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Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2011, United States

Table CT5. Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2011, United States






Year



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum
Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass





Geothermal f

Retail
Electricity
Sales





Net
Energy f,h



Electrical
System
Energy
Losses i






Total f,h
Distillate
Fuel Oil

Kerosene

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total d


Wood
and
Waste f,g
Million Short
Tons
Billion
Cubic Feet

Million Barrels

Billion kWh

Billion KWh
1960 17 1,020 85 8 21 13 89 216 NA – – – – 159 – – – – – –
1961 15 1,077 87 8 22 13 90 220 NA – – – – 168 – – – – – –
1962 15 1,207 90 8 24 14 90 226 NA – – – – 182 – – – – – –
1963 13 1,268 90 8 25 14 87 224 NA – – – – 202 – – – – – –
1964 11 1,375 87 8 27 14 86 223 NA – – – – 216 – – – – – –
1965 11 1,444 92 9 27 15 103 245 NA – – – – 231 – – – – – –
1966 11 1,623 91 11 28 15 109 253 NA – – – – 252 – – – – – –
1967 10 1,959 95 8 30 16 114 263 NA – – – – 271 – – – – – –
1968 9 2,076 98 11 33 16 112 269 NA – – – – 297 – – – – – –
1969 8 2,253 98 11 37 16 111 274 NA – – – – 325 – – – – – –
1970 7 2,399 101 11 37 16 114 279 NA – – – – 352 – – – – – –
1971 8 2,509 102 10 38 16 107 272 NA – – – – 377 – – – – – –
1972 7 2,608 108 10 40 17 103 277 NA – – – – 413 – – – – – –
1973 7 2,597 110 11 38 17 106 283 NA – – – – 445 – – – – – –
1974 8 2,556 102 10 35 16 94 257 NA – – – – 440 – – – – – –
1975 7 2,508 101 9 34 17 78 238 NA – – – – 468 – – – – – –
1976 6 2,668 113 8 35 18 90 264 NA – – – – 492 – – – – – –
1977 6 2,501 116 9 35 19 94 273 NA – – – – 514 – – – – – –
1978 7 2,601 114 10 34 20 85 263 NA – – – – 531 – – – – – –
1979 7 2,786 100 14 25 20 80 239 NA – – – – 543 – – – – – –
1980 5 2,611 89 7 23 20 90 229 NA – – – – 559 – – – – – –
1981 6 2,520 78 12 23 17 66 197 NA – – – – 596 – – – – – –
1982 7 2,606 75 5 21 17 63 182 NA – – – – 609 – – – – – –
1983 7 2,433 112 20 25 19 33 209 NA – – – – 620 – – – – – –
1984 7 2,524 126 6 22 20 42 217 NA – – – – 664 – – – – – –
1985 6 2,432 108 6 25 18 36 193 NA – – – – 689 – – – – – –
1986 6 2,318 107 9 24 20 46 206 NA – – – – 715 – – – – – –
1987 5 2,430 104 9 26 21 42 202 NA – – – – 744 – – – – – –
1988 6 2,670 103 5 26 21 42 196 NA – – – – 784 – – – – – –
1989 5 2,718 98 5 29 19 36 188 (s) – – – – 811 – – – – – –
1990 5 2,623 92 2 27 21 37 178 (s) – – – – 838 – – – – – –
1991 5 2,729 89 2 28 16 34 169 (s) – – – – 855 – – – – – –
1992 5 2,803 87 2 28 15 30 162 (s) – – – – 850 – – – – – –
1993 5 2,862 85 2 28 6 27 149 (s) – – – – 885 – – – – – –
1994 5 2,895 86 3 28 5 27 150 (s) – – – – 913 – – – – – –
1995 5 3,031 82 4 28 3 23 140 (s) – – – – 953 – – – – – –
1996 5 3,158 83 4 32 5 22 145 (s) – – – – 980 – – – – – –
1997 6 3,215 76 4 31 8 18 138 (s) – – – – 1,027 – – – – – –
1998 4 2,999 74 5 31 7 14 131 (s) – – – – 1,078 – – – – – –
1999 4 3,045 75 5 37 5 12 134 (s) – – – – 1,104 – – – – – –
2000 4 3,182 84 5 39 9 15 152 (s) – – – – 1,159 – – – – – –
2001 4 3,023 87 6 37 7 11 148 (s) – – – – 1,191 – – – – – –
2002 4 3,144 76 3 37 9 13 137 (s) – – – – 1,205 – – – – – –
2003 4 3,179 85 [R ] 3 41 12 18 159 [R ] (s) – – – – 1,199 – – – – – –
2004 5 3,129 81 4 40 9 19 152 (s) – – – – 1,230 – – – – – –
2005 4 2,999 77 4 34 9 18 142 (s) – – – – 1,275 – – – – – –
2006 3 2,832 69 3 32 9 12 125 (s) – – – – 1,300 – – – – – –
2007 3 3,013 66 2 32 12 12 123 (s) – – – – 1,336 – – – – – –
2008 4 [R ] 3,153 66 [R ] 1 41 9 11 [R ] 128 [R ] (s) – – – – 1,336 – – – – – –
2009 3 3,119 69 [R ] 1 36 10 11 [R ] 127 [R ] (s) – – – – 1,307 – – – – – –
2010 3 3,103 [R ] 67 [R ] 1 37 10 [R ] 10 [R ] 125 [R ] (s) – – – – 1,330 – – – – – –
2011 3 3,154 72 1 38 9 9 128 (s) – – – – 1,328 – – – – – –
Trillion Btu
1960 402 1,056 494 48 81 67 559 1,248 NA 12 NA 543 3,261 1,344 4,605
1961 366 1,115 504 47 83 69 565 1,268 NA 11 NA 572 3,332 1,391 4,723
1962 358 1,249 526 45 90 72 569 1,302 NA 11 NA 621 3,540 1,492 5,032
1963 314 1,302 523 46 97 73 548 1,286 NA 10 NA 688 3,600 1,644 5,244
1964 272 1,412 509 47 102 74 542 1,275 NA 9 NA 738 3,706 1,754 5,460
1965 263 1,483 534 54 103 77 645 1,413 NA 9 NA 789 3,956 1,884 5,840
1966 260 1,669 529 60 107 79 687 1,461 NA 9 NA 859 4,258 2,061 6,318
1967 223 2,015 552 46 115 83 717 1,512 NA 8 NA 925 4,684 2,212 6,895
1968 205 2,134 574 60 125 83 702 1,544 NA 8 NA 1,014 4,905 2,421 7,326
1969 193 2,316 573 61 144 84 698 1,559 NA 8 NA 1,108 5,184 2,644 7,828
1970 163 2,455 587 61 143 86 714 1,592 NA 8 NA 1,201 5,418 2,908 8,326
1971 178 2,569 595 55 144 84 672 1,551 NA 7 NA 1,288 5,592 3,108 8,701
1972 153 2,674 632 55 154 87 645 1,573 NA 7 NA 1,408 5,814 3,374 9,188
1973 160 2,660 644 65 147 87 665 1,607 NA 7 NA 1,517 5,950 3,603 9,553
1974 174 2,614 596 55 134 83 593 1,461 NA 7 NA 1,501 5,757 3,634 9,391
1975 146 2,556 587 49 129 89 492 1,346 NA 8 NA 1,598 5,654 3,835 9,489
1976 144 2,717 656 44 136 97 567 1,500 NA 9 NA 1,678 6,048 4,018 10,065
1977 148 2,547 676 52 135 101 588 1,552 NA 10 NA 1,754 6,011 4,195 10,206
1978 165 2,642 666 55 131 107 532 1,490 NA 12 NA 1,813 6,122 4,393 10,515
1979 151 2,834 584 78 95 104 505 1,367 NA 14 NA 1,854 6,219 4,431 10,650
1980 117 2,666 518 41 88 107 565 1,318 NA 21 NA 1,906 5,993 4,582 10,576
1981 137 2,578 457 69 87 92 417 1,122 NA 21 NA 2,033 5,852 4,763 10,614
1982 155 2,671 440 30 81 88 399 1,037 NA 22 NA 2,077 5,928 4,912 10,840
1983 162 2,505 651 111 96 102 208 1,170 NA 22 NA 2,116 5,945 4,978 10,923
1984 169 2,594 735 36 83 107 266 1,227 NA 22 NA 2,264 6,249 5,167 11,417
1985 138 2,503 631 33 95 96 228 1,083 NA 24 NA 2,351 6,067 5,388 11,455
1986 136 2,383 623 50 93 106 290 1,162 NA 27 NA 2,439 6,117 5,474 11,591
1987 127 2,499 607 49 102 111 263 1,131 NA 29 NA 2,539 6,300 5,621 11,921
1988 131 2,744 600 26 99 110 264 1,099 NA 32 NA 2,675 6,656 5,924 12,581
1989 115 2,800 574 28 109 102 228 1,041 1 98 3 2,767 6,797 6,389 13,186
1990 124 2,698 536 12 102 111 230 991 1 94 3 2,860 6,741 6,578 13,319
1991 115 2,807 517 12 108 85 212 935 1 95 3 2,918 6,848 6,655 13,503
1992 117 2,883 507 11 107 80 189 893 1 104 3 2,900 6,875 6,569 13,445
1993 117 2,944 493 14 109 30 173 819 1 109 3 3,019 6,984 6,841 13,824
1994 117 2,978 501 19 107 25 172 825 1 106 4 3,116 7,121 6,965 14,086
1995 116 3,117 479 22 109 18 141 769 1 113 5 3,252 7,347 7,342 14,689
1996 120 3,251 483 21 122 27 137 790 1 129 5 3,344 7,614 7,562 15,176
1997 129 3,306 444 25 120 43 111 743 1 131 6 3,503 7,795 7,897 15,692
1998 101 3,098 429 31 118 39 85 702 1 118 7 3,678 7,683 8,301 15,984
1999 102 3,132 438 27 140 28 73 707 1 121 7 3,766 7,815 8,581 16,396
2000 86 3,261 491 30 150 45 92 807 1 119 8 3,956 8,217 8,953 17,170
2001 88 3,109 508 31 143 37 70 790 1 91 8 4,063 8,131 9,006 [R ] 17,137 [R ]
2002 88 3,223 444 16 141 45 80 726 (s) 95 9 4,110 8,234 9,107 [R ] 17,342 [R ]
2003 83 3,271 496 [R ] 19 157 60 111 843 [R ] 1 100 11 4,090 8,383 [R ] 8,953 [R ] 17,337 [R ]
2004 103 3,211 470 20 152 45 122 810 1 105 12 4,198 8,426 9,227 [R ] 17,653 [R ]
2005 96 3,083 447 22 131 46 116 762 1 104 14 4,351 8,396 9,429 17,825
2006 64 2,908 401 15 123 49 75 664 1 101 14 4,435 8,173 9,503 [R ] 17,676 [R ]
2007 70 3,095 384 9 121 61 75 651 1 101 14 4,560 8,480 9,734 [R ] 18,213 [R ]
2008 80 [R ] 3,235 387 [R ] 4 158 46 71 [R ] 666 [R ] 1 107 15 4,558 8,649 [R ] 9,706 [R ] 18,356 [R ]
2009 73 [R ] 3,199 399 [R ] 4 139 53 71 [R ] 667 [R ] 1 109 17 4,460 8,511 [R ] 9,344 [R ] 17,855 [R ]
2010 70 [R ] 3,173 [R ] 392 [R ] 5 140 53 [R ] 62 [R ] 652 [R ] 1 108 [R ] 19 4,539 8,547 [R ] 9,464 [R ] 18,011 [R ]
2011 62 3,225 417 3 146 45 54 666 (s) 112 20 4,531 8,604 9,348 17,952
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. hDistributed solar thermal and photovoltaic energy consumed in the commercial sector is included in residential
consumption. From 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the
motor gasoline column. Beginning in 2008, includes small amount of solar and wind energy consumed by
commercial plants with capacity of 1 megawatt or greater. Beginning in 1980, adjusted for the double-counting of
supplemental gaseous fuels, which are included in both natural gas and the other fossil fuels from which they are
mostly derived, but should be counted only once in net energy and total.
bLiquefied petroleum gases. iIncurred in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity plus plant use and unaccounted for
electrical system energy losses. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of
Technical Notes for an explanation of changes in methodology.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. kWh = Kilowatthours. – – = Not applicable. NA = Not available.
dIncludes small amounts of petroleum coke not shown separately. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.5.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which
cannot be separately identified.
Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The commercial sector includes
commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. · The continuity of these data
series estimates may be affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical
Notes for each type of energy.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable
energy sources beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.