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Table CT6. Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2011, United States

Table CT6. Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2011, United States






Year



Coal
Net
Imports
of Coal
Coke


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass




Geo-
thermal f

Retail
Electricity
Sales





Net
Energy f,i



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses j






Total f,i
Distillate
Fuel Oil

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other d

Total



Wood and
Waste f,g


Losses
and Co-
products h

Million Short Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Million Barrels
Billion
kWh
Billion
kWh
1960 177 (s) 5,771 174 122 73 252 370 991 4 – – – – – – 324 – – – – – –
1961 170 (s) 5,961 175 126 69 242 381 993 3 – – – – – – 337 – – – – – –
1962 172 (s) 6,233 183 137 70 244 402 1,037 3 – – – – – – 360 – – – – – –
1963 180 (s) 6,545 181 149 67 244 440 1,081 3 – – – – – – 377 – – – – – –
1964 192 (s) 6,893 184 164 65 248 482 1,143 3 – – – – – – 405 – – – – – –
1965 201 -1 7,112 197 172 65 252 499 1,185 3 – – – – – – 429 – – – – – –
1966 205 -1 7,546 210 179 61 259 533 1,242 3 – – – – – – 464 – – – – – –
1967 195 -1 7,794 212 186 58 253 544 1,253 3 – – – – – – 485 – – – – – –
1968 192 -1 8,367 210 214 58 250 577 1,309 3 – – – – – – 521 – – – – – –
1969 187 -1 8,956 214 251 56 254 598 1,374 3 – – – – – – 559 – – – – – –
1970 187 -2 9,249 211 255 55 258 611 1,390 3 – – – – – – 571 – – – – – –
1971 159 -1 9,594 217 261 52 257 615 1,403 3 – – – – – – 589 – – – – – –
1972 161 -1 9,624 237 310 48 280 659 1,534 3 – – – – – – 641 – – – – – –
1973 162 (s) 10,185 252 329 49 295 709 1,635 3 – – – – – – 686 – – – – – –
1974 155 2 9,769 231 329 45 275 690 1,570 3 – – – – – – 685 – – – – – –
1975 147 1 8,365 230 308 43 240 653 1,474 3 – – – – – – 688 – – – – – –
1976 146 (s) 8,598 263 328 40 290 707 1,628 3 – – – – – – 754 – – – – – –
1977 139 1 8,474 295 335 37 308 784 1,760 3 – – – – – – 786 – – – – – –
1978 134 5 8,405 300 336 34 273 833 1,777 3 – – – – – – 809 – – – – – –
1979 145 3 8,398 303 462 31 263 891 1,950 3 – – – – – – 842 – – – – – –
1980 127 -1 8,198 227 429 30 215 871 1,772 3 – – – – – – 815 – – – – – –
1981 128 -1 8,055 238 426 30 172 693 1,560 3 – – – – – – 826 – – – – – –
1982 105 -1 6,941 225 442 26 166 621 1,481 3 – – – – – – 745 – – – – – –
1983 103 -1 6,621 196 425 21 126 638 1,407 3 – – – – – – 776 – – – – – –
1984 118 (s) 7,231 207 470 30 141 686 1,534 3 – – – – – – 838 – – – – – –
1985 116 -1 6,867 192 469 41 119 662 1,484 3 – – – – – – 837 – – – – – –
1986 111 -1 6,502 199 440 39 117 696 1,492 3 – – – – – – 831 – – – – – –
1987 112 (s) 7,103 196 467 39 93 742 1,537 3 – – – – – – 858 – – – – – –
1988 118 2 7,479 194 485 37 87 788 1,591 3 – – – – – – 896 – – – – – –
