s offshore Rovuma Basin. Anadarko made several natural gas discoveries in Area 1 (Prosperidade and Golfinho/Atum complexes), with recoverable natural gas resources estimated at 75 Tcf. Eni’s natural gas discoveries are in Area 4 (Mamba complex and the Coral site), and recoverable natural gas resources are estimated to be 85 Tcf.

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