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Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2012, United States

Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2012, United States







Year
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy g,h,i



Coal
Coal Coke

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total g,h,i

Exports

Imports
Distillate
Fuel Oil
Jet
Fuel b

LPG c
Motor
Gasoline d
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other e

Total
Wood and
Waste f,g
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.48 1.27 0.93 0.68 1.18 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.44 1.39 1.82 1.35 [R ] 1.31 4.98 1.65
1971 0.53 1.20 1.17 0.72 1.24 0.77 1.46 2.90 0.59 1.46 1.90 1.37 [R ] 1.38 5.30 1.76
1972 0.57 1.01 1.01 0.78 1.24 0.77 1.49 2.88 0.61 1.50 1.90 1.39 [R ] 1.42 5.54 1.84
1973 0.63 0.96 1.47 0.82 1.47 0.91 2.00 3.10 0.73 1.58 2.11 1.44 [R ] 1.57 5.86 2.02
1974 1.23 1.37 2.20 0.98 2.46 1.57 2.80 4.32 1.77 2.61 3.20 1.55 [R ] 2.32 7.42 2.87
1975 1.51 2.37 3.47 1.28 2.62 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.86 2.94 3.50 1.55 [R ] 2.65 8.61 3.33
1976 1.50 2.05 3.41 1.56 2.78 2.25 3.20 4.84 1.84 3.08 3.64 1.58 [R ] 2.85 9.13 3.57
1977 1.56 2.32 3.06 1.88 3.13 2.59 3.66 5.13 2.08 3.27 3.92 1.64 [R ] 3.16 10.11 3.98
1978 1.73 2.87 2.90 2.08 3.27 2.87 3.61 5.24 2.01 3.46 4.05 1.67 [R ] 3.32 10.92 4.23
1979 1.74 2.26 3.45 2.45 4.70 3.90 4.50 7.11 2.68 4.71 5.46 1.93 [R ] 4.30 11.78 5.21
1980 1.87 2.54 3.19 3.05 6.72 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.60 7.04 7.67 2.26 5.84 13.95 6.89
1981 2.07 2.55 3.28 3.60 8.04 7.57 6.19 10.94 4.57 8.68 8.93 2.53 6.76 16.14 8.03
1982 2.10 2.49 3.10 4.45 7.79 7.23 6.68 10.39 4.53 7.88 8.60 2.61 6.89 18.16 8.46
1983 1.91 2.76 2.25 5.03 7.34 6.53 7.20 9.12 4.42 7.66 7.96 2.45 6.65 18.62 8.40
1984 1.92 2.68 3.27 5.04 7.39 6.25 6.95 8.89 4.71 7.80 7.82 2.55 6.54 18.50 8.29
1985 1.91 2.76 2.99 4.91 7.24 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.33 7.63 7.77 2.51 6.49 19.05 8.37
1986 1.81 2.63 3.11 4.46 5.70 3.92 6.49 6.79 2.34 6.06 5.92 2.15 5.22 19.05 7.32
1987 1.68 3.37 2.40 4.13 5.99 4.03 6.11 7.23 2.78 6.03 6.21 2.10 5.31 18.74 7.36
1988 1.68 2.85 2.90 4.08 5.86 3.80 5.92 7.33 2.30 5.66 6.13 2.12 5.22 18.68 7.29
1989 1.68 2.98 3.79 4.15 6.48 4.39 5.58 8.02 2.60 6.03 6.68 1.58 5.51 18.98 7.58
1990 1.70 3.53 3.80 4.17 7.72 5.68 6.83 9.12 3.07 6.53 7.72 1.58 6.19 19.32 8.29
1991 1.68 2.86 3.41 4.12 7.33 4.83 6.87 8.93 2.73 6.37 7.45 1.68 5.99 19.84 8.24
1992 1.70 2.78 3.35 4.19 7.12 4.52 6.25 8.96 2.16 6.00 7.27 1.61 5.90 20.06 8.15
1993 1.64 2.88 3.22 4.46 7.11 4.29 6.27 8.83 2.18 5.95 7.22 1.52 5.93 20.38 8.27
1994 1.63 2.46 3.31 4.55 7.05 3.95 6.61 8.96 2.27 5.85 7.24 1.48 5.98 20.33 8.32
1995 1.63 2.71 3.43 4.20 7.02 4.00 6.51 9.22 2.41 6.11 7.42 1.47 5.95 20.29 8.30
1996 1.62 2.20 3.87 4.62 7.92 4.82 7.98 9.85 2.69 6.49 8.15 1.38 6.53 20.16 8.76
1997 1.62 2.64 3.25 4.96 7.71 4.53 7.39 9.81 3.00 6.41 8.04 1.31 6.58 20.13 8.82
1998 1.58 3.73 3.07 4.64 6.63 3.35 5.95 8.45 2.21 5.39 6.84 1.44 5.80 19.80 8.21
1999 1.58 3.88 2.83 4.65 7.25 4.01 6.60 9.31 2.62 6.04 7.57 1.57 6.30 19.52 8.57
2000 1.55 3.64 2.66 5.97 9.93 6.64 9.55 11.89 4.48 7.74 10.05 1.83 8.27 20.03 10.31
2001 1.63 3.27 3.04 7.49 9.25 5.72 9.53 11.34 4.24 7.10 9.58 2.27 8.47 21.41 10.76
2002 1.75 3.25 3.04 5.97 8.68 5.33 8.09 10.69 3.99 7.37 9.02 2.33 7.69 21.15 10.09
2003 1.74 3.88 3.49 7.65 10.08 6.46 10.32 12.34 5.04 8.19 10.53 2.06 9.16 21.85 11.42
2004 1.99 3.28 7.23 8.64 12.28 8.93 12.24 14.67 5.19 9.06 12.54 2.34 10.83 22.38 12.88
2005 2.55 3.39 8.92 10.64 16.47 12.86 14.58 17.89 6.51 11.36 15.82 3.31 13.64 23.92 15.53
2006 2.81 3.19 6.31 10.92 18.59 14.80 16.85 20.27 7.87 13.88 18.10 3.28 15.34 26.15 17.35
2007 2.90 3.66 7.84 10.40 19.91 16.01 18.76 22.01 8.44 15.50 19.67 3.36 16.25 26.84 18.23
2008 3.52 4.33 18.76 11.68 26.32 22.56 23.35 25.53 12.44 19.95 24.37 4.08 19.66 28.64 21.37
2009 3.89 4.17 10.82 9.12 17.02 12.61 16.38 18.51 9.81 15.86 17.05 3.74 14.20 28.90 17.06
2010 4.06 6.74 13.37 8.54 20.67 16.28 19.61 21.98 11.67 19.59 20.50 3.76 16.22 28.92 18.70
2011 4.66 8.75 15.71 8.21 [R ] 26.81 [R ] 22.60 23.20 [R ] 27.99 15.37 24.17 [R ] 26.21 [R ] 4.05 19.87 [R ] 29.12 21.69 [R ]
2012 4.77 8.65 13.64 7.30 27.67 23.00 17.65 28.77 16.97 23.75 26.43 3.97 19.83 28.97 21.65
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 2,393 78 4 9,741 6,173 1,441 2,395 31,596 1,249 4,166 47,021 450 [R ] 59,530 [R ] 23,345 82,875 [R ]
1971 2,265 45 5 10,782 6,750 1,582 2,483 33,478 1,634 4,444 50,370 459 [R ] 63,836 [R ] 26,202 90,038 [R ]
1972 2,438 31 5 11,847 7,359 1,601 2,834 35,346 1,699 4,771 53,609 489 [R ] 68,358 [R ] 29,712 98,070 [R ]
1973 2,725 33 40 12,639 9,274 1,938 3,881 39,667 2,159 5,314 62,231 515 [R ] 78,118 [R ] 33,774 111,892 [R ]
1974 5,059 44 193 14,660 14,625 3,139 5,254 54,194 4,866 8,277 90,354 558 [R ] 110,780 [R ] 42,586 153,366 [R ]
1975 5,843 75 156 17,639 15,222 4,150 5,221 59,446 4,532 8,491 97,062 546 [R ] 121,171 [R ] 50,680 171,851 [R ]
1976 5,767 67 111 21,855 17,881 4,506 5,992 64,977 5,359 9,922 108,638 637 [R ] 136,940 [R ] 56,972 193,913 [R ]
1977 5,698 71 139 25,377 21,332 5,417 6,839 70,591 6,455 11,786 122,420 709 [R ] 154,271 [R ] 66,225 220,496 [R ]
1978 6,079 49 411 28,491 22,894 6,130 6,646 74,513 5,865 13,338 129,387 800 [R ] 165,118 [R ] 74,159 239,277 [R ]
1979 6,570 81 340 34,504 32,183 8,533 9,389 95,916 8,412 18,774 173,208 979 [R ] 215,520 [R ] 82,051 297,572 [R ]
1980 6,157 130 52 42,705 39,893 13,856 10,926 124,408 11,127 26,035 226,245 1,224 276,252 98,095 374,347
1981 6,794 74 43 50,019 47,323 15,575 11,922 138,138 11,636 28,567 253,161 1,424 311,443 116,455 427,898
1982 5,708 61 9 57,055 43,482 14,955 12,972 130,305 10,516 22,442 234,672 1,505 299,085 127,393 426,479
1983 5,114 46 2 61,627 41,249 13,979 14,147 115,803 7,479 21,704 214,361 1,512 282,886 134,731 417,617
1984 5,859 69 47 65,648 44,117 15,097 14,197 114,429 8,673 22,979 219,492 1,596 292,951 142,420 435,371
1985 5,622 77 43 62,119 43,470 14,747 13,752 118,048 7,262 22,263 219,542 1,585 289,298 149,233 438,531
1986 5,100 66 25 53,396 34,807 10,505 12,843 91,529 4,198 18,403 172,285 1,349 232,491 151,793 384,284
1987 4,747 48 55 51,436 37,356 11,448 12,969 99,864 4,623 18,908 185,167 1,286 243,134 154,685 397,819
1988 5,043 77 194 54,966 38,360 11,318 12,906 103,323 3,791 17,990 187,687 1,363 249,675 162,063 411,739
1989 4,908 80 217 58,629 42,511 13,434 12,266 112,720 3,989 18,604 203,523 2,146 269,903 169,332 439,235
1990 4,932 50 72 57,469 48,794 17,784 13,840 126,558 4,879 21,408 233,264 1,889 298,140 176,691 474,831
1991 4,593 56 100 58,597 44,864 14,609 15,116 123,118 4,112 20,064 221,883 2,020 287,775 184,767 472,543
1992 4,506 48 174 61,847 44,669 13,559 14,303 125,249 3,421 19,691 220,892 2,027 290,118 186,906 477,024
1993 4,324 76 172 67,880 45,347 13,002 14,114 126,560 3,174 19,373 221,569 1,978 295,848 196,532 492,379
1994 4,299 60 274 69,525 46,511 12,474 16,243 130,068 3,212 19,563 228,071 2,049 304,157 200,831 504,988
1995 4,293 91 325 66,251 47,083 12,526 16,197 136,647 3,211 19,977 235,640 2,461 308,879 205,876 514,755
1996 4,166 88 244 76,517 55,905 15,770 21,086 148,344 3,414 21,606 266,125 2,340 349,303 211,105 560,409
1997 4,122 83 253 81,793 55,421 15,000 19,781 149,668 3,192 22,895 265,956 2,190 354,232 213,843 568,075
1998 3,748 104 292 72,096 47,880 11,239 15,241 132,730 2,097 20,632 229,819 2,183 308,033 218,361 526,394
1999 3,643 86 226 72,057 53,988 13,878 19,038 149,260 2,382 23,541 262,088 2,399 340,327 218,413 558,740
2000 3,656 103 249 94,990 77,009 23,777 27,970 192,153 5,308 28,372 354,589 2,867 456,248 231,577 687,825
2001 3,742 109 191 110,770 73,984 19,602 25,543 185,752 3,475 24,861 333,216 3,055 450,865 245,483 696,348
2002 3,700 64 244 90,697 68,559 17,802 22,980 179,796 3,657 25,727 318,521 3,376 416,475 247,598 664,073
2003 3,715 70 239 115,983 82,514 21,096 28,167 209,493 4,441 28,705 374,416 2,930 497,212 257,992 755,205
2004 4,288 107 1,232 129,410 104,845 30,219 34,408 254,873 5,693 35,276 465,314 3,067 603,203 268,133 871,336
2005 5,248 147 780 150,549 142,282 44,679 38,874 312,047 7,942 42,907 588,732 4,958 750,120 295,787 1,045,907
2006 5,580 128 636 146,374 163,345 50,007 45,355 357,286 9,504 52,047 677,545 5,047 835,054 323,962 1,159,017
2007 5,640 131 478 146,962 175,783 53,754 51,081 389,282 10,566 54,644 735,110 5,035 893,094 340,925 1,234,018
2008 6,592 210 1,676 168,529 219,381 72,046 59,875 438,237 14,709 61,982 866,229 5,940 1,048,755 360,570 1,409,325
2009 5,699 135 93 125,398 130,174 [R ] 36,354 43,466 317,082 9,658 41,346 578,080 [R ] 4,301 713,436 [R ] 350,438 1,063,874 [R ]
2010 6,877 245 403 122,310 165,321 [R ] 48,243 55,150 376,491 12,461 50,226 707,891 [R ] 5,281 842,518 [R ] 365,900 1,208,418 [R ]
2011 7,584 210 552 118,509 [R ] 220,411 [R ] 66,680 65,749 [R ] 466,586 [R ] 14,755 58,210 [R ] 892,391 [R ] 5,833 1,024,659 [R ] 368,009 1,392,669 [R ]
2012 7,429 209 384 100,752 219,151 66,736 51,313 477,143 13,041 53,223 880,606 5,815 994,777 360,900 1,355,677
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. hThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy.
bThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type
jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
iFor 1981 through 1992 expenditures, total includes fuel ethanol blended into gasoline that is not shown in the
motor gasoline column.
cLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. Where shown, R = Revised data.
dBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Notes: Price estimates are weighted averages of price estimates, and expenditure estimates are the sum of
expenditure estimates for the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors. ยท Expenditure totals
may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
eIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as
described in the Technical Notes, Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
fWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
gThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of
wood and biomass waste beginning in 1989.