1989 117 1 7,886 196 475 38 65 778 1,552 3 – – – – – – 926 – – – – – –
1990 115 (s) 8,255 198 444 35 65 829 1,571 3 – – – – – – 946 – – – – – –
1991 109 (s) 8,360 185 484 37 53 781 1,540 3 – – – – – – 947 – – – – – –
1992 106 1 8,698 190 513 37 62 853 1,655 3 – – – – – – 973 – – – – – –
1993 106 1 8,872 192 498 34 71 826 1,620 3 – – – – – – 977 – – – – – –
1994 107 2 8,913 191 549 37 67 860 1,704 6 – – – – – – 1,008 – – – – – –
1995 106 2 9,384 194 557 38 54 833 1,677 5 – – – – – – 1,013 – – – – – –
1996 103 1 9,685 204 578 38 53 890 1,764 6 – – – – – – 1,034 – – – – – –
1997 102 2 9,714 207 590 41 46 924 1,808 6 – – – – – – 1,038 – – – – – –
1998 96 3 9,493 208 567 38 37 919 1,768 5 – – – – – – 1,051 – – – – – –
1999 93 2 9,158 204 624 29 33 948 1,838 5 – – – – – – 1,058 – – – – – –
2000 94 3 9,293 206 630 29 38 892 1,795 4 – – – – – – 1,064 – – – – – –
2001 91 1 8,463 223 568 57 32 905 1,786 3 – – – – – – 997 – – – – – –
2002 84 2 8,640 207 609 59 30 896 1,801 4 – – – – – – 990 – – – – – –
2003 86 2 8,273 201 [R ] 570 62 35 927 1,795 [R ] 4 – – – – – – 1,012 – – – – – –
2004 86 6 8,354 208 602 71 40 989 1,911 3 – – – – – – 1,018 – – – – – –
2005 84 2 7,713 217 566 68 45 966 1,862 3 – – – – – – 1,019 – – – – – –
2006 82 2 7,669 217 594 72 38 975 1,895 3 – – – – – – 1,011 – – – – – –
2007 79 1 7,881 217 598 59 31 941 1,845 2 – – – – – – 1,028 – – – – – –
2008 76 2 7,890 233 [R ] 519 48 31 [R ] 837 1,669 [R ] 2 – – – – – – 1,009 – – – – – –
2009 61 -1 7,443 186 [R ] 563 47 21 [R ] 744 1,559 [R ] 2 – – – – – – 917 – – – – – –
2010 70 [R ] (s) 8,112 [R ] 200 [R ] 611 51 [R ] 19 762 1,642 [R ] 2 – – – – – – 971 – – – – – –
2011 68 (s) 8,227 213 650 50 21 725 1,661 2 – – – – – – 991 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 4,548 -6 5,973 1,016 507 381 1,584 2,278 5,766 39 680 NA NA 1,107 18,107 2,738 20,845
1961 4,351 -8 6,170 1,018 523 364 1,520 2,347 5,772 36 695 NA NA 1,149 18,166 2,793 20,959
1962 4,393 -6 6,451 1,064 572 369 1,536 2,475 6,016 36 728 NA NA 1,228 18,846 2,950 21,796
1963 4,599 -7 6,764 1,055 621 354 1,532 2,687 6,248 34 775 NA NA 1,288 19,701 3,079 22,780
1964 4,923 -10 7,126 1,071 683 341 1,559 2,916 6,569 34 827 NA NA 1,382 20,850 3,285 24,135
1965 5,134 -18 7,350 1,150 712 342 1,582 3,026 6,813 33 855 NA NA 1,463 21,630 3,492 25,122
1966 5,224 -25 7,810 1,223 744 321 1,626 3,219 7,134 33 902 NA NA 1,582 22,660 3,791 26,451
1967 4,942 -15 8,064 1,234 715 303 1,590 3,277 7,119 36 895 NA NA 1,655 22,696 3,953 26,649
1968 4,867 -17 8,621 1,224 816 305 1,569 3,473 7,386 35 982 NA NA 1,778 23,652 4,242 27,894
1969 4,719 -36 9,220 1,247 951 295 1,594 3,604 7,691 34 1,014 NA NA 1,909 24,551 4,553 29,103
1970 4,664 -58 9,498 1,226 953 288 1,624 3,686 7,777 34 1,019 NA NA 1,948 24,881 4,712 29,593
1971 3,951 -33 9,851 1,266 971 275 1,618 3,716 7,846 34 1,040 NA NA 2,011 24,700 4,850 29,550
