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Table CT4. Residential Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2012, United States

Table CT4. Residential Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2012, United States






Year



Coal a


Natural
Gas b
Petroleum Biomass





Geothermal e






Solar/PV e,f

Retail
Electricity
Sales





Net
Energy e,g



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses h






Total e,g
Distillate
Fuel Oil

Kerosene

LPG c

Total

Wood d
Million Short
Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Million Barrels
Million
Cords
Billion
Kilowatthours
1960 24 3,103 269 62 79 411 31 – – – – 201 – – – – – –
1961 22 3,249 276 66 81 423 29 – – – – 214 – – – – – –
1962 22 3,479 290 65 89 444 28 – – – – 233 – – – – – –
1963 18 3,589 289 65 95 449 27 – – – – 251 – – – – – –
1964 16 3,787 280 57 97 434 25 – – – – 272 – – – – – –
1965 15 3,903 294 59 100 453 23 – – – – 291 – – – – – –
1966 15 4,138 291 56 107 454 23 – – – – 317 – – – – – –
1967 13 4,313 305 52 118 476 22 – – – – 340 – – – – – –
1968 11 4,450 317 56 127 501 21 – – – – 382 – – – – – –
1969 11 4,728 316 55 145 515 21 – – – – 427 – – – – – –
1970 9 4,837 322 53 143 518 20 – – – – 466 – – – – – –
1971 7 4,972 326 52 145 523 19 – – – – 500 – – – – – –
1972 5 5,126 343 48 156 547 19 – – – – 539 – – – – – –
1973 4 4,879 344 40 149 533 18 – – – – 579 – – – – – –
1974 4 4,786 317 32 137 486 19 – – – – 578 – – – – – –
1975 3 4,924 310 28 133 472 21 – – – – 588 – – – – – –
1976 3 5,051 341 33 139 512 24 – – – – 606 – – – – – –
1977 3 4,821 342 30 135 507 27 – – – – 645 – – – – – –
1978 2 4,903 335 27 131 493 31 – – – – 674 – – – – – –
1979 2 4,965 279 23 89 391 36 – – – – 683 – – – – – –
1980 1 4,752 226 19 81 326 42 – – – – 717 – – – – – –
1981 1 4,546 197 15 78 290 44 – – – – 722 – – – – – –
1982 1 4,633 180 17 75 272 49 – – – – 730 – – – – – –
1983 1 4,381 159 15 90 263 49 – – – – 751 – – – – – –
1984 2 4,555 187 28 73 288 49 – – – – 780 – – – – – –
1985 2 4,433 188 28 82 297 51 – – – – 794 – – – – – –
1986 2 4,314 191 21 80 292 46 – – – – 819 – – – – – –
1987 2 4,315 198 21 89 309 43 – – – – 850 – – – – – –
1988 2 4,630 204 25 89 319 46 – – – – 893 – – – – – –
1989 1 4,781 199 21 100 320 46 – – – – 906 – – – – – –
1990 1 4,391 168 11 92 271 29 – – – – 924 – – – – – –
1991 1 4,556 160 13 99 271 31 – – – – 955 – – – – – –
1992 1 4,690 168 11 96 276 32 – – – – 936 – – – – – –
1993 1 4,956 167 13 102 282 27 – – – – 995 – – – – – –
1994 1 4,848 165 11 100 276 26 – – – – 1,008 – – – – – –
1995 1 4,850 155 13 103 271 26 – – – – 1,043 – – – – – –
1996 1 5,241 159 16 122 297 27 – – – – 1,083 – – – – – –
1997 1 4,984 150 16 119 285 21 – – – – 1,076 – – – – – –
1998 1 4,520 133 19 111 262 19 – – – – 1,130 – – – – – –
1999 1 4,726 142 20 137 299 20 – – – – 1,145 – – – – – –
2000 (s) 4,996 155 17 145 317 21 – – – – 1,192 – – – – – –
2001 (s) 4,771 156 17 137 310 19 – – – – 1,202 – – – – – –
2002 1 4,889 148 11 140 298 19 – – – – 1,265 – – – – – –
2003 1 5,079 160 12 142 314 20 – – – – 1,276 – – – – – –
2004 1 4,869 159 15 133 307 21 – – – – 1,292 – – – – – –
2005 (s) 4,827 147 15 134 295 21 – – – – 1,359 – – – – – –
2006 (s) 4,368 122 12 116 250 19 – – – – 1,352 – – – – – –
2007 (s) 4,722 125 8 126 258 21 – – – – 1,392 – – – – – –
2008 0 4,892 130 4 144 278 24 – – – – 1,380 – – – – – –
2009 0 4,779 101 5 143 248 25 – – – – 1,364 – – – – – –
2010 0 4,782 97 5 138 241 22 – – – – 1,446 – – – – – –
2011 0 4,714 90 3 132 226 23 – – – – 1,423 – – – – – –
2012 0 4,149 84 1 105 190 21 NA NA 1,375 0 0 0
Trillion Btu
1960 578 3,212 1,568 354 305 2,227 627 NA NA 687 7,331 1,701 9,033
1961 527 3,362 1,610 372 312 2,293 587 NA NA 732 7,501 1,779 9,280
1962 515 3,600 1,688 371 340 2,399 560 NA NA 794 7,868 1,909 9,776
1963 434 3,695 1,683 366 365 2,414 537 NA NA 856 7,936 2,046 9,982
1964 375 3,900 1,632 322 371 2,325 499 NA NA 928 8,027 2,205 10,232
1965 348 4,019 1,713 334 385 2,432 468 NA NA 993 8,260 2,372 10,632
1966 345 4,260 1,693 317 412 2,422 455 NA NA 1,081 8,563 2,593 11,156
1967 296 4,440 1,778 295 454 2,527 434 NA NA 1,160 8,857 2,774 11,631
1968 261 4,578 1,847 319 489 2,655 426 NA NA 1,302 9,222 3,108 12,330
1969 245 4,864 1,838 311 556 2,705 415 NA NA 1,456 9,685 3,475 13,161
1970 207 4,953 1,878 298 549 2,725 401 NA NA 1,591 9,877 3,851 13,728
1971 171 5,092 1,897 295 556 2,748 382 NA NA 1,704 10,097 4,113 14,210
1972 115 5,257 1,996 271 600 2,867 380 NA NA 1,838 10,457 4,404 14,861
1973 94 5,001 2,003 227 570 2,800 354 NA NA 1,976 10,225 4,694 14,919
1974 82 4,898 1,844 184 526 2,554 371 NA NA 1,973 9,877 4,774 14,651
1975 62 5,024 1,807 161 512 2,479 425 NA NA 2,007 9,997 4,816 14,814
1976 59 5,149 1,987 184 532 2,703 482 NA NA 2,069 10,462 4,955 15,417
1977 57 4,914 1,994 167 520 2,681 542 NA NA 2,202 10,396 5,266 15,662
1978 49 4,987 1,951 153 504 2,607 622 NA NA 2,301 10,567 5,576 16,143
1979 38 5,052 1,626 133 340 2,099 728 NA NA 2,330 10,247 5,566 15,813
1980 31 4,855 1,316 107 311 1,734 846 NA NA 2,448 9,845 5,886 15,731
1981 30 4,652 1,147 85 299 1,531 873 NA NA 2,464 9,473 5,774 15,247
1982 32 4,751 1,050 95 289 1,434 971 NA NA 2,489 9,609 5,888 15,497
1983 31 4,515 924 85 344 1,353 970 NA NA 2,562 9,371 6,028 15,399
1984 40 4,685 1,091 160 280 1,531 980 NA NA 2,662 9,848 6,073 15,920
1985 39 4,566 1,092 159 314 1,565 1,010 NA NA 2,709 9,835 6,206 16,041
1986 41 4,432 1,111 121 308 1,541 920 NA NA 2,795 9,680 6,272 15,951
1987 38 4,436 1,156 119 342 1,617 853 NA NA 2,902 9,805 6,423 16,228
1988 37 4,757 1,190 144 341 1,675 910 0 0 3,046 10,386 6,746 17,132
1989 31 4,926 1,160 117 383 1,660 920 5 52 3,090 10,642 7,134 17,776
1990 31 4,519 978 64 352 1,394 582 6 56 3,153 9,695 7,243 16,937
1991 25 4,684 930 72 378 1,381 610 6 57 3,260 9,982 7,424 17,406
1992 26 4,820 980 65 369 1,414 640 6 60 3,193 10,117 7,221 17,337
1993 26 5,098 974 76 390 1,439 548 7 61 3,394 10,529 7,683 18,211
1994 21 4,981 960 65 384 1,408 520 6 63 3,441 10,401 7,697 18,098
1995 17 4,984 905 74 395 1,374 520 7 64 3,557 10,483 8,032 18,515
1996 16 5,391 926 89 469 1,484 540 7 65 3,694 11,156 8,350 19,506
1997 16 5,125 874 93 455 1,422 428 7 64 3,671 10,696 8,265 18,962
1998 12 4,671 772 108 424 1,304 380 8 64 3,856 10,261 8,689 18,950
1999 14 4,857 828 111 526 1,465 390 9 63 3,906 10,669 8,873 19,541
2000 11 5,104 905 95 555 1,554 420 9 61 4,069 11,194 9,199 20,393
2001 11 4,902 908 95 526 1,529 374 9 59 4,100 10,954 9,075 20,029
2002 12 5,006 860 60 537 1,457 380 10 57 4,317 11,216 9,551 20,767
2003 12 5,224 932 70 544 1,547 400 13 57 4,353 11,581 9,509 [R ] 21,090
2004 11 4,993 924 85 512 1,520 410 14 57 4,408 11,393 9,662 21,056 [R ]
2005 8 4,958 854 84 513 1,451 428 16 58 4,638 11,536 10,050 21,586
2006 6 4,483 712 66 446 1,224 380 18 63 4,611 10,765 9,878 20,643
2007 8 4,849 726 44 484 1,254 420 22 70 4,750 11,353 10,160 [R ] 21,514 [R ]
2008 0 5,018 756 21 553 1,330 470 26 80 4,708 11,614 10,050 21,664
2009 0 4,899 587 28 547 1,161 504 33 89 4,656 11,323 9,764 21,087
2010 0 4,887 566 29 530 1,125 [R ] 440 37 114 4,933 11,518 10,301 21,819
2011 0 4,817 [R ] 527 [R ] 19 506 1,052 [R ] 450 40 153 4,855 11,350 [R ] 10,025 21,376 [R ]
2012 0 4,252 487 8 402 896 420 40 186 4,690 10,468 9,456 19,925
aBeginning in 2008, data are no longer collected and are assumed to be zero. hIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and
unaccounted for electrical system energy losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for
later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for an explanation of changes in methodology.
bNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural
gas.
– – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
cLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.5.
dWood and wood-derived fuels. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The continuity of
these data series estimates may be affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies.
See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
eThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of
renewable energy sources beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
fSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy. Includes distributed solar thermal and photovoltaic energy
used in the commercial and industrial sectors.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
gBeginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels, which are
included in both natural gas and the other fossil fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be
counted only once in net energy and total.