# Teacher Guide

Our teacher guide provides energy lessons that use this website as a resource. The guide provides Language Arts, Math, Performing Arts, Science and Social Studies extension activities by age levels: Primary (P), Elementary (E), Intermediate (I), and Secondary (S).

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# Introduction

Energy Kids (www.eia.gov/kids) is a student-friendly website hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The site includes a variety of information and activities about energy organized in several main categories: What is Energy?, Sources of Energy, Using & Saving Energy, History of Energy, Games and Activities, for Teachers, Related Links, Energy Calculators, and a Glossary. This teacher guide provides activities for using Energy Kids as a resource to teach students about energy in a fun and interactive way. Using Energy Kids provides students with the opportunity to learn about energy while improving research and reading skills.

## Materials

Each activity has its own material requirements, but the majority require the students to have time using computers with internet access.

## Procedure

• Determine which activities your students are going to complete and prepare any additional materials needed.
• Secure computer lab time if needed.
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## Comparing Fuel Consumption — Elementary, Intermediate

Assign students to the following groups: coal, electricity, natural gas, petroleum (crude oil), gasoline, and heating oil. After spending time researching how each fuel is used in the United States in the Energy Sources and Using and Saving Energy sections, have each group determine how their fuel’s consumption is measured. Post use and measurement information on a chart. Have students predict which fuel contributes the most to U.S. energy consumption.

Pose this question to the students: How can we compare the consumption for each fuel when they are measured differently? Allow time for discussion. Using the Energy Calculators under the What is Energy? section of the website, work through conversion problems on the website as a group. Discuss the following questions:

1. What is a Btu?
2. How can it be used to compare fuels that are measured differently, such as a cubic foot of natural gas compared to a barrel of crude oil?

Have students use the Energy Calculators to convert their fuel consumption into Btus and include this information on the chart. Allow students time to research annual fuel consumption, post this on the chart, and graph the yearly consumption of the fuels in Btus. Have students review their predictions and discuss reasons why some fuels are used more than others.

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## Energy Statistics — Elementary, Intermediate

Have students compare the energy consumption and production information available under Using and Saving Energy, and Recent Statistics. Have students create various graphs to highlight the statistics that answer the following questions:

1. Which fuel is consumed the most in the U.S.?
2. Which fuels are used for both home heating and electricity generation? Are they used to the same degree for both?
3. Is there a connection between energy consumption and CO2 emissions?
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## Energy Commercials — Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Discuss as a class what makes a commercial memorable. Be sure to include such discussion topics as celebrity spokespeople, jingles and humor. Divide the students into groups. Assign each group to an energy source. Have the groups research their source under the Energy Sources section of the website. Have each group write, design and produce a television or radio commercial with the goal of convincing the audience to use their source. Record the commercials for other classes to see and determine which source they would use. Put the commercials on local cable or radio stations.

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## Energy Source Presentations — Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Divide the students into groups and assign each to a renewable or nonrenewable energy source. Have each group research their energy source on the website under Energy Sources and prepare a short presentation that conveys the following information:

1. How is the energy source formed? From where does it come?
2. How is the energy source used in our daily lives?
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using this energy source?

For more information, use the Energy Source Expo or Transparent Energy booklets from The NEED Project at www.need.org.

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## Personal or School Energy Use — Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Have students gather data about their household energy use for a week. Include electricity, natural gas or heating oil and gasoline. Have students determine how much energy they consumed, using only one unit of measurement for all fuels. Gather the same information for the school and have students compare. Use the Energy Units Basics and Energy Calculators under the What is Energy? section of the website.

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## Solid Waste and Energy — Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Have students explore the relationship between trash and energy. Assign students to groups to create presentation boards on the following topics: solid waste, ways to reduce waste, energy in landfills, waste-to-energy plants, and recycling. Allow time for each group to research their topic under Energy Sources, Biomass and Using and Saving Energy. Have each group generate three questions for the class to answer at the end of their presentation. Allow time for each group to present to the class. As an additional resource, use the Museum of Solid Waste and Energy booklet from The NEED Project at www.need.org.

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## Energy Use Stories — Primary, Elementary

Use the four Energy Tales (Johnny Energy Seed, Fern Fossil, Little Big Fuel, and Wendy Wizard), under the For Teachers - Primary Lessons, to introduce students to sources of energy. Put primary students into small groups. Pair with small groups of elementary students, who will serve as readers, creative directors and choreographers. Each group will perform one of the Energy Tales. Allow groups several class sessions to create props and practice dramatic interpretations to the tales. Perform for both classes during an Energy Tales Party.

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## Energy Careers — Intermediate, Secondary

Allow students time to explore the career possibilities found at Career Corner under For Teachers. Have each student prepare a short essay on which career they are most interested in and why.

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## Persuasive Writing — Intermediate, Secondary

Assign persuasive writing or speeches addressing city council, convincing them to purchase or not purchase an energy source for use in your community. Have students consider what your community would use this source of energy for—producing electricity, heating and cooling, manufacturing, etc. Have students prepare a list of facts supporting why an energy source should or should not be used, then complete the persuasive speech or essay. Students may research the Energy Sources on the website and use NEED’s Energy Infobooks found at www.need.org.

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## Creative Writing: Slogans — Primary, Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Have students create an energy slogan for their school. Have each student illustrate their slogan and write a short essay about why it was chosen and how it emulates the school. Hold a contest to choose the slogan for the school.

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## Creative Writing: Riddles — Elementary

Have students read the energy Riddles and then create their own riddles or jokes. Have students write a short paragraph with information to clarify or support the riddle or joke.

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## Creative Writing: Short Story — Elementary, Intermediate

Have students write a short story about a humorous misunderstanding involving Energy Slang.

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## Energy Field Trips — Elementary, Intermediate

Have each student choose a Field Trip. After reviewing Energy Ant’s account, have students find additional information about the field trip site, research more about the source or use of energy, or research possible careers available at the site. Have students prepare a mock interview of Energy Ant about his field trip, including the additional information they gathered.

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## Nonfiction Writing — Elementary, Intermediate

Have students participate in a “Flat Antley” project (similar to Flat Stanley-visit www.flatstanley.com for more information). First, have students research a local energy Field Trip location, and visit it if possible. Research the energy source being used, and how the energy is used at the site. Start a journal about energy, including how Energy Ant has been a part of learning. Have students research additional field trip locations, contact them to see if they will participate and send your Flat Antley with the journal to them. Request that Flat Antley be returned with the journal complete with information about the location, any interesting experiences he may have had while on location and what he learned about energy. Have students create their own Flat Antleys, or to request a Flat Antley picture, contact info@need.org.

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## Energy Puzzles — Intermediate, Secondary

Have each student design by hand, or use a computer program, to create a word search, crossword puzzle or sudoku game. Students should select and use at least ten words from the website. Photocopy the puzzles, and randomly distribute to students as a quick activity whenever extra time allows.

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## Energy Timeline — Elementary

Assign a comparative timeline activity. Have each student draw a timeline of their own family history, including the years parents, grandparents and great-grandparents were born as well as the year the community was founded and the school was built. Have students determine if any other significant dates should be included. Have students compare their personal timeline with the Electricity or Transportation Timeline. Have students write a few paragraphs describing how electricity or transportation has changed life over time. Have students include stories from their parents, grandparents or great-grandparents about how they used electricity or their transportation choices when they were the same age as the students.

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## Creative Writing: New Energy Inventions — Elementary, Intermediate

Working alone or in small groups, have students choose two or three Famous People in Energy. Ask the students to consider the following questions:

1. What would it have been like if these people were classmates?
2. What kind of invention might they have created?

Remind each group that the invention might be totally outrageous or extremely helpful—it is up to the group to decide. Have each group write a short description about the energy invention as well as draw an illustration by hand or with a computer program. Each group should write a paragraph predicting how this invention would have changed the history of energy.

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## Creative Writing: Short Stories — Elementary, Intermediate

Have students research Famous People in Energy. Have students create short energy stories or plays using characters from the list of famous people.

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## Energy Milestones — Elementary, Intermediate

Divide the General Energy Timeline (Energy Timelines) into blocks of time that have roughly equal amounts of milestones. Divide the students into working groups equal to the divisions of the timeline. Using the website and other resources, have students research the energy milestones. Have the students explain to the class how the energy milestones impacted the energy timeline.

## Oral Presentations — Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Have students research Famous People in Energy. Conduct an Energy Hall of Fame Day. Have students prepare oral presentations sharing the energy contributions of the famous person. Allow students to dress the part and act as the famous person for dramatic emphasis. Invite other classrooms or parents to attend. Videotape the presentations and share with other classes or schools. Present awards for the best dressed, most energetic, most informative, etc.