1972 3,996 -26 9,881 1,381 1,148 254 1,761 3,974 8,518 34 1,113 NA NA 2,187 25,703 5,237 30,940
1973 4,044 -7 10,452 1,469 1,215 255 1,858 4,287 9,083 35 1,165 NA NA 2,341 27,112 5,556 32,668
1974 3,855 56 10,022 1,346 1,208 235 1,728 4,157 8,674 33 1,159 NA NA 2,337 26,136 5,650 31,786
1975 3,658 14 8,571 1,339 1,123 223 1,509 3,932 8,127 32 1,063 NA NA 2,346 23,810 5,629 29,439
1976 3,642 (s) 8,804 1,530 1,192 211 1,822 4,235 8,990 33 1,220 NA NA 2,573 25,262 6,158 31,419
1977 3,443 15 8,685 1,719 1,203 196 1,937 4,691 9,747 33 1,281 NA NA 2,682 25,886 6,412 32,298
1978 3,302 125 8,604 1,750 1,203 178 1,716 4,989 9,835 32 1,400 NA NA 2,761 26,059 6,686 32,745
1979 3,583 63 8,584 1,764 1,681 162 1,655 5,286 10,548 34 1,405 NA NA 2,873 27,089 6,858 33,947
1980 3,155 -35 8,409 1,324 1,559 158 1,349 5,119 9,509 33 1,600 NA NA 2,781 25,405 6,683 32,089
1981 3,148 -16 8,280 1,389 1,530 160 1,081 4,105 8,265 33 1,689 6 NA 2,817 24,166 6,599 30,765
1982 2,544 -22 7,145 1,313 1,575 138 1,047 3,700 7,772 33 1,634 16 NA 2,542 21,622 6,009 27,632
1983 2,489 -16 6,831 1,142 1,510 112 791 3,834 7,390 33 1,845 29 NA 2,648 21,210 6,226 27,436
1984 2,843 -11 7,464 1,203 1,666 160 889 4,070 7,987 33 1,883 35 NA 2,859 23,061 6,518 29,579
1985 2,777 -13 7,096 1,119 1,664 218 748 3,966 7,714 33 1,875 42 NA 2,855 22,340 6,538 28,878
1986 2,646 -17 6,714 1,160 1,582 206 736 4,176 7,860 33 1,866 48 NA 2,834 21,951 6,356 28,306
1987 2,670 9 7,343 1,141 1,687 206 582 4,426 8,042 33 1,858 55 NA 2,928 22,905 6,480 29,385
1988 2,831 40 7,720 1,130 1,749 193 546 4,700 8,317 33 1,933 55 NA 3,059 23,956 6,772 30,728
1989 2,774 30 8,149 1,139 1,728 199 410 4,623 8,098 28 1,784 56 2 3,158 24,047 7,290 31,337
1990 2,754 5 8,520 1,150 1,582 185 411 4,922 8,251 31 1,634 49 2 3,226 24,431 7,397 31,828
1991 2,600 10 8,637 1,078 1,720 193 334 4,633 7,958 30 1,595 56 2 3,230 24,079 7,328 31,407
1992 2,512 35 8,996 1,107 1,833 194 387 5,031 8,552 31 1,640 64 2 3,319 25,107 7,482 32,589
1993 2,500 27 9,129 1,117 1,763 180 446 4,882 8,388 30 1,666 74 2 3,334 25,107 7,537 32,644
1994 2,507 58 9,202 1,111 1,969 192 419 5,082 8,773 62 1,779 82 3 3,439 25,864 7,701 33,565
1995 2,500 61 9,678 1,131 1,990 200 337 4,930 8,588 55 1,847 86 3 3,455 26,233 7,802 34,036
1996 2,438 23 9,999 1,187 2,054 200 335 5,245 9,020 61 1,907 61 3 3,527 27,000 7,967 34,967
1997 2,396 46 10,109 1,203 2,100 212 291 5,450 9,256 58 1,915 80 3 3,542 27,368 7,966 35,334
1998 2,254 67 9,882 1,211 2,016 199 230 5,427 9,083 55 1,784 86 3 3,587 26,761 8,074 34,836
1999 2,188 58 9,438 1,187 2,217 152 207 5,594 9,357 49 1,791 90 4 3,611 26,548 8,195 34,743
2000 2,259 65 9,550 1,200 2,228 150 241 5,257 9,076 42 1,781 99 4 3,631 26,477 8,213 34,690
2001 2,194 29 8,674 1,300 2,014 295 203 5,368 9,181 33 1,571 108 5 3,400 25,163 7,541 [R ] 32,704 [R ]
