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Lithuania's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Production
quadrillion Btu
Total Electricity Imports
billion kilowatthours
Imports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate
thousand barrels per day
Imports of Dry Natural Gas
billion cubic feet
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Map of Lithuania
Map of Lithuania

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: March 2013

  • Since regaining its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990, Lithuania's economy has expanded rapidly, although its total energy consumption since then has declined.
  • Lithuania is not a notable energy producer or consumer, ranking in the bottom five among the European Union countries. Nearly all of Lithuania's energy imports originate in Russia, including crude oil and liquid fuels, natural gas, and coal.
  • Prior to 2009, Lithuania generated approximately 77 percent of total net generated electric power from nuclear sources. During that year, Lithuania exported about 58 percent of total generated electricity. However, at the end of 2009, Lithuania closed its last nuclear reactor and electricity ceased to be the country's major export commodity. Lithuania's nuclear power reactors were similar in type to those in the Chernobyl power plant in Ukraine.
  • Following the closure of the nuclear reactors in 2009, Lithuania became dependent on electricity imports to satisfy its demand. Although most of its 2012 electricity imports came from Russia (63 percent), Lithuania also imports electricity from Estonia (about 26 percent), Latvia (7 percent), and Belarus (nearly 4 percent).
  • Lithuania produced approximately 8,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of liquid fuels, including 2,000 bbl/d of crude oil, but consumed 60,000 bbl/d in 2011. Crude oil and condensate imports came from Russia, as did the entire 120 billion cubic feet of natural gas consumed during the year.

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