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Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2012, United States

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2012, United States







Year
Primary Energy


Electric
Power
Sector h,j




Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy g,h,i
Coal Coal Coke

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum

Nuclear
Fuel
Biomass


Total g,h,i,j
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total

Exports

Imports
Distillate
Fuel Oil
Jet
Fuel b

LPG c
Motor
Gasoline d
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other e

Total
Wood and
Waste f,g
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.45 0.36 0.38 1.27 0.93 0.59 1.16 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.42 1.38 1.71 0.18 1.34 [R ] 1.08 0.32 4.98 1.65
1971 0.52 0.40 0.42 1.20 1.17 0.63 1.22 0.77 1.46 2.90 0.58 1.45 1.78 0.18 1.36 [R ] 1.15 0.38 5.30 1.76
1972 0.59 0.41 0.45 1.01 1.01 0.68 1.22 0.79 1.49 2.88 0.62 1.49 1.78 0.18 1.38 [R ] 1.18 0.42 5.54 1.84
1973 0.68 0.43 0.48 0.96 1.47 0.73 1.46 0.92 2.00 3.10 0.75 1.58 1.97 0.19 1.44 [R ] 1.29 0.47 5.86 2.02
1974 1.36 0.77 0.88 1.37 2.20 0.89 2.44 1.58 2.80 4.32 1.82 2.60 3.06 0.20 1.55 [R ] 1.94 0.87 7.42 2.87
1975 1.65 0.90 1.03 2.37 3.47 1.18 2.60 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.93 2.94 3.35 0.24 1.55 [R ] 2.19 0.97 8.61 3.33
1976 1.65 0.91 1.04 2.05 3.41 1.46 2.77 2.25 3.20 4.84 1.90 3.08 3.47 0.25 1.58 [R ] 2.34 1.03 9.13 3.57
1977 1.72 1.00 1.11 2.32 3.06 1.76 3.11 2.59 3.66 5.13 2.14 3.27 3.73 0.27 1.63 [R ] 2.58 1.17 10.11 3.98
1978 1.94 1.17 1.27 2.87 2.90 1.95 3.26 2.87 3.61 5.24 2.08 3.45 3.84 0.30 1.66 [R ] 2.72 1.27 10.92 4.23
1979 1.89 1.27 1.36 2.26 3.45 2.31 4.69 3.90 4.50 7.11 2.83 4.70 5.23 0.34 1.93 [R ] 3.47 1.50 11.78 5.21
1980 2.10 1.38 1.46 2.54 3.19 2.86 6.70 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.88 7.04 7.40 0.43 2.26 4.57 1.77 13.95 6.89
1981 2.34 1.56 1.64 2.55 3.28 3.43 8.03 7.57 6.19 10.94 4.91 8.67 8.68 0.48 2.52 5.25 2.04 16.14 8.03
1982 2.43 1.67 1.73 2.49 3.10 4.23 7.78 7.23 6.68 10.39 4.65 7.87 8.40 0.54 2.60 5.33 2.05 18.16 8.46
1983 2.14 1.67 1.70 2.76 2.25 4.72 7.32 6.53 7.20 9.12 4.50 7.65 7.78 0.58 2.44 5.12 2.02 18.62 8.40
1984 2.09 1.68 1.71 2.68 3.27 4.75 7.37 6.25 6.95 8.89 4.75 7.78 7.69 0.67 2.53 5.04 2.02 18.50 8.29
1985 2.03 1.67 1.69 2.76 2.99 4.61 7.22 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.30 7.62 7.64 0.71 2.47 4.93 1.91 19.05 8.37
1986 1.90 1.60 1.62 2.63 3.11 4.07 5.68 3.92 6.49 6.79 2.37 6.05 5.76 0.70 2.12 3.99 1.60 19.05 7.32
1987 1.74 1.52 1.53 3.37 2.40 3.77 5.97 4.03 6.11 7.23 2.86 6.02 6.08 0.71 2.07 4.02 1.57 18.74 7.36
1988 1.79 1.48 1.50 2.85 2.90 3.78 5.83 3.80 5.92 7.33 2.35 5.64 5.95 0.73 2.09 3.91 1.49 18.68 7.29
1989 1.78 1.47 1.48 2.98 3.79 3.82 6.43 4.39 5.58 8.02 2.72 6.01 6.48 0.70 1.42 4.09 1.51 18.98 7.58
1990 1.79 1.48 1.49 3.53 3.80 3.82 7.68 5.68 6.83 9.12 3.17 6.48 7.54 0.67 1.32 4.49 1.48 19.32 8.29
1991 1.83 1.46 1.48 2.86 3.41 3.74 7.29 4.83 6.87 8.93 2.62 6.32 7.26 0.63 1.39 4.31 1.40 19.84 8.24
1992 1.83 1.44 1.45 2.78 3.35 3.83 7.09 4.52 6.25 8.96 2.28 5.93 7.12 0.59 1.32 4.26 1.38 20.06 8.15
1993 1.79 1.41 1.42 2.88 3.22 4.10 7.08 4.29 6.27 8.83 2.26 5.83 7.05 0.56 1.28 4.27 1.40 20.38 8.27
1994 1.73 1.38 1.39 2.46 3.31 4.08 6.99 3.95 6.61 8.96 2.32 5.74 7.09 0.56 1.39 4.28 1.36 20.33 8.32
1995 1.76 1.35 1.37 2.71 3.43 3.73 6.98 4.00 6.51 9.22 2.46 5.98 7.31 0.54 1.40 4.24 1.29 20.29 8.30
1996 1.77 1.32 1.33 2.20 3.87 4.25 7.87 4.82 7.98 9.85 2.80 6.36 8.03 0.51 1.25 4.64 1.35 20.16 8.76
1997 1.79 1.30 1.32 2.64 3.25 4.53 7.66 4.53 7.39 9.81 2.93 6.26 7.90 0.51 1.15 4.67 1.38 20.13 8.82
1998 1.69 1.28 1.29 3.73 3.07 4.13 6.57 3.35 5.95 8.45 2.15 5.24 6.66 0.50 1.27 4.09 1.32 19.80 8.21
1999 1.69 1.25 1.27 3.88 2.83 4.16 7.19 4.01 6.60 9.31 2.51 5.89 7.39 0.48 1.34 4.39 1.33 19.52 8.57
2000 1.67 1.23 1.24 3.64 2.66 5.61 9.86 6.64 9.55 11.89 4.32 7.55 9.87 0.46 1.57 5.72 1.71 20.03 10.31
2001 1.74 1.27 1.29 3.27 3.04 6.87 9.18 5.72 9.53 11.34 3.99 6.93 9.37 0.44 2.08 5.85 1.85 21.41 10.76
2002 1.94 1.28 1.30 3.25 3.04 5.31 8.64 5.33 8.09 10.69 3.91 7.04 8.87 0.43 2.19 5.27 1.54 21.15 10.09
2003 1.93 1.30 1.32 3.88 3.49 7.08 10.02 6.46 10.32 12.34 4.75 7.83 10.33 0.42 1.98 6.28 1.84 21.85 11.42
2004 2.31 1.39 1.41 3.28 7.23 7.91 12.23 8.93 12.24 14.67 4.92 8.61 12.28 0.42 2.17 7.37 2.00 22.38 12.88
2005 3.19 1.58 1.62 3.39 8.92 9.92 16.41 12.86 14.58 17.89 6.65 10.73 15.51 0.43 3.10 9.23 2.61 23.92 15.53
2006 3.54 1.73 1.78 3.19 6.31 9.62 18.55 14.80 16.85 20.27 7.93 13.20 17.90 0.44 3.13 10.20 2.48 26.15 17.35
2007 3.64 1.83 1.88 3.66 7.84 9.31 19.87 16.01 18.76 22.01 8.57 14.86 19.47 0.46 3.33 10.74 2.68 26.84 18.23
2008 4.49 2.15 2.21 4.33 18.76 10.83 26.28 22.56 23.35 25.53 12.61 19.09 24.19 0.47 3.72 12.94 3.21 28.64 21.37
2009 5.43 2.27 2.33 4.17 10.82 7.67 16.99 12.61 16.38 18.51 9.68 15.14 16.93 0.52 3.37 9.40 2.44 28.90 17.06
2010 5.84 2.33 2.42 6.74 13.37 7.37 20.63 16.28 19.61 21.98 11.77 18.66 20.38 0.62 3.48 10.64 2.62 28.92 18.70
2011 6.89 2.44 2.57 8.75 15.71 7.03 26.77 22.60 23.20 [R ] 27.99 15.68 22.96 [R ] 26.09 [R ] 0.65 3.72 12.91 [R ] 2.65 29.12 21.69 [R ]
2012 6.59 2.46 2.60 8.65 13.64 5.76 27.64 23.00 17.65 28.77 17.31 22.94 26.35 0.70 3.58 12.78 2.40 28.97 21.65
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 1,175 3,455 4,630 78 4 10,891 6,253 1,441 2,395 31,596 2,046 4,172 47,904 44 452 [R ] 63,887 [R ] -4,357 23,345 82,875 [R ]
1971 1,163 3,739 4,902 45 5 12,065 6,890 1,582 2,483 33,478 2,933 4,449 51,816 73 461 [R ] 69,327 [R ] -5,491 26,202 90,038 [R ]
1972 1,379 4,036 5,415 31 5 13,198 7,552 1,682 2,834 35,346 3,458 4,777 55,648 104 492 [R ] 74,909 [R ] -6,551 29,712 98,070 [R ]
1973 1,724 4,519 6,243 33 40 13,933 9,524 2,001 3,881 39,667 4,667 5,318 65,057 177 518 [R ] 86,069 [R ] -7,952 33,774 111,892 [R ]
1974 3,284 7,835 11,118 44 193 16,380 15,217 3,208 5,254 54,194 10,547 8,284 96,704 259 560 [R ] 125,338 [R ] -14,558 42,586 153,366 [R ]
1975 3,692 9,329 13,021 75 156 20,061 15,680 4,193 5,221 59,446 10,374 8,493 103,407 448 548 [R ] 137,717 [R ] -16,545 50,680 171,851 [R ]
1976 3,740 10,311 14,051 67 111 25,097 18,402 4,567 5,992 64,977 11,648 9,925 115,512 520 639 [R ] 156,019 [R ] -19,078 56,972 193,913 [R ]
1977 3,579 11,837 15,416 71 139 29,602 22,004 5,517 6,839 70,591 14,381 11,790 131,121 743 714 [R ] 177,986 [R ] -23,715 66,225 220,496 [R ]
1978 3,703 13,848 17,551 49 411 33,185 23,587 6,205 6,646 74,513 13,747 13,348 138,047 915 804 [R ] 191,243 [R ] -26,125 74,159 239,277 [R ]
1979 3,920 16,456 20,376 81 340 40,785 32,854 8,603 9,389 95,916 17,656 18,785 183,204 941 987 [R ] 246,992 [R ] -31,472 82,051 297,572 [R ]
1980 3,753 18,853 22,607 130 52 51,061 40,797 13,923 10,926 124,408 21,573 26,049 237,676 1,189 1,232 314,279 -38,027 98,095 374,347
1981 3,831 22,327 26,159 74 43 60,544 48,200 15,607 11,922 138,138 22,668 28,571 265,106 1,436 1,429 355,717 -44,274 116,455 427,898
1982 2,661 23,688 26,349 61 9 68,292 44,087 14,974 12,972 130,305 17,632 22,447 242,418 1,684 1,510 341,439 -42,354 127,393 426,479
1983 2,128 24,859 26,987 46 2 72,000 41,846 13,979 14,147 115,803 14,099 21,714 221,588 1,859 1,517 325,452 -42,566 134,731 417,617
1984 2,461 26,564 29,025 69 47 77,169 44,668 15,097 14,197 114,429 14,410 22,988 225,789 2,384 1,608 337,637 -44,686 142,420 435,371
1985 2,228 27,450 29,678 77 43 72,938 43,972 14,747 13,752 118,048 11,493 22,272 224,284 2,878 1,597 333,268 -43,970 149,233 438,531
1986 1,825 26,030 27,855 66 25 59,702 35,113 10,505 12,843 91,529 7,486 18,413 175,888 3,061 1,352 269,507 -37,016 151,793 384,284
1987 1,718 25,815 27,532 48 55 58,019 37,729 11,448 12,969 99,864 8,062 18,919 188,990 3,378 1,300 281,316 -38,182 154,685 397,819
1988 2,006 26,327 28,333 77 194 61,089 38,776 11,318 12,906 103,323 7,259 18,002 191,583 4,057 1,378 288,228 -38,553 162,063 411,739
1989 1,934 26,350 28,284 80 217 66,198 43,159 13,434 12,266 112,720 8,357 18,617 208,553 3,939 2,270 310,732 -40,829 169,332 439,235
1990 1,862 26,740 28,602 50 72 65,278 49,335 17,784 13,840 126,558 8,721 21,433 237,672 4,104 1,997 338,766 -40,626 176,691 474,831
1991 1,660 26,469 28,129 56 100 65,956 45,269 14,609 15,116 123,118 6,784 20,087 224,984 4,073 2,165 326,528 -38,752 184,767 472,543
1992 1,587 26,189 27,776 48 174 70,086 45,019 13,559 14,303 125,249 5,585 19,725 223,440 3,802 2,194 328,781 -38,663 186,906 477,024
1993 1,505 26,723 28,229 76 172 77,052 45,732 13,002 14,114 126,560 5,449 19,433 224,291 3,597 2,193 336,164 -40,317 196,532 492,379
1994 1,473 26,242 27,715 60 274 78,581 47,002 12,474 16,243 130,068 5,296 19,603 230,686 3,777 2,521 344,509 -40,352 200,831 504,988
1995 1,558 25,874 27,431 91 325 75,020 47,533 12,526 16,197 136,647 4,676 20,033 237,611 3,810 2,938 347,952 -39,073 205,876 514,755
1996 1,507 26,521 28,028 88 244 86,904 56,455 15,770 21,086 148,344 5,313 21,663 268,631 3,624 2,668 390,956 -41,652 211,105 560,409
1997 1,453 26,825 28,277 83 253 93,382 55,922 15,000 19,781 149,668 5,206 22,992 268,570 3,369 2,425 397,179 -42,947 213,843 568,075
1998 1,304 26,585 27,888 104 292 83,620 48,350 11,239 15,241 132,730 4,280 20,715 232,555 3,555 2,477 351,344 -43,311 218,361 526,394
1999 1,306 26,003 27,310 86 226 84,960 54,565 13,878 19,038 149,260 4,686 23,610 265,037 3,643 2,646 385,015 -44,689 218,413 558,740
2000 1,327 26,752 28,080 103 249 119,094 78,209 23,777 27,970 192,153 8,870 28,419 359,398 3,628 3,174 516,302 -60,054 231,577 687,825
2001 1,247 26,956 28,202 109 191 139,388 75,035 19,602 25,543 185,752 7,266 24,961 338,158 3,524 3,494 515,537 -64,672 245,483 696,348
2002 1,258 27,254 28,511 64 244 111,536 69,285 17,802 22,980 179,796 6,156 25,826 321,845 3,504 4,005 470,704 -54,230 247,598 664,073
2003 1,283 28,119 29,402 70 239 144,489 83,614 21,096 28,167 209,493 8,325 28,811 379,506 3,363 [R ] 3,599 561,897 -64,685 257,992 755,205
2004 1,499 30,265 31,764 107 1,232 162,843 105,772 30,219 34,408 254,873 9,717 35,452 470,439 3,445 3,692 674,923 -71,720 268,133 871,336
2005 1,964 34,969 36,932 147 780 200,356 143,598 44,679 38,874 312,047 13,951 43,146 596,296 3,469 5,897 846,095 -95,975 295,787 1,045,907
2006 2,132 37,873 40,005 128 636 190,590 164,399 50,007 45,355 357,286 12,432 52,316 681,796 3,637 6,101 925,158 [R ] -90,104 323,962 1,159,017
2007 2,175 40,541 42,717 131 478 196,957 177,172 53,754 51,081 389,282 14,129 54,907 740,324 3,871 6,397 993,813 -100,719 340,925 1,234,018
2008 2,606 46,891 49,497 210 1,676 230,465 220,948 72,046 59,875 438,237 17,949 62,272 871,326 3,976 7,041 1,167,327 -118,571 360,570 1,409,325
2009 2,192 43,706 45,898 135 93 159,362 131,112 [R ] 36,354 43,466 317,082 11,284 41,571 580,868 [R ] 4,345 5,359 797,944 [R ] -84,508 350,438 1,063,874 [R ]
2010 3,239 47,235 50,474 245 403 161,301 166,657 [R ] 48,243 55,150 376,491 14,382 50,532 711,455 [R ] 5,202 6,485 937,121 [R ] -94,603 365,900 1,208,418 [R ]
2011 3,885 46,555 [R ] 50,441 [R ] 210 552 155,943 [R ] 221,859 [R ] 66,680 65,749 [R ] 466,586 [R ] 16,517 58,635 [R ] 896,026 [R ] 5,398 6,988 1,117,357 [R ] -92,698 [R ] 368,009 1,392,669 [R ]
2012 3,915 41,329 45,244 209 384 133,115 220,408 66,736 51,313 477,143 14,635 53,451 883,685 5,679 6,863 1,076,610 -81,833 360,900 1,355,677
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. hThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy.
bThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only;
naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
iFrom 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
cLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. jElectricity imports are included in total primary energy and electric power sector but are not shown separately.
dBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data.
eIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as described in the
Technical Notes, Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Note: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
fWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
gThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and biomass
waste beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.