2002 2,020 61 8,865 1,204 2,160 309 190 5,308 9,171 39 1,543 130 5 3,379 25,187 7,510 32,697
2003 2,044 51 8,510 1,171 [R ] 2,028 [R ] 324 220 5,491 9,235 [R ] 43 1,506 169 3 3,454 24,988 [R ] 7,603 [R ] 32,591 [R ]
2004 2,046 138 8,573 1,214 2,141 372 249 5,854 9,831 33 1,608 203 4 3,473 25,885 7,674 [R ] 33,559 [R ]
2005 1,954 44 7,930 1,264 2,009 356 281 5,729 9,640 32 1,600 230 4 3,477 24,888 7,627 [R ] 32,515 [R ]
2006 1,914 61 7,881 1,263 2,104 376 239 5,797 9,780 29 1,602 285 4 3,451 24,979 7,485 [R ] 32,464 [R ]
2007 1,864 25 8,098 1,265 2,106 306 193 5,591 9,461 16 1,558 [R ] 376 5 3,507 24,883 [R ] 7,597 [R ] 32,479 [R ]
2008 1,792 41 8,102 1,359 [R ] 1,823 250 194 [R ] 4,974 8,600 [R ] 17 1,482 [R ] 531 5 3,444 23,987 [R ] 7,446 [R ] 31,433 [R ]
2009 1,394 -24 7,629 1,081 [R ] 1,950 244 130 [R ] 4,422 7,826 [R ] 18 1,333 [R ] 616 4 3,130 21,898 [R ] 6,659 [R ] 28,557 [R ]
2010 1,625 [R ] -6 8,302 [R ] 1,163 [R ] 2,121 267 [R ] 120 4,516 8,188 [R ] 16 1,442 [R ] 742 4 3,313 23,596 [R ] 7,016 [R ] 30,612 [R ]
2011 1,567 11 8,411 1,242 2,250 262 135 4,329 8,218 17 1,474 769 4 3,382 23,825 7,099 30,924
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iDistributed solar thermal and photovoltaic energy consumed in the industrial sector is included in residential
consumption. From 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor
gasoline column. Beginning in 2008, includes small amount of solar and wind energy consumed by industrial plants with
capacity of 1 megawatt or greater. Beginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of supplemental gaseous fuels,
which are included in both natural gas and the other fossil fuels from which they are mostly derived, but should be counted
only once in net energy and total.
bLiquefied petroleum gases. jIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for electrical
system energy losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for
an explanation of changes in methodology.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. kWh = Kilowatthours. – – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, kerosene, lubricants, and the 16 other petroleum products as described in the Technical
Notes, Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than +0.5 and greater than -0.5.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be
separately identified.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The industrial sector includes industrial
combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be
affected by the changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type of energy.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy
sources beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
hLosses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol.