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Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2011, Pennsylvania

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2011, Pennsylvania







Year
Primary Energy


Electric
Power
Sector h,j




Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy g,h,i
Coal

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum

Nuclear
Fuel
Biomass


Total g,h,i,j
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total
Distillate
Fuel Oil
Jet
Fuel b

LPG c
Motor
Gasoline d
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other e

Total
Wood and
Waste f,g
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.44 0.35 0.39 0.87 1.17 0.72 1.76 2.92 0.47 2.01 1.73 0.21 0.96 0.97 0.34 5.23 1.47
1971 0.46 0.40 0.43 0.93 1.25 0.75 1.71 2.97 0.69 2.04 1.84 0.15 0.99 1.06 0.43 6.01 1.66
1972 0.56 0.42 0.47 0.99 1.27 0.78 1.77 2.94 0.70 2.09 1.86 0.16 0.99 1.11 0.46 6.34 1.76
1973 0.67 0.45 0.53 1.07 1.50 0.91 2.10 3.03 0.85 2.34 2.01 0.15 1.09 1.19 0.50 6.66 1.90
1974 1.36 0.83 1.03 1.26 2.50 1.55 3.39 4.40 2.00 3.39 3.18 0.25 1.21 1.87 0.93 8.81 2.84
1975 1.52 1.02 1.20 1.53 2.65 2.01 3.34 4.72 2.02 3.51 3.47 0.25 1.19 2.02 0.93 10.37 3.25
1976 1.62 1.01 1.24 1.72 2.80 2.18 3.88 4.90 1.94 3.52 3.56 0.24 1.21 2.13 0.96 10.55 3.39
1977 1.62 1.04 1.25 2.20 3.20 2.51 4.08 5.21 2.25 3.73 3.84 0.26 1.25 2.38 1.07 11.58 3.84
1978 1.98 1.18 1.46 2.31 3.36 2.86 4.30 5.11 2.18 3.81 3.87 0.27 1.25 2.46 1.15 12.27 4.06
1979 1.88 1.22 1.45 2.81 4.77 3.85 4.73 7.00 3.13 5.38 5.42 0.32 1.51 3.05 1.28 13.09 4.86
1980 2.20 1.34 1.58 3.37 6.70 6.27 6.09 9.71 4.30 8.14 7.72 0.42 1.84 4.00 1.55 15.17 6.37
1981 2.37 1.57 1.78 4.02 8.17 7.49 6.98 10.79 5.19 9.85 8.98 0.53 2.12 4.62 1.78 17.08 7.39
1982 2.53 1.65 1.78 4.85 7.97 7.02 7.70 10.04 4.87 9.06 8.66 0.67 2.06 4.70 1.70 19.93 8.28
1983 2.15 1.54 1.65 5.68 7.79 6.53 8.29 9.18 4.51 9.19 [R ] 8.08 [R ] 0.89 2.04 4.61 1.75 19.76 8.24
1984 2.02 1.61 1.70 5.74 7.88 6.24 8.31 8.91 4.90 9.63 [R ] 8.08 [R ] 0.88 1.99 4.53 [R ] 1.72 20.03 8.04
1985 1.88 1.57 1.63 5.74 7.68 5.84 10.10 9.01 4.38 9.30 [R ] 8.08 [R ] 0.92 1.95 4.44 1.61 21.24 8.40 [R ]
1986 1.76 1.51 1.54 5.38 5.78 3.91 9.29 6.54 2.45 8.21 [R ] 5.93 [R ] 0.78 1.69 3.58 [R ] 1.36 21.86 7.62 [R ]
1987 1.59 1.46 1.48 4.84 5.83 4.02 8.82 7.03 2.95 7.70 [R ] 6.17 [R ] 0.78 1.64 3.60 [R ] 1.37 21.49 7.44 [R ]
1988 1.61 1.46 1.49 4.70 5.78 3.85 9.19 7.01 2.34 7.90 [R ] 6.11 [R ] 0.84 1.65 3.51 [R ] 1.35 20.92 7.29 [R ]