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## Energy Predictions — Intermediate

Have students use the website to learn about a fuel used for energy and then review the Energy Timeline for that fuel. Have students predict what additions will be made to the timeline in the next 10, 25 and 50 years.

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## Energy Use Stories — Primary, Elementary

Use the four Energy Tales (Johnny Energy Seed, Fern Fossil, Little Big Fuel, and Wendy Wizard), under the For Teachers - Primary Lessons, to introduce students to sources of energy. Put primary students into small groups. Pair with small groups of elementary students, who will serve as readers, creative directors and choreographers. Each group will perform one of the Energy Tales. Allow groups several class sessions to create props and practice dramatic interpretations to the tales. Perform for both classes during an Energy Tales Party.

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## Science Fair — Primary, Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Review the Science Fair Experiments to generate ideas about possible energy science fair experiments. Have student brainstorm additional experiments and then conduct them.

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## Website Scavenger Hunt — Elementary

Use the Energy Scavenger Hunt under For Teachers to introduce students to the website. The Scavenger Hunt asks questions about nonrenewable and renewable energy sources, forms of energy, the uses of energy, energy efficiency and electricity. Once completed, students can print off energy expert certificates.

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## Careers in Energy — Intermediate, Secondary

Divide the students into four groups, one for each of the major energy consumer sectors of the economy: residential, commercial, industrial and manufacturing, and transportation. Duplicate cooperative groups as necessary to maintain appropriate group size. Have each group research their sector using the Using and Saving Energy section of the website and review some careers featured in the Career Corner. Allow time for each group to brainstorm possible careers in that sector. Each group member should research a career and write a short synopsis of how that career influences the energy use in their sector. The Bureau of Labor Statistic’s website can be used as an additional web resource (www.bls.gov). Have each group prepare a PowerPoint presentation about the use of energy and career opportunities in their sector.

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## Global Oil Economy — Secondary

Use the Oil Market Basics - Teacher Guide and Webquest, found under For Teachers - Secondary Lessons, is a web-based activity focused on fostering student understanding about the global oil economy and different segments of the oil market, specifically supply, demand, trade, refining, and stocks. A webquest quiz is included. Use this activity to answer these questions:

1. What are the processes and aspects of the global oil market?
2. How are these processes connected?
3. What are the variables in each of the processes?
4. How do these variables affect oil market prices?
5. What areas and countries are the biggest suppliers of oil?
6. What countries consume the most oil?
7. How much oil does the United States use?
8. How much oil does the United States import and from what countries?

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## Energy Memory — Primary, Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Using words from the Glossary, have students create an energy memory card game. Have students design three cards for each word—one with the word, one with the definition, and one with a picture. For younger students, use only the word and picture. Once the cards are made, use them to play a memory game by mixing them and turning them face side down on the table. Have students compete to see who can clear the cards in the fastest time or compete against each other to see who can collect the greater number of sets.

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## Energy Name Game — Elementary

Using the Glossary, have students play the Energy Name Game. Stand in a circle and have each student say their name and an energy last name, such as Peter Petroleum or Sally Semiconductor, adding an action to their name that correlates to the energy word. The group repeats the name after the student. For more information, use the Games and Icebreakers booklet from NEED.

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## Energy Bingo — Elementary, Intermediate

Have students create Energy Bingo boards using words from the Glossary. Use the boards to play bingo in class where students must be able to define any of the words used to have a correct bingo.

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## Energy Vocabulary Game — Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Using words from the Glossary, have students develop a question and answer “Jeopardy” style game. Allow time to play in class, awarding winners with prizes.

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## Enriched Vocabulary — Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary

Have small groups of students choose an energy play from Energy on Stage (available from NEED). Add enriched vocabulary using the Glossary. Allow students time to practice the revised play, adding a way to emphasize the new vocabulary words (such as ringing a bell when they are spoken). Have the students perform the revised plays in class.

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## Energy Puzzles — Intermediate, Secondary

Have each student design by hand, or use a computer program, to create a word search, crossword puzzle or other word game. Students should select and use at least ten words from the Glossary. Photocopy the puzzles, and randomly distribute to students as a quick activity whenever extra time allows.