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Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2011, United States

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2011, United States







Year
Primary Energy


Electric
Power
Sector h,j




Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy g,h,i
Coal Coal Coke

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum

Nuclear
Fuel
Biomass


Total g,h,i,j
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total

Exports

Imports
Distillate
Fuel Oil
Jet
Fuel b

LPG c
Motor
Gasoline d
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other e

Total
Wood and
Waste f,g
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.45 0.36 0.38 1.27 0.93 0.59 1.16 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.42 1.38 1.71 0.18 1.29 1.08 0.32 4.98 1.65
1971 0.52 0.40 0.42 1.20 1.17 0.63 1.22 0.77 1.46 2.90 0.58 1.45 1.78 0.18 1.31 1.15 0.38 5.30 1.76
1972 0.59 0.41 0.45 1.01 1.01 0.68 1.22 0.79 1.49 2.88 0.62 1.49 1.78 0.18 1.33 1.18 0.42 5.54 1.84
1973 0.68 0.43 0.48 0.96 1.47 0.73 1.46 0.92 2.00 3.10 0.75 1.58 1.97 0.19 1.39 1.29 0.47 5.86 2.02
1974 1.36 0.77 0.88 1.37 2.20 0.89 2.44 1.58 2.80 4.32 1.82 2.60 3.06 0.20 1.50 1.94 0.87 7.42 2.87
1975 1.65 0.90 1.03 2.37 3.47 1.18 2.60 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.93 2.94 3.35 0.24 1.50 2.19 0.97 8.61 3.33
1976 1.65 0.91 1.04 2.05 3.41 1.46 2.77 2.25 3.20 4.84 1.90 3.08 3.47 0.25 1.53 2.34 1.03 9.13 3.57
1977 1.72 1.00 1.11 2.32 3.06 1.76 3.11 2.59 3.66 5.13 2.14 3.27 3.73 0.27 1.58 2.58 1.17 10.11 3.98
1978 1.94 1.17 1.27 2.87 2.90 1.95 3.26 2.87 3.61 5.24 2.08 3.45 3.84 0.30 1.61 2.72 1.27 10.92 4.23
1979 1.89 1.27 1.36 2.26 3.45 2.31 4.69 3.90 4.50 7.11 2.83 4.70 5.23 0.34 1.88 3.47 1.50 11.78 5.21
1980 2.10 1.38 1.46 2.54 3.19 2.86 6.70 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.88 7.04 7.40 0.43 2.26 4.57 1.77 13.95 6.89
1981 2.34 1.56 1.64 2.55 3.28 3.43 8.03 7.57 6.19 10.94 4.91 8.67 8.68 0.48 2.52 5.25 2.04 16.14 8.03
1982 2.43 1.67 1.73 2.49 3.10 4.23 7.78 7.23 6.68 10.39 4.65 7.87 8.40 0.54 2.60 5.33 2.05 18.16 8.46
1983 2.14 1.67 1.70 2.76 2.25 4.72 7.32 6.53 7.20 9.12 4.50 7.65 [R ] 7.78 [R ] 0.58 2.44 5.12 2.02 18.62 8.40 [R ]
1984 2.09 1.68 1.71 2.68 3.27 4.75 7.37 6.25 6.95 8.89 4.75 7.78 [R ] 7.69 [R ] 0.67 2.53 5.04 2.02 18.50 8.29
1985 2.03 1.67 1.69 2.76 2.99 4.61 7.22 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.30 7.62 [R ] 7.64 [R ] 0.71 2.47 4.93 1.91 19.05 8.37
1986 1.90 1.60 1.62 2.63 3.11 4.07 5.68 3.92 6.49 6.79 2.37 6.05 [R ] 5.76 [R ] 0.70 2.12 3.99 [R ] 1.60 19.05 7.32 [R ]