1989 1.67 1.45 1.49 4.93 6.24 4.44 9.51 7.79 2.83 7.85 [R ] 6.68 [R ] 0.88 1.48 3.72 [R ] 1.40 21.69 7.75 [R ]
1990 1.71 1.52 1.56 5.28 7.66 5.59 11.72 9.35 3.20 7.94 [R ] 8.01 [R ] 0.83 1.75 4.03 [R ] 1.35 22.43 8.56 [R ]
1991 1.75 1.54 1.57 5.36 7.50 4.81 12.55 9.44 2.32 8.22 [R ] 8.03 [R ] 0.77 1.58 4.03 [R ] 1.30 23.47 8.89 [R ]
1992 1.73 1.48 1.53 5.18 7.06 4.49 10.70 9.33 2.34 8.83 [R ] 7.88 [R ] 0.68 1.39 3.88 [R ] 1.21 23.58 8.60 [R ]
1993 1.73 1.43 1.49 5.27 6.95 4.17 10.82 9.01 2.35 8.97 [R ] 7.56 [R ] 0.66 1.29 3.83 [R ] 1.20 23.23 8.53 [R ]
1994 1.73 1.43 1.49 5.65 6.88 3.90 11.56 9.26 2.53 8.45 [R ] 7.60 [R ] 0.62 1.26 3.89 [R ] 1.17 23.09 8.67 [R ]
1995 1.72 1.36 1.43 5.35 6.83 3.87 11.17 9.71 2.63 8.15 [R ] 7.95 [R ] 0.56 1.28 3.86 [R ] 1.09 23.25 8.78 [R ]
1996 1.69 1.38 1.44 5.71 7.77 4.77 12.13 10.09 3.25 8.51 [R ] 8.59 [R ] 0.55 1.28 4.05 [R ] 1.12 23.34 9.14 [R ]
1997 1.72 1.36 1.42 6.43 7.73 4.36 12.49 10.24 2.71 8.94 [R ] 8.62 [R ] 0.52 1.08 4.14 [R ] 1.08 23.44 9.39 [R ]
1998 1.55 1.36 1.38 6.17 6.92 3.23 11.33 8.70 2.10 8.02 [R ] 7.36 [R ] 0.53 1.06 3.84 [R ] 1.11 22.97 9.14 [R ]
1999 1.62 1.31 1.34 6.11 7.24 3.79 11.56 9.49 2.62 9.86 [R ] 8.11 [R ] 0.51 1.13 4.00 [R ] 1.04 21.15 9.14 [R ]
2000 1.66 1.17 1.23 6.81 10.16 6.81 14.80 12.10 3.64 10.66 [R ] 10.57 [R ] 0.48 1.34 4.81 [R ] 1.00 22.43 10.69 [R ]
2001 1.73 1.24 1.31 9.33 9.46 5.59 15.34 11.26 3.32 9.90 [R ] 9.88 [R ] 0.37 1.86 5.07 [R ] 1.02 23.49 11.25 [R ]
2002 1.93 1.27 1.36 7.37 8.72 5.29 13.57 10.73 3.58 10.66 [R ] 9.51 [R ] 0.40 2.00 4.60 [R ] 1.03 23.66 10.80 [R ]
2003 1.93 1.24 1.33 9.06 10.24 6.37 15.85 12.38 4.59 11.09 [R ] 10.92 [R ] 0.38 1.98 5.37 [R ] 1.09 23.56 11.80 [R ]
2004 2.31 1.40 1.52 10.03 12.18 8.86 17.75 14.72 4.64 11.26 [R ] 12.84 [R ] 0.36 2.08 6.19 [R ] 1.27 23.53 13.12 [R ]
2005 3.01 1.62 1.79 12.19 16.36 12.64 19.74 18.13 6.84 13.07 [R ] 16.19 [R ] 0.37 3.02 7.69 [R ] 1.61 24.33 15.64 [R ]
2006 3.33 1.75 1.94 12.89 18.56 14.56 21.98 20.77 7.87 16.64 [R ] 18.97 [R ] 0.40 3.09 8.58 [R ] 1.56 25.50 17.52 [R ]
2007 3.49 1.79 1.98 11.45 19.86 15.79 24.88 22.36 8.08 18.99 [R ] 20.58 [R ] 0.44 3.27 [R ] 8.86 [R ] 1.73 26.69 18.24 [R ]
2008 4.41 2.14 [R ] 2.41 [R ] 13.09 26.03 [R ] 23.07 29.63 26.08 12.19 21.93 [R ] 25.42 [R ] 0.46 3.85 [R ] 10.87 [R ] 2.10 27.42 21.25 [R ]
2009 5.18 2.33 [R ] 2.56 [R ] 9.75 17.87 12.59 25.08 19.12 8.49 [R ] 22.09 [R ] 18.61 [R ] 0.49 [R ] 3.41 [R ] 8.26 [R ] 1.87 [R ] 28.24 17.95 [R ]
2010 5.47 2.44 2.75 8.73 [R ] 21.34 16.10 28.19 22.54 12.02 [R ] 25.48 [R ] 22.12 [R ] 0.63 [R ] 3.64 [R ] 9.06 2.11 [R ] 30.29 19.52 [R ]
2011 6.60 2.60 3.04 8.50 27.16 22.71 30.39 28.64 17.16 28.71 27.95 0.62 4.05 10.83 2.21 30.73 22.58
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 317.5 339.6 657.1 653.4 429.1 36.9 31.5 1,559.6 157.4 221.2 2,435.7 1.1 10.9 3,758.2 -296.5 1,329.8 4,791.6
1971 279.2 406.1 685.2 717.1 456.5 36.5 31.6 1,677.0 236.1 232.1 2,670.0 0.7 10.9 4,084.0 -397.7 1,586.5 5,272.8
1972 345.7 433.9 779.6 798.1 508.9 38.0 36.7 1,791.4 239.2 257.8 2,872.1 0.5 11.3 4,461.7 -461.0 1,782.5 5,783.1
1973 436.2 516.3 952.6 817.6 627.7 47.4 45.7 1,829.0 280.2 279.2 3,109.2 0.6 12.6 4,892.6 -532.8 2,017.0 6,376.8
1974 875.2 838.2 1,713.4 869.1 1,043.3 78.6 72.0 2,514.3 612.5 388.5 4,709.2 19.5 14.3 7,325.5 -973.7 2,657.2 9,008.9
1975 913.7 1,063.9 1,977.6 964.8 1,039.9 97.3 75.6 2,695.2 441.3 342.6 4,691.9 44.3 14.4 7,692.9 -1,047.7 3,060.5 9,705.7
1976 1,012.5 1,067.4 2,079.8 1,180.0 1,220.0 104.3 92.5 3,031.3 522.6 379.0 5,349.7 43.6 17.0 8,670.2 -1,143.4 3,271.0 10,797.8
1977 902.8 1,059.1 1,961.9 1,411.0 1,448.5 120.6 103.3 3,293.8 730.3 397.6 6,094.1 49.7 19.3 9,536.0 -1,299.3 3,726.5 11,963.2
1978 1,065.5 1,219.2 2,284.7 1,495.7 1,468.6 144.8 115.9 3,275.6 687.0 442.0 6,134.0 67.1 22.8 10,004.4 -1,513.7 4,025.5 12,516.1
1979 1,123.0 1,410.2 2,533.2 1,977.9 2,132.2 215.6 147.7 4,271.8 771.3 608.2 8,146.7 66.1 31.9 12,755.8 -1,722.7 4,431.0 15,464.1
1980 1,005.0 1,574.0 2,579.0 2,489.5 2,665.1 360.1 162.7 5,507.0 798.1 803.8 10,296.8 55.4 52.2 15,472.8 -1,997.2 5,096.8 18,572.5
1981 941.5 1,713.4 2,654.8 3,034.3 2,836.4 382.0 191.2 5,901.0 906.4 916.7 11,133.7 82.8 66.0 16,971.6 -2,178.4 5,826.2 20,619.5
1982 482.4 1,816.2 2,298.5 3,255.5 2,443.1 342.3 198.8 5,386.2 590.1 829.2 9,789.6 121.7 58.6 15,524.0 -2,088.9 6,382.4 19,817.5
1983 483.3 1,715.0 2,198.3 3,505.9 2,393.4 337.7 214.5 4,953.7 663.7 745.0 [R ] 9,308.0 [R ] 142.4 69.9 15,224.5 [R ] -2,222.3 6,467.9 19,470.1 [R ]
1984 624.9 1,852.1 2,477.0 3,715.2 2,694.5 369.6 261.2 4,784.1 669.9 959.1 [R ] 9,738.3 [R ] 204.8 57.6 16,193.0 [R ] -2,309.7 6,863.2 20,746.5 [R ]
1985 492.9 1,804.1 2,297.0 3,444.8 2,583.3 334.6 276.1 4,827.1 483.8 897.7 [R ] 9,402.7 [R ] 257.5 57.2 15,459.2 [R ] -2,228.4 7,202.9 20,433.7 [R ]
1986 330.9 1,700.7 2,031.7 3,147.9 1,935.2 219.3 284.7 3,576.6 348.8 821.5 [R ] 7,186.0 [R ] 329.7 42.1 12,737.4 [R ] -2,051.6 7,568.4 18,254.1 [R ]
1987 357.1 1,681.4 2,038.5 2,944.4 2,129.3 239.6 270.9 3,936.5 427.8 796.4 [R ] 7,800.5 [R ] 284.7 38.4 13,106.5 [R ] -2,004.9 7,791.1 18,892.7 [R ]
1988 437.4 1,743.3 2,180.7 3,012.8 2,140.2 255.1 203.2 4,078.6 312.7 789.1 [R ] 7,779.0 [R ] 338.1 40.7 13,351.3 [R ] -2,088.0 7,995.6 19,258.9 [R ]
1989 442.2 1,782.2 2,224.4 3,314.1 2,355.4 242.5 238.4 4,455.5 396.7 816.5 [R ] 8,505.0 [R ] 364.8 45.8 14,454.1 [R ] -2,256.5 8,362.3 20,559.9 [R ]
1990 480.0 1,812.2 2,292.2 3,325.7 2,660.7 380.7 263.6 5,277.2 360.8 850.4 [R ] 9,793.4 [R ] 506.8 65.6 15,983.8 [R ] -2,369.5 8,722.9 22,337.1 [R ]
1991 412.9 1,829.9 2,242.8 3,302.8 2,510.0 309.5 345.3 5,312.5 225.7 812.1 [R ] 9,515.1 [R ] 462.7 71.1 15,594.5 [R ] -2,242.3 9,221.7 22,573.8 [R ]
1992 458.8 1,792.3 2,251.1 3,435.6 2,444.3 277.8 357.0 5,266.7 216.7 810.6 [R ] 9,373.0 [R ] 427.5 73.3 15,560.5 [R ] -2,138.1 9,262.4 22,684.7 [R ]
1993 479.5 1,732.9 2,212.4 3,579.6 2,538.8 278.1 229.2 5,206.5 265.1 842.5 [R ] 9,360.2 [R ] 409.8 69.4 15,631.4 [R ] -2,163.3 9,416.9 22,885.0 [R ]
1994 501.8 1,636.8 2,138.6 3,873.0 2,623.1 259.7 240.1 5,301.9 297.4 891.9 [R ] 9,614.0 [R ] 437.8 71.6 16,138.2 [R ] -2,159.9 9,603.2 23,581.5 [R ]
1995 500.7 1,623.8 2,124.5 3,793.5 2,446.3 269.9 227.6 5,685.0 212.9 910.8 [R ] 9,752.5 [R ] 387.6 86.1 16,144.7 [R ] -2,044.6 9,923.4 24,023.5 [R ]
1996 482.7 1,735.4 2,218.1 4,078.2 2,771.4 320.0 273.6 5,978.0 247.8 916.5 [R ] 10,507.4 [R ] 393.6 87.1 17,288.8 [R ] -2,186.4 10,076.5 25,178.9 [R ]
1997 477.4 1,754.9 2,232.3 4,349.6 2,672.9 366.6 247.8 6,124.3 187.1 952.8 [R ] 10,551.5 [R ] 369.6 67.8 17,573.4 [R ] -2,097.3 10,156.2 25,632.3 [R ]
1998 301.2 1,722.1 2,023.3 3,823.1 2,319.0 306.4 231.2 5,301.1 173.1 947.7 [R ] 9,278.5 [R ] 340.1 62.6 15,527.9 [R ] -2,135.3 10,110.5 23,503.0 [R ]
1999 291.6 1,611.0 1,902.6 4,020.1 2,634.7 342.2 247.0 5,809.5 184.2 950.1 [R ] 10,167.6 [R ] 378.2 70.0 16,538.9 [R ] -2,061.8 9,217.7 23,694.8 [R ]
2000 319.8 1,534.1 1,853.9 4,529.2 4,052.1 734.5 393.8 7,441.1 261.0 1,137.7 [R ] 14,020.3 [R ] 371.0 83.4 20,857.7 [R ] -2,068.1 10,158.8 28,948.5 [R ]
2001 319.6 1,500.5 1,820.1 5,736.4 3,818.0 597.8 372.1 7,067.7 185.3 1,134.8 [R ] 13,175.7 [R ] 283.9 91.9 21,108.1 [R ] -2,002.2 10,741.7 29,847.7 [R ]
2002 370.5 1,608.4 1,978.8 4,719.9 3,514.4 510.0 352.4 6,867.6 166.1 1,060.1 [R ] 12,470.5 [R ] 317.2 103.8 19,590.3 [R ] -2,142.6 11,188.2 28,635.9 [R ]
2003 387.5 1,560.2 1,947.7 6,048.1 4,068.9 [R ] 631.1 645.5 [R ] 7,902.4 316.3 1,130.3 [R ] 14,694.5 [R ] 296.0 103.8 23,090.9 [R ] -2,242.6 11,183.7 32,032.1 [R ]
2004 448.2 1,793.5 2,241.8 6,740.2 5,089.1 822.8 704.9 9,556.2 335.2 1,235.6 [R ] 17,743.9 [R ] 292.4 103.6 27,125.9 [R ] -2,723.5 11,382.9 35,785.3 [R ]
2005 549.4 2,124.3 2,673.7 8,051.5 6,824.7 1,205.6 844.8 11,715.4 583.5 1,445.2 [R ] 22,619.2 [R ] 298.5 163.7 33,808.4 [R ] -3,520.2 12,118.5 42,406.7 [R ]
2006 589.6 2,314.4 2,904.1 8,134.5 7,702.8 1,359.5 1,032.9 13,301.2 334.6 1,723.8 [R ] 25,454.8 [R ] 316.0 165.4 36,976.7 [R ] -3,388.1 12,560.4 46,149.0 [R ]
2007 606.4 2,353.2 2,959.6 8,284.3 8,124.1 1,387.6 1,204.2 14,469.5 325.5 1,756.1 [R ] 27,267.0 [R ] 356.5 180.9 [R ] 39,058.2 [R ] -3,880.1 13,618.7 48,796.8 [R ]
2008 743.9 2,677.3 [R ] 3,421.1 [R ] 9,383.5 11,623.9 [R ] 1,888.5 1,700.2 16,418.4 416.3 [R ] 1,815.3 [R ] 33,862.5 [R ] 382.3 227.0 [R ] 47,332.0 [R ] -4,623.1 13,871.9 56,580.7 [R ]
2009 510.1 2,622.5 [R ] 3,132.6 [R ] 7,444.7 6,070.3 [R ] 890.3 1,419.2 12,185.8 219.0 [R ] 1,535.6 [R ] 22,320.0 [R ] 397.5 [R ] 207.9 [R ] 33,528.1 [R ] -3,985.0 [R ] 13,638.2 43,181.4 [R ]
2010 738.0 [R ] 2,869.2 [R ] 3,607.2 [R ] 7,209.8 [R ] 7,654.5 [R ] 1,136.5 1,562.1 14,424.0 [R ] 146.0 [R ] 1,746.3 [R ] 26,669.3 [R ] 513.7 [R ] 232.0 [R ] 38,266.9 [R ] -4,703.9 [R ] 15,221.7 48,784.6 [R ]
2011 875.5 2,809.9 3,685.4 7,432.6 9,916.8 1,056.1 1,826.9 17,865.0 151.6 1,878.4 32,694.8 497.0 255.4 44,593.5 -4,812.6 15,382.9 55,163.8
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iFrom 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
bThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet
fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
jElectricity imports are included in total primary energy and electric power sector but are not shown separately.
cLiquefied petroleum gases. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.05 million dollars.
dBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, — = No consumption, including cases where adjustments were made. See explanation of adjustments in Section 7 of the
Technical Notes.
eIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as described in the Technical Notes,
Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Note: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
fWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
gThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and biomass waste
beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
hThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy.