Frequently Asked Questions

How do I cite information on EIA's website in a bibliography?

EIA suggests the following general format for citing an EIA document in a bibliography:

U.S. Energy Information Administration, title of document, date of publication.
Example:  U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review, August 19, 2010.

For most of the data pages or reports on our website, the publication or posting date is located in the upper or lower left of the page where the data or report is posted. Use that date in the citation.

However, many of the pages and content on our website do not have a single or specific author. Also, there may not be a specific publication date. In those cases you can use the following wording in a reference or bibliographic citation:

U.S. Energy Information Administration, title of website page, page url (optional), date indicated on page or the date the page was accessed.

Example: U.S. Energy Information Administration, What is Energy: Energy Basics,, June 16, 2011.

Learn More: Using and referencing EIA data, reports, and web content.

Last Updated: June 16, 2011

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