1987 1.74 1.52 1.53 3.37 2.40 3.77 5.97 4.03 6.11 7.23 2.86 6.02 [R ] 6.08 [R ] 0.71 2.07 4.02 [R ] 1.57 18.74 7.36 [R ]
1988 1.79 1.48 1.50 2.85 2.90 3.78 5.83 3.80 5.92 7.33 2.35 5.64 [R ] 5.95 [R ] 0.73 2.09 3.91 [R ] 1.49 18.68 7.29 [R ]
1989 1.78 1.47 1.48 2.98 3.79 3.82 6.43 4.39 5.58 8.02 2.72 6.01 [R ] 6.48 [R ] 0.70 1.42 4.09 [R ] 1.51 18.98 7.58 [R ]
1990 1.79 1.48 1.49 3.53 3.80 3.82 7.68 5.68 6.83 9.12 3.17 6.48 [R ] 7.54 [R ] 0.67 1.32 4.49 [R ] 1.48 19.32 8.29 [R ]
1991 1.83 1.46 1.48 2.86 3.41 3.74 7.29 4.83 6.87 8.93 2.62 6.32 [R ] 7.26 [R ] 0.63 1.39 4.31 [R ] 1.40 19.84 8.24 [R ]
1992 1.83 1.44 1.45 2.78 3.35 3.83 7.09 4.52 6.25 8.96 2.28 5.93 [R ] 7.12 [R ] 0.59 1.32 4.26 [R ] 1.38 20.06 8.15 [R ]
1993 1.79 1.41 1.42 2.88 3.22 4.10 7.08 4.29 6.27 8.83 2.26 5.83 [R ] 7.05 [R ] 0.56 1.28 4.27 [R ] 1.40 20.38 8.27 [R ]
1994 1.73 1.38 1.39 2.46 3.31 4.08 6.99 3.95 6.61 8.96 2.32 5.74 [R ] 7.09 [R ] 0.56 1.39 4.28 [R ] 1.36 20.33 8.32 [R ]
1995 1.76 1.35 1.37 2.71 3.43 3.73 6.98 4.00 6.51 9.22 2.46 5.98 [R ] 7.31 [R ] 0.54 1.40 4.24 [R ] 1.29 20.29 8.30 [R ]
1996 1.77 1.32 1.33 2.20 3.87 4.25 7.87 4.82 7.98 9.85 2.80 6.36 [R ] 8.03 [R ] 0.51 1.25 4.64 [R ] 1.35 20.16 8.76 [R ]
1997 1.79 1.30 1.32 2.64 3.25 4.53 7.66 4.53 7.39 9.81 2.93 6.26 [R ] 7.90 [R ] 0.51 1.15 4.67 [R ] 1.38 20.13 8.82 [R ]
1998 1.69 1.28 1.29 3.73 3.07 4.13 6.57 3.35 5.95 8.45 2.15 5.24 [R ] 6.66 [R ] 0.50 1.27 4.09 [R ] 1.32 19.80 8.21 [R ]
1999 1.69 1.25 1.27 3.88 2.83 4.16 7.19 4.01 6.60 9.31 2.51 5.89 [R ] 7.39 [R ] 0.48 1.34 4.39 [R ] 1.33 19.52 8.57 [R ]
2000 1.67 1.23 1.24 3.64 2.66 5.61 9.86 6.64 9.55 11.89 4.32 7.55 [R ] 9.87 [R ] 0.46 1.57 5.72 [R ] 1.71 20.03 10.31 [R ]
2001 1.74 1.27 1.29 3.27 3.04 6.87 9.18 5.72 9.53 11.34 3.99 6.93 [R ] 9.37 [R ] 0.44 2.08 5.85 [R ] 1.85 21.41 10.76 [R ]
2002 1.94 1.28 1.30 3.25 3.04 5.31 8.64 5.33 8.09 10.69 3.91 7.04 [R ] 8.87 [R ] 0.43 2.19 5.27 [R ] 1.54 21.15 10.09 [R ]
2003 1.93 1.30 1.32 3.88 3.49 7.08 10.02 [R ] 6.46 10.32 12.34 4.75 7.83 [R ] 10.33 [R ] 0.42 1.98 6.28 1.84 21.85 11.42
2004 2.31 1.39 1.41 3.28 7.23 7.91 12.23 8.93 12.24 14.67 4.92 8.61 [R ] 12.28 [R ] 0.42 2.17 7.37 2.00 22.38 12.88 [R ]
2005 3.19 1.58 1.62 3.39 8.92 9.92 16.41 12.86 14.58 17.89 6.65 10.73 [R ] 15.51 [R ] 0.43 3.10 9.23 [R ] 2.61 23.92 15.53 [R ]
2006 3.54 1.73 1.78 3.19 6.31 9.62 18.55 14.80 16.85 20.27 7.93 13.20 [R ] 17.90 [R ] 0.44 3.13 10.20 [R ] 2.48 26.15 17.35 [R ]
2007 3.64 1.83 1.88 3.66 7.84 9.31 19.87 16.01 18.76 22.01 8.57 14.86 [R ] 19.47 0.46 3.33 [R ] 10.74 2.68 26.84 18.23 [R ]
2008 4.49 2.15 2.21 4.33 18.76 10.83 26.28 [R ] 22.56 23.35 25.53 12.61 [R ] 19.09 [R ] 24.19 [R ] 0.47 3.72 [R ] 12.94 [R ] 3.21 28.64 21.37
2009 5.43 2.27 [R ] 2.33 4.17 10.82 7.67 16.99 [R ] 12.61 16.38 18.51 9.68 [R ] 15.14 [R ] 16.93 [R ] 0.52 [R ] 3.37 [R ] 9.40 [R ] 2.44 [R ] 28.90 17.06 [R ]
2010 5.84 2.33 [R ] 2.42 6.74 13.37 7.37 [R ] 20.63 [R ] 16.28 19.61 21.98 11.77 [R ] 18.66 [R ] 20.38 [R ] 0.62 3.48 [R ] 10.64 [R ] 2.62 28.92 18.70 [R ]
2011 6.89 2.44 2.57 8.75 15.71 7.03 26.77 22.60 23.09 27.99 15.68 22.97 26.07 0.65 3.72 12.93 2.65 29.12 21.71
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 1,175 3,455 4,630 78 4 10,891 6,253 1,441 2,395 31,596 2,046 4,172 47,904 44 438 63,872 -4,357 23,345 82,860
1971 1,163 3,739 4,902 45 5 12,065 6,890 1,582 2,483 33,478 2,933 4,449 51,816 73 446 69,312 -5,491 26,202 90,023
1972 1,379 4,036 5,415 31 5 13,198 7,552 1,682 2,834 35,346 3,458 4,777 55,648 104 476 74,893 -6,551 29,712 98,054
1973 1,724 4,519 6,243 33 40 13,933 9,524 2,001 3,881 39,667 4,667 5,318 65,057 177 502 86,053 -7,952 33,774 111,875
1974 3,284 7,835 11,118 44 193 16,380 15,217 3,208 5,254 54,194 10,547 8,284 96,704 259 544 125,322 -14,558 42,586 153,351
1975 3,692 9,329 13,021 75 156 20,061 15,680 4,193 5,221 59,446 10,374 8,493 103,407 448 534 137,702 -16,545 50,680 171,837
1976 3,740 10,311 14,051 67 111 25,097 18,402 4,567 5,992 64,977 11,648 9,925 115,512 520 622 156,002 -19,078 56,972 193,896
1977 3,579 11,837 15,416 71 139 29,602 22,004 5,517 6,839 70,591 14,381 11,790 131,121 743 694 177,966 -23,715 66,225 220,476
1978 3,703 13,848 17,551 49 411 33,185 23,587 6,205 6,646 74,513 13,747 13,348 138,047 915 782 191,221 -26,125 74,159 239,255
1979 3,920 16,456 20,376 81 340 40,785 32,854 8,603 9,389 95,916 17,656 18,785 183,204 941 964 246,969 -31,472 82,051 297,549
1980 3,753 18,853 22,607 130 52 51,061 40,797 13,923 10,926 124,408 21,573 26,049 237,676 1,189 1,232 314,279 -38,027 98,095 374,347
1981 3,831 22,327 26,159 74 43 60,544 48,200 15,607 11,922 138,138 22,668 28,571 265,106 1,436 1,429 355,717 -44,274 116,455 427,898
1982 2,661 23,688 26,349 61 9 68,292 44,087 14,974 12,972 130,305 17,632 22,447 242,418 1,684 1,510 341,439 -42,354 127,393 426,479
1983 2,128 24,859 26,987 46 2 72,000 41,846 13,979 14,147 115,803 14,099 21,714 [R ] 221,588 [R ] 1,859 1,517 325,452 [R ] -42,566 134,731 417,617 [R ]
1984 2,461 26,564 29,025 69 47 77,169 44,668 15,097 14,197 114,429 14,410 22,988 [R ] 225,789 [R ] 2,384 1,608 337,637 [R ] -44,686 142,420 435,371 [R ]
1985 2,228 27,450 29,678 77 43 72,938 43,972 14,747 13,752 118,048 11,493 22,272 [R ] 224,284 [R ] 2,878 1,597 333,268 [R ] -43,970 149,233 438,531 [R ]
1986 1,825 26,030 27,855 66 25 59,702 35,113 10,505 12,843 91,529 7,486 18,413 [R ] 175,888 [R ] 3,061 1,352 269,507 [R ] -37,016 151,793 384,284 [R ]
1987 1,718 25,815 27,532 48 55 58,019 37,729 11,448 12,969 99,864 8,062 18,919 [R ] 188,990 [R ] 3,378 1,300 281,316 [R ] -38,182 154,685 397,819 [R ]
1988 2,006 26,327 28,333 77 194 61,089 38,776 11,318 12,906 103,323 7,259 18,002 [R ] 191,583 [R ] 4,057 1,378 288,228 [R ] -38,553 162,063 411,739 [R ]
1989 1,934 26,350 28,284 80 217 66,198 43,159 13,434 12,266 112,720 8,357 18,617 [R ] 208,553 [R ] 3,939 2,270 310,732 [R ] -40,829 169,332 439,235 [R ]
1990 1,862 26,740 28,602 50 72 65,278 49,335 17,784 13,840 126,558 8,721 21,433 [R ] 237,672 [R ] 4,104 1,997 338,766 [R ] -40,626 176,691 474,831 [R ]
1991 1,660 26,469 28,129 56 100 65,956 45,269 14,609 15,116 123,118 6,784 20,087 [R ] 224,984 [R ] 4,073 2,165 326,528 [R ] -38,752 184,767 472,543 [R ]
1992 1,587 26,189 27,776 48 174 70,086 45,019 13,559 14,303 125,249 5,585 19,725 [R ] 223,440 [R ] 3,802 2,194 328,781 [R ] -38,663 186,906 477,024 [R ]
1993 1,505 26,723 28,229 76 172 77,052 45,732 13,002 14,114 126,560 5,449 19,433 [R ] 224,291 [R ] 3,597 2,193 336,164 [R ] -40,317 196,532 492,379 [R ]
1994 1,473 26,242 27,715 60 274 78,581 47,002 12,474 16,243 130,068 5,296 19,603 [R ] 230,686 [R ] 3,777 2,521 344,509 [R ] -40,352 200,831 504,988 [R ]
1995 1,558 25,874 27,431 91 325 75,020 47,533 12,526 16,197 136,647 4,676 20,033 [R ] 237,611 [R ] 3,810 2,938 347,952 [R ] -39,073 205,876 514,755 [R ]
1996 1,507 26,521 28,028 88 244 86,904 56,455 15,770 21,086 148,344 5,313 21,663 [R ] 268,631 [R ] 3,624 2,668 390,956 [R ] -41,652 211,105 560,409 [R ]
1997 1,453 26,825 28,277 83 253 93,382 55,922 15,000 19,781 149,668 5,206 22,992 [R ] 268,570 [R ] 3,369 2,425 397,179 [R ] -42,947 213,843 568,075 [R ]
1998 1,304 26,585 27,888 104 292 83,620 48,350 11,239 15,241 132,730 4,280 20,715 [R ] 232,555 [R ] 3,555 2,477 351,344 [R ] -43,311 218,361 526,394 [R ]
1999 1,306 26,003 27,310 86 226 84,960 54,565 13,878 19,038 149,260 4,686 23,610 [R ] 265,037 [R ] 3,643 2,646 385,015 [R ] -44,689 218,413 558,740 [R ]
2000 1,327 26,752 28,080 103 249 119,094 78,209 23,777 27,970 192,153 8,870 28,419 [R ] 359,398 [R ] 3,628 3,174 516,302 [R ] -60,054 231,577 687,825 [R ]
2001 1,247 26,956 28,202 109 191 139,388 75,035 19,602 25,543 185,752 7,266 24,961 [R ] 338,158 [R ] 3,524 3,494 515,537 [R ] -64,672 245,483 696,348 [R ]
2002 1,258 27,254 28,511 64 244 111,536 69,285 17,802 22,980 179,796 6,156 25,826 [R ] 321,845 [R ] 3,504 4,005 470,704 [R ] -54,230 247,598 664,073 [R ]
2003 1,283 28,119 29,402 70 239 144,489 83,614 [R ] 21,096 28,167 [R ] 209,493 8,325 28,811 [R ] 379,506 [R ] 3,362 3,599 561,897 [R ] -64,685 257,992 755,205 [R ]
2004 1,499 30,265 31,764 107 1,232 162,843 105,772 30,219 34,408 254,873 9,717 35,452 [R ] 470,439 [R ] 3,445 3,692 674,923 [R ] -71,720 268,133 871,336 [R ]
2005 1,964 34,969 36,932 147 780 200,356 143,598 44,679 38,874 312,047 13,951 43,146 [R ] 596,296 [R ] 3,469 5,897 846,095 [R ] -95,975 295,787 1,045,907 [R ]
2006 2,132 37,873 40,005 128 636 190,590 164,399 50,007 45,355 357,286 12,432 52,316 [R ] 681,796 [R ] 3,637 6,101 925,159 [R ] -90,104 323,962 1,159,017 [R ]
2007 2,175 40,541 42,717 131 478 196,957 177,172 53,754 51,081 389,282 14,129 54,907 [R ] 740,324 [R ] 3,871 6,397 [R ] 993,813 [R ] -100,719 340,925 1,234,018 [R ]
2008 2,606 46,891 [R ] 49,497 [R ] 210 1,676 230,465 220,948 [R ] 72,046 59,875 438,237 17,949 [R ] 62,272 [R ] 871,326 [R ] 3,976 7,041 [R ] 1,167,327 [R ] -118,571 360,570 1,409,325 [R ]
2009 2,192 43,706 [R ] 45,898 [R ] 135 93 159,362 131,111 [R ] 36,354 [R ] 43,466 317,082 11,284 [R ] 41,571 [R ] 580,867 [R ] 4,345 [R ] 5,359 [R ] 797,943 [R ] -84,508 [R ] 350,438 1,063,873 [R ]
2010 3,239 [R ] 47,235 [R ] 50,474 [R ] 245 403 161,301 [R ] 166,663 [R ] 48,243 [R ] 55,150 [R ] 376,491 [R ] 14,382 [R ] 50,532 [R ] 711,461 [R ] 5,202 [R ] 6,485 [R ] 937,127 [R ] -94,603 [R ] 365,900 1,208,424 [R ]
2011 3,885 46,646 50,531 210 552 155,191 221,822 66,680 67,689 466,558 16,517 58,652 897,918 5,398 6,988 1,118,588 -92,509 368,009 1,394,088
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. hThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy.
bThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only;
naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
iFrom 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
cLiquefied petroleum gases. jElectricity imports are included in total primary energy and electric power sector but are not shown separately.
dBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data.
eIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as described in the
Technical Notes, Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Note: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
fWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
gThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and biomass
waste beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.