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Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2011, United States

Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2011, United States







Year
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy g,h,i



Coal
Coal Coke

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total g,h,i

Exports

Imports
Distillate
Fuel Oil
Jet
Fuel b

LPG c
Motor
Gasoline d
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other e

Total
Wood and
Waste f,g
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.48 1.27 0.93 0.68 1.18 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.44 1.39 1.82 1.30 1.31 4.98 1.65
1971 0.53 1.20 1.17 0.72 1.24 0.77 1.46 2.90 0.59 1.46 1.90 1.32 1.38 5.30 1.76
1972 0.57 1.01 1.01 0.78 1.24 0.77 1.49 2.88 0.61 1.50 1.90 1.34 1.42 5.54 1.84
1973 0.63 0.96 1.47 0.82 1.47 0.91 2.00 3.10 0.73 1.58 2.11 1.39 1.57 5.86 2.02
1974 1.23 1.37 2.20 0.98 2.46 1.57 2.80 4.32 1.77 2.61 3.20 1.50 2.32 7.42 2.87
1975 1.51 2.37 3.47 1.28 2.62 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.86 2.94 3.50 1.51 2.65 8.61 3.33
1976 1.50 2.05 3.41 1.56 2.78 2.25 3.20 4.84 1.84 3.08 3.64 1.53 2.85 9.13 3.57
1977 1.56 2.32 3.06 1.88 3.13 2.59 3.66 5.13 2.08 3.27 3.92 1.59 3.16 10.11 3.98
1978 1.73 2.87 2.90 2.08 3.27 2.87 3.61 5.24 2.01 3.46 4.05 1.62 3.32 10.92 4.23
1979 1.74 2.26 3.45 2.45 4.70 3.90 4.50 7.11 2.68 4.71 5.46 1.88 4.30 11.78 5.21
1980 1.87 2.54 3.19 3.05 6.72 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.60 7.04 7.67 2.26 5.84 13.95 6.89
1981 2.07 2.55 3.28 3.60 8.04 7.57 6.19 10.94 4.57 8.68 8.93 2.53 6.76 16.14 8.03
1982 2.10 2.49 3.10 4.45 7.79 7.23 6.68 10.39 4.53 7.88 8.60 2.61 6.89 18.16 8.46
1983 1.91 2.76 2.25 5.03 7.34 6.53 7.20 9.12 4.42 7.66 [R ] 7.96 [R ] 2.45 6.65 18.62 8.40 [R ]
1984 1.92 2.68 3.27 5.04 7.39 6.25 6.95 8.89 4.71 7.80 [R ] 7.82 [R ] 2.55 6.54 [R ] 18.50 8.29
1985 1.91 2.76 2.99 4.91 7.24 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.33 7.63 [R ] 7.77 [R ] 2.51 6.49 19.05 8.37
1986 1.81 2.63 3.11 4.46 5.70 3.92 6.49 6.79 2.34 6.06 [R ] 5.92 [R ] 2.15 5.22 [R ] 19.05 7.32 [R ]
1987 1.68 3.37 2.40 4.13 5.99 4.03 6.11 7.23 2.78 6.03 [R ] 6.21 [R ] 2.10 5.31 [R ] 18.74 7.36 [R ]
1988 1.68 2.85 2.90 4.08 5.86 3.80 5.92 7.33 2.30 5.66 [R ] 6.13 [R ] 2.12 5.22 [R ] 18.68 7.29 [R ]
1989 1.68 2.98 3.79 4.15 6.48 4.39 5.58 8.02 2.60 6.03 [R ] 6.68 [R ] 1.58 5.51 [R ] 18.98 7.58 [R ]
1990 1.70 3.53 3.80 4.17 7.72 5.68 6.83 9.12 3.07 6.53 [R ] 7.72 [R ] 1.58 6.19 [R ] 19.32 8.29 [R ]
1991 1.68 2.86 3.41 4.12 7.33 4.83 6.87 8.93 2.73 6.37 [R ] 7.45 [R ] 1.68 5.99 [R ] 19.84 8.24 [R ]
1992 1.70 2.78 3.35 4.19 7.12 4.52 6.25 8.96 2.16 6.00 [R ] 7.27 [R ] 1.61 5.90 [R ] 20.06 8.15 [R ]
1993 1.64 2.88 3.22 4.46 7.11 4.29 6.27 8.83 2.18 5.95 [R ] 7.22 [R ] 1.52 5.93 [R ] 20.38 8.27 [R ]
1994 1.63 2.46 3.31 4.55 7.05 3.95 6.61 8.96 2.27 5.85 [R ] 7.24 [R ] 1.48 5.98 [R ] 20.33 8.32 [R ]
1995 1.63 2.71 3.43 4.20 7.02 4.00 6.51 9.22 2.41 6.11 [R ] 7.42 [R ] 1.47 5.95 [R ] 20.29 8.30 [R ]
1996 1.62 2.20 3.87 4.62 7.92 4.82 7.98 9.85 2.69 6.49 [R ] 8.15 [R ] 1.38 6.53 [R ] 20.16 8.76 [R ]
1997 1.62 2.64 3.25 4.96 7.71 4.53 7.39 9.81 3.00 6.41 [R ] 8.04 [R ] 1.31 6.58 [R ] 20.13 8.82 [R ]
1998 1.58 3.73 3.07 4.64 6.63 3.35 5.95 8.45 2.21 5.39 [R ] 6.84 [R ] 1.44 5.80 [R ] 19.80 8.21 [R ]
1999 1.58 3.88 2.83 4.65 7.25 4.01 6.60 9.31 2.62 6.04 [R ] 7.57 [R ] 1.57 6.30 [R ] 19.52 8.57 [R ]
2000 1.55 3.64 2.66 5.97 9.93 6.64 9.55 11.89 4.48 7.74 [R ] 10.05 [R ] 1.83 8.27 [R ] 20.03 10.31 [R ]
2001 1.63 3.27 3.04 7.49 9.25 5.72 9.53 11.34 4.24 7.10 [R ] 9.58 [R ] 2.27 8.47 [R ] 21.41 10.76 [R ]
2002 1.75 3.25 3.04 5.97 8.68 5.33 8.09 10.69 3.99 7.37 [R ] 9.02 [R ] 2.33 7.69 [R ] 21.15 10.09 [R ]
2003 1.74 3.88 3.49 7.65 10.08 [R ] 6.46 10.32 12.34 5.04 8.19 [R ] 10.53 [R ] 2.06 9.16 [R ] 21.85 11.42
2004 1.99 3.28 7.23 8.64 12.28 8.93 12.24 14.67 5.19 9.06 [R ] 12.54 2.34 10.83 22.38 12.88 [R ]
2005 2.55 3.39 8.92 10.64 16.47 12.86 14.58 17.89 6.51 11.36 [R ] 15.82 [R ] 3.31 13.64 [R ] 23.92 15.53 [R ]
2006 2.81 3.19 6.31 10.92 18.59 14.80 16.85 20.27 7.87 13.88 [R ] 18.10 [R ] 3.28 15.34 [R ] 26.15 17.35 [R ]
2007 2.90 3.66 7.84 10.40 19.91 16.01 18.76 22.01 8.44 15.50 [R ] 19.67 [R ] 3.36 [R ] 16.25 26.84 18.23 [R ]
2008 3.52 [R ] 4.33 18.76 11.68 26.32 [R ] 22.56 23.35 25.53 12.44 [R ] 19.95 [R ] 24.37 [R ] 4.08 [R ] 19.66 [R ] 28.64 21.37
2009 3.89 [R ] 4.17 10.82 9.12 17.02 [R ] 12.61 16.38 18.51 9.81 [R ] 15.86 [R ] 17.05 [R ] 3.74 [R ] 14.20 [R ] 28.90 17.06 [R ]
2010 4.06 [R ] 6.74 13.37 8.54 [R ] 20.67 [R ] 16.28 19.61 21.98 11.67 [R ] 19.59 [R ] 20.50 [R ] 3.76 [R ] 16.22 [R ] 28.92 18.70 [R ]
2011 4.66 8.75 15.71 8.23 26.80 22.60 23.09 27.99 15.37 24.18 26.19 4.05 19.90 29.12 21.71
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 2,393 78 4 9,741 6,173 1,441 2,395 31,596 1,249 4,166 47,021 435 59,516 23,345 82,860
1971 2,265 45 5 10,782 6,750 1,582 2,483 33,478 1,634 4,444 50,370 444 63,821 26,202 90,023
1972 2,438 31 5 11,847 7,359 1,601 2,834 35,346 1,699 4,771 53,609 473 68,342 29,712 98,054
1973 2,725 33 40 12,639 9,274 1,938 3,881 39,667 2,159 5,314 62,231 499 78,101 33,774 111,875
1974 5,059 44 193 14,660 14,625 3,139 5,254 54,194 4,866 8,277 90,354 542 110,764 42,586 153,351
1975 5,843 75 156 17,639 15,222 4,150 5,221 59,446 4,532 8,491 97,062 532 121,157 50,680 171,837
1976 5,767 67 111 21,855 17,881 4,506 5,992 64,977 5,359 9,922 108,638 620 136,923 56,972 193,896
1977 5,698 71 139 25,377 21,332 5,417 6,839 70,591 6,455 11,786 122,420 689 154,251 66,225 220,476
1978 6,079 49 411 28,491 22,894 6,130 6,646 74,513 5,865 13,338 129,387 778 165,096 74,159 239,255
1979 6,570 81 340 34,504 32,183 8,533 9,389 95,916 8,412 18,774 173,208 956 215,498 82,051 297,549
1980 6,157 130 52 42,705 39,893 13,856 10,926 124,408 11,127 26,035 226,245 1,224 276,252 98,095 374,347
1981 6,794 74 43 50,019 47,323 15,575 11,922 138,138 11,636 28,567 253,161 1,424 311,443 116,455 427,898
1982 5,708 61 9 57,055 43,482 14,955 12,972 130,305 10,516 22,442 234,672 1,505 299,085 127,393 426,479
1983 5,114 46 2 61,627 41,249 13,979 14,147 115,803 7,479 21,704 [R ] 214,361 [R ] 1,512 282,886 [R ] 134,731 417,617 [R ]
1984 5,859 69 47 65,648 44,117 15,097 14,197 114,429 8,673 22,979 [R ] 219,492 [R ] 1,596 292,951 [R ] 142,420 435,371 [R ]
1985 5,622 77 43 62,119 43,470 14,747 13,752 118,048 7,262 22,263 [R ] 219,542 [R ] 1,585 289,298 [R ] 149,233 438,531 [R ]
1986 5,100 66 25 53,396 34,807 10,505 12,843 91,529 4,198 18,403 [R ] 172,285 [R ] 1,349 232,491 [R ] 151,793 384,284 [R ]
1987 4,747 48 55 51,436 37,356 11,448 12,969 99,864 4,623 18,908 [R ] 185,167 [R ] 1,286 243,134 [R ] 154,685 397,819 [R ]
1988 5,043 77 194 54,966 38,360 11,318 12,906 103,323 3,791 17,990 [R ] 187,687 [R ] 1,363 249,675 [R ] 162,063 411,739 [R ]
1989 4,908 80 217 58,629 42,511 13,434 12,266 112,720 3,989 18,604 [R ] 203,523 [R ] 2,146 269,903 [R ] 169,332 439,235 [R ]
1990 4,932 50 72 57,469 48,794 17,784 13,840 126,558 4,879 21,408 [R ] 233,264 [R ] 1,889 298,140 [R ] 176,691 474,831 [R ]
1991 4,593 56 100 58,597 44,864 14,609 15,116 123,118 4,112 20,064 [R ] 221,883 [R ] 2,020 287,775 [R ] 184,767 472,543 [R ]
1992 4,506 48 174 61,847 44,669 13,559 14,303 125,249 3,421 19,691 [R ] 220,892 [R ] 2,027 290,118 [R ] 186,906 477,024 [R ]
1993 4,324 76 172 67,880 45,347 13,002 14,114 126,560 3,174 19,373 [R ] 221,569 [R ] 1,978 295,848 [R ] 196,532 492,379 [R ]
1994 4,299 60 274 69,525 46,511 12,474 16,243 130,068 3,212 19,563 [R ] 228,071 [R ] 2,049 304,157 [R ] 200,831 504,988 [R ]
1995 4,293 91 325 66,251 47,083 12,526 16,197 136,647 3,211 19,977 [R ] 235,640 [R ] 2,461 308,879 [R ] 205,876 514,755 [R ]
1996 4,166 88 244 76,517 55,905 15,770 21,086 148,344 3,414 21,606 [R ] 266,125 [R ] 2,340 349,303 [R ] 211,105 560,409 [R ]
1997 4,122 83 253 81,793 55,421 15,000 19,781 149,668 3,192 22,895 [R ] 265,956 [R ] 2,190 354,232 [R ] 213,843 568,075 [R ]
1998 3,748 104 292 72,096 47,880 11,239 15,241 132,730 2,097 20,632 [R ] 229,819 [R ] 2,183 308,033 [R ] 218,361 526,394 [R ]
1999 3,643 86 226 72,057 53,988 13,878 19,038 149,260 2,382 23,541 [R ] 262,088 [R ] 2,399 340,327 [R ] 218,413 558,740 [R ]
2000 3,656 103 249 94,990 77,009 23,777 27,970 192,153 5,308 28,372 [R ] 354,589 [R ] 2,867 456,248 [R ] 231,577 687,825 [R ]
2001 3,742 109 191 110,770 73,984 19,602 25,543 185,752 3,475 24,861 [R ] 333,216 [R ] 3,055 450,865 [R ] 245,483 696,348 [R ]
2002 3,700 64 244 90,697 68,559 17,802 22,980 179,796 3,657 25,727 [R ] 318,521 [R ] 3,376 416,475 [R ] 247,598 664,073 [R ]
2003 3,715 70 239 115,983 82,514 [R ] 21,096 28,167 [R ] 209,493 4,441 28,705 [R ] 374,416 [R ] 2,930 497,212 [R ] 257,992 755,205 [R ]
2004 4,288 107 1,232 129,410 104,845 30,219 34,408 254,873 5,693 35,276 [R ] 465,314 [R ] 3,067 603,203 [R ] 268,133 871,336 [R ]
2005 5,248 147 780 150,549 142,282 44,679 38,874 312,047 7,942 42,907 [R ] 588,732 [R ] 4,958 [R ] 750,120 [R ] 295,787 1,045,907 [R ]
2006 5,580 128 636 146,374 [R ] 163,345 50,007 45,355 357,286 9,504 52,047 [R ] 677,545 [R ] 5,047 835,054 [R ] 323,962 1,159,017 [R ]
2007 5,640 131 478 146,962 175,783 53,754 51,081 389,282 10,566 54,644 [R ] 735,110 [R ] 5,035 [R ] 893,094 [R ] 340,925 1,234,018 [R ]
2008 6,592 [R ] 210 1,676 168,529 219,381 [R ] 72,046 59,875 438,237 14,709 [R ] 61,982 [R ] 866,229 [R ] 5,940 [R ] 1,048,755 [R ] 360,570 1,409,325 [R ]
2009 5,699 [R ] 135 93 125,398 130,173 [R ] 36,354 [R ] 43,466 317,082 9,658 [R ] 41,346 [R ] 578,079 [R ] 4,301 [R ] 713,435 [R ] 350,438 1,063,873 [R ]
2010 6,877 [R ] 245 403 122,310 [R ] 165,327 [R ] 48,243 [R ] 55,150 [R ] 376,491 [R ] 12,461 [R ] 50,226 [R ] 707,897 [R ] 5,281 [R ] 842,524 [R ] 365,900 1,208,424 [R ]
2011 7,584 210 552 118,037 220,374 66,680 67,689 466,558 14,755 58,226 894,283 5,833 1,026,079 368,009 1,394,088
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. hThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy.
bThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type
jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
iFor 1981 through 1992 expenditures, total includes fuel ethanol blended into gasoline that is not shown in the
motor gasoline column.
cLiquefied petroleum gases. Where shown, R = Revised data.
dBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Notes: Price estimates are weighted averages of price estimates, and expenditure estimates are the sum of
expenditure estimates for the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors. ยท Expenditure totals
may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
eIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as
described in the Technical Notes, Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
fWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
gThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of
wood and biomass waste beginning in 